Catonsville, Maryland

Last updated
Catonsville, Maryland
Catonsville Frederick Road.jpg
Frederick Road in Downtown Catonsville.
Nicknames: 
"Music City, Maryland", "Cville"
Motto(s): 
"Life is great in 21228" [1]
Baltimore County Maryland Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Catonsville Highlighted.svg
Location of Catonsville, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°16′26″N76°44′17″W / 39.27389°N 76.73806°W / 39.27389; -76.73806 Coordinates: 39°16′26″N76°44′17″W / 39.27389°N 76.73806°W / 39.27389; -76.73806
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
County Flag of Baltimore County, Maryland.svg Baltimore
EstablishedJanuary 20, 1831 [2]
Area
  Total14.0 sq mi (36.3 km2)
  Land14.0 sq mi (36.3 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
479 ft (146 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total41,567
  Density3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
21228, 21229, 21250
Area code(s) 410, 443, and 667
FIPS code 24-14125
GNIS feature ID0583624

Catonsville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 41,567 at the 2010 census. The community lies to the west of Baltimore along the city's border. Catonsville contains the majority of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), a major public research university with close to 14,000 students.

Contents

History

Before European colonists settled in present-day Catonsville, the area was occupied by the Piscataway tribe, [3] or the Susquehannocks. [4]

The first European settlement in present-day Catonsville was Johnnycake Town, settled in 1729. [5] [3] [6] It was named after its tavern, popular for baking and selling johnnycakes to travelers every morning. [7] [8] It was known for being a stopping place for travelers, where they would rest their horses. [9]

Rolling Road was used to transport tobacco south from plantations to the Patapsco River on horse-drawn wagons.

In 1787, the Ellicott family built the Frederick Turnpike to transport goods from their flour mill, Ellicott Mills, to the Baltimore harbor. Charles Carroll, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence at the time, owned the land around the then newly built road. He instructed his son-in-law, Richard Caton, to develop the area along the road. Caton and his wife, Mary Carroll Caton, lived in Castle Thunder, constructed on the Frederick Turnpike in 1787. [10]

Marker at the present location of Castle Thunder on Frederick Road Castle Thunder marker.png
Marker at the present location of Castle Thunder on Frederick Road

Caton gave his name to the community and called it “Catonville”, although the name was changed to “Catonsville” in the 1830s. Businesses were built along the Frederick Turnpike for travelers traveling from Ellicott City to Baltimore. The Naturally, Catonsville served as a layover stop for travelers, and the town increasingly grew and developed. [8] The pleasant surroundings attracted wealthy Baltimorean merchants, who built large Victorian and colonial summer homes there to escape Baltimore's summer heat. [3] Starting in 1862, horsecar services connected Catonsville to Baltimore, and in 1884, the Catonsville Short Line railroad was built, providing 8 roundtrip trains to Baltimore daily. This allowed residents to commute to work in Baltimore. Commuter traffic exploded in the 1890s with the construction of electric streetcar lines and fancy housing developments. Catonsville had become one of the first commuter suburbs in the United States. Baltimore had tried to annex Catonsville, although their attempts have all been failures. [3] [8] Their last attempt was in 1918.

Homes of all sizes were constructed rapidly until the 1950s, when much of land around the Frederick Turnpike had been converted into housing. A new and modern business district opened along the newly built Baltimore National Pike, north from the Frederick Turnpike.

Catonsville was briefly made famous during the 1968 protest by the "Catonsville Nine", during which draft records were burned by Catholic anti-war activists.

In 2002, the Maryland legislature issued a proclamation declaring Catonsville to be "Music City, Maryland", because of the concentration of musical retail stores, venues and educational facilities in the area. Life Sounds Great is a series of compilation albums highlighting Catonsville musicians.

In 2007, Money magazine ranked Catonsville the 49th best place to live in the United States and the third best in Maryland and Virginia.

Geography

Catonsville is located at 39°16′26″N76°44′17″W / 39.27389°N 76.73806°W / 39.27389; -76.73806 (39.273756, 76.738012). [11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.0 square miles (36 km2), all land.

Catonsville is centered along Frederick Road (Maryland Route 144), formerly the main road from Baltimore leading to points west. Johnnycake Road and Academy Road form the northern and northeastern borders of Catonsville. Catonsville is bordered by Woodlawn to the north, Baltimore to the east, by Arbutus to the southeast, by Ilchester to the southwest, and by Ellicott City to the west.

In addition to Frederick Road (Exit 13), Interstate 695 (the Baltimore Beltway) services Wilkens Avenue (Maryland Route 372), Edmondson Avenue and the Baltimore National Pike (U.S. Route 40) via Exits 12, 14 and 15, respectively, with the latter two thoroughfares later converging in Baltimore City to the east. The main north–south roads in the area are Rolling Road (which is also Maryland Route 166 south of Frederick Road), Ingleside Avenue and Bloomsbury Avenue.

Catonsville is a terminus of the Trolley Line Number 9 Trail and the Short Line Railroad Trail.

Transportation

Public transit

The Maryland Transit Administration provides bus service to the Catonsville area via the Purple CityLink route with service to Downtown Baltimore, LocalLink routes 37 and 77, and Express BusLink 150 to Columbia. MARC Train provides commuter train service at the nearby Halethorpe station in Arbutus.

Roads

Major north–south routes in Catonsville include:

Major east–west routes in Catonsville include:

Neighborhoods

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 37,872
1970 54,81244.7%
1980 33,208−39.4%
1990 35,2336.1%
2000 39,82013.0%
2010 41,5674.4%
source: [12] [13]

In 2010 Catonsville had a population of 41,567. The ethnic and racial composition of the population was 73.4% non-Hispanic white, 14.3% non-Hispanic black, 0.3% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic from some other race, 2.4% from two or more races and 3.4% Hispanic or Latino from any race. [14]

As of the census [15] of 2000, there were 39,820 people, 15,503 households, and 9,255 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,843.9 people per square mile (1,098.2/km2). There were 16,054 housing units at an average density of 1,146.6 per square mile (442.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.28% White, 11.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 3.61% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.87% of the population.

There were 15,503 households, out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 19.9% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $53,061, and the median income for a family was $67,005. Males had a median income of $44,705 versus $33,420 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,254. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over. The median house value for the CDP was $141,300 in the 2000.

Education

Primary and secondary education

Public schools

President Bush plays with children in a jungle gym at the Emily Harris Head Start Center in Catonsville. President Bush plays with children in a jungle gym at the Emily Harris Head Start Center in Catonsville, Maryland... - NARA - 186444.tif
President Bush plays with children in a jungle gym at the Emily Harris Head Start Center in Catonsville.

Residents are zoned to schools in the Baltimore County Public Schools. Catonsville High School, Woodlawn Senior High School (center for science and pre engineering), and Western School of Technology and Environmental Science, formerly Western Vocational Technical Center, serve the area.

Private schools

  • Mount de Sales Academy is a Catholic all-girls high school in Catonsville.
  • Saint Mark School and Parish can be found in Catonsville on Melvin Avenue, just off of Frederick Road.
  • Al-Rahmah School is an Islamic school on Johnnycake Road in northern Catonsville

Higher education

Attractions

Arts and entertainment

Museums

Parks and recreation

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Winter's Lane Historical District (Catonsville, Maryland)

Natives and residents of note

Arts and media

Music

Sports

Sports teams

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References

  1. "We Love Catonsville". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  2. (PDF). 18 May 2014 https://web.archive.org/web/20140518050030/http://www.postalmuseum.si.edu/statepostalhistory/Maryland_Post_Offices.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2018.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Catonsville at the Turn of the 20th Century - Baltimore County Public Library". collections.digitalmaryland.org. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  4. Boblitz, Katharine S. (June 4, 2016). "Catonsville, Remarkable For Its Natural Beauty". The Baltimore Sun . Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  5. Jamie Peck (August 21, 2001). "Catonsville". The Baltimore Sun.
  6. "Catonsville". Encyclopædia Britannica .
  7. Kenny, Hamill (1989). The Place Names of Maryland: Their Origin and Meaning. Maryland Historical Society, 1989. p. 130. ISBN   9780938420293.
  8. 1 2 3 "History of Catonsville, Maryland". U-s-history.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  9. Davidson, Isobel (1917). Real stories from Baltimore County history. Baltimore, Warwick & York., inc. pp.  33, 163, 166. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  10. Boteler, Cody (July 26, 2018). "Damaged historical marker in Catonsville is being repaired by State Highway Administration". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Catonsville CDP, Maryland". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  13. "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  14. 2010 general population and housing profile of Catonsville from the US Census
  15. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. Yockel, Michael. "Pen Is Mightier". Baltimore. Retrieved 17 April 2014.