Catherine Hamlin

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Catherine Hamlin
Dr Catherine Hamlin (cropped).jpg
Hamlin in 2009
Born
Elinor Catherine Nicholson

(1924-01-24)24 January 1924
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died18 March 2020(2020-03-18) (aged 96)
NationalityAustralian
OccupationObstetrician
Awards Right Livelihood Award

Elinor Catherine Hamlin, AC, MBBS, FRCS, FRANZCOG, FRCOG (née Nicholson; 24 January 1924 – 18 March 2020) was an Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist who, with her husband, New Zealander Reginald Hamlin, co-founded the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital, the world's only medical centre dedicated exclusively to providing free obstetric fistula repair surgery to poor women suffering from childbirth injuries. [1] They also co-founded an associated non-profit organisation, Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia.

Contents

Hamlin has been recognised by the United Nations agency UNFPA as a pioneer in fistula surgery for her development of techniques and procedures for obstetric fistula treatment. The Hamlins, together with the hospital staff, have treated more than 60,000 women to date for obstetric fistula. [2] She died in Addis Ababa on 18 March 2020. [3]

Family and education

Elinor Catherine Nicholson was raised in the Sydney suburb of Ryde, at "The Hermitage" (built by John Blaxland in 1842). One of six children of Elinor and Theodore Nicholson, she went to Frensham School in Mittagong, [4] before attending the University of Sydney and graduating from its Medical School in 1946. [5]

After internships at St Joseph's Hospital, Auburn, and St George's Hospital, Kogarah, she became a resident in obstetrics at Crown Street Women's Hospital. In 1950, she married Dr Reginald Hamlin, medical superintendent at Crown Street. [4]

Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital

Three trainee midwives with Catherine Hamlin at the Hamlin Fistula Hospital in 2009 Dr Catherine Hamlin with trainee midwives at the Hamlin Fistula Hospital, Ethiopia 2009. Photo- Lucy Horodny, AusAID (10693395255).jpg
Three trainee midwives with Catherine Hamlin at the Hamlin Fistula Hospital in 2009

In 1958 the Hamlins answered an advertisement placed by the Ethiopian government in The Lancet medical journal for an obstetrician and gynaecologist to establish a midwifery school at the Princess Tsehay Hospital in Addis Ababa. [5] They arrived in 1959 with their six-year-old son, Richard. [6] The Hamlins had never seen an obstetric fistula before they were an "academic rarity" [7] having been virtually eradicated in the United States in 1895. (The first fistula hospital closed its doors in New York City in 1925.) [7] Seeing many cases arrive at the school, they decided to create a dedicated hospital. Fifteen years later, in 1974, they founded Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital [8] and over the years, the hospital has treated more than 60,000 patients. [2]

Hamlin still lived in her cottage on the grounds of the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital and remained very active in the day-to-day work of the hospital and patient care up until her death. Reg Hamlin was actively involved in the activities of the hospital and was a member of its Board of Trustees until his death in 1993. [8]

Recognition

Hamlin meets The Queen at Government House, Canberra in 2011 Catherine Hamlin, Quentin Bryce and Queen Elizabeth II 23.jpg
Hamlin meets The Queen at Government House, Canberra in 2011

Hamlin has been awarded honorary fellowships in the medical associations of Australia, England and the United States. On 26 January 1983, she was appointed as a Member of the Order of Australia for her services to gynaecology in developing countries [9] and on 26 January 1995, Hamlin was awarded Australia's highest honour, being promoted to the grade of Companion of the Order of Australia. [10]

On 1 January 2001, she was awarded the Centenary Medal for "long and outstanding service to international development in Africa". [11] She is the author of the best-selling book, The Hospital by the River: A Story of Hope, first published in 2001. A second edition was published in 2016 with a foreword by Dame Quentin Bryce. [2] She has been described as a modern-day "Mother Teresa" in an editorial by Pulitzer Prize–winning writer Nicholas Kristof of The New York Times. [12]

Aged 80, Hamlin appeared on Oprah Winfrey's television show in January 2004. The episode was included in Winfrey's 20-year anthology collection. Winfrey travelled to the hospital and filmed another episode for her show, broadcast in December 2005. The 2007 documentary, "A Walk to Beautiful" featured five Ethiopian women who were treated and cured by Hamlin and her team at the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital. [13] [14]

In 2009 she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, also called the "alternative Nobel Prize". [15] [16]

Hamlin was among 50 prominent Australians invited by the Governor-General of Australia, Dame Quentin Bryce, to take lunch with Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh at Government House, Canberra on 23 October 2011. [17]

In November 2016, a Sydney Ferries Emerald-class ferry was named Catherine Hamlin. [18]

Awards

The Sydney ferry Catherine Hamlin Catherine Hamlin under test (31285037913).jpg
The Sydney ferry Catherine Hamlin

Both Hamlin and her hospital received numerous awards. [8] Known for her dedication and humility, Hamlin said of the plaudits she received that "I'm doing what I love doing and it's not a hardship for me to be working in Ethiopia with these women". [19]

Related Research Articles

Obstetric fistula hole develops in the birth canal as a result of childbirth.

Obstetric fistula is a medical condition in which a hole develops in the birth canal as a result of childbirth. This can be between the vagina and rectum, ureter, or bladder. It can result in incontinence of urine or feces. Complications may include depression, infertility, and social isolation.

Frensham School Independent comprehensive single-sex early learning, primary, and secondary day and boarding school in Australia

Frensham School is an independent non-denominational comprehensive single-sex early learning, primary, and secondary day and boarding school for girls, located at Mittagong, south of Sydney, in the Southern Highlands region of New South Wales, Australia.

Fistula Foundation organization

The Fistula Foundation is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization focused on treatment of obstetric fistula, funding more repair surgeries than any other organization. They currently support hospitals and doctors in over 20 countries across Africa and Asia. Fistula Foundation is dedicated to treating obstetric fistula by covering the full cost of obstetric fistula repair surgery for poor women who would otherwise not be able to access treatment. They also provide fistula surgeon training, equipment and facility upgrades that make fistula treatment as safe as possible, and post-surgery counseling and support for healed patients. Fistula Foundation has been recognized by several organizations for its transparency and efficiency, earning a top "A" rating from Charity Watch and a four star rating from Charity Navigator for 13 years in a row, placing it in the top 1% of charities reviewed on the site. Fistula Foundation has also been selected as one of 22 charities recommended by Princeton Professor Peter Singer's organization, The Life You Can Save. The organization's cost-effectiveness was also noted by GiveWell in 2019.

Denis Mukwege Congolese gynecologist, Nobel laureate

Denis Mukwege is a Congolese gynecologist and Pentecostal pastor. He founded and works in Panzi Hospital in Bukavu, where he specializes in the treatment of women who have been raped by armed rebels.

Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital Hospital in Hamlin Fistula Centres, Ethiopia

Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital and its regional Hamlin Fistula Centres provide comprehensive care for women who suffer from incontinence, physical impairment, shame and marginalisation as a result of an obstetric fistula. The hospital was created by the Australian obstetrician and gynaecologists Catherine Hamlin and her husband Reginald Hamlin to care for women with childbirth injuries and has been in operation since 1974. It is in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. It is the only hospital of its kind in the world dedicated exclusively to women with obstetric fistula, and it treats all patients free of charge. Patients undergo surgical repair by Ethiopian and expatriate surgeons trained at the hospital's main facility in Addis Ababa. Around 93% of these patients are repaired successfully.

Ethiopiaid is a UK-registered charity that generates public funding for local charity partners in Ethiopia. It supports organisations who work in poverty reduction, healthcare, empowerment of women & girls, elder support, children with disabilities, surgery for facial disfigurements and educational access.

Samuel Gebru is an Ethiopian American.

Yetnebersh Nigussie Ethiopian activist

Yetnebersh Nigussie is a lawyer and disability rights activist from Ethiopia. In 2017, she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for "her inspiring work promoting the rights and inclusion of people with disabilities, allowing them to realise their full potential and changing mindsets in our societies."

Constance Elizabeth DArcy Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist

Dr Dame Constance Elizabeth D'Arcy was an Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist. She was the first woman to become Deputy Chancellor at the University of Sydney, serving from 1943 until 1946. In 1935, she was made a Dame of the Order of the British Empire (DBE).

Catherine Jane Calderwood FRCOG FRCPE is a consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist and the Chief Medical Officer for Scotland.

Freida Ruth Heighway Australian gynaecologist and obstetrician

Freida Ruth Heighway (1907–1963) was an Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist, the first woman to graduate from Sydney University with a medical degree and the first woman admitted to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

Lucy Bloom

Lucy Bloom is the former Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Sunrise Cambodia and the former CEO of Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia. She is a writer, speaker and management consultant with a significant public profile in Australia.

Hein Odendaal is a South African medical doctor and internationally recognised specialist in Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Kate Grant is an American nonprofit leader and writer. She is the founding CEO of Fistula Foundation, a global nonprofit organization that provides surgical treatment for the childbirth injury obstetric fistula. She has led the organization from supporting one hospital in Ethiopia to being the clear global leader in obstetric fistula treatment. Fistula Foundation funds more fistula surgeries than any organization in the world; their goal is to eliminate the suffering caused by the injury, which untreated leaves women incontinent and too frequently social outcasts. An estimated one million women suffer from fistula worldwide, and due to a global shortage in awareness and funding, fewer than 20,000 are treated each year. Under Ms. Grant's leadership for the past decade, Fistula Foundation has raised more than $84 million and supported treatment in 32 countries. Fistula Foundation is a recommended charity of ethicist Peter Singer's The Life You Can Save. In addition, it has earned 13 consecutive 4-star ratings from Charity Navigator, and an A rating from Charity Watch.

Terrewode Women's Community Hospital, is a community hospital, under construction in Uganda, that specializes in the prevention, treatment, surgical correction and rehabilitation of obstetric fistula and its complications.

Maura Lynch Irish Doctor and Catholic Nun

Sr. Dr. Maura Lynch was an Irish doctor, a nun, and proponent of women's health.

The Association for Rehabilitation and Re-Orientation of Women for Development, abbreviated as TERREWODE, is a leading Ugandan nonprofit organization. It pioneered best practices for the elimination of obstetric fistula in Uganda over 16 years. The organization focuses on maternal and reproductive health. Headquartered in Soroti, TERREWODE's efforts target the empowerment and education of young women in rural communities. TERREWODE's activism focuses on women's rights to maternal, reproductive and sexual health, as well as the treatment and social reintegration of victims of obstetric fistula.

Mamitu Gashe is an Ethiopian surgeon who is a specialist in repairing obstetric fistula, and was named by the BBC in its 100 Women list of 2018. She had decided to become an obstetrics surgeon after almost dying during childbirth at the age of 16 in 1962.

Sayeba Akhter is a Bangladeshi physician who has dedicated her career to eliminating obstetric fistula. She is an Executive Member of the International Society of Obstetric Fistula Surgeons and has previously served as the President of the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Society of Bangladesh. She leads two charities, in Dhaka and Gaibandha, which focus on the education of underprivileged girls.

References

  1. Barlass, Tim (19 March 2020). "Catherine Hamlin, 'Saint of Addis Ababa', dies at 96". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  2. 1 2 3 Hamlin, Catherine; Little, John (2016). The hospital by the river (2nd ed.). Sydney, Australia: Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd. ISBN   978-1-74353-781-7.
  3. "Catherine Hamlin: Grief in Ethiopia as trailblazing Australian doctor dies". BBC.com. 19 March 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ciardullo, Patsy. "Elinor Catherine Hamlin profile". The Embryo Project at Arizona State University. ISSN   1940-5030 . Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 Visontay, Michael (November 2014). "Doctor on a Mission". University of Sydney . Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  6. "Dr Catherine Hamlin AC". Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia. 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  7. 1 2 Hamlin, Catherine; John Little (2001). The hospital by the river: a story of hope. Sydney: Pan Macmillan. ISBN   0-7329-1082-X.
  8. 1 2 3 4 "Our Founders". Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia. 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  9. Awards and Culture Branch, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (26 January 1983). "Its an Honour". itsanhonour.gov.au. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  10. Awards and Culture Branch, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (26 January 1995). "It's an Honour". itsanhonour.gov.au. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  11. Awards and Culture Branch, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (1 January 2001). "It's an Honour". itsanhonour.gov.au. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  12. 1 2 Kristof, Nikolas (5 February 2014). "At 90, This Doctor Is Still Calling". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  13. "A Walk to Beautiful (2007)". imdb.com. The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  14. Little, John. Catherine's Gift: inside the extraordinary world of Dr Catherine Hamlin, 2008 Macmillan, Australia; ISBN   978-0-330-42598-8
  15. "Right Livelihood Award: List of Laureates". The Right Livelihood Award. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  16. Testoni, Evyn (14 October 2009). "Aussie aid worker wins award". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  17. Wright, Tony (22 October 2011). "Ma'am won't be needing the royal list of small talk". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  18. "Aussie Doctor lends name to newest ferry". Transport for NSW. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  19. Attard, Monica (23 March 2008). "Dr Catherine Hamlin, Founder of the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital". Sunday Profile. ABC, Australia. Archived from the original on 18 January 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  20. "Australian Honours". Australia Celebrating Australians. Government of Australia. 26 January 1982. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  21. "Biography of Catherine HAMLIN". Africansuccess.org. 15 July 2015. Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  22. "International Honorary Members" (PDF). Zonta International. March 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  23. 1 2 "Catherine Hamlin (Ethiopia)". Right Livelihood Award Foundation. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  24. Transcript of interview with Peter Thompson Archived 17 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine , ABC TV, screened 14 July 2008.
  25. "Australian Honours". Australia Celebrating Australians. Government of Australia. 26 January 1982. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  26. "Hall of Fame". World Association for Sexual Health. 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  27. "The 91-year-old Gynaecologist", bbc.in; accessed 21 December 2015.
  28. "United Nations Association of Australia to Honor Dr. Catherine Hamlin with 'UNAA Lifework Award 2017'". OnlineEthiopia.net. 2 August 2017. Archived from the original on 5 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  29. Ethiopia Semonegna (3 September 2017). "Bego Sew Award Held in Addis Ababa". Semonegna.com. Retrieved 8 June 2018.