Carmine Galante

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Carmine Galante
Carmine Galante.jpg
Born(1910-02-21)February 21, 1910
East Harlem, New York, U.S.
DiedJuly 12, 1979(1979-07-12) (aged 69)
Bushwick, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Cause of deathMultiple gunshot wounds (Ruled as Assassination)
Resting place Saint John's Cemetery, Queens
Other names"Lilo", "The Cigar"
Occupation Crime boss, Mobster, Bootlegger, Drug trafficker, Racketeer
Known forUnderboss and boss of the Bonanno crime family
Spouse(s)Elena Ninfa "Helen" Marulli
Children5

Carmine Galante (pronounced gah-LAN-tay), also known as "Lilo" and "Cigar" (February 21, 1910 – July 12, 1979), was a mobster and boss of the Bonanno crime family. Galante was rarely seen without a cigar, leading to the nickname "The Cigar" and "Lilo" (an Italian slang word for cigar).

Bonanno crime family Organized Crime Group

The Bonanno crime family is one of the "Five Families" that dominate organized crime activities in New York City, and in the United States, as part of the criminal phenomenon known as the American Mafia.

Cigar tightly-rolled bundle of tobacco designed to be lit and smoked

A cigar is a rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves made to be smoked. They are produced in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Since the 20th century, almost all cigars are made up of three distinct components: the filler, the binder leaf which holds the filler together, and a wrapper leaf, which is often the best leaf used. Often the cigar will have a band printed with the cigar manufacturer's logo. Modern cigars often come with 2 bands, especially Cuban Cigar bands, showing Limited Edition bands displaying the year of production.

Contents

Biography

Background

Camillo Carmine Galante was born on February 21, 1910, in a tenement building in the East Harlem section of Manhattan. His parents, Vincenzo "James" Galante and Vincenza Russo, had emigrated to New York City in 1906 from Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, where Vincenzo was a fisherman. [1] [2]

East Harlem Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

East Harlem, also known as Spanish Harlem or El Barrio, is a neighborhood of Upper Manhattan, New York City, roughly encompassing the area north of the Upper East Side and East 96th Street up to roughly East 142nd Street east of Fifth Avenue to the East and Harlem Rivers. It lies within Manhattan Community District 11. Despite its name, it is generally not considered to be a part of Harlem.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Castellammare del Golfo Comune in Sicily, Italy

Castellammare del Golfo is a town and Municipality in the Trapani Province of Sicily. The name can be translated as "Sea Fortress on the Gulf", stemming from the medieval fortress in the harbor. The nearby body of water conversely takes its name from the town, and is known as Gulf of Castellammare.

Carmine Galante had two brothers, Samuel and Peter Galante, and two sisters, Josephine and Angelina Galante. [2] Carmine Galante married Helen Marulli, by whom he had three children; James Galante, Camille Galante, and Angela Galante. For the last 20 years of his life, Carmine Galante actually lived with Ann Acquavella; the couple had two children together. [1] He was the uncle to Bonanno crime family capo James Carmine Galante. [3]

Galante stood around 5 feet 6 inches and weighed approximately 160 pounds. While in prison in 1931, doctors diagnosed Galante as having a psychopathic personality. [2]

Galante owned the Rosina Costume Company in Brooklyn, New York [2] and was associated with the Abco Vending Company of West New York, New Jersey.

West New York, New Jersey Town in New Jersey

West New York is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, situated upon the New Jersey Palisades. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 49,708, reflecting an increase of 3,940 (+8.6%) from the 45,768 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,643 (+20.0%) from the 38,125 counted in the 1990 Census.

Early years

At the age of 10, Galante was sent to reform school due to his criminal activities. He soon formed a juvenile street gang on New York's Lower East Side. By the age of 15, Galante had dropped out of seventh grade. As a teenager, Galante became a Mafia associate during the Prohibition era, becoming a leading enforcer by the end of the decade. During this period, Galante also worked as a fish sorter and at an artificial flower shop. [2] On December 12, 1925, the 15-year-old Galante pleaded guilty to assault charges. On December 22, 1926, Galante was sentenced to at least two-and-a-half years in state prison. [4]

Lower East Side Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

The Lower East Side, sometimes abbreviated as LES, is a neighborhood in the southeastern part of the New York City borough of Manhattan, roughly located between the Bowery and the East River, and Canal Street and Houston Street. Traditionally an immigrant, working class neighborhood, it began rapid gentrification in the mid-2000s, prompting the National Trust for Historic Preservation to place the neighborhood on their list of America's Most Endangered Places.

Prohibition the outlawing of the consumption, sale, production etc. of alcohol

Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcoholic beverages. The word is also used to refer to a period of time during which such bans are enforced.

In August 1930, Galante was arrested for the murder of police officer Walter DeCastilla during a payroll robbery. However, Galante was never indicted. [2] Also in 1930, New York Police Department (NYPD) officer Joseph Meenahan caught Galante and other gang members attempting to hijack a truck in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. In the ensuing gun battle, Galante wounded Meenahan and a six-year-old bystander, both survived. On February 8, 1931, after pleading guilty to attempted robbery Galante was sentenced to 12 and a half years in state prison. On May 1, 1939, Galante was released from prison on parole. [4]

By 1940, Galante was carrying out "hits" for Vito Genovese, the official underboss of the Luciano crime family. Galante had an underworld reputation for viciousness and was suspected by the New York Police Department (NYPD) of involvement in over eighty murders. [5] Galante reportedly had a cold, dead-eyed stare with eyes that betrayed an utter indifference to human life, scaring both law enforcement as well as other Mafia members. Ralph Salerno, a former New York Police Department detective, once said, "Of all the gangsters that I've met personally, and I've met dozens of them in all of my years, there were only two who, when I looked them straight in the eye, I decided I wouldn't want them to be really personally mad at me. Aniello Dellacroce was one and Carmine Galante was the other. They had bad eyes, I mean, they had the eyes of killers. You could see how frightening they were, the frigid glare of a killer."

In 1943, Galante allegedly murdered Carlo Tresca, the publisher of an anti-fascist newspaper in New York. Genovese, living in exile in Italy, offered to kill Tresca as a favor to Italian President Benito Mussolini. Genovese allegedly gave the murder contract to Galante. On January 11, 1943, Galante allegedly shot and killed Tresca as he stepped outside his newspaper office in Manhattan, and then got in a car and drove away. [6] Although Galante was arrested as a suspect, no one was ever charged in the murder. [7] After the Tresca murder, Galante was sent back to prison on a parole violation. On December 21, 1944, Galante was released from prison. [4]

On February 10, 1945, Galante married Helena Marulli in New York. [2]

Underboss

Galante went from being chauffeur of Bonanno family boss, Joseph Bonanno, to caporegime and then underboss. He was said to have been loyal to Bonanno and often spoke of him with great admiration. They also shared a common enemy, Carlo Gambino of the then-Anastasia crime family (prior to the organization carrying the Gambino namesake from 1957 on).

In 1953, Bonanno sent Galante to Montreal, Quebec to supervise the family drug business there where he worked with Vincenzo Cotroni in the French Connection. The Bonannos were importing huge amounts of heroin by ship into Montreal and then sending it into the United States. In 1957, due to Galante's strong-arm extortion tactics, the Canadian Government deported him back to the United States. [8]

In October 1957, Bonanno and Galante held a hotel meeting in Palermo, Sicily on plans to import heroin into the United States. Attendees included exiled boss Lucky Luciano and other American mobsters, with a Sicilian Mafia delegation led by mobster Giuseppe Genco Russo. As part of the agreement, Sicilian mobsters would come to the U.S. to distribute the narcotics. Galante brought many young men, known as Zips, from his family home of Castellammare del Golfo, Trapani, to work as bodyguards, contract killers and drug traffickers. These Sicilian criminals had Galante's total trust and confidence. [9]

In 1958, after being indicted on drug conspiracy charges, Galante went into hiding. On June 3, 1959, New Jersey State Police officers arrested Galante after stopping his car on the Garden State Parkway close to New York City. Federal agents had recently discovered that Galante was hiding in a house on Pelican Island off the South Jersey shore. After posting $100,000 bail, he was released. [10] On May 18, 1960, Galante was indicted on a second set of narcotics charges; he surrendered voluntarily. [11]

Galante's first narcotics trial started on November 21, 1960 and one of his co-defendants was the infamous William Bentvena ("Billy Batts" murdered by Tommy DeSimone). [12] From the beginning, the first trial was characterized by jurors and alternates dropping out and coercive courtroom displays by the defendants. On May 15, 1961, the judge declared a mistrial. The jury foreman had "fallen" down some stairs at an abandoned building in the middle of the night and was unable to continue the trial due to injury. Galante was sentenced to 20 days in jail due to contempt of court. [13] On July 10, 1962, after being convicted in his second narcotics trial, Galante was sentenced to 20 years in federal prison. [14]

Power grab

In 1964, Joseph Bonanno and his ally, Profaci crime family boss Joseph Magliocco, unsuccessfully plotted to murder three rival members of the Mafia Commission. When the plot was discovered, the Commission ordered Bonanno to retire. Over the succeeding 10 years, Bonanno tried to install his son Salvatore Bonanno as boss while the Commission tried to run the family with a series of ineffectual bosses. [15]

In January 1974, Galante was released from prison on parole. [16] A few days after his release from prison, Galante allegedly ordered the bombing of the doors to the mausoleum of his enemy Frank Costello, who had died in 1973. [9]

In November 1974, the Commission designated Philip "Rusty" Rastelli as the official boss of the Bonanno family. [8] However, Rastelli was soon sent to prison and Galante seized effective control of the family. As a former underboss, Galante considered himself the rightful successor to Joseph Bonanno, a man to whom he had always remained loyal.

During the late 1970s, Galante allegedly organized the murders of at least eight members of the Gambino family, with whom he had an intense rivalry, in order to take over a massive drug-trafficking operation.

On March 3, 1978, Galante's parole was revoked by the United States Parole Commission and he was sent back to prison. Galante had allegedly violated parole by associating with other Bonanno mobsters. [17] However, on February 27, 1979, a judge ruled that the government had illegally revoked Galante's parole and ordered his immediate release from prison. [16] By this stage, Galante was bald, bespectacled and had a stooped walk.

Death

The New York crime families were alarmed at Galante's brazen attempt at taking over the narcotics market. Galante also refused to share any drug profits with the other families. Although Galante was aware that he had many enemies, he said, "No one will ever kill me; they wouldn't dare." [18] Genovese crime family boss Frank Tieri began contacting Cosa Nostra leaders to build a consensus for Galante's murder, even obtaining approval from the exiled Joseph Bonanno. [19] They received a boost when Rastelli, the official boss, sought Commission approval to kill Galante as an illegitimate usurper. In 1979, the Mafia Commission ordered Galante's execution. [20]

On July 12, 1979, Galante was killed just as he finished eating lunch on an open patio at Joe and Mary's Italian-American Restaurant at 205 Knickerbocker Avenue in Bushwick, Brooklyn. Galante was dining with Leonard Coppola, a Bonanno capo, and restaurant owner/cousin Giuseppe Turano, a Bonanno soldier. Also sitting at the table were Galante's Sicilian bodyguards, Baldassare Amato and Cesare Bonventre. At 2:45 pm, three ski-masked men entered the restaurant, walked into the patio, and opened fire with shotguns and handguns. Galante, Turano, and Coppola were killed instantly. A picture of Galante showed a cigar still in his mouth at the time he died. Amato and Bonventre, who did nothing to protect Galante, were left unharmed. The gunmen then ran out of the restaurant. [21] [22]

Those involved in the murder were later identified as Anthony "Bruno" Indelicato, Dominick Trinchera, Dominick Napolitano and Louis Giongetti. These men were hired by Alphonse Indelicato.[ citation needed ] However, in Philip Carlo's 2009 book "Ice Man: Confessions of a Mafia Contract Killer", Carlo writes that serial killer and Mafia hitman Richard Kuklinski ("IceMan") participated in Galante's killing. He had gone to the restaurant ahead of time, ate a meal and waited for Galante to arrive. Kuklinski, Carlo writes, got up from his seat, walked to the back and pulled a shotgun out from under his coat, and shot Galante and his bodyguards. Three men also arrived at the time Kuklinski began shooting and finished Galante and his men off. Carlo reports that Kuklinski was retained by Roy DeMeo on behalf of the Gambino family's participation in the Commission's agreement to kill Galante.

Aftermath

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York refused to allow a funeral mass for Galante due to his notoriety. [23] Galante was buried at Saint John's Cemetery in Middle Village, Queens.

In 1984, Bonventre was found murdered in a New Jersey warehouse, allegedly to guarantee his silence in the Galante murder. [24] On January 13, 1987, Anthony Indelicato was sentenced to 40 years in prison, as a defendant in the Commission trial, for the Galante, Coppola, and Turano murders. [25]

In 2005, contract killer Richard Kuklinski (who died in 2006 in Trenton State Prison, New Jersey) claimed that he was one of the hitmen who killed Galante. [26]

Although never mentioned by name, Galante is referred to twice in the movie Donnie Brasco. Galante first appears as a cigar-smoking character known as "The boss". Later in the film, Galante's murder is reported on the front page of a newspaper. Mobster Lefty Ruggiero points to the story and says, "Can you believe it? The fuckin' boss gets whacked!"

The HBO show The Sopranos refers to Galante's assassination in the episode "A Hit Is a Hit". Tony Soprano is playing golf with his neighbor, Dr. Bruce Cusamano. After someone asks Cusamano if he ever saw the picture of the dead Galante with a cigar hanging from his mouth, Cusamano describes the murder as a "fuckin' beautiful hit".

Galante is depicted in the first episode of the UK history TV channel Yesterday's documentary series Mafia's Greatest Hits.

Related Research Articles

Vito Genovese Italian-born American mobster

Vito "Don Vitone" Genovese was an Italian-American mobster who rose to power during Prohibition as an enforcer in the American Mafia. A long-time associate and childhood friend of Charles Luciano, Genovese took part in the Castellammarese War and helped shape the rise of the Mafia and organized crime in the United States. He would later lead Luciano's crime family, which was renamed the Genovese crime family by the authorities.

Zips is a slang term often used as a derogatory slur by Italian American and Sicilian American mobsters in reference to newer immigrant Sicilian and Italian mafiosi. The name is said to have originated from mobsters' inability to understand the faster-speaking Sicilian dialects, which appeared to "zip" by. Other theories include pejorative uses such as Sicilians' preference for silent, homemade zip guns. According to still another theory, the term is a contraction of the Sicilian slang term for "hicks" or "primitives." The older Sicilian mafiosi of the pre-Prohibition era known as "Mustache Petes" were also referred to as "zips".

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References

  1. 1 2 Raab, Selwyn (July 13, 1979). "Galante's Image Belied Role He Played in Life" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Carmine Galante Part 1 of 12". FBI Records - The Vault. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  3. Indictment Details Fraud By Mafia Crime Family by Selwyn Raab (July 8, 1992) New York Times
  4. 1 2 3 "Carmine Galante Part 2 of 12". FBI Records: The Vault. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  5. Raab, Selwyn. Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empires. New York: St. Martin's Press 2005. ISBN   0-312-30094-8
  6. "Assassin Slays Tresca, Radical, In Fifth Avenue". New York Times. January 12, 1943.
  7. Franks, Lucinda (February 20, 1977). "Obscure Gangster Emerging as Mafia Chief in New York" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  8. 1 2 Capeci, Jerry (2004). The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia (2nd ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Alpha Books. ISBN   1-59257-305-3.
  9. 1 2 Amoruso, David. "How the Sicilian Mafia flooded the US with heroin". Gangster Inc. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  10. Ranzal, Edward (June 4, 1959). "Fugitive is Seized in Narcotics Case" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  11. "Galante Gives Up" (PDF). New York Times. May 18, 1960. Retrieved 18 January 2012.
  12. United States of America, Appellee, v. William Bentvena et al., Defendants-appellants, 319 F.2d 916 (2d Cir. 1963)
  13. "Mistrial is Ruled in Narcotics Case" (PDF). New York Times. May 16, 1961. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  14. "13 Are Sentenced in Narcotics Case" (PDF). New York Times. July 11, 1962. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  15. Sifakis, Carl (2005). The Mafia encyclopedia (3. ed.). New York: Facts on File. pp. 51–52. ISBN   0-8160-5694-3.
  16. 1 2 "Judge Orders Release of Galante from Jail" (PDF). New York Times. February 28, 1979. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  17. Lubasch, Arnold H (March 4, 1978). "Commission Revokes Galante's Probation" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2001-10-16. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  19. Sifkakis, Carl (2005). p. 443.
  20. Raab, Selwyn (2006). Five families : the rise, decline, and resurgence of America's most powerful Mafia empires (1st St. Martin's Griffin ed.). New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN   0-312-36181-5.
  21. McFadden, Robert D. (July 13, 1979). "Galante and 2 Shot to Death in Brooklyn Restaurant" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  22. Reppetto, Thomas A. (2007). Bringing down the mob : the war against the American Mafia. New York: Henry Holt. p. 185. ISBN   0-8050-8659-5.
  23. McFadden, Robert D. (July 16, 1979). "Archdiocese Denies Request for Galante Funeral Mass" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 18 January 2012.
  24. Sifkakis, Carl (2005). p. 53.
  25. Lubasch, Arnold H. (January 14, 1987). "JUDGE SENTENCES 8 MAFIA LEADERS TO PRISON TERMS". New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  26. Carlo, Philip (2009). The Ice man : confessions of a mafia contract killer (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Paperbacks. p. 300. ISBN   0-312-93884-5.
American Mafia
Preceded by
Francesco "Frank" Garafolo
Bonanno crime family
Underboss

1956–1962
Succeeded by
John "Johnny Burns" Morales
Preceded by
Natale Evola
Bonanno crime family
Boss

1973–1979
Succeeded by
Philip Rastelli