Cecil Foljambe, 1st Earl of Liverpool

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The Earl of Liverpool
The Lord Hawkesbury in 1895.jpg
Lord Steward of the Household
In office
18 December 1905 23 March 1907

Foljambe was born at Osberton Hall in Worksop, Nottinghamshire. He was the son of George Savile Foljambe and Lady Selina Jenkinson, daughter of Charles Jenkinson, 3rd Earl of Liverpool. Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, was his great-uncle, and his older half-brother was Francis Foljambe, a fellow Liberal politician.

He joined the Royal Navy and served as a midshipman 1861–67 then lieutenant 1867–70, in England, and in New Zealand during the Waikato War in 1863–64. He kept his own hand-written logs of his voyages, which include numerous colour and black and white sketches. His postings included HMS Victory (1861–1862), HMS Defence (1862–1863), HMS Curacoa (1863–1867), HM Gunboat Pioneer (1863), HM Steamer Avon (1863–1864), and HM Colonial Steamer Koheroa (1864).

During 1863, he completed a running survey of the Waikato River between Ngāruawāhia and Huntly when a fellow shipmate was wounded. He was promoted to lieutenant on 8 June 1867, and retired from the navy on 2 May 1870.

Political career

In 1880, Foljambe was elected to the House of Commons for North Nottinghamshire. He held this seat until 1885, [2] and then represented Mansfield from 1885 to 1892. [3]

In 1893, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Hawkesbury, of Haselbech in the County of Northampton and of Ollerton, Sherwood Forest, in the County of Nottingham, [4] a revival of the barony held by his maternal grandfather, Lord Liverpool. In 1894, he was appointed a Lord-in-waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) in the Liberal administration of Lord Rosebery, [5] a post he held until the government fell in 1895.

In July 1901, he was appointed an additional member of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts. [6]

When the Liberals returned to power in 1905 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Hawkesbury was made Lord Steward of the Household. [7] A few days later the earldom of Liverpool was also revived when he was made Viscount Hawkesbury, of Kirkham in the County of York and of Mansfield in the County of Nottingham, and Earl of Liverpool. [8] He was admitted to the Privy Council [9] in 1906 and remained a member of the government until his death in March 1907. [10]


Louisa (Foljambe) Howard (seated) with her elder brothers William and George Robert Dowling, 1844) The three eldest children of Frederick John Howard (1814-1897) and Lady Fanny Cavendish, by Robert Dowling (1827-1886).jpg
Louisa (Foljambe) Howard (seated) with her elder brothers William and George Robert Dowling, 1844)

Lord Liverpool married Louisa Howard, daughter of Frederick John Howard, on 22 July 1869. They had two children:

After his first wife's death in 1871, Foljambe erected memorial plaques and windows in 38 churches which had connections with the family, e.g. Sherburn-in-Elmet church where there is a "Foljambe window".[ citation needed ]

On 21 July 1877, Foljambe married his first wife's cousin, Susan Cavendish, daughter of William Frederick Henry Cavendish. They had eleven children: [11]

Foljambe died in March 1907, aged 60, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest and only surviving son from his first marriage, Arthur. The Countess of Liverpool died in December 1917.

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  1. Brinkley, Douglas (2016). Rightful Heritage. HarperCollins. p. 106-107.
  2. "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Northampton North to Nuneaton". Archived from the original on 7 April 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Macclesfield to Marylebone West". Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. "No. 26415". The London Gazette . 23 June 1893. p. 3570.
  5. "No. 26509". The London Gazette . 4 May 1894. p. 2613.
  6. "No. 27340". The London Gazette . 2 August 1901. p. 5125.
  7. "No. 27866". The London Gazette . 22 December 1905. p. 9171.
  8. "No. 27866". The London Gazette . 22 December 1905. p. 9173.
  9. "No. 28873". The London Gazette . 9 January 1906. p. 182.
  10. "No. 28046". The London Gazette . 30 July 1907. p. 5281.
  11. Whitaker´s Almanach, 1905
  12. Savile, Cecil George (1905). Catalogue of portraits, miniatures &c. : in the possession of Cecil George Savile, 4th Earl of Liverpool, Lord Steward, &c. [Liverpool : s.n.]
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for North Nottinghamshire
With: The Viscount Galway
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Mansfield
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Steward of the Household
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Liverpool
2nd creation
Succeeded by
Baron Hawkesbury
2nd creation
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
George Pearson
President of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Succeeded by
Henry Thomas Crofton