Carpow

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Carpow
Perth and Kinross UK location map.svg
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Carpow
Location within Perth and Kinross
OS grid reference NO203175
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PERTH
Postcode district PH2 9xx
Dialling code 01738 85
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°20′35″N3°17′27″W / 56.343119°N 3.290949°W / 56.343119; -3.290949 Coordinates: 56°20′35″N3°17′27″W / 56.343119°N 3.290949°W / 56.343119; -3.290949

Carpow[ pronunciation? ] is a diffuse hamlet in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It is situated immediately to the east of the confluence of the River Tay and River Earn, 2 km north east of Abernethy. [1]

Contents

Etymology

The name Carpow is of Pictish origin. [2] The first element is *cair, meaning "fort, castle", and the second is *pol, meaning "(sluggish) burn" (c.f. Welsh caer-pwll). [2]

Archaeology

Carpow is most notable for its archaeological remains. During Roman times the settlement was the site of a camp and fort, which was made of stone, signalling the intent to stay for an extended period. [3] [4] [5] An early medieval Picto-Scottish cross fragment once formed part the lintel of a well at Carpow House. [6] [7]

Roman fort

Roman fort at Carpow Roman Fortress - geograph.org.uk - 105476.jpg
Roman fort at Carpow

The Roman fort of Carpow was a Roman fortress situated at the confluence of the rivers Tay and Earn. [8] The fortress is known to have been occupied from the late second century AD until the early third century AD. The site of the fort has not been comprehensively excavated but it is believed to have served as a naval supply depot for Roman forces in the central lowlands. Its occupation also coincided with the campaigns of Septimius Severus in the area. [8]

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References

  1. "Perth & Alloa", Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (B2 ed.), 2007, ISBN   0-319-22997-1
  2. 1 2 Simon, Taylor; Markus, Gilbert (2006). The Place-names of Fife (Illustrated ed.). Shaun Tyas. ISBN   9781900289771.
  3. http://www.scran.ac.uk/packs/exhibitions/learning_materials/webs/56/Carpow.htm
  4. "Carpow: Roman Legionary Fortress", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland: Canmore database, retrieved 21 October 2010
  5. "Carpow: Temporary camp(s) (Roman)", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland: Canmore database, retrieved 21 October 2010
  6. "Carpow: Cross slab", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland: Canmore database, retrieved 21 October 2010
  7. Borland, J.; Fraser, I.; Sherriff, J. (2007), "Eight socketed stones from Eastern Scotland", Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal, 13: 107
  8. 1 2 The site record for the Carpow fort at RCAHMS

See also