Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy

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Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy
Stamps of Ecuador, 2014-34.jpg
Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy on Ecuadorian stamp
31st President of Ecuador
In office
7 November 1961 11 July 1963
Vice President Reynaldo Varea
Preceded by José María Velasco Ibarra
Succeeded by Ramón Castro Jijón
Vice President of Ecuador
In office
1960–1961
President José María Velasco Ibarra
Preceded by Francisco Illingworth Icaza
Succeeded byReinaldo Varea Donoso
Personal details
Born(1919-08-24)24 August 1919
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Died5 March 2004(2004-03-05) (aged 84)
Guayaquil, Ecuador
NationalityEcuadorian
Political partyNational Velasquista Federation
Spouse(s)
Gladys Peet Landin(m. 1946)
Alma mater University of Guayaquil

Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy (24 August 1919 [1] – 5 March 2004) was Ecuadorian politician. Arosemena Monroy was elected as Vice President of Ecuador in 1960 [2] and due to the ousting of President José María Velasco Ibarra, became President of Ecuador from 7 November 1961 to 11 July 1963. [3]

Ecuador Republic in South America

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito and the largest city as well.

José María Velasco Ibarra President of Ecuador

José María Velasco Ibarra was an Ecuadorian politician. He became president of Ecuador five times, in 1934–1935, 1944–1947, 1952–1956, 1960–1961, and 1968–1972, and only in 1952–1956 did he complete a full term. In his four other terms he was removed by military force, and several times he was installed as president through a military coup.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Guayaquil to Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, a former president of Ecuador, and Laura Monroy Garaycoa.

Guayaquil City in Guayas, Ecuador

Guayaquil, officially Santiago de Guayaquil, is the most populous city in Ecuador, with 2,578,201 people in the metropolitan area. It is also the nation's main port. The city is the capital of Guayas Province and the seat of Guayaquil canton.

Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola President of Ecuador

Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola was President of Ecuador 16 September 1947 to 1 September 1948. He was also the father of future president Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy.

He exercises his mandate in a tumultuous regional context, caused by the Cuban revolution and the establishment of anti-communist military dictatorships in Latin America. During his presidency, he modernized the telecommunications network, created the national aviation company TAME and the Secular and Catholic University of Guayaquil, launched road construction work in the country and introduced the thirteenth month's salary. His support of Fidel Castro’s revolution in Cuba caused an ongoing conflict with Congress and the military. [3]

While in office, there were two failed attempts to impeach him. He was overthrown by a 1963 military junta after criticizing the US government and insulting Maurice Bernbaum, the US ambassador to Ecuador. [4] [5]

A military junta is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term junta comes from Spanish and Portuguese and means committee, specifically a board of directors. Sometimes it becomes a military dictatorship, though the terms are not synonymous.


Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy with John F. Kennedy 35th president of the United States during a visit to the United States of America (USA), Arosemena - Kennedy.jpg
Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy with John F. Kennedy 35th president of the United States during a visit to the United States of America (USA),

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References

  1. Macmillan General Reference Staff (1998). Latin American lives: selected biographies from the five-volume Encyclopedia of Latin American history and culture. Macmillan Library Reference USA.
  2. "Vicepresidentes en la historia" (PDF). www.vicepresidencia.gob.ec. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy". Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
  4. "Ecuador President Outlaws Reds In Face of General Strike". St. Petersburg Times. UPI. 13 July 1963. p. 3-A. Retrieved 13 August 2012. According to an official who was at the banquet, the insult came when Arosemena offered a toast to Bernbaum: 'I drink to the people, but not to the government of the United States of North America.'
  5. "New Ecuador Junta Vows Red Cleanup". Miami News. AP. 12 July 1963. Retrieved 13 August 2012. A military spokesman said Arosemena disgraced himself by getting drunk at a banquet Wednesday night in honor of the president of the Grace Lines, retired U.S. Adm. Wilfred McNeil. Guests at the reception said the president shouted abuse at U.S. Ambassador Maurice Bernbaum, vomited in front of the gathering and committed 'even more indecorous acts.'


Political offices
Preceded by
Francisco Illingworth
Vice President of Ecuador
1960–1961
Succeeded by
Reinaldo Varea
Preceded by
José María Velasco Ibarra
President of Ecuador
1961–1963
Succeeded by
Ramón Castro Jijón