Carlos Luz

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Carlos Luz
Acting President of Brazil
In office
8 November 1955 11 November 1955
Preceded by Café Filho
Succeeded by Nereu Ramos (interim)
Personal details
Born(1894-08-04)4 August 1894
Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died9 February 1961(1961-02-09) (aged 66)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Political party PSD
Spouse(s)Maria José Dantas (died)
Graciema Junqueira
Alma mater Federal University of Minas Gerais
Other offices held

Carlos Coimbra da Luz (Portuguese:  [ˈkaʁlus koˈĩbrɐ da ˈlus] ; 4 August 1894 – 9 February 1961) was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, teacher and journalist who served as acting president of Brazil from November 8 to November 11, 1955.

After the political crisis following the Getúlio Vargas suicide in 1954, Carlos Luz was the second of three presidents who ruled Brazil in a brief period of 16 months. At the time of President Café Filho's alleged illness in 1955 he was the president of the Chamber of Deputies, [1] and so the next in the line of succession to the Presidency, since Filho had been the vice president under Vargas. Luz headed the government only three days in November 1955 and was replaced by the Vice-President of the Senate Nereu Ramos given the orders of the Minister of Defence Henrique Teixeira Lott over his fear that Luz might support a plot to prevent President-elect Juscelino Kubitschek from taking office on January 1956. [2]

Luz was married to his first wife, Maria José Dantas Luz, from 1920 until her death in 1924. They had two children together. Later, Luz remained married to Graciema da Luz until his death in Rio de Janeiro in February 1961.

As of 2019, Luz remains the shortest-serving president of Brazil.

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  1. "Presidentes da Câmara dos Deputados". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados.
  2. "'What, Another Coup?'". Time . December 5, 1955.
Political offices
Preceded by
Café Filho
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Nereu Ramos