Catterick Village Green
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Catterick is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) north-west of the county town of Northallerton just to the west of the River Swale. It lends its name to nearby Catterick Garrison and the nearby hamlet of Catterick Bridge, the home of Catterick Racecourse where the village Sunday market is held. It lies on the route of the old Roman road of Dere Street and is the site of the Roman fortification of Cataractonium.
The etymology of the name is derived from the Latin place name "Cataractonium", which looks like a Latin/Greek mixture meaning "place of a waterfall", but it might have been a Roman misunderstanding of the Celtic name Catu-rātis meaning "battle ramparts", as partly supported by the spelling Κατουρακτονιον on the Ptolemy world map.
The place is mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia of c. 150 as a landmark to locate the 24th clime.It dates back to Roman times, when Cataractonium was a Roman fort protecting the crossing of Dere Street over the River Swale.
Catterick is thought to be the site of the Battle of Catraeth (c. 598) mentioned in the Welsh language poem Y Gododdin . This was fought between Celtic British or Brythonic kingdoms and the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Bernicia. Paulinus of York performed baptisms nearby in the River Swale.
Catterick is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Catrice. The manor was held by Earl Edwin at the time of the Norman invasion, and was afterwards was granted to Count Alan of Brittany.Thereafter the demesne manor was held by the lords of Richmond. The manor has been held by John of Gaunt in the 14th century and the Earls of Salisbury in the 15th century. The manor was held for a while by Sir John Conyers from 1484. During the reign of Queen Mary I, the manor was granted to the youngest daughter of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, whose son Francis Barrington inherited the honour. The Barrington family passed the manor to Richard Braithwaite whose descendants inherited the manor and held it until the 18th century. Other lords of the manor included the Lawson family, who held it into the late 19th century.
Pallet Hill, just to the north of the village church, is the site of the earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle. It is thought to have been built by King Stephen in the mid 12th century to control the Great North Road. It has been designated a Scheduled Ancient Monument.To the south of the village on the south side of the former A1/A6136 interchange, is the site of a small Roman roadside settlement and cemetery on Bainesse farm. It has been designated a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
In later times, Catterick prospered as a coaching town where travellers up the Great North Road would stop overnight and refresh themselves and their horses; today's Angel Inn was once a coaching inn. A mile to the south-east are the surviving earthworks of Killerby Castle, a medieval motte-and-bailey castle.
Catterick was a large ancient parish, extending into three wapentakes (Hang East, Hang West and Gilling West) of the North Riding of Yorkshire.It included the townships of Appleton, Bolton upon Swale, Brough, Colburn, Ellerton upon Swale, Hipswell, Hudswell, Killerby, Kiplin, Scorton, Scotton, Uckerby and Whitwell. All these places became separate civil parishes in 1866.
In 1914 Catterick Camp (later Catterick Garrison) was established 4.7 miles (7.6 km) west of the village, in the ancient parish of Catterick but in the civil parishes of Hipswell and Scotton. RAF Catterick, the airfield to the south of the village also opened in 1914, was transferred to the Army and is now Marne Barracks, named after the site of two significant battles of the First World War.
In 1974 Catterick was transferred to the new county of North Yorkshire.
The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Catterick Bridge electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Catterick ward of Richmondshire District Council.Catterick has a Parish council that covers the same area as the district ward and returns two councillors to the District Council.
The village lies along A6136 road to Richmond and is by-passed by the A1. The A1 bypass, which cost £1 million at the time, was opened in 1959 by Lord Chesham, the Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport. The River Swale turns southward just to the north of the village at Catterick Bridge and flows to the east side of the Catterick. Brough Beck runs east through the village to join the River Swale. There are several bodies of water that are the result of quarrying. Within 2.5 miles (4.0 km) of Catterick are the villages of Brompton-on-Swale, Catterick Bridge, Colburn, Tunstall, East Appleton, Ellerton-on-Swale, Whitwell, Scorton and Uckerby.
The adjacent A1 road and the village have suffered with flooding from Brough Beck. This was most notable in 2012, when a flash flood caused the A1 to be closed for 24-hours in both directions in September 2012. 149 properties in Catterick were flooded and the knock-on effect was believed to have cost the regions' economy over £2 million. In conjunction with the new build and upgrading of the A1 to motorway standard, a £6 million flood reservoir was built on the west side of the A1(M) and downstream of Brough Park. The scheme was officially opened in May 2018, but had its first major test in March 2018 when meltwater from snow in the dales flooded the lower valley. The reservoir can hold over 91,000,000 imperial gallons (410,000,000 l; 109,000,000 US gal) of water and it is hoped that wildlife will colonise the reservoir.
The 2001 UK census showed that the population was split 52.6% male to 47.4% female. The religious constituency was made of 83.4% Christian, 0.25% Buddhist, 0.11% Jewish, 0.11% Other and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 97.6% White British, 0.9% White Other/Irish, 0.4% Mixed Ethnic, 0.21% Black British, 0.21% Other Ethnic and 0.25% British Asian. There were 1,050 dwellings.
The 2011 UK census showed that the population was split 58% male to 42% female. The religious constituency was made of 70.75% Christian, 0.16% Buddhist, 0.19% Muslim, 0.85% Hindu, 0.54% Other and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 92.4% White British, 2.3% White Other/Irish, 1.2% Mixed Ethnic, 0.76% Black British, 0.38% Other Ethnic and other and 1.77% British Asian. There were 1,200 dwellings.
Marne Barracks borders the village to the south along Leeming Lane and Oran Lane. The base and Service quarters are separated from the village by a protective fence. There are a few local businesses, such as take-away food outlets,public house and a Car Service Station. There is a sports ground which is used for Cricket and Football.
BFBS Radio broadcasts from studios on Shute Road across the town and surrounding areas on 106.9FM as part of its UK Bases network
Michael Sydall CE Primary School provides education for a mixed gender pupil intake between the ages of four and eleven. The school has an official capacity of 252 pupils.The school is named after a vicar of the village church of St Anne who founded a school in the village in 1658. The school is in the catchment area of Risedale Sports & Community College in nearby Catterick Garrison for secondary education needs.
The church in the village is dedicated to St Anne and is a Grade I listed building.The current building was completed in 1412 and added to in both 15th and 19th centuries. A Wesleyan chapel was built in the village in 1842 on Low Green next to the local public house.
Richmond is a market town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England and the administrative centre of the district of Richmondshire. Historically in the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated on the edge of the Yorkshire Dales National Park, and one of the park's tourist centres. Richmond is the most duplicated UK placename, with 56 occurrences worldwide.
Richmondshire is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. It covers a large northern area of the Yorkshire Dales including Swaledale and Arkengarthdale, Wensleydale and Coverdale, with the prominent Scots' Dyke and Scotch Corner along the centre. Teesdale lies to the north. With a total area of 1,319 km², it is larger than seven of the English ceremonial counties.
Ainderby Steeple is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. Ainderby Steeple is situated on the A684 approximately 2.6 miles (4.2 km) south-west of the County Town of Northallerton, and to the immediate east of Morton-on-Swale.
Bainbridge is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 480. The village is situated in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, near the confluence of the River Bain with the River Ure. It is 27.5 miles (44.3 km) west of the County Town of Northallerton.
Bolton-on-Swale is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. At the 2011 Census the population remained less than 100. Information regarding this population are contained in the parish of Ellerton-on-Swale. In 2015, North Yorkshire County Council estimated the population of the village to be 70.
Brompton-on-Swale is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. The village is located three miles east of Richmond and 10 miles (16 km) north-west of the county town of Northallerton on the northern bank of the River Swale.
Brough with St. Giles is a village and a civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. The civil parish also includes the settlements of Catterick Bridge and Walkerville, and Catterick Racecourse and the site of the Roman town of Cataractonium. According to the 2001 Census the parish had a population of 338, increasing to 801 at the 2011 census.
Morton-on-Swale is a large village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the A684 road about 4 miles west of the County Town of Northallerton. It is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) to the village of Ainderby Steeple. As the name suggests it lies on the River Swale.
Cleasby is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is close to the River Tees and Darlington and the A1(M). The population at the 2011 Census of ONS was 208.
Skeeby is a village and civil parish about 18 miles (29 km) north-west of the county town of Northallerton in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.
Thoralby is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies south of Aysgarth, is within a mile of both Newbiggin and West Burton and is in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is 23.5 miles (37.8 km) south west of the County Town of Northallerton.
Ellerton-on-Swale or Ellerton is a small village and civil parish about a mile east of Catterick in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. At the 2011 census, the population of the parish was 183, with Ellerton itself having 120 people. In 2015, North Yorkshire County Council estimated the population to have dropped by 10 to 110 people.
Easby is a hamlet and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated near Richmond on the banks of the River Swale, approximately 12 miles (19 km) north west from the county town of Northallerton. The population taken by ONS was less than 100. Population information is included in the parish of Hudswell.
Scorton is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 8 miles (13 km) north-west from the county town of Northallerton.
Uckerby is a hamlet and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It situated at a crossroads on the road between Scorton and Moulton. The hamlet lies 9.2 miles (14.8 km) north west of the county town of Northallerton.
Moulton is a small village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in a secluded valley between the villages of Scorton and Middleton Tyas.
Thornton Rust is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in the Yorkshire Dales about 2 miles west of Aysgarth, high on the south bank of the Ure in Wensleydale.
Hudswell is a village and civil parish on the border of the Yorkshire Dales, in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. The population at the ONS Census 2011 was 353.
Cataractonium was a fort and settlement in Roman Britain. The settlement evolved into Catterick, located in North Yorkshire, England.
Killerby is a civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, 2 miles (3 km) south east of the village of Catterick. It consists of a few scattered houses and farms, with an estimated population in 2013 of only 10. There is no modern village in the parish.
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