Carnmoney

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Carnmoney
United Kingdom Northern Ireland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Carnmoney
Location within Northern Ireland
Population2,775 (2001 Census)
  Belfast 6.3 miles (10.1 km)
District
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWTOWNABBEY
Postcode district BT36
Dialling code 028
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
54°40′59″N5°57′00″W / 54.683°N 5.95°W / 54.683; -5.95 Coordinates: 54°40′59″N5°57′00″W / 54.683°N 5.95°W / 54.683; -5.95

Carnmoney (from Irish Carn Monaidh ' cairn of the bog ') is the name of a townland (of 456 acres), [1] electoral ward and a civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Carnmoney is within the urban area of Newtownabbey, in the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area. It lies 7 miles (11 km) from Belfast city centre in the historic barony of Belfast Lower. [1] [2]

Contents

Carnmoney is known throughout Belfast for its large graveyard. Carnmoney Cemetery sits on the slopes of Carnmoney Hill, a major landmark in the area, which also contains a woodland nature reserve. The poet Derek Mahon mentions Carnmoney Cemetery in his poem "My Wicked Uncle".

History

Carnmoney CarnmoneyVillage.JPG
Carnmoney

Carnmoney, as a settlement, grew up around a holy well (still visible in the current Church of Ireland grounds), Glas-na-bradan river and Carnmoney Hill. The area became a Norman borough known as Coole or Le Coule, the borough was wrecked several times during subsequent English/Irish/Scots battles and nothing is left. Le Coule was on the site of the present Rathfern/Rathcoole housing estates. Bits of the Old Irish Highway, an old route from Carrick to Antrim passing through the Norman borough, are still visible running alongside the current O'Neill Road. Carnmoney as a name has come to represent Carnmoney Village (the village previously known as Ballyduff).

Carnmoney Presbyterian Church

Carnmoney Presbyterian Church is one of the oldest Presbyterian churches in Ireland as it dates from 1657. The plot where it stands was previously home to a meeting house, from 1622.

Mary Butters

Mary Butters (1807–1839), also referred to as the "Carnmoney Witch", was put on trial for murder in March 1818. She was called a "Wise-woman" in the area and had been hired by a local farmer to lift a "curse" he believed had possessed one of his cows.

The day after she had supposedly lifted the spell, the farmer, his wife and his son were found dead in their home. Butters was accused of murdering them with a "herbal potion" she had created to use on the cow. Her story was that a man appeared before them with a huge bludgeon and killed the three only stunning her. The affair was the topic of much talk in Belfast and its surrounding villages, however Butters was discharged from the Spring Assizes in Carrickfergus by proclamation. [3]

The Troubles

Education

There are seven schools in Carnmoney, all at primary level, run by the Education Authority.

Demographics

The last UK census in 2001 showed Carnmoney had a population of 2,765. However the 2008 estimate is much higher due to major sub-urbanisation in Belfast. [7]

Land use

Carnmoney Hill

Much of Carnmoney Hill is covered by woodland. Carnmoney Hill - geograph.org.uk - 1103459.jpg
Much of Carnmoney Hill is covered by woodland.

Carnmoney Hill is a northern outlier of the Belfast Hills chain and rises 232 m (761 ft) above Newtownabbey, and thus it can be seen from northern County Down, Belfast Lough, the M2 and M5 motorways and Belfast City. The eastern side is mainly covered by ancient woodland with semi-natural grasslands and other habitats interspersed, e.g. scrubland and bracken. The hill top has a volcanic cap yet the slopes are mainly of limestone and flint, joining mudstones at the coastal belt below.

The view of Belfast by night, from Carnmoney Hill (fireworks from the New Years celebrations can clearly be seen in the skies above Belfast's SSE Arena) Carnmoney Hill by night.JPG
The view of Belfast by night, from Carnmoney Hill (fireworks from the New Years celebrations can clearly be seen in the skies above Belfast's SSE Arena)

The Woodland Trust and Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council own most of the eastern side, a third of the hill, although the crest and western two thirds of the hill are in private ownership, including most of the cultivated, grazing and heath land. There are numerous paths through the private land (often used by the public), leading to the top however there are no permanent paths on the hill open to the public.

Dunanney Ráth (or Fort) stands majestically overlooking Carnmoney Cemetery on the southern face of Carnmoney Hill. The ráth site, where in ancient times fairs and festivals were held, may date to Celtic times (around 500 BC). In 1556 the Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy to Elizabeth I, camped with his troops at Dunanney where he met with Irish chieftains and tried unsuccessfully to pacify the Irish people. The name Dunanney has been translated both as 'The Fort of the Assemblies' and 'The Fort of the Watery Place' (built on rock, it tends to be wet and marshy). A second ráth exists to the east of Dunanney. Two souterrains (man-made underground passages) have been found on the hill, although more than 20 are known to have existed in the past. [8] Dunanney Ráth is on private land and not open to the public, however the part of Carnmoney Hill owned by the Woodland Trust is just south of Dunanney and is open to the public all year round. Newtownabbey Borough Council had in recent times tried to open Dunanney Ráth with little success. Plans to open a park on the hill are also underway.[ citation needed ]

Lilian Bland built and flew her own aircraft, the first biplane built in Ireland, from here in 1910. [9] There are a variety of habitats including floral meadows, wetland patches, shrub land, old hedgerows, copses, mixed ash woods, and semi natural woodland. The grazed lands tend not to have many wildlife species however they add to the hills landscape patchwork when seen from afar.

The hill offers good views of Belfast city, Cave Hill, Newtownabbey, Carrickfergus and Bangor. On a clear day the Mourne Mountains, Slemish Mountain and even the western coast of Scotland are easily visible. [10]

Carnmoney Cemetery

Carnmoney cemetery is well known throughout Belfast. It is a large cemetery split into two main sections on the east and west sides of Prince Charles Way. A Cross of Sacrifice was erected in the cemetery after the First World War. There are 46 Commonwealth burials of the First World War and 44 of the Second World War here. The cemetery has been the source of much controversy in recent years. In 2006 14 graves were damaged by vandals with floral tributes and ornaments being smashed on the graves. Outrage after the event led to a rise in foot patrols in the cemetery.

Police patrol Carnmoney cemetery before Cemetery Sunday Carnmoney Cemetery police patrol - 20060406.jpg
Police patrol Carnmoney cemetery before Cemetery Sunday

Newtownabbey Borough Council had previously proposed to expand the cemetery to the nearby Valley Park. There was controversy surrounding this proposal as it is in close proximity to Northern Ireland children's hospice.

Civil parish of Carnmoney

Townlands

The civil parish contains the following townlands: [1] [2]

B

Ballycraigy, Ballyduff, Ballygolan, Ballyhenry, Ballyhowne, Ballyvesey

C

Carnmoney, Carnmoney Bog, Carnmoney Glebe, Collinward, Croghfern

D

Drumnadrough, Dunanney

G

Glengormley

J

Jordanstown

M

Monkstown

W

White Abbey, White House

See also

Related Research Articles

County Antrim County in Northern Ireland

County Antrim is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,046 square kilometres (1,176 sq mi) and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster.

Carrickfergus Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Carrickfergus is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It sits on the north shore of Belfast Lough, 11 miles (18 km) from Belfast. The town had a population of 27,998 at the 2011 Census. It is County Antrim's oldest town and one of the oldest towns in Ireland as a whole. Carrickfergus was the administrative centre for Carrickfergus Borough Council, before this was amalgamated into the Mid and East Antrim District Council in 2015, and forms part of the Belfast Metropolitan Area. It is also a townland of 65 acres, a civil parish and a barony.

Glengormley Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Glengormley is the name of a townland and electoral ward in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Glengormley is within the urban area of Newtownabbey and the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area. It is also situated in the civil parish of Carnmoney and the historic barony of Belfast Lower.

South Antrim (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

South Antrim is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Paul Girvan of the Democratic Unionist Party.

Newtownabbey Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Newtownabbey is a large settlement north of Belfast in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Sometimes considered to be a suburb of Belfast, it is separated from the rest of the city by Cavehill and Fortwilliam golf course. At the 2011 Census, Metropolitan Newtownabbey Settlement had a population of 65,646, making it the third largest settlement in Northern Ireland. It is part of Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council.

Ballynure village and civil parish

Ballynure is a village and civil parish near Ballyclare in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is part of Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council and had a population of 677 people in the 2001 Census.

Greenisland Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Greenisland is a town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies 7 miles north-east of Belfast and 3 miles south-west of Carrickfergus. The town is on the coast of Belfast Lough and is named after a tiny islet to the west, the Green Island.

Ballycraigy Housing Estate

Ballycraigy is a townland in the Civil Parish of Carnmoney in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is located near the Sandyknowes Junction where the A8 motorway spur diverges from the M2 motorway. The neighbouring townlands are Kingsbog, Ballyearl and Ballyhenry to the east, Ballyrobert, Carnanee and Craigarogan to the west and Ballyvesey to the south. To the north it is bordered by the Belfast to Derry railway line. The townlands is the site of the Ballycraigy Housing Estate in Antrim, south of Greystone and about ten miles (16 km) north of Belfast.

Whiteabbey townland in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Whiteabbey is a townland in Newtownabbey, north of Belfast in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

Monkstown, County Antrim electoral ward and townland

Monkstown is a townland and electoral ward in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is within the urban area of Newtownabbey and the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area. The townland was previously called Ballynamanagh It is also situated in the civil parish of Carnmoney and the historic barony of Belfast Lower.

Rathcoole (Newtownabbey)

Rathcoole is a housing estate in Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It was built in the 1950s to house many of those displaced by the demolition of inner city housing in Belfast city. Rathcoole is within the wider Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough. Its approximate borders are provided by O'Neill Road on the north, Doagh Road on the east, Shore Road on the south and Church Road and Merville Garden Village on the west.

Newtownabbey (Northern Ireland Parliament constituency)

Newtownabbey was a single-member county constituency of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

Straid

Straid is a small village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, about three miles east of Ballyclare, and about six miles inland from Carrickfergus. It lies at the centre of the townland of Straidlands, in the Civil Parish of Ballynure within the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area, and in the former barony of Belfast Lower. The village has a congregational church, an Orange hall, and a primary school.

Jordanstown Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Jordanstown is a townland and electoral ward in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is within the urban area of Newtownabbey and the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area. It is also situated in the civil parish of Carnmoney and the historic barony of Belfast Lower. It had a population of 5494 in the 2001 census, with an average age of 34.

The Georgian Merville House at Merville Garden Village, to be found in the district of Whitehouse on the northern shoreline of Belfast Lough, Northern Ireland was constructed in the year 1795 by John Brown (c.1730-1800), a distinguished banker and merchant of Belfast, who leased around 24 acres (97,000 m2) of the ancient townland of Drumnadrough, one of three townlands that formed the village of Whitehouse, the other two being White House and Ballygolan, to construct his own private estate. Brown was a partner in the so-called 'Bank of the Four Johns' that was established in Ann Street in the town in 1787.

Carrickfergus (barony) Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Carrickfergus is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is bounded on the south-east by Belfast Lough, and otherwise surrounded by the barony of Belfast Lower. It is coextensive with the civil parish of Carrickfergus or St Nicholas and corresponds to the former county of the town of Carrickfergus, a county corporate encompassing Carrickfergus town.

Belfast Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Belfast Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its east lies the east-Antrim coast and Belfast Lough, and it is bordered by four other baronies: Belfast Upper to the south, Carrickfergus to the east, Antrim Upper to the west; Glenarm Upper to the north. The Forth and Milewater rivers both flow through Belfast Lower, with Larne harbour also situated in the barony.

Stewart Dickson Politician from Northern Ireland

Stewart Dickson is an Alliance Party of Northern Ireland politician and member of the Northern Ireland Assembly, where he represents East Antrim. He sought re-election on 2 March 2017 in a snap election and was re-elected to the Assembly as one of five MLAs for this constituency.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Carnmoney". IreAtlas Townlands Database. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Carnmoney". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  3. http://www.sacred-texts.com/pag/iwd/iwd10.htm
  4. Schools Web Directory entry for Ashgrove
  5. Schools Web Directory entry for Carnmoney Primary
  6. "Saint Mary's On the Hill website". Archived from the original on 6 September 2006. Retrieved 30 October 2006.
  7. NINIS Statistics and Research Agency
  8. O'Laverty, James (1878). An historical account of the Diocese of Down and Connor, ancient and modern. 3. Dublin: J. Duffy. pp. 11–13. Retrieved 13 August 2012. Within the last hundred years upwards of 20 artificial caves have been destroyed, or so closed that all trace of them has been lost. The sites of seven are known and have been explored.
  9. O'Connell, Claire (2009). "Flying in the Face of Convention". Engineers Journal. Ireland. 63: 81–2.
  10. Woodland Trust – Newtownabbey District Archived 16 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine