Carlos Luz

Last updated

Carlos Luz
CarlosLuz.jpg
Acting President of Brazil
In office
8 November 1955 11 November 1955
Preceded by Café Filho
Succeeded by Nereu Ramos (interim)
Personal details
Born(1894-08-04)4 August 1894
Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died9 February 1961(1961-02-09) (aged 66)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
NationalityBrazilian
Political party PSD
Spouse(s)Maria José Dantas (died)
Graciema Junqueira
Children2
Alma mater Federal University of Minas Gerais
Other offices held

Carlos Coimbra da Luz (Portuguese:  [ˈkaʁlus koˈĩbrɐ da ˈlus] ; 4 August 1894 – 9 February 1961) was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, teacher and journalist who served as acting president of Brazil from November 8 to November 11, 1955.

After the political crisis following the Getúlio Vargas suicide in 1954, Carlos Luz was the second of three presidents who ruled Brazil in a brief period of 16 months. At the time of President Café Filho's alleged illness in 1955 he was the president of the Chamber of Deputies, [1] and so the next in the line of succession to the Presidency, since Filho had been the vice president under Vargas. Luz headed the government only three days in November 1955 and was replaced by the Vice-President of the Senate Nereu Ramos given the orders of the Minister of Defence Henrique Teixeira Lott over his fear that Luz might support a plot to prevent President-elect Juscelino Kubitschek from taking office on January 1956. [2]

Luz was married to his first wife, Maria José Dantas Luz, from 1920 until her death in 1924. They had two children together. Later, Luz remained married to Graciema da Luz until his death in Rio de Janeiro in February 1961.

As of 2019, Luz remains the shortest-serving president of Brazil.

Related Research Articles

President of Brazil Head of state and head of government of Brazil

The president of Brazil, officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of Brazil. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The presidential system was established in 1889, upon the proclamation of the republic in a military coup d'état against Emperor Pedro II. Since then, Brazil has had six constitutions, three dictatorships, and three democratic periods. During the democratic periods, voting has always been compulsory. The Constitution of Brazil, along with several constitutional amendments, establishes the requirements, powers, and responsibilities of the president, their term of office and the method of election.

Fourth Brazilian Republic Period of Brazilian history from 1946 to 1964

The Fourth Brazilian Republic is the period of Brazilian history between 1946 and 1964 also known as the "Republic of 46" or as the "Populist Republic". It was marked by political instability and military's pressure on civilian politicians which ended with the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état and establishment of Brazilian military government.

Nereu Ramos Former Vice President of Brazil (1888–1958)

Nereu de Oliveira Ramos was a Brazilian political figure. He briefly served as Interim President of Brazil in the aftermath of the political crisis which culminated in the suicide of President Getúlio Vargas.

Tancredo Neves Brazilian politician (1910–1985)

Tancredo de Almeida NevesSFO was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and entrepreneur. He served as Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs from 1953 to 1954, Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962, Minister of Finance in 1962, and as Governor of Minas Gerais from 1983 to 1984. He was elected President of Brazil in 1985, but died before he took office.

Café Filho 18th President of Brazil

João Fernandes Campos Café Filho was a Brazilian politician who served as the 18th President of Brazil, taking office upon the suicide of former President Getúlio Vargas. He was the first Protestant to occupy the position.

Chamber of Deputies (Brazil)

The Chamber of Deputies is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current President of the Chamber is the Deputy Arthur Lira (PP-AL), who was elected on 1 February 2021.

National Democratic Union (Brazil) Defunct political party in Brazil

The National Democratic Union was a political party that existed in Brazil between 1945 and 1965. It was ideologically aligned with conservatism. During most of its existence, it was the country's second-strongest party. Its symbol was an Olympic torch and its motto was "The price of freedom is eternal vigilance", a quote falsely attributed to Thomas Jefferson.

Severino Cavalcanti Brazilian politician

Severino José Cavalcanti Ferreira was a Brazilian politician, born in João Alfredo, Pernambuco. He was a member of the Progressive Party, despite having changed parties eight times in his career. He was the mayor of João Alfredo, a member of the Pernambuco State Assembly and a federal congressman.

Marco Maciel Former Vice President of Brazil

Marco Antônio de Oliveira Maciel was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and law school professor who served as the 22nd Vice President of Brazil from 1 January 1995 to 31 December 2002, twice elected on the same ticket as President Fernando Henrique Cardoso in the 1994 and 1998 general elections. He was a founder of the conservative PFL party.

Pedro Aleixo Former Vice President of Brazil

Pedro Aleixo served as President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1937 and as Vice President of Brazil from 15 March 1967 to 14 October 1969.

Aldo Rebelo

José Aldo Rebelo Figueiredo is a Brazilian politician, member of the Solidariedade (SD) and a federal deputy elected by the state of São Paulo. He was President of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil from 2005 to 2007.

President of the Chamber of Deputies (Brazil)

The President of the Chamber of Deputies is the speaker of the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil, elected by his peers for a two-year term.

Ulysses Guimarães

Ulysses Silveira Guimarães was a Brazilian politician and lawyer who played an important role in opposing the military dictatorship in Brazil and in the fight to restore democracy in the country. He died in a helicopter accident by the shore near Angra dos Reis, in the south of Rio de Janeiro state.

Henrique Teixeira Lott

Henrique Batista Duffles Teixeira Lott was a Brazilian military and political figure.

Francisco de Assis Rosa e Silva Former Vice President of Brazil

Francisco de Assis Rosa e Silva was a Brazilian politician who was Vice President of Brazil from November 15, 1898 to November 14, 1902 under Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales. As Vice President, he also served as the President of the Senate. He served as the President of the Chamber of Deputies from 1894 to 1896.

Flávio Bolsonaro

Flávio Nantes Bolsonaro is a Brazilian politician, lawyer and entrepreneur who is the eldest child of Brazilian President, Jair Bolsonaro.

Carlos Bolsonaro Brazilian politician

Carlos Nantes Bolsonaro is a Brazilian politician and the second son of the 38th President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro.

Vanderlei Macris Brazilian politician

Vanderlei Macris is a Brazilian politician and lawyer. Having been involved in politics since 1972, Macrus has spent his political career representing São Paulo, having served as state representative in the lower house of the national legislature from 1975 to 2007 and the state legislature from 2007 to 2011 and since 2012.

References

  1. "Presidentes da Câmara dos Deputados". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados.
  2. "'What, Another Coup?'". Time . December 5, 1955.
Political offices
Preceded by
Café Filho
President of Brazil
1955
Succeeded by
Nereu Ramos