|Queen consort of Portugal|
|Tenure||10 February 1525 – 11 June 1557|
|Born||14 January 1507|
Crown of Castile
|Died||12 February 1578 (aged 71)|
Ribeira Palace, Lisbon,
Kingdom of Portugal
(m. 1525;died 1557)
| Maria Manuela, Princess of Asturias |
João Manuel, Prince of Portugal
|Father||Philip I of Castile|
|Mother||Joanna I of Castile|
Catherine of Austria (Portuguese : Catarina; 14 January 1507 – 12 February 1578) was Queen of Portugal as wife of King John III, and regent during the minority of her grandson, King Sebastian, from 1557 until 1562.
An Infanta of Castile and Archduchess of Austria, Catherine was the posthumous daughter of King Philip I by Queen Joanna of Castile.Catherine was born in Torquemada and named in honor of her maternal aunt, Catherine of Aragon. She remained with her mentally unstable mother until her eldest siblings, Eleanor and the future Emperor Charles V, arrived in Spain, coming from Flanders.
All of her five older siblings, except Ferdinand, were born in the Low Countries and had been put into the care of their aunt Margaret of Austria, but Joanna kept hold of young Catherine. Catherine actually stayed with her mother during imprisonment at Tordesillas during her grandfather Ferdinand of Aragon's time as regent. When the time came for her to marry, Catherine was released from the custody that her mother was to endure until her death.
On 10 February 1525, Catherine married her first cousin, King John III of Portugal. They had nine children, but only two survived early childhood.
Catherine was very concerned about the education of her family, accumulating a substantial library and establishing a kind of salon in the court.She brought a number of women scholars into her household, including the humanists Joana Vaz and Públia Hortênsia de Castro, and the poet Luisa Sigea de Velasco. Vaz was responsible for tutoring Catherine's daughter, Princess Maria, as well as Catherine's niece, also called Maria, and a scholar in her own right.
After the death of her husband in 1557, she was challenged by her daughter-in-law and niece, Joan of Austria, over the role of regent for her grandchild, the infant King Sebastian. Mediation by Charles V resolved the issue in favour of his sister Catherine over his daughter Joan, who was needed in Spain in the absence of Philip II.
She then served as the regent of Portugal from 1557 until 1562. In 1562, she turned over the regency to Henry of Portugal.
Catherine had one of the earliest and finest Chinese porcelain collections in Europe due to her position as both the youngest sister of Emperor Charles V and the Queen of Portugal. "She acquired quantities of porcelain and exotica from Asia, which arrived regularly in Lisbon for the decoration of the Lisbon royal palace as well as for her personal use, and which served as emblems of her power. Her collection became the first kunstkammer on the Iberian Peninsula."She was following a tradition established earlier by the Portuguese King Manuel I of Portugal who had purchased porcelain for his wife, Maria of Castile (1482-1517), who was Catherine's aunt. Between 1511 and 1514, the 'Treasurer of the Spices' in Lisbon "registered a total of 692 pieces of porcelain and other exotic goods" bought on his behalf for Maria of Castile, who was then King Manuel's second wife. Amongst other 'exotica' in Catherine's collection were fossilised sharks' teeth, a snake's head encased in gold, heart-shaped jasper stones to stop bleeding, a coral branch used as a protector against evil spirits, bezoar stones, a unicorn's horn (a narwhal tusk) and piles of loose gems and stones such as rubies, emeralds, and diamonds.
|With John III, King of Portugal (married 10 February 1525)|
|Prince Afonso||24 February 1526||12 April 1526||Prince of Portugal (1526).|
|Princess Maria Manuela||15 October 1527||12 July 1545||Princess of Portugal (1527–1531). First wife of King Philip II of Spain. She had one child, Don Carlos, and died four days after his birth.|
|Infanta Isabella||28 April 1529||22 May 1530|
|Infanta Beatrice||15 February 1530||16 March 1530|
|Prince Manuel||1 November 1531||14 April 1537||Prince of Portugal (1531–1537). Declared heir in 1531.|
|Prince Philip||25 March 1533||29 April 1539||Prince of Portugal (1537–1539). Declared heir in 1537.|
|Infante Denis||6 April 1535||1 January 1537|
|Prince João Manuel||3 June 1537||2 January 1554||Prince of Portugal (1539–1554). Declared heir in 1539. Married Joan of Spain.|
Their son Sebastian became king.
|Infante Anthony||9 March 1539||20 January 1540|
Catherine has no descendants today, as both her grandchildren died childless. Her line of descent became extinct within six months of her death, as the only descendant of hers that survived her, King Sebastian of Portugal, died in August 1578.
Catherine of Austria figures in José Saramago's 2008 novel The Elephant's Journey .
|Ancestors of Catherine of Austria|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Catherine of Habsburg .|
Eleanor of Austria
| Queen consort of Portugal |
10 February 1525 – 11 June 1557
Anna of Austria
| Regent of Portugal and the Algarves |
11 June 1557 – 23 December 1562
John II of Castile was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454.
Henry, called the Chaste and the Cardinal-King was king of Portugal and a cardinal of the Catholic Church, who ruled Portugal between 1578 and 1580. As a clergyman, he was bound to chastity, and as such, had no children to succeed him, and thus put an end to the reigning House of Aviz. His death led to the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580 and ultimately to the 60-year Iberian Union that saw Portugal share a monarch with that of Habsburg Spain. The next independent monarch of Portugal would be John IV, who restored the throne after 60 years of Spanish rule.
Dom João Manuel, Prince of Portugal was a Portuguese infante (prince), the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Austria, daughter of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile. As the heir to the throne he was styled Prince of Portugal.
Charles, Prince of Viana, sometimes called Charles IV of Navarre, was the son of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre.
Isabella of Austria, also known as Elizabeth, was queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden as the wife of King Christian II. She was the daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile and the sister of Emperor Charles V. She was born at Brussels. She ruled Denmark as regent in 1520.
Eleanor of Austria, also called Eleanor of Castile, was born an Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile from the House of Habsburg, and subsequently became Queen consort of Portugal (1518–1521) and of France (1530–1547). She also held the Duchy of Touraine (1547–1558) in dower. She is called "Leonor" in Spanish and Portuguese and "Eléonore" or "Aliénor" in French.
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Further Austria was ruler of Further Austria and since 1564 Imperial count of Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was married to Philippine Welser in his first marriage. In his second marriage to Anna Juliana Gonzaga, he was the father of Anna of Tyrol, future Holy Roman Empress.
Joanna of Austria was Princess of Portugal by marriage to John Manuel, Prince of Portugal. She served as regent of Spain to her brother Philip II of Spain during his trip to England to marry Mary I in 1554-1556, and from 1556 to 1559. She was the mother of King Sebastian of Portugal.
Infanta Beatrice of Portugal was a Portuguese princess by birth and duchess of Savoy by marriage to Charles III, Duke of Savoy. She was the ruling countess of Asti from 1531 to 1538.
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John, Prince of Asturias, was the only son of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Isabella, Princess of Asturias was a queen consort of Portugal and heir presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, as their eldest daughter. Her younger siblings were John, Prince of Asturias, Queen Joanna I of Castile, Maria, Queen of Portugal and Catherine, Queen of England.
Maria of Aragon was a Spanish infanta, and queen consort of Portugal as the second spouse of Portuguese King Manuel I.
Joanna of Austria was an Archduchess of Austria. By marriage, she was the Grand Princess of Tuscany and later the Grand Duchess of Tuscany. One of her daughters was Marie de' Medici, second wife of King Henry IV of France.
Charles II Francis of Austria was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg.
Anna of Austria, a member of the Imperial House of Habsburg, was Duchess of Bavaria from 1550 until 1579, by her marriage with Duke Albert V.
Archduchess Eleanor of Austria was a Duchess of Mantua by marriage to William I, Duke of Mantua. She was the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.
Archduchess Magdalena of Austria was a member of the House of Habsburg, and the founder and first abbess of the convent in Hall in Tirol.