Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy
Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy on Ecuadorian stamp
|31st President of Ecuador|
7 November 1961 –11 July 1963
|Vice President||Reynaldo Varea|
|Preceded by||José María Velasco Ibarra|
|Succeeded by||Ramón Castro Jijón|
|Vice President of Ecuador|
|President||José María Velasco Ibarra|
|Preceded by||Francisco Illingworth Icaza|
|Succeeded by||Reinaldo Varea Donoso|
|Born||24 August 1919|
|Died||5 March 2004 84) (aged|
|Political party||National Velasquista Federation|
Gladys Peet Landin(m. 1946)
|Alma mater||University of Guayaquil|
Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy (24 August 1919– 5 March 2004) was Ecuadorian politician. Arosemena Monroy was elected as Vice President of Ecuador in 1960 and due to the ousting of President José María Velasco Ibarra, became President of Ecuador from 7 November 1961 to 11 July 1963.
Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito and the largest city as well.
José María Velasco Ibarra was an Ecuadorian politician. He became president of Ecuador five times, in 1934–1935, 1944–1947, 1952–1956, 1960–1961, and 1968–1972, and only in 1952–1956 did he complete a full term. In his four other terms he was removed by military force, and several times he was installed as president through a military coup.
He was born in Guayaquil to Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, a former president of Ecuador, and Laura Monroy Garaycoa.
Guayaquil, officially Santiago de Guayaquil, is the most populous city in Ecuador, with 2,578,201 people in the metropolitan area. It is also the nation's main port. The city is the capital of Guayas Province and the seat of Guayaquil canton.
Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola was President of Ecuador 16 September 1947 to 1 September 1948. He was also the father of future president Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy.
He exercises his mandate in a tumultuous regional context, caused by the Cuban revolution and the establishment of anti-communist military dictatorships in Latin America. During his presidency, he modernized the telecommunications network, created the national aviation company TAME and the Secular and Catholic University of Guayaquil, launched road construction work in the country and introduced the thirteenth month's salary. His support of Fidel Castro’s revolution in Cuba caused an ongoing conflict with Congress and the military.
While in office, there were two failed attempts to impeach him. He was overthrown by a 1963 military junta after criticizing the US government and insulting Maurice Bernbaum, the US ambassador to Ecuador.
A military junta is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term junta comes from Spanish and Portuguese and means committee, specifically a board of directors. Sometimes it becomes a military dictatorship, though the terms are not synonymous.
The History of Ecuador extends over an 8,000-year period. During this time a variety of cultures and territories influenced what has become the Republic of Ecuador. The history can be divided into five eras: Pre-Columbian, the Conquest, the Colonial Period, the War of Independence, Gran Colombia, and Simón Bolívar the final separation of his vision into what is known today as the Republic of Ecuador.
Admiral Ramón Castro Jijón was President of Ecuador 11 July 1963 to 29 March 1966. He was appointed commander of the Ecuadorian Navy by Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy, whom he later overthrew in a coup. For his entire term as President he was chairman of a military junta.
Otto Arosemena Gómez was President of Ecuador from 16 November 1966 to 1 September 1968.
The Ecuadorian War of Independence was fought from 1820 to 1822 between several South American armies and Spain over control of the lands of the Royal Audience of Quito, a Spanish colonial administrative jurisdiction from which would eventually emerge the modern Republic of Ecuador. The war ended with the defeat of the Spanish forces at the Battle of Pichincha on May 24, 1822, which brought about the independence of the entire Presidencia de Quito. The Ecuadorian War of Independence is part of the Spanish American wars of independence fought during the first two decades of the 19th century.
Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco — born Alfredo Pareja y Díez Canseco — was a prominent Ecuadorian novelist, essayist, journalist, historian and diplomat. An innovator of the 20th-century Latin American novel, he was a founding member of the literary Grupo de Guayaquil. The government of President Jaime Roldós Aguilera (1979–81) appointed him Chancellor of the Republic and he served as Foreign Minister of Ecuador (1979–80) and Ambassador to France (1983–84).
Theo Constanté Parra was a master Latin American painter part of the Abstract Informalist Movement in Ecuador. In 2005, Constanté won the country's most prestigious award for art, literature and culture, the Premio Eugenio Espejo National Award, presented by the President of Ecuador. Constanté's works are abstract in nature and consist of many colors which meld together amongst loosely drawn geometric lines. Constanté stated that his favorite colors were red, orange and blue and they are the colors that are typically more dominant in his work.
Antonio Villavicencio y Verástegui was a statesman and soldier of New Granada, born in Quito, and educated in Spain. He served in the Battle of Trafalgar as an officer in the Spanish Navy with the rank of Second Lieutenant. He was sent as a representative of the Spanish Crown to New Granada, where his arrival was used as an excuse in Santafé de Bogotá to start a revolt; this was known as the Florero de Llorente, which culminated in the proclamation of independence from Spain. After this incident he resigned his office and joined the cause of independence. He was later captured and became the first martyr executed during the reign of terror of Pablo Morillo.
Monroy is a surname of Spanish origin. Notable people with the surname include:
Demetrio Aguilera Malta was an Ecuadorian writer, director, painter, and diplomat. He was a member of the Guayaquil Group of the 1930s, who used social realism in their writings. He used magical realism in his masterpiece Siete lunas y siete serpientes (1970), which was translated into English as Seven Serpents and Seven Moons by Gregory Rabassa in 1979.
Olga Mercedes Álava Vargas is an Ecuadorian model, social, lifestyle entrepreneur, environmentalist and beauty queen. She became the first delegate from Ecuador to win the Miss Earth pageant.
Arosemena is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Alba Calderón de Gil (1908–1992) was an Ecuadorian social realist painter, leftist activist, and feminist. She founded the movement for the recognition of women's rights in Ecuador.
Jorge Pérez Concha was an Ecuadorian historian, biographer, writer, and diplomat.
Miguel Donoso Pareja was an Ecuadorian writer and 2006 Premio Eugenio Espejo Award-winner.
Nicolás Kingman Riofrío was an Ecuadorian journalist, writer and politician.
Gonzalo Abad Grijalva was an Ecuadorian educator who served as Ecuador's Minister of Education and was a delegate of UNESCO.
Olga Gutiérrez Iraolagoite was an Argentine-Ecuadorian pasillo singer.
According to an official who was at the banquet, the insult came when Arosemena offered a toast to Bernbaum: 'I drink to the people, but not to the government of the United States of North America.'
A military spokesman said Arosemena disgraced himself by getting drunk at a banquet Wednesday night in honor of the president of the Grace Lines, retired U.S. Adm. Wilfred McNeil. Guests at the reception said the president shouted abuse at U.S. Ambassador Maurice Bernbaum, vomited in front of the gathering and committed 'even more indecorous acts.'
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy .|
| Vice President of Ecuador |
José María Velasco Ibarra
| President of Ecuador |
Ramón Castro Jijón
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