Shops at the junction of Carr Hill Road
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Tyne and Wear|
Carr Hill is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. It is bordered by Felling to the north, Sheriff Hill to the south, Windy Nook to the east and Deckham to the west. It lies 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of Gateshead, 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and 13 miles (21 km) north of the historic City of Durham. Once a village in County Durham, it was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead by the Local Government Act 1972 on 1 April 1974.
One of the less populous of the former villages that comprise the metropolitan borough, Carr Hill has a long history and was first developed by the Romans. During the Industrial Revolution it became the centre of pottery making in Tyneside, and numerous stone quarries, glass makers and windmills were set up. It also had a large reservoir providing water to several areas of Gateshead and Newcastle upon Tyne.
Industrial decline from the turn of the 20th century, coupled with the building of Gateshead's first council estate, saw Carr Hill transformed from an industrial settlement into a residential suburb of the Gateshead Council ward of Deckham. Governed locally and nationally by the Labour Party, the suburb is economically disadvantaged compared to other areas of the borough and nationally, with high levels of unemployment and low levels of income. It is served by Carr Hill Primary School. There are two small parks that contribute to the social activity of the area, as does the Elgin Centre at Elgin Road.
The origins of the name "Carr Hill" are subject to speculation. In the 18th and 19th centuries the village was usually referred to as Carr's Hill,a possessive form suggesting that, like Deckham, the name stems from a notable family in residence. It is more likely however that the name was taken from the Scottish Gaelic carr, meaning "rocky shelf".
Parts of the early village were in Upper Heworth, and the remainder in Gateshead Fell, a wild and treacherous area of common landnotable for the criminality of the tinkers and hawkers who lived there. There is some evidence of Roman occupation; a proposed enclosure map of Heworth Common from 1766 charts a Roman Causeway running between Carr Hill Lane (now Carr Hill Road) and Blue Quarries in Sheriff Hill. The likely explanation for Roman interest in the area is Swan Pond, twice the size of the pond at Saltwell Park, the fresh water from which might be used to fill bathhouses and flush latrines. Indeed, in 1697, William Yarnold obtained a lease for the laying of cisterns and pipes to bring water from "the Great Pond at Carr's Hill", shown on ordnance survey maps as Swan Pond, to Newcastle upon Tyne.
The most important event in Carr Hill's formative history occurred in 1740, when John Warburton established a pottery at Carr Hill Lane. Warburton's pottery, later referred to as 'Carr Hill Pottery' and widely credited with bringing white earthenware to the region, transformed the village into one of Gateshead's potting epicentres and encouraged workers and traders to move to the area.Warburton passed the pottery to his son-in-law Issac Warburton in about 1760, and by the time John Warburton died in June 1794 it was the largest in the Tyne Valley, commanding a rent of £100 per annum; by comparison, the Tyne Pottery on Felling shore paid £20. When placed for sale in 1812, the advert described Carr Hill Pottery as "valuable and extensive".
Carr Hill by 1820 was a modern and populous village, - Carr Hill Mill, Felling Windmill and St John's Mill (the latter built after an earlier mill was destroyed by a mysterious fire in 1824) – and a fire brick kiln. There were also three inns and "some neat houses occupied by respectable families". By 1840 Carr Hill Reservoir had been built and, under the management of the Newcastle Water Company was the major water supplier for residents in Carr Hill, Sheriff Hill and Windy Nook, and freestone quarries, similar to Kells' Quarry in Windy Nook, were producing Newcastle Grindstone of excellent quality. In 1856 a Methodist Chapel was built. During the mid-19th century, the increasing population led to calls for social amenities to be improved; footpaths were a particular concern, although an examination of ordnance survey mapping demonstrates the continued isolation of the village generally. The success of Warburton's pottery resulted in a street being named after him, but the lack of residential development is evident. Carr Hill glassworks and quarries are still clearly marked, along with Swan Pond and a public house, The Free Gardeners Arms. By the mid-19th century Carr Hill Reservoir was in the hands of the Whittle Dean Water Company, and in 1883 was converted into a 10-million imperial gallon (45 million L; 12 million US gal) open reservoir.situated on hill, still isolated from Gateshead and Felling. A variety of industries had developed alongside Warburton's pottery and were prospering; a flint glass manufacturer, under the management of Alexander Elliot, three corn mills
Carr Hill House was the largest estate in the village;a freehold mansion house on Carr Hill Lane. The date of building is unknown, but it does not appear on an enclosure map of 1766, suggesting it was built after that date. There is strong evidence that it was once a lunatic asylum; in 1770 an advertisement in a local newspaper declared:
Carr's Hill House on Gateshead Fell
To The Public
We beg Leave to inform the Public that we have opened the above HOUSE pleasantly situated about a mile distant from Newcastle, which we have fitted up in an elegant manner, with every Accommodation for the reception of LUNATICKS in genteel or opulent circumstances: in this House Persons entrusted to our Care shall be treated with the utmost Attention and Humanity. The terms are reasonable. R. Lambert, W. Keenlyside, H Gibson, R. Stoddard (surgeons to the Infirmary), Newcastle 1767.
By the turn of the 19th century Carr Hill House was a residential property and farm, and in 1806 Matthew Atkinson responded to an advertisement in the Newcastle Courant and purchased the 12-acre (4.9 ha) estate. In 1858 the house was in the hands of G. J Kenmir, town clerk of Gateshead from 1855 until 1856, who occupied a 26-acre (11 ha) estate on which he kept a large number of pigs.
By the late 19th century the village was in steep decline. In 1894, Whellan described Carr Hill as "a scattered village, which ... was dotted with windmills, now fallen into ruins, as are many of the houses." Carr Hill Pottery had operated throughout the 19th century, but the once thriving pottery had by 1860 become little more than a cottage industry, employing a mere 8 employees and paying just £15 per annum in rent. Ownership subsequently transferred to Thomas Patterson, of neighbouring Sheriff Hill Pottery, who eventually closed the Carr Hill works in 1893. The buildings were demolished completely in 1932; only the Old Brown Jug public house and a street named in honour of Warburton survived as reminders of the area's rich pottery heritage by 2010. Carr Hill Quarry on Elgin Road was infilled and replaced by a school, and although the windmills still stood, none operated as a going concern by 1890, and were instead used as tenement property or storehouses Carr Hill Mill was demolished between 1919 and 1939 as was the last remaining mill in 1963. Elliot's glassworks suffered a similar fate, closing in about 1900 and demolished in 1932. Carr Hill House fell into disrepair and was demolished in 1921. Carr Hill Reservoir survived until 1973, but by then the whole of Gateshead and Newcastle were supplied by the Newcastle and Water Company from Catcleugh and Whittle Dene in Northumberland and it had become redundant, and was covered soon after.
Carr Hill today is shaped by the housing development of the 20th century. A building boom begun in Gateshead at the start of the 20th century; large tracts of development at Deckham were matched by development in Carr Hill at Mafeking, Methuen and Baden Powell Streets. 214 acres (0.87 km2; 0.334 sq mi) of land between Dryden Road at Low Fell and Carr Hill under the Housing Act 1919, the Council finally yielded and purchased 65 acres (0.26 km2; 0.102 sq mi) of land in Carr Hill and Sheriff Hill at the cost of £19,000. The result was that, in 1921, a large council estate was built in Carr Hill at Iona Road and the surrounding areas. The estate remains largely unchanged and shapes the suburb today, with only the width of Carr Hill Road (indicating a village green), the 'Old Brown Jug' inn building and some stone cottages at Co-Operative Terrace remaining of the industrial village which once stood in its stead.In 1911 an offer to build Sutton Dwellings was made to Gateshead Council and was staunchly rebuffed and in 1917 Parliament made a further proposal which was again rejected. However, a Gateshead Council survey concluded in 1919 that "overcrowding in Gateshead was at dangerous levels, that landlords were scrimping on repairs and improvements" and that housing levels were unsustainable in light of rapid population growth. When in February 1919 the Town Improvement Committee recommended the purchase of
|Gateshead Council, Deckham–2012 local elections|
|Candidate name||Political party||Number of votes||% of votes cast|
|Karen Therese Crozier||Liberal Democrats||146||7.3%|
|John Richards||National Front||124||6.2%|
|Norman Hall||Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition||118||5.9%|
Carr Hill is in the council ward of Deckham in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. 1.5 square kilometres (0.58 sq mi) in area and has a population of 9,228. It is represented by three councillors. In June 2012, they were Brian Coates, Martin Gannon and Bernadette Oliphant.This ward is approximately
Carr Hill is part of the Westminster parliamentary constituency of Gateshead. It was previously in the Gateshead East and Washington West constituency which was abolished by boundary changes before the 2010 UK General Election.For many years the MP was Joyce Quin, who retired on 11 April 2005 and was awarded a life peerage into the House of Lords on 13 June 2006 and is now Baroness Quin.
The present MP Ian Mearns, is a member of the Labour party and his office is in Gateshead.He replaced Sharon Hodgson who successfully campaigned in the newly formed constituency of Washington and Sunderland West. In the 2010 UK General Election, Mearns was elected with a majority of 12,549 over Frank Hindle. The swing from Labour to the Liberal Democrats was 3.9%.
Carr Hill is in a safe Labour seat. Mearns' success in 2010 followed of Sharon Hodgson, who in the 2005 UK General Election polled over 60% of the votes castwhilst in 2001, Joyce Quin was returned with a majority of 53.3%.
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Carr Hill, at latitude 54.9469 and longitude −1.58548, is "pleasantly situated" 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-east of Gateshead and 255 miles (410 km) from London. It lies on a bed of sandstone and clay and the land is steep in places, slopes from south to north and reaches a height of around 140 metres (460 ft) above sea level at the southern fringes. This distinctive, steep topography means that Carr Hill sits atop "a lofty hill" and this provides residents with good views to Newcastle upon Tyne in the north, the north-west and north-east towards the North Sea. Around 25% of the land is open space and 70% residential.
Documents indicate that the settlement boundaries lie at the Split Crow Road in the north, Nursery Lane to the east, Hendon Road to the west and Sheriff Hill to the south.Carr Hill was part of County Durham until it was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead by the Local Government Act 1972. It is now bordered by settlements which are also part of the metropolitan borough. These are Sheriff Hill to the south, Deckham to the west, Felling to the north and Windy Nook to the east.
The climate in Carr Hill is temperate like much of the north east of England. The mean highest temperature, at 12.8 °C (55.0 °F), is slightly lower than the England average (13.1 °C (55.6 °F)) though the mean lowest temperature, at 7.2 °C (45.0 °F), is somewhat higher (5.6 °C (42.1 °F)). The total annual rainfall, at 643.1 millimetres (25.32 in), is significantly lower than the national average of 838.7 millimetres (33.02 in).
|Carr Hill compared (2001)|
|White (including mixed White)||98.6%||98.4%||90.9%|
According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, Carr Hill has an approximate population of 3,200 – 53% of the population are female, slightly above the national average, whilst 47% are male. Only 1.4% of the population are from a black or other minority ethnic group (BME), as opposed to 9.1% of the national population. Relatively few pensioners live in the suburb, 12.2% as compared to 15.9% nationally and 17.3% in the borough.
Carr Hill Nook has a high proportion of lone parent households at some 19.3% of all households. This is the fourth highest figure in Gateshead and compares with a borough average of 11.5%.Some 36.9% of households have dependent children, as opposed to 29.5% nationally and 28.4% in Gateshead. This is also the fourth-highest figure in Gateshead. The Index of Multiple Deprivation, which divides England into 32,482 areas and measures quality of life to indicate deprivation, splits Carr Hill into halves and lists one half in the top 5% of all deprived areas in England in 2008. The other half is listed in the top 20% of all deprived areas.
In 2011, Carr Hill had a population of 3,465, compared with 9,938 for the wider Deckham ward.
|Carr Hill compared||Carr Hill||Deckham (ward)|
Carr Hill is an area of Deckham and a sub area of the town of Gateshead. In 2011, 6.4% of the population were non-white British, compared with 7.7% for the wider area and ward of Deckham. The ward is split into three sub districts, Central Deckham, Carr Hill and Mount Pleasant. Carr Hill is in the south of the ward and is less ethnically diverse than Mount Pleasant and Central Deckham. But the area is more so than nearby Pelaw and Windy Nook.
The decline of industry in Carr Hill and the rapid building of residential property transformed the village into a residential estate.There is a small commercial area at the junction of Carr Hill Road and Pottersway, which provides some employment and which has become a "social landmark", but there is no major employer. A Tesco Express store at the eastern fringe of the boundary with Windy Nook opened in 2012 and also provides employment to residents.
Carr Hill performs poorly in comparison to the wider borough in terms of economic activity and opportunity. Some 42% of children in the ward live in poverty, the second-highest figure in Gateshead. The adult unemployment rate is 7%, compared to 5% borough-wide, the joint third-highest figure in Gateshead.Youth unemployment is 10%, also the joint third-highest in the borough. The income of residents is £24,000; £3,000 below the regional median. Carr Hill has only 70 VAT-registered businesses, compared to a borough average of 230. Only 2.6% of residents are self-employed, compared to 4.5% of the borough and 8.3% nationally. Overall, Carr Hill falls within the most deprived 20% of regions in England according to the Index of Multiple Deprivation in 2010.
There are no libraries in Carr Hill, though Gateshead Central Library, the largest in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, is nearby.Gateshead Leisure Centre in Shipcote and Saltwell Park are close by.
There are two parks in Carr Hill. The first is Carr Hill Park, a small play area at the junction of Northway and Carr Hill RoadPreviously an under-used resource, the play area was rebuilt in 2009–10 at a cost of £148,000. It now includes spring-mounted play items, rope walks and other play equipment, whilst improvements to lighting, pathways and drainage to the football area were made. The park has become a valuable social open area; whilst in 2010 it hosted the first annual "Mark Turner Memorial Day"; a fundraising event begun after Turner, a Sheriff Hill resident, was killed whilst on duty in Afghanistan. Around 1,000 guests attended, including Michael Hood, the Mayor of Gateshead.
The second park is Carr Hill Reservoir Park, which occupies the site of the covered reservoir at Carr Hill and Ruskin Roads.This is a larger park containing a play area and contained sports area paid for by fundraising by local residents. There is also a full-size football pitch, which is the base of Sheriff Hill Football Club; a club of around 125 players.
There is some evidence that there were at least two inns during the 18th century, although their precise locations and names are unknown.In 1827, Parson and White's Directory listed the Brown Jug, adjoining Carr Hill Pottery at Carr Hill Lane and it is likely that this venue is one of those earlier inns. The second is likely the Old Fellows Inn, located near the Brown Jug at Carr Hill Lane, listed in 1844, but later listed as 'The Free Gardeners Arms". By 1856, both the Brown Jug and the Free Gardeners Arms were well established and thriving and continued to prosper well into the 20th century, under the slightly different names of The Old Brown Jug and The Gardeners Arms.
Despite one document referring to both as "social landmarks", they experienced a significant downturn at the turn of the twenty-first century.The Old Brown Jug closed and laid derelict for several years; in 2009 an application was made to convert the property into a block of six apartments. Although the application was declined, the pub and surrounding locale became something of a "no-go" area, and a new application by Yorkshire Homes to convert the public house into a single residential property was approved in 2011. The Gardeners Arms continued to trade until 2011 but was vacant when, on 1 July 2012, the inn was gutted by fire. It was immediately put up for sale by the owners and subsequently demolished.
There are no structures listed by English Heritage in Carr Hill, although the buildings at 179–185 Carr Hill Road were listed locally by Gateshead Council;in 2004 Our Lady of the Annunciation Church was added to the local list.
The Elgin Centre, on Elgin Road at the south–east boundary between Deckham and Carr Hill, provides "the key cluster" of community provisions for residents.These facilities contribute to the regeneration of the suburb.
The facilities are utilised by the Route 26 Community Project, a registered charity based at the centrethat works towards the betterment of lives in Deckham and neighbouring wards. The project works with Gateshead Council and the Gateshead Housing Company to provide a community cafe promoting healthy eating (the T–Junction), a gymnasium, indoor sports hall, outdoor Five-a-side football pitches and a meeting place for resident groups. The project has education provision for young children as a registered day–care provider and it also offers adult education and training. The project hosts the Carnival on the Hill/Deckham Festival, a collaborative enterprise between Route 26, Gateshead Council and Home Group, offering free activities such as go-karting and children's soft play, against the backdrop of a steel band. The second Carnival on the Hill was held on 3 September 2011 and attracted more than 1,000 visitors, including the Mayor of Gateshead and BBC local weatherman Paul Mooney.
The principal roads in Carr Hill are Carr Hill Road to the south, Coldwell Lane in the east, and Nursery Lane, which bisects the suburb centrally.
Journey time by road to Gateshead is around 10 minutes, and around 15 minutes to central Newcastle upon Tyne. Residents have a comparatively low level of car ownership (46.9%), when compared to the borough average of 56.8%. Some 27.3% of residents travel to work by public transport.
Carr Hill is mainly served by Go North East's Quaylink Q1 and Q2, with buses running up to every 15 minutes to destinations including Felling, Gateshead, Leam Lane Estate and Wrekenton. Go North East's 67 service also provides an hourly service to Metrocentre and Queen Elizabeth Hospital.
The nearest Tyne and Wear Metro stations are located at Felling, with the nearest National Rail station being Heworth. 7.5 miles (12.1 km) away.The nearest airport is Newcastle International Airport, which is located around
Carr Hill Community Primary School, at the western end of Carr Hill on Carr Hill Road, caters for pupils in the 3–11 age range.It is a larger than average school where almost two-thirds of the pupils are eligible for schools meals, well above the national average. The school has made steady and sustained improvement; in 2008 an OFSTED inspection found the school to be "good" and in 2010 the school was rated 'outstanding', with excellent teaching and leadership noted and praised. Carr Hill Primary is the only school in the suburb, after Elgin Secondary Technical School, built in 1962, was closed in the 1990s.
Carr Hill compares unfavourably with the wider Gateshead area in respect of adults with educational qualifications. 43.5% of adults have no educational qualifications, compared to 38.4% across the whole of Gateshead and the England average of 28.9%.Only 30.4% of adults have five or more GCSE's or equivalent at A*–C (compared to 36.9% across Gateshead and 47.6% nationally) whilst 13.4% of adults in the suburb have two or more A-Level's or equivalent.
According to the 2001 UK census, 78.9% of Carr Hill residents identify themselves as Christian. This is marginally less than the regional average of 80.1% but is higher than the national figure of 71.7%. About 0.1% of residents identify as Buddhist, slightly fewer as Sikh, 0.4% as Muslim, and around 0.2% with another unstated religion. No residents identified themselves as Jewish or Hindu. The percentage of residents who have "no religion" is 13.6%; 6.7% of residents did not state any religion.
Built in 1950, this modern, Roman Catholic church was located at Millway,and was the only place of worship in the suburb. It was also a social hub, hosting regular events such as Christmas fairs. In 2009 however, parish priest David Taylor was arrested in connection with a number of indecent assaults on young boys in his care and was suspended from his joint parish of St Peter's, Low Fell and the Annunciation. Taylor admitted five charges at Durham Crown Court in 2009 and was given a prison sentence. On 20 April 2012, a final mass was held by the Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle and the church was closed. As of 2012 the building remains standing, although property company GVA are inviting tenders for the church and adjoining land.
Gateshead is a large town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Gateshead and Newcastle are joined by seven bridges across the Tyne, including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. The town is known for its architecture, including the Sage Gateshead, the Angel of the North and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. Residents of Gateshead, like the rest of Tyneside, are usually referred to as Geordies. Gateshead's town population in 2011 was 120,046.
The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, North East England. It is named after its largest town, Gateshead, but the metropolitan borough incorporates the surrounding area including Rowlands Gill, Whickham, Blaydon, Ryton, Felling, Pelaw, Dunston and Low Fell. The borough forms part of the Tyneside conurbation, centred on Newcastle upon Tyne.
Felling is an eastern suburb of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. The town was formed when three villages coalesced in the 19th century. Historically part of County Durham, the town was subsumed into the metropolitan borough of Gateshead in 1974. It lies on the B1426 Sunderland Road and the A184 Felling bypass, less than 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Gateshead town centre, 1 mile (1.6 km) south east of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and 10 miles north west of the City of Sunderland. In 2011, Felling had a population of 8,908.
Tyne Bridge was a parliamentary constituency in the north east of England, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1983 until 2010. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Deckham is a residential suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. It is bordered by Gateshead town centre to the north, Sheriff Hill to the south, Felling and Carr Hill to the east and Shipcote to the west. It lies on the B1296, the route of the old Great North Road, 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Gateshead town centre, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and 13 miles (21 km) north of the city of Durham. In 2011, Deckham had a population of 9,938.
The Quayside is an area along the banks (quay) of the River Tyne in Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, North East England, United Kingdom.
Pelaw is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 miles (18 km) from Sunderland, and 17 miles (27 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Heworth and Pelaw recorded a total population of 9,100.
Sheriff Hill is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. It lies on the B1296 road 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Gateshead, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Newcastle upon Tyne and 12 miles (19 km) north of the historic city of Durham. According to the 2001 UK census it had a population of 5,051.
Low Fell is a suburb of Gateshead situated in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. Built predominantly on sandstone, grindstone and clay, it is bordered by Sheriff Hill/Deckham to the east, Saltwell/Bensham to the west, Harlow Green to the south and Shipcote to the north. The suburb lies on a major bus route 2.5 miles south of Gateshead centre, 3 miles south of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and 12 miles north of the historic City of Durham. The principal road in the suburb is the A167. According to the 2001 UK census, the suburb had a population of 8,643, falling marginally to 8,636 at the 2011 census.
Sunniside is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, which is located around 5.5 miles (9 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne. Prior to the creation of the county of Tyne and Wear in 1974, it was part of Whickham Urban District, which in turn formed a part of County Durham.
Heworth is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 3 miles (4.8 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 miles (18 km) from Sunderland, and 17 miles (27 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Heworth and Pelaw recorded a total population of 9,100.
Leam Lane Estate is a housing estate in Gateshead, built in the 1950s and early 60's. Originally made up solely of council-built accommodation and housing association houses. Most of the properties are now privately owned. The estate is located around 4 miles (6.4 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 10.5 miles (16.9 km) from Sunderland, and 15.5 miles (24.9 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of Wardley and Leam Lane recorded a total population of 8,327.
Gateshead Fell was a district in County Durham, England. It was located on the immediate border of the town of Gateshead, 2.3 miles from the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. Once described as a "dark, spongy moor", Gateshead Fell existed in some form for almost nine hundred years before it was enclosed in 1809 and divided into a number of villages, notably Sheriff Hill, Low Fell and Wrekenton, which were themselves absorbed by the urban expansion of Gateshead and were officially incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead with the passing of the Local Government Act in 1974.
The Sheriff's March was an annual procession at Gateshead Fell, County Durham.
Sheriff Hill Colliery or Ellison Main Colliery was a coal mine at Gateshead Fell in County Durham, England. The colliery had two shafts and provided employment to the residents of Sheriff Hill, after it opened in 1793. There were many major accidents resulting in the deaths of workers at the colliery. There was a protracted strike at the colliery in 1834. The colliery closed in 1926.
Sheriff Hill Lunatic Asylum was located at Sourmilk Hill in Sheriff Hill, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear. At that time Sourmilk Hill Lane continued across Church Road and onto what is today Larne Crescent, the asylum occupied the land on the corner of modern-day Larne Crescent and Church Road. It operated during the nineteenth century and provided isolation and medical care to hundreds of patients at a time when disease and illness in England were treated predominantly through isolation and asylum. At least two patients escaped from the institution, which closed around 1880.
Windy Nook is an area in Tyne and Wear, England, bordered by Carr Hill to the west, Whitehills Estate and Leam Lane Estate to the east, Felling to the north and Sheriff Hill to the south. It lies on steep, sloping land 2.25 miles (3.62 km) south of Gateshead, 2.75 miles (4.43 km) south of Newcastle upon Tyne and 12 miles (19 km) north of Durham. In 2011, the Windy Nook and Whitehills ward had a population of 9,781. Formerly part of Heworth, it was incorporated into the newly formed Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead on 1 April 1974.
Bensham is a suburban area in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, which is located around 2 miles (3 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne.
Where an abbreviation is used in the references this is indicated below in (brackets) at the end of the source name. When a source is available online, a link has been included.