Casa Trinxet

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Casa Trinxet CasaTrinxet.jpg
Casa Trinxet
Back facade of the Casa trinxet. Casa Trinxet 1.jpg
Back facade of the Casa trinxet.
A courtyard of the Casa Trinxet. Casa trinxet.jpg
A courtyard of the Casa Trinxet.
Interior of the Casa Trinxet. Caa trinxet 3.jpg
Interior of the Casa Trinxet.
Casa Trinxet. Casa trinxet 4.jpg
Casa Trinxet.
Detail of the alabaster fireplace made by Llimona for the Casa Trinxet. Trinxet 34.jpg
Detail of the alabaster fireplace made by Llimona for the Casa Trinxet.

Casa Trinxet was a building designed by the Catalan Modernisme architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch (also architect of Casa Amatller) and built during the years 1902–1904, officially considered completed in 1904. It was located at the crossroads of Carrer Balmes and Carrer del Consell de Cent, in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Casa Trinxet was "one of the jewels of Barcelona Modernisme" [1] and one of the buildings of Barcelona's Illa de la Discòrdia ("Block of Discord"), because of competing attitudes among Domènech i Montaner, Puig i Cadafalch and Antoni Gaudí. [2]

Contents

The building was commissioned by Avelino Trinxet Casas, Mir Trinxet's Uncle, who belonged to the textile industrial family Trinxet, from Barcelona.

Mir Trinxet paintings

Joaquin Mir Trinxet (Barcelona, 1873–1940) contributed several murals to the house, after his trip to Majorca with Santiago Rusiñol, where he met the mystic Belgian painter William Degouve de Nuncques in 1899, and before his move to Reus. He started his work on the house in 1903 [3]

This being his major work, Mir captured his total conception of the landscape. [4]

Mir Trinxet's style is curious in this house, paint impressionistically scattered, in contrast to his other work that is decidedly less fragmented. It is a blur of colored vision, a haze of dots that travel across the eye. In the house, Mir Trinxet use a technique that gives the painting a mysticism, an almost magical luminosity, as flowers glow as orange and yellow lamps on a bed of lush green. Here we have all the warmth and freshness of a garden, intensity provided in colored blooms, and dew that clings to leaves and grass seeped into a crisp pale green. It is a painting that transports its viewer, absorbs them into an atmosphere, fitting for a mural, which has the power to change the room it commands.

These mural paintings were the most artistic period of Mir Trinxet.

Catalan Modernism in architecture and painting

Coffer and small tables from Casa Trinxet made in Ceylon satinwood with marquetry. By Josep Puig i Cadafalch ca. 1906. On display at Museu del Modernisme Catala [ca], Barcelona Coffer and small tables from Casa Trinxet.JPG
Coffer and small tables from Casa Trinxet made in Ceylon satinwood with marquetry. By Josep Puig i Cadafalch ca. 1906. On display at Museu del Modernisme Català  [ ca ], Barcelona

In the Spanish histories of art, not only did a thriving school indeed exist in the main centers of Barcelona and Madrid, but its character was wide-ranging, bountiful, and in some cases astonishingly original. The painters who pushed Spain into the modern era in art are hardly familiar names outside Spain. Painters like Bereute, Santiago Rusiñol, Casas, Anglada, Pinazo, Juaquin Mir Trinxet, Regoyos, and many others, contributed to the character of Spanish painting at the dawn of the 20th century. [5]

The Catalan modernism is often understood as an equivalent to a number of fin-de-siècle art movements, such as Art Nouveau, Jugendstil, Secessionism, and Liberty style, and was active from roughly 1888 (the First International Exhibition of Barcelona) to 1911 (the death of Joan Maragall. The Modernisme movement was centered on the city of Barcelona, and is best known for its architectural expression, especially the work of Antoni Gaudí, but was also significant in sculpture, poetry, theatre and painting. [6]

The earliest example of Modernista architecture is the café "Castell dels tres Dragons" designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner in the "Parc de la Ciutadella" for the 1888 Universal Exhibition. It is a search for a particular style for Catalonia drawing on Medieval and Arab styles. Like the currents known in other countries as Art Nouveau, Jugendstil, Stile Liberty, Modern Style or Sezessionstil, Modernisme is basically derived from the English Arts and Crafts movement and the Gothic revival. As well as combining a rich variety of historically-derived elements, it is characterized by the predominance of the curve over the straight line, by rich decoration and detail, by the frequent use of vegetal and other organic motifs, the taste for asymmetry, a refined aestheticism, and the dynamic shapes. [7]

Influential architects were Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch, and later Josep Maria Jujol and Enrique Nieto. [8]

1893 saw the formation in Barcelona of the independent Colla del Safrá group including, more particularly, painters Isidre Nonell i Monturiol and Joaquim Mir i Trinxet. [9]

La Ilustració Catalana published on 10 March 1907: "Spaniards....made already comments....about the works of Domènech, Puig i Cadafalch, Sagnier, Gaudí and others ". [10]

By 1910, Modernisme had been accepted by the bourgeoisie and had turned into a fad. It was around this time that Noucentista artists started to ridicule the rebel ideas of Modernisme and propelled a more bourgeois art.

History

During the modernism period, the catalán bourgeoisie commissioned buildings (ocupping the principal floor) and the most wealthy constructed a house. [11] The Casa Trinxet, like many buildings constructed at the time, it was named after its owner. It was built for the Trinxet family. Avelino Trinxet was also the owner of the Trinxet fabric, build in 1907 by Joan Alsina i Arús en Can Trinxet, in Hospitalet, near Barcelona, in a modernist fashion. [12]

It was located near to the Casa Serra, also planned by Josep Puig i Cadafalch (in 1903) which both in its time were two of the best examples of single-family urban houses in Barcelona.

Casa Trinxet was a triumph of Modernism, exquisite in design and thus entirely decadent when it came to decoration. It had a spectacular interior. The vidres were made in picture-style appearance, like the commissioned by Trinxet to the Rigalt, Granell y Cía. firm in 1910–1912, following instructions from Joaquín Mir Trinxet. [13]

The Casa Trinxet was demolished in 1968 despite attempts by artists and intellectuals to save it for conversion into a museum of Modernism, in the period of Porcioles council, for the builders Nuñez i Navarro. [14]

Lastly, movements were late to save Casa Trinxet. [15]

Noteworthy

Casa Trinxet in the literature

Mentioned in more than two dozen books, including:

Antecedents of the Casa Trinxet

Antecedents of Casa Trinxet were Casa Amatller and Casa Batlló. In the first case, in 1898, the chocolatier industrial Antoni Amatller, bought a building in 1875 to establish his family. He commissioned the transformation of the house to Josep Puig i Cadafalch, which decided give the building an appearance of urban gotic palace, like the solution he employed lately in the Baron de Quadras palace ( Palacio del Barón de Quadras) and in the Casa Macaya.

Bibliography

See also

Related Research Articles

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<i>Modernisme</i> Architectural and artistic movement originating in late-19th-century Catalonia, Spain

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Josep Puig i Cadafalch Catalan architect (1867–1957)

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Lluís Domènech i Montaner Spanish architect (1850–1923)

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Apple of Discord Term derived from mythology

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Casa Amatller Historic house and museum in Barcelona

Casa Amatller is a building in the Modernisme style in Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain, designed by renowned Catalan architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch. Along with Casa Batlló and Casa Lleó-Morera, it makes up the three most important buildings in Barcelona's famous Illa de la Discòrdia, noted for its unique, contrasting modern buildings.

Passeig de Gràcia, Barcelona

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Culture of Barcelona

Barcelona'sculture stems from the city's 2000 years of history. Barcelona has historically been a cultural center of reference in the world. To a greater extent than the rest of Catalonia, where Catalonia's native language Catalan is more dominant, Barcelona is a bilingual city: Catalan and Spanish are both official and widely spoken. Since the arrival of democracy, the Catalan culture has experienced a rebirth, both by recovering works from the past and by stimulating the creation of new works. Barcelona is an international hub of highly active and diverse cultural life with theatres, concert halls, cinemas, museums, and high-value architectural heritage.

Els Quatre Gats

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Illa de la Discòrdia

The Illa de la Discòrdia or Mansana de la Discòrdia[mənˈsanə ðə lə disˈkɔɾði.ə] — "Block of Discord"; Spanish: Manzana de la Discordia — is a city block on Passeig de Gràcia in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. The block is noted for having buildings by four of Barcelona's most important Modernista architects, Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Antoni Gaudí, Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Enric Sagnier, in close proximity. As the four architects' styles were very different, the buildings clash with each other and the neighboring buildings. They were all built in the early years of the 20th century.

Casa Lleó Morera

The Casa Lleó Morera is a building designed by noted modernisme architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner, located at Passeig de Gràcia 35 in the Eixample district of Barcelona. In 1902 Francesca Morera assigned Lluís Domènech i Montaner to remodel ancient "casa Rocamora", built in 1864. She died in 1904, and the building was named after her son, Albert Lleó i Morera. The building is located on the corner of Carrer del Consell de Cent, and is one of the three important buildings of Barcelona's Illa de la Discòrdia, and it is the only building of the block awarded Barcelona's town council's Arts Building Annual Award, obtained in 1906. The building lost some of its most representative elements, such as the tempietto on its top and the ground floor and mezzanine's architectural sculpture. The building is also known as the residence of Cuban-Catalan photographer Pau Audouard.

<i>Confidant from the Batlló House</i> Furniture piece designed by Antoni Gaudí

The Confidant from Casa Batlló, also known as the Double Sofa or Banc de dues places , is a furniture piece designed by Antoni Gaudí. Originally designed for the dining room of Casa Batlló on Barcelona's Passeig de Gràcia, the chair is currently exhibited in the Modern Art collection of the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya and at Casa Museu Gaudí in Barcelona. Replicas are displayed at the Gaudí-designed Casa Batlló and Casa Milà.

<i>Ramon Casas and Pere Romeu on a Tandem</i>

Ramon Casas and Pere Romeu on a Tandem is a painting by Ramon Casas in exhibition at the National Art Museum of Catalonia in Barcelona.

Joaquin Mir Trinxet Spanish artist (1873–1940)

Joaquin Mir Trinxet or Joaquin Mir y Trinxet was a Catalan artist known for his use of color in his paintings. He lived through a turbulent time in the history of his native Barcelona. His paintings helped to define the Catalan art movement known as modernisme.

Casa de les Punxes

The Casa de les Punxes or Casa Terradas is a building designed by the Modernista architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch. Located in the intersection between the streets of Rosselló, Bruc and the Avinguda Diagonal in the Barcelona Eixample area.

Palau Baró de Quadras

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Marceliano Coquillat Spanish architect

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  12. News about Can Trinxet reform.http://www.digital-h.cat/web/digital-h/noticia/-/journal_content/56_INSTANCE_txR0/11023/442852 Notícia reforma Can Trinxet
  13. Arraiza, Alberto Bartolomé; Olaguer-Feliú, Fernando de (1999-11-01). Artes decorativas (in Spanish). Espasa-Calpe. ISBN   9788423954896.
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Coordinates: 41°23′39″N2°09′24″E / 41.39417°N 2.15667°E / 41.39417; 2.15667