Carlos Delgado Chalbaud

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Carlos Delgado Chalbaud
Carlos Delgado Chalbaud1.jpg
President of Venezuela
In office
24 November 1948 13 November 1950
Preceded by Rómulo Gallegos
Succeeded by Germán Suárez Flamerich
Minister of Defence
In office
21 October 1945 24 November 1948
Preceded by Delfín Becerra
Succeeded by Marcos Pérez Jiménez
Personal details
Born(1909-01-20)20 January 1909
Caracas
Died 13 November 1950(1950-11-13) (aged 41)
Caracas
Spouse(s) Lucía Devine
Signature Carlos Delgado Chalbaud firma.jpg

Carlos Román Delgado Chalbaud Gómez (20 January 1909 – 13 November 1950) was a Venezuelan career military officer. He was the President of Venezuela from 1948 to 1950 as leader of a military junta. In 1945, he was one of the high-ranking officers who brought to power the Democratic Action party by a coup d'état. In 1948, as a Minister of Defence, he led another military coup and lingered as the President until his assassination in Caracas.

President of Venezuela head of state and head of government of Venezuela

The President of Venezuela, officially known as the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is the head of state and head of government in Venezuela. The president leads the National Executive of the Venezuelan government and is the commander-in-chief of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces. Presidential terms were set at six years with the adoption of the 1999 Constitution of Venezuela, and presidential term limits were removed in 2009.

A military dictatorship is a dictatorship wherein the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.

Coup détat Sudden deposition of a government; illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus

A coup d'état, also known as a putsch, a golpe, or simply as a coup, means the overthrow of an existing government; typically, this refers to an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a dictator, the military, or a political faction.

Contents

Early life

Delgado Chalbaud was the son of Román Delgado Chalbaud (grandson of a French immigrant and great-grandson of Andalusian colonist) and Luisa Elena Gómez Velutini (of Corsican descent). He was known as Carlos Delgado Chalbaud because he used the last name of his father Román Delgado Chalbaud as a tribute to his memory. When he was 20, he approached the cruiser Falke  (es ) in the port of Danzig (Poland). It landed on the coasts of Cumaná on 11 August, 1929, with the purpose to overthrow the strongman Juan Vicente Gomez. In this failed operation his father Román commandant of the expeditionary was killed, leading Carlos to return to France.

Román Delgado Chalbaud was a Venezuelan naval officer, businessman and politician. After a failed conspiracy against his former business partner Juan Vicente Gómez, he was imprisoned for 14 years in 1913, before attempting an ill-fated invasion in 1929 to overthrow Gómez and his Presidential front man, in which he was killed.

Poland republic in Central Europe

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Cumaná Place in Sucre, Venezuela

Cumaná is the capital of Venezuela's Sucre State. It is located 402 kilometres (250 mi) east of Caracas. Cumaná was one of the first settlements founded by Europeans in mainland America and is the oldest continuously-inhabited, European-established settlement in the continent. Attacks by indigenous peoples meant it had to be refounded several times. The municipality of Sucre, which includes Cumaná, had a population of 358,919 at the 2011 Census; the latest estimate is 423,546.

Delgado Chalbaud spent most of his life in Paris, where he studied engineering and later attended the Saint-Cyr military academy. He returned to Venezuela in 1939 and was promptly commissioned in the Venezuelan army by president General Eleazar Lopez Contreras with the rank of captain.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

Career

As one of the brightest officials of the Armed Forces associated with the group that overthrew Isaías Medina Angarita in 1945, Carlos was a member of the Government Revolutionary Junta that replaced Medina. He was Minister of Defence during the presidencies of Rómulo Betancourt and Rómulo Gallegos.

Isaías Medina Angarita President of Venezuela

Isaías Medina Angarita was a Venezuelan military and political leader, 46th President of Venezuela from 1941 until 1945, leader of World War II. He followed the path of his predecessor Eleazar López Contreras, and ruled the country's democratic transition process.

Rómulo Betancourt President of Venezuela

Rómulo Ernesto Betancourt Bello, known as "The Father of Venezuelan Democracy", was the 47th and 54th President of Venezuela, serving from 1945 to 1948 and again from 1959 to 1964, as well as leader of Acción Democrática, Venezuela's dominant political party in the 20th century.

Rómulo Gallegos Venezuelan president and writer

Rómulo Ángel del Monte Carmelo Gallegos Freire was a Venezuelan novelist and politician. For a period of some nine months during 1948, he was the first cleanly elected president in his country's history.

In 1948, Chalbaud was among those who overthrew that government of president Gallegos, and was a member of the Military Junta of Government along with Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Luis Llovera Páez, who was the titular head of the three-person junta.

Marcos Pérez Jiménez President of Venezuela

Marcos Evangelista Pérez Jiménez was a Venezuelan military and general officer of the Venezuelan Army and the leader of Venezuela from 1950 to 1958, ruling as unelected military strongman from 1948 to 1950 and as President of Venezuela from 1952 to 1958.

He was kidnapped and assassinated on 13 November 1950, [1] by a group led by Rafael Simon Urbina and his nephew Domingo Urbina. The kidnapping took place in Caracas between the neighbourhood of Country Club and Chapellin, and his murder took place in the semi-abandoned Las Mercedes neighbourhood. His murder seems to be the unintended outcome of a failed kidnapping led by Simon Urbina, who looked to overthrow the Chalbaud presidency. Some believe Urbina despised Delgado Chalbaud although others allege they were close until a falling out over politics. The day after the capture and imprisonment of Urbina, he was assassinated by orders of the Direction of National Security, efficiently securing Pérez Jiménez's position as the strongman in Venezuela for the next several years.

Personal life

Chalbaud was married to Lucía Devine,[ citation needed ] who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1948–1950.[ citation needed ] Cerro Carlos Delgado Chalbaud (1047m), a mountain in Venezuela's Amazonas estate where the headwaters of the Orinoco River are located, is named after him.[ citation needed ]

See also

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References

  1. "State Funeral for Venezuelan Chief Delgado". Lewiston Evening Journal. 15 November 1950. p. 10.
Political offices
Preceded by
Rómulo Gallegos
President of Venezuela
1948–1950
Succeeded by
Germán Suárez Flamerich