Castrop-Rauxel

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Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Stadtmittelpunkt.jpg
DEU Castrop-Rauxel COA.svg
Location of Castrop-Rauxel within Recklinghausen district
Castrop-Rauxel in RE.svg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Castrop-Rauxel
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
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Castrop-Rauxel
Coordinates: 51°33′N7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317 Coordinates: 51°33′N7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Recklinghausen
Subdivisions15
Government
   Mayor (202025) Rajko Kravanja [1] (SPD)
Area
  Total51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
Elevation
98 m (322 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Total73,126
  Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
44575–44581
Dialling codes 02305,
02367 (Henrichenburg)
Vehicle registration RE, CAS, GLA
Website www.castrop-rauxel.de

Castrop-Rauxel (German pronunciation: [ˌkastʁɔpˈʁaʊksl̩] ), often simply referred to as Castrop by locals, is a former coal mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany.

Contents

Geography

Castrop-Rauxel is located in Germany between Dortmund to the southeast, Bochum to the southwest, Herne to the west, Recklinghausen to the northwest, Datteln to the north and Waltrop to the northeast.

Urban area

Old town hall Altes Rathaus Castrop-Rauxel.png
Old town hall
Bladenhorst castle Schloss Bladenhorst.jpg
Bladenhorst castle
Castrop-Rauxel town hall Castrop-Rauxel town hall.jpg
Castrop-Rauxel town hall

The city covers an area of 51.67 km2 (19.95 sq mi). [3] The Halde Schwerin (slag heap in the Schwerin district) is marked as the point of highest elevation at 147 m (482.3 ft) above sea level. The lowest point is located on Pöppinghauser Straße (Poppinghausen Street), besides house number 264, with an elevation of 50.2 m (164.7 ft) above sea level.

The city is divided into 15 districts, from north to south and within one line from west (southwest) to east (northeast): [4]

The total area of the city divided into different uses (31 December 2010):

Surfacein m2in %
Buildings and open spaces16,384,83231.7%
Operating area1,497,8432.9%
Recreation area2,835,9245.5%
Traffic area6,191,78912.0%
Agricultural land14,116,84327.3%
Forest land7,938,24815.4%
Water surface1,941,5223.8%
Other uses758,3721.5%
Total area51,665,373100%

Population figures for the individual districts (Stand: 2005):

DistrictsPopulation
Henrichenburg5,333
Ickern16,650
Habinghorst,
Pöppinghausen
9,970
Deininghausen,
Dingen,
Rauxel
10,056
Bladenhorst,
Rauxel-Nord
6,065
Schwerin6,672
Behringhausen,
Castrop,
Obercastrop
16,743
Frohlinde3,509
Merklinde2,621

History

First mentioned in 834 as "Villa Castorpe",[ citation needed ] the city of Castrop was founded in 1902 by merging the municipalities Castrop, Obercastrop and Behringhausen. On April 1, 1926 Castrop-Rauxel was formed when Castrop merged with 10 other municipalities. During World War II, a plant at Castrop-Rauxel used the Bergius process to produce synthetic (German : Ersatz ) oil products.

In 1975, the village of Henrichenburg was annexed and Castrop-Rauxel became part of the Recklinghausen (district). In 1984 the last of 7 coal mines at Castrop-Rauxel ("Erin") closed.

Politics

The current mayor of Castrop-Rauxel is Rajko Kravanja of the Socila Democratic Party (SPD) since 2015. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes %Votes %
Rajko Kravanja Social Democratic Party 13,10149.311,64066.7
Oliver Lind Christian Democratic Union 6,67425.15,82333.3
Manfred Fiedler The Greens/FWI/The Left 4,42216.6
Mario Rommel Independent 1,2134.6
Nils Bettinger Free Democratic Party 1,1604.4
Valid votes26,57098.717,46398.8
Invalid votes3591.32101.2
Total26,929100.017,673100.0
Electorate/voter turnout60,03944.960,00729.5
Source: City of Castrop-Rauxel (1st round, 2nd round)

List of mayors

Lord Mayors

Mayors

City council

Results of the 2020 city council election. 2020 Castrop-Rauxel City Council election.svg
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Castrop-Rauxel city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

PartyVotes %+/-Seats+/-
Social Democratic Party (SPD)10,25638.9Decrease2.svg 1.320±0
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)7,05926.8Decrease2.svg 3.914Decrease2.svg 1
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)3,98815.1Increase2.svg 7.18Increase2.svg 4
Independent Citizens' Party (UBP)1,1464.3Increase2.svg 0.32±0
Free Voter Initiative (FWI)1,1324.3Decrease2.svg 3.22Decrease2.svg 2
The Left (Die Linke)1,0213.9Decrease2.svg 1.42Decrease2.svg 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP)1,0143.8Decrease2.svg 0.52±0
Die PARTEI 7752.9New2New
Valid votes26,39198.2
Invalid votes4861.8
Total26,877100.052Increase2.svg 2
Electorate/voter turnout60,03944.8Increase2.svg 2.5
Source: City of Castrop-Rauxel

Transport

Castrop-Rauxel has access to three major highways, the Emscherschnellweg A 42,the Sauerlandlinie A 45 and the A 2.
There are 3 railway stations within the city. The central station (Castrop-Rauxel Hauptbahnhof) on the Cologne-Minden Railway is located in the suburb of Rauxel. Connecting Castrop-Rauxel to the western Ruhr cities like Duisburg, Oberhausen, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne and in the east to Dortmund and Hamm. The unmanned stations of Castrop-Rauxel South (Castrop-Rauxel Süd) and Castrop-Rauxel Merklinde on the Duisburg-Ruhrort–Dortmund railway have hourly services with trains to Dortmund, Herne and Dorsten. Located in the city centre is the central bus station Muensterplatz. From here passengers can travel to almost all suburbs and to neighboring cities like Herne, Dortmund and Bochum.
The Rhine-Herne Canal runs right through Castrop-Rauxel; Castrop-Rauxel also has a small Yacht club on this body of water.

Twin towns – sister cities

Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town Castrop Rauxel Square - geograph.org.uk - 1509700.jpg
Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town

Castrop-Rauxel is twinned with: [5]

Economy

Castrop-Rauxel has been attempting to change from a former mining city to a city with a modern lifestyle, high recreational value, new economy companies, a 27-hole golf course, and various cultural events. Despite those efforts, the town has one of the lowest median incomes per capita in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Metalworking and electronics are the key manufacturing sectors. [6]

Culture

The WLT (Westphalian State Theater) is the oldest and most relevant source of theatrical entertainment in Castrop-Rauxel. There is one cinema with two screens in Castrop. Castrop’s history is closely connected to horse racing, the Reiterbrunnen in the very center of Castrop’s market square is a reminder of the race days on the Naturhindernisbahn, now part of the Goldschmieding Park.

Notable people

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References

Notes
  1. Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
  2. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. "Zahlen, Daten und Fakten (Numbers, Figures and Facts)". castrop-rauxel.de. Stadt Castrop-Rauxel. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  4. "casgeoportal". www.geoportal.gkd-re.de. Retrieved 2021-12-17.
  5. "Städtepartnerschaften". castrop-rauxel.de (in German). Castrop-Rauxel. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  6. Castrop-Rauxel Entry on the website britannica.com. Retrieved March 11, 2021.