Last updated
DEU Castrop-Rauxel COA.svg
Location of Castrop-Rauxel within Recklinghausen district
Castrop-Rauxel in RE.svg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 51°33′N7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317 Coordinates: 51°33′N7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Recklinghausen
   Mayor (202025) Rajko Kravanja [1] (SPD)
  Total51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
98 m (322 ft)
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes 02305,
02367 (Henrichenburg)
Vehicle registration RE, CAS, GLA

Castrop-Rauxel (German pronunciation: [ˌkastʁɔpˈʁaʊksl̩] ), often simply referred to as Castrop by locals, is a former coal mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany.



Castrop-Rauxel is located in Germany between Dortmund to the southeast, Bochum to the southwest, Herne to the west, Recklinghausen to the northwest, Datteln to the north and Waltrop to the northeast.

Urban area

Old town hall Altes Rathaus Castrop-Rauxel.png
Old town hall
Bladenhorst castle Schloss Bladenhorst.jpg
Bladenhorst castle
Castrop-Rauxel town hall Castrop-Rauxel town hall.jpg
Castrop-Rauxel town hall

The city covers an area of 51.67 km2 (19.95 sq mi). [3] The Halde Schwerin (slag heap in the Schwerin district) is marked as the point of highest elevation at 147 m (482.3 ft) above sea level. The lowest point is located on Pöppinghauser Straße (Poppinghausen Street), besides house number 264, with an elevation of 50.2 m (164.7 ft) above sea level.

The city is divided into 15 districts, from north to south and within one line from west (southwest) to east (northeast): [4]

The total area of the city divided into different uses (31 December 2010):

Surfacein m2in %
Buildings and open spaces16,384,83231.7%
Operating area1,497,8432.9%
Recreation area2,835,9245.5%
Traffic area6,191,78912.0%
Agricultural land14,116,84327.3%
Forest land7,938,24815.4%
Water surface1,941,5223.8%
Other uses758,3721.5%
Total area51,665,373100%

Population figures for the individual districts (Stand: 2005):



First mentioned in 834 as "Villa Castorpe",[ citation needed ] the city of Castrop was founded in 1902 by merging the municipalities Castrop, Obercastrop and Behringhausen. On April 1, 1926 Castrop-Rauxel was formed when Castrop merged with 10 other municipalities. During World War II, a plant at Castrop-Rauxel used the Bergius process to produce synthetic (German : Ersatz ) oil products.

In 1975, the village of Henrichenburg was annexed and Castrop-Rauxel became part of the Recklinghausen (district). In 1984 the last of 7 coal mines at Castrop-Rauxel ("Erin") closed.


The current mayor of Castrop-Rauxel is Rajko Kravanja of the Socila Democratic Party (SPD) since 2015. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes %Votes %
Rajko Kravanja Social Democratic Party 13,10149.311,64066.7
Oliver Lind Christian Democratic Union 6,67425.15,82333.3
Manfred Fiedler The Greens/FWI/The Left 4,42216.6
Mario Rommel Independent 1,2134.6
Nils Bettinger Free Democratic Party 1,1604.4
Valid votes26,57098.717,46398.8
Invalid votes3591.32101.2
Electorate/voter turnout60,03944.960,00729.5
Source: City of Castrop-Rauxel (1st round, 2nd round)

List of mayors

Lord Mayors


City council

Results of the 2020 city council election. 2020 Castrop-Rauxel City Council election.svg
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Castrop-Rauxel city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

PartyVotes %+/-Seats+/-
Social Democratic Party (SPD)10,25638.9Decrease2.svg 1.320±0
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)7,05926.8Decrease2.svg 3.914Decrease2.svg 1
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)3,98815.1Increase2.svg 7.18Increase2.svg 4
Independent Citizens' Party (UBP)1,1464.3Increase2.svg 0.32±0
Free Voter Initiative (FWI)1,1324.3Decrease2.svg 3.22Decrease2.svg 2
The Left (Die Linke)1,0213.9Decrease2.svg 1.42Decrease2.svg 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP)1,0143.8Decrease2.svg 0.52±0
Die PARTEI 7752.9New2New
Valid votes26,39198.2
Invalid votes4861.8
Total26,877100.052Increase2.svg 2
Electorate/voter turnout60,03944.8Increase2.svg 2.5
Source: City of Castrop-Rauxel


Castrop-Rauxel has access to three major highways, the Emscherschnellweg A 42,the Sauerlandlinie A 45 and the A 2.
There are 3 railway stations within the city. The central station (Castrop-Rauxel Hauptbahnhof) on the Cologne-Minden Railway is located in the suburb of Rauxel. Connecting Castrop-Rauxel to the western Ruhr cities like Duisburg, Oberhausen, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne and in the east to Dortmund and Hamm. The unmanned stations of Castrop-Rauxel South (Castrop-Rauxel Süd) and Castrop-Rauxel Merklinde on the Duisburg-Ruhrort–Dortmund railway have hourly services with trains to Dortmund, Herne and Dorsten. Located in the city centre is the central bus station Muensterplatz. From here passengers can travel to almost all suburbs and to neighboring cities like Herne, Dortmund and Bochum.
The Rhine-Herne Canal runs right through Castrop-Rauxel; Castrop-Rauxel also has a small Yacht club on this body of water.

Twin towns – sister cities

Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town Castrop Rauxel Square - - 1509700.jpg
Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town

Castrop-Rauxel is twinned with: [5]


Castrop-Rauxel has been attempting to change from a former mining city to a city with a modern lifestyle, high recreational value, new economy companies, a 27-hole golf course, and various cultural events. Despite those efforts, the town has one of the lowest median incomes per capita in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Metalworking and electronics are the key manufacturing sectors. [6]


The WLT (Westphalian State Theater) is the oldest and most relevant source of theatrical entertainment in Castrop-Rauxel. There is one cinema with two screens in Castrop. Castrop’s history is closely connected to horse racing, the Reiterbrunnen in the very center of Castrop’s market square is a reminder of the race days on the Naturhindernisbahn, now part of the Goldschmieding Park.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Rhine-Westphalia</span> State in Germany

North Rhine-Westphalia, commonly shortened to NRW, is a state (Land) in Western Germany. With more than 17.9 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state of Germany. Apart from the city-states, it is also the most densely populated state in Germany. Covering an area of 34,084 square kilometres (13,160 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest German state by size.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia</span> City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area directly between the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen.

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the southern Ruhr urban area and has ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The district's seat is Schwelm; the largest of its nine towns is Witten.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Witten</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Witten is a city with almost 100,000 inhabitants in the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis (district) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gladbeck</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Gladbeck is a town in the district of Recklinghausen in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rhine-Ruhr</span> Urban area in Germany

The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region is the largest metropolitan region in Germany, with over ten million inhabitants. A polycentric conurbation with several major urban concentrations, the region covers an area of 7,268 square kilometres (2,806 sq mi), entirely within the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region spreads from the Ruhr area (Dortmund-Essen-Duisburg-Bochum) in the north to the urban areas of the cities of Mönchengladbach, Düsseldorf, Wuppertal, Leverkusen, Cologne, and Bonn in the south. The location of the Rhine-Ruhr at the heart of the European Blue Banana makes it well connected to other major European cities and metropolitan areas such as the Randstad, the Flemish Diamond and the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Erkrath</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Erkrath is a town in the district of Mettmann, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Recklinghausen</span> City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district. It borders the rural Münsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south. Recklinghausen is the 60th-largest city in Germany and the 22nd-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sprockhövel</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Sprockhövel is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wetter (Ruhr)</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Wetter (Ruhr) is a town in western Germany, in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis. The river Ruhr flows through the urban area, separating the district of Alt-Wetter from the districts of Esborn, Volmarstein and Wengern. The cities of Dortmund and Bochum are within 20 minutes by road or rail.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr</span> Transit district in the Rhein-Ruhr area, Germany

The Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr, abbreviated VRR, is a public transport association (Verkehrsverbund) in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It covers most of the Ruhr area, as well as neighbouring parts of the Lower Rhine region, including Düsseldorf and thus large parts of the Rhine-Ruhr conurbation. It was founded on 1 January 1980, and is Europe’s largest body of such kind, covering an area of some 5,000 km2 (1,900 sq mi) with more than 7.8 million inhabitants, spanning as far as Dorsten in the north, Dortmund in the east, Langenfeld in the south, and Mönchengladbach and the Dutch border in the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lünen</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Lünen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located north of Dortmund, on both banks of the River Lippe. It is the largest town of the Unna district and part of the Ruhr Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waltrop</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Waltrop is a town in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on the Datteln-Hamm Canal, approximately 15 km east of Recklinghausen and 15 km north-west of Dortmund.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bergkamen</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Bergkamen is a town in the district of Unna, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated south of the river Lippe, approx. 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Dortmund and 15 km (9 mi) south-west of Hamm.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rhine–Herne Canal</span> Transportation canal in Germany

The Rhine–Herne Canal is a 45.6-kilometre-long (28.3 mi) transportation canal in the Ruhr area of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with five canal locks. The canal was built over a period of eight years and connects the harbour in Duisburg on the Rhine with the Dortmund-Ems Canal near Henrichenburg, following the valley of the Emscher. It was widened in the 1980s. The Rhein-Herne canal ship was designed specifically for this canal; normally of about 1300–1350 ton capacity, it has a maximum draft of 2.50 metres (8.2 ft), a length of approximately 80 metres (260 ft), and maximum beam of 9.50 metres (31.2 ft).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bladenhorst Castle</span>

Bladenhorst Castle is a moated castle in the suburbs of the city of Castrop-Rauxel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herne station</span>

Herne station was opened in the inner city of Herne in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1847 together with the Cologne-Minden trunk line. It was located between the village of Herne, which had about 1,000 inhabitants, and the moated castle of Schloss Strünkede and was south of the current station on Von-der-Heydt-Strasse. It soon had a connection to the more southerly city of Bochum, which until 14 years later did not have its own station. For this reason the station was called Herne-Bochum until 1855.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dortmund-Nette/Oestrich station</span> Railway station in Dortmund, Germany

Dortmund-Nette/Oestrich station is located in the city of Dortmund in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is on a link between the Welver–Sterkrade railway and the Duisburg–Dortmund railway built for the opening of the line S2 of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn. The line and station opened on 2 June 1991. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 6 station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herne – Bochum II</span>

Herne – Bochum II is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 141. It is located in the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia, comprising the city of Herne and the eastern part of the city of Bochum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Recklinghausen I</span>

Recklinghausen I is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 121. It is located in the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia, comprising the southeastern part of the Recklinghausen district.


  1. Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
  2. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. "Zahlen, Daten und Fakten (Numbers, Figures and Facts)". Stadt Castrop-Rauxel. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  4. "casgeoportal". Retrieved 2021-12-17.
  5. "Städtepartnerschaften". (in German). Castrop-Rauxel. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  6. Castrop-Rauxel Entry on the website Retrieved March 11, 2021.