|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Serge Andrieu|
|37.92 km2 (14.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||56–212 m (184–696 ft) |
(avg. 95 m or 312 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Carpentras (French pronunciation: [kaʁpɑ̃tʁa] or [kaʁpɑ̃tʁas] ; Provençal Occitan: Carpentràs in classical norm or Carpentras in Mistralian norm; Latin : Carpentoracte) is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
It stands on the banks of the river Auzon, a tributary of the Sorgue. As capital of the Comtat Venaissin, it was frequently the residence of the Avignon popes; the Papal States retained possession of the Venaissin until the French Revolution. Nowadays, Carpentras is a commercial center for Comtat Venaissin and is famous for the black truffle markets held from winter to early spring.
Carpentras briefly held France's all-time high-temperature record, during the heatwave of June 2019.
Carpentras was a commercial site used by Greek merchants in ancient times, and known to Romans at first as Carpentoracte Meminorum, mentioned by Pliny, then renamed Forum Neronis ("Forum of Nero"); the city retains an impressive Roman triumphal arch, that has been enclosed by the bishops' palace, rebuilt in 1640, now a law court, and a machicolated city gate, the Porte d'Orange.
For the history of the bishopric of Carpentras, see Ancient Diocese of Carpentras.
At the beginning of the Avignon Papacy, Pope Clement V took up residence, along with the Roman Curia, in Carpentras in 1313. His successor, Pope John XXII, settled definitively at Avignon.
Joseph-Dominique d'Inguimbert, Bishop of Carpentras from 1735 to 1754, established a great scholarly library which Jean-François Delmas, the chief librarian as of 2009, has called "the oldest of our municipal libraries"; known as the Bibliothèque Inguimbertine and now holding around 140,000 books, it is known to bibliophiles all over France and is scheduled to move into roomier quarters in the former Hôtel-Dieu in 2013. [ full citation needed ]
Until 1791, Carpentras was part of the Papal States, not of the Kingdom of France.
Like most communities across France, Carpentras played a role in the 1789-1799 French Revolution, particularly during the rule of the French Directory. After the 'Anti-Royalist' September 4, 1797 Coup of 18 Fructidor, on October 22, 1797, counter-revolutionaries take the city's government and hold it in protest for 24 hours.
Into the 20th Century and the 21st Century, Carpentras has been an important centre of French Judaism, and is home to the oldest synagogue in France (1367), which still holds services. In May 1990, the Jewish cemetery was desecrated.
|Source: EHESS and INSEE (1968-2017)|
In the Köppen climate classification, Carpentras has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa),and hot-summer mediterranean climate (Csa) with cool winters and hot summers. The rainiest seasons are spring (April–May) and autumn (September–October), where heavy downpours may happen.
|Climate data for Carpentras (1981–2010 averages)|
|Record high °C (°F)||21.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||10.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||0.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−15.4|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||42.0|
|Average precipitation days||5.6||5.1||4.9||7.0||6.6||4.5||2.9||3.6||5.5||7.6||6.6||5.8||65.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||149.3||174.3||231.7||240.6||279.8||325.9||361.7||322.8||251.3||185.5||152.1||136.8||2,811.8|
|Source: Meteo France|
Carpentras is famous for the Truffle market that takes place every Friday morning during the winter months.
Its traditional confectionery is the berlingot, a small hard candy with thin white stripes, originally made from the syrup left over from conservation of fruits.
Carpentras was the birthplace of (chronologically):
Carpentras is twinned with:
Vaucluse is a department in the southeastern French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It had a population of 559,014 as of 2016. The department's prefecture is Avignon.
The Comtat Venaissin, often called the Comtat for short, was a part of the Papal States (1274‒1791) in what is now the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of France.
Mondragon is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Cavaillon is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. It is situated in the Durance Valley, at the foot of the Luberon mountains. In 2016, it had a population of 26,985.
Venasque is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Valréas is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
The arrondissement of Avignon is an arrondissement of France in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 214,340 (2016), and its area is 369.7 km2 (142.7 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Carpentras is an arrondissement of France in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 77 communes. Its population is 215,881 (2016), and its area is 1,807.0 km2 (697.7 sq mi).
The canton of Valréas, sometimes called the enclave des Papes, is a canton of the Vaucluse department, a part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) region in Southern France. It consists of four communes: Grillon, Richerenches, Valréas and Visan.
Aubignan is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. A stone's throw from Beaumes-de-Venise and the famous Côtes du Rhône vineyards, Aubignan is, itself, locally famous for the production of wine, of young vines and vine grafts.
Le Luc is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Ménerbes is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. The walled village on a hilltop in the Luberon mountains, foothills of the French Alps, constitues the main settlement in the commune. In 2017, it had a population of 990.
Mirabeau is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Monteux is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Saint-Roman-de-Malegarde is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Mormoiron is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Mazan is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. The town is 4 miles (7 km) drive east of Carpentras, one of its neighbouring municipalities, and 21 miles (34 km) by road from Avignon.
Carpentras was a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Provence region, from the later Roman Empire until 1801. It was part of the ecclesiastical province under the Metropolitan, the Archbishop of Arles. The bishop was a major figure in the Comtat Venaissin, and a member of the Estates of the Comtat. He was a direct appointee of the pope.
The canton of Carpentras-Nord is a French administrative division in the department of Vaucluse and region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015.
The following is a history of Avignon, France.
The Carpentras stele: The famous funerary stele (CIS ii 141) was the first Syrian Semitic inscr. to become known in Europe, being discovered in the early 18 cent.; it measures 0.35 m high by 0.33m broad and is housed in a museum at Carpentras in southern France.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carpentras .|