|Genus:|| Cattleya |
Cattleya ( // ) is a genus of orchids from Costa Rica south to Argentina. The genus is abbreviated C in trade journals.
Epiphytic or terrestrial orchids with cylindrical rhizome from which the fleshy noodle-like roots grow. Pseudobulbs can be conical, spindle-shaped or cylindrical; with upright growth; one or two leaves growing from the top of them. The leaves can be oblong, lanceolate or elliptical, somewhat fleshy, with smooth margin. The inflorescence is a terminal raceme with few or several flowers. Flowers have sepals and petals free from each other; the lip or labellum (lowermost petal), usually has a different coloration and shape from the rest of the flower and covers in part the flower column forming a tube. There are four polliniums (bag-like organs that contain pollen). The fruit is a capsule with many small seeds.
The genus was named in 1824 by John Lindley after horticulturalist William Cattley. Cattley obtained a specimen of then unnamed Cattleya labiata from William Swainson who had discovered the new plant in Pernambuco, Brazil, in 1817. The plant successfully bloomed under the care of Cattley and it became the type specimen from which Lindley described C. labiata.
Currently accepted species and subgeneric division within genus Cattleya are:
|C. aurea||S. Panama to Colombia||300 - 1000 meters|
|C. dowiana||Costa Rica||250 - 1200 meters|
|C. gaskelliana||Colombia to Trinidad||700 - 1000 meters|
|C. iricolor||Ecuador to Peru||400 - 1220 meters|
|C. jenmanii||Venezuela to Guyana||300 - 600 meters|
|C. labiata||Brazil||600 - 900 meters|
|C. luteola||N. Brazil, Ecuador to Bolivia||100 - 1200 meters|
|C. mendelii||NE. Colombia||1300 - 1800 meters|
|C. mooreana||Peru||around 990 meters|
|C. mossiae||N. Venezuela||900 - 1500 meters|
|C. percivaliana||Colombia to W. Venezuela||1300 - 2000 meters|
|C. quadricolor||Colombia||600 - 1500 meters|
|C. rex||Peru to N Bolivia||around 1350 meters|
|C. schroederae||NE. Colombia||.|
|C. trianae||Colombia||around 1200 meters|
|C. warneri||E. Brazil||400 - 900 meters|
|C. warscewiczii||Colombia||500 - 1700 meters|
|C. crispa||SE. Brazil||800 - 1500 meters|
|C. grandis||Brazil - SE. Bahia to N. Espírito Santo||.|
|C. lobata||SE. Brazil.|
|C. perrinii||SE. Brazil||700 - 900 meters|
|C. purpurata||SE. & S. Brazil|
|C. tenebrosa||Brazil - SE. Bahia to Espírito Santo||.|
|C. virens||SE. Brazil||1000 - 1500 meters|
|C. xanthina||Brazil - Bahia to Espírito Santo||.|
|C. alaorii||Brazil - Bahia||200 - 600 meters|
|C. bicalhoi||Brazil - S. Minas Gerais to Rio de Janeiro||500 - 2000 meters|
|C. jongheana||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1300 - 1600 meters|
|C. praestans||SE. Brazil||300 - 500 meters|
|C. pumila||SE. & S. Brazil||600 - 1300 meters|
|C. sincorana||Brazil - Bahia||1100 - 1500 meters|
|C. lundii||Bolivia to Argentina||740 - 1000 meters|
|C. alvarenguensis||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 800 meters|
|C. alvaroana||Brazil - Rio de Janeiro|
|C. angereri||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1000-1300 meters|
|C. blumenscheinii||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1200 meters|
|C. bradei||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1100 - 1400 meters|
|C. briegeri||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1370 meter|
|C. caulescens||Brazil - Minas Gerais||600 - 1200 meters|
|C. cinnabarina||Brazil - S. Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro||800 - 1500 meters|
|C. colnagoi||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. conceicionensis||Brazil - Minas Gerais||800 - 1200 meters|
|C. crispata||Brazil - Minas Gerais||400 - 1200 meters|
|C. endsfeldzii||Brazil - Minas Gerais||900 meters|
|C. esalqueana||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1100 - 1300 meters|
|C. flavasulina||Brazil - Minas Gerais||900 - 1440 meters|
|C. fournieri||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1100 - 1800 meters|
|C. ghillanyi||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. gloedeniana||Brazil - São Paulo||around 1600 meters|
|C. gracilis||Brazil - Minas Gerais: Serra do Cipó|
|C. guanhanensis||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1100 meters|
|C. harpophylla||Brazil - Minas Gerais to Espírito Santo||500 - 900 meters|
|C. hatae||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1000 - 1100 meters|
|C. hegeriana||Brazil - Rio de Janeiro||1000 - 1200 meters|
|C. hispidula||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1200 meters|
|C. hoehnei||Brazil - Espírito Santo||around 800 meters|
|C. itambana||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1500 to 2200 meters|
|C. kautskyana||Brazil - Espírito Santo||600 - 1000 meters|
|C. kettieana||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1500 - 2000 meters|
|C. kleberi||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1100 meters|
|C. liliputana||Brazil - Minas Gerais: Serra do Ouro Branco||1200 - 1400 meters|
|C. locatellii||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. longipes||SE. Brazil - Serra do Cipó||1300 - 2000 meters|
|C. luetzelburgii||Brazil - Bahia||1100 - 1700 meters.|
|C. macrobulbosa||Brazil - Espírito Santo||around 1600 meters|
|C. marcaliana||Brazil - Bahia||200 - 300 meters|
|C. milleri||Brazil - Minas Gerais||800 - 1300 meters|
|C. mirandae||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1300 meters|
|C. munchowiana||Brazil - Espírito Santo||1100 - 1300 meters|
|C. neokautskyi||SE. Brazil||600 - 1000 meters.|
|C. pabstii||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1200 meters|
|C. pendula||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. pfisteri||Brazil - Bahia||around 1300 meters|
|C. presidentensis||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1000 - 1300 meters|
|C. reginae||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1200 - 2000 meters|
|C. rupestris||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. sanguiloba||Brazil – Bahia|
|C. tereticaulis||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. vandenbergii||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. vasconcelosiana||Brazil - Minas Gerais||around 1100 meters|
|C. verboonenii||Brazil - Rio de Janeiro|
|C. viridiflora||Brazil - Minas Gerais|
|C. acuensis||Brazil - Rio de Janeiro||1800 - 2100 meters|
|C. alagoensis||Brazil - Alagoas||300 - 500 meters|
|C. brevipedunculata||Brazil - Minas Gerais||1220 - 2000 meters|
|C. cernua||Brazil to NE. Argentina||2 - 100 meters|
|C. coccinea||Brazil to NE. Argentina||650 - 1670 meters|
|C. dichroma||Brazil - Rio de Janeiro||1200 - 1525 meters|
|C. mantiqueirae||SE. Brazil||1200 - 1890 meters|
|C. pygmaea||Brazil - Espírito Santo||915 - 1067 meters|
|C. wittigiana||Brazil - Espírito Santo||700 - 2000 meters|
|C. lawrenceana||Venezuela, Guyana, N. Brazil||250 - 2400 meters|
|C. lueddemanniana||N. Venezuela||0 - 500 meters|
|C. wallisii||N. Brazil|
|C. araguaiensis||Brazil||395 - 610 meters|
|C. aclandiae||Brazil||100 - 400 meters|
|C. amethystoglossa||Brazil||around 600 meters|
|C. bicolor||SE. Brazil|
|C. dormaniana||Brazil||600 - 100 meters|
|C. elongata||Brazil||900 - 1500 meters|
|C. forbesii||Brazil||around 200 meters|
|C. granulosa||Brazil||600 - 900 meters|
|C. harrisoniana||SE. Brazil|
|C. intermedia||SE. & S. Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay|
|C. loddigesii||SE. Brazil to NE. Argentina||.|
|C. nobilior||WC. Brazil to Bolivia||170 - 700 meters|
|C. schilleriana||Brazil||0 - 800 meters.|
|C. schofieldiana||Brazil||around 900 meters|
|C. tenuis||NE. Brazil||1000 - 1200 meters.|
|C. tigrina||SE. & S. Brazil||0 - 100 meters.|
|C. violacea||lowland Amazon rainforest & Guyana||200 - 700 meters|
|C. walkeriana||WC. & SE. Brazil||0 - 2000 meters.|
|C. maxima||Venezuela to Peru||10 - 1500 meters|
Currently accepted natural hybrids are:
Hybrids of Cattleya and other genera are placed in the following nothogenera:
Brassavola is a genus of 21 orchids. They were named in 1813 by the Scottish botanist Robert Brown. The name comes from the Italian nobleman and physician Antonio Musa Brassavola. This genus is abbreviated B. in trade journals.
Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc. in the horticultural trade, is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subtribe Oncidiinae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). As presently conceived, it is distributed across much of South America, Central America, Mexico and the West Indies, with one species (O. ensatum) extending into Florida. Common names for plants in this genus include dancing-lady orchid and golden shower orchid.
Laelia is a small genus of 25 species in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). Laelia species are found in areas of subtropical or temperate climate in Central and South America, but mostly in Mexico. Laelia is abbreviated L. in the horticultural trade.
Prosthechea is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). The name is derived from the Greek word prostheke (appendix), referring to the appendage on the back of the column. Appendage orchid is a common name for this genus.
Leptotes, abbreviated Lpt in horticultural trade, is a genus of orchids formed by nine small species that grow in the dry jungles of south and southeast Brazil, and also in Paraguay or Argentina. They are small epiphytic plants of caespitose growth that sometimes resemble little Brassavola, as they share the same type of thin terete leaves, though they are more closely related to Loefgrenianthus.
Laeliinae is a Neotropical subtribe including 40 orchid genera, such as Brassavola, Laelia and Cattleya. The genus Epidendrum is the largest within this subtribe, containing about 1500 species. This is followed by the genus Encyclia, with over 120 species.
Pseudolaelia is a small genus belonging to the orchid family (Orchidaceae), the entire genus endemic to Brazil. The abbreviation used in the horticultural trade is Pdla.
Adamantinia is a monotypic genus of orchids, described in 2004 by Cássio van den Berg and Cezar Neubert Gonçalves. The name is a reference to Chapada Diamantina, Brazil, where this species comes from.
Guarianthe, abbreviated Gur. in the horticultural trade, is a small genus of epiphytic orchids, growing in wet forests in Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela and Trinidad. It was separated from the bifoliate Cattleyas in 2003, based on phylogenetic studies of nuclear DNA sequence data
The Flora of Colombia is characterized by 130,000 species of plants that have been described within Colombian territory.
This page lists orchid species according to their respective distribution range.
Cattleya amethystoglossa is a bifoliate species of orchid from the genus Cattleya.
Cattleya bicolor is a species of orchid found in Brazil.
Cattleya walkeriana is a species of orchid. It differs from most species of Cattleya by having inflorescences which arise from the rhizome instead of from the apex of the pseudobulb. In its native habitat it grows as either an epiphyte or a lithophyte, sometimes in full sun. Pseudobulbs are relatively short, bulbous or fusiform, with one or two ovate leaves at the apex. Inflorescence is one- or few-flowered, about 8" (20 cm) tall. Flowers are 4-5" (9-12 cm) across.
Cattleya warscewiczii, a labiate Cattleya, is a species of orchid.
Cattleya crispa is a species of orchid indigenous to the Tijuca Mountains north of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, noted for its crisped and ruffled petals and lip. It is the type species for both the subgenus Cattleya subg. Crispae and its section Cattleya sect. Crispae.
Leptotes bicolor is a species of orchid native to Paraguay and southern Brazil. It is the type species of the genus Leptotes. Its flowers and fruits are used as a substitute for vanilla in milk and ice cream.
Ischnogyne is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains only one known species, Ischnogyne mandarinorum, native to China.
Cássio van den Berg is a Brazilian botanist. He is noted for work in orchid classification and evolution, especially great changes in the generic circumscriptions of ornamental orchids in the genus Cattleya, based on DNA studies for the subtribe Laeliinae. Based on this studies, he proposed a fusion of the genera Cattleya, Laelia, and Sophronitis. In Laeliinae, the studies pointed out to the separation of subtribe Ponerinae, and the transfer of Dilomilis and Neocogniauxia to Pleurothallidinae. He also worked in the taxonomy of other orchid genera, such as Acianthera, Baptistonia, Bulbophyllum, Cymbidium, Encyclia, Galeandra, Isabelia and Pleione. In 2004, he described a new genus of Laeliinae, Adamantinia Van den Berg & C.N.Gonç. Currently he is full professor and curator of the Laboratory of Plant Molecular Systematics. at Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil.
William Cattley was a British merchant and horticulturist. He was significantly involved with the trade between Britain and Russia, including the importation of grain to England. He also collected, and had others collect on his behalf, plants from locations throughout the world. He was particularly fond of orchids.