Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington

Last updated

Cecily Bonville
suo jure Baroness Harington and Bonville
Marchioness of Dorset
Countess of Wiltshire
Presumed effigy of Cecily Bonville on her tomb in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire, drawing of 1890
Born30 June 1460
Shute Manor, Shute, near Axminster, Devon, England
Died12 May 1529(1529-05-12) (aged 68)
Shacklewell, Hackney, Middlesex
BuriedCollegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire
Noble family Bonville
Father William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington
Mother Lady Katherine Neville

Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington, 2nd Baroness Bonville (30 June 1460 – 12 May 1529) [1] was an English peer, who was also Marchioness of Dorset by her first marriage to Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and Countess of Wiltshire by her second marriage to Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire.


The Bonvilles were loyal supporters of the House of York during the series of dynastic civil wars that were fought for the English throne, known as the Wars of the Roses (1455–1487). When she was less than a year old, Cecily became the wealthiest heiress in England after her male relatives were slain in battle, fighting against the House of Lancaster.

Cecily's life after the death of her first husband in 1501 was marked by an acrimonious dispute with her son and heir, Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset. This was over Cecily's right to remain sole executor of her late husband's estate and to control her own inheritance, both of which Thomas challenged following her second marriage to Henry Stafford; a man many years her junior. Their quarrel required the intervention of King Henry VII and the royal council.

The Nine Days Queen, Lady Catherine Grey and Lady Mary Grey were her great-granddaughters. All three were in the Line of Succession to the English throne. Jane, the eldest, reigned as queen for nine days in July 1553.

Bonville inheritance

Arms of Bonville: Sable, six mullets argent pierced gules BonvilleArms.png
Arms of Bonville: Sable, six mullets argent pierced gules

Cecily Bonville was born on or about 30 June 1460 [3] at Shute Manor in Shute near Axminster, Devon, England. She was the only child and heiress of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington of Aldingham and Lady Katherine Neville, a younger sister of the military commander Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick known to history as "Warwick the Kingmaker". Her family had acquired the Barony of Harington through the marriage of her paternal grandfather William Bonville to Elizabeth Harington, daughter and heiress of William Harington, 5th Baron Harington of Aldingham. [4]

When Cecily was just six months old, both her father, Lord Harington, and grandfather, William Bonville, were executed following the disastrous Battle of Wakefield on 30 December 1460. The Bonvilles, having fought with the Yorkist contingent, were shown no mercy from the victorious troops of Margaret of Anjou (wife of King Henry VI of England), who headed the Lancastrian faction, and were thus swiftly decapitated on the battlefield. Cecily's maternal grandfather, Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, was also executed after the battle which had been commanded on the Lancastrian side by Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, while Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, had led the Yorkists and was consequently slain in the fighting. Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England, was in Scotland at the time raising support for her cause and so had not been present at Wakefield. [5] In less than two months, the Yorkists suffered another major defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans on 17 February 1461, and the Lancastrian army's commander Margaret of Anjou, in an act of vengeance, personally ordered the execution of Cecily's great-grandfather, William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville, the next day. [6] These executions left Cecily Bonville as the wealthiest heiress in England, [7] [8] having inherited numerous estates in the West Country, [9] as well as manors in Lancashire, Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, and Cumberland. [10] She succeeded to the title of suo jure 7th Baroness Harington of Aldingham on 30 December 1460, [11] and the title of suo jure2nd Baroness Bonville on 18 February 1461. [12]


Her mother remarried shortly before 6 February 1462. Cecily's stepfather was William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, one of the most powerful men in England, serving as Lord Chamberlain and a personal advisor to her first cousin once removed, [n 1] King Edward IV, who by that time sat upon the English throne, having been proclaimed king in London on 4 March 1461. Edward had strengthened his claim with the resounding Yorkist victory on 29 March at the Battle of Towton where he as overall commander of the Yorkist army had overwhelmingly defeated the Lancastrians who suffered heavy losses including the deaths of two of their commanders Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Sir Andrew Trollope. [13]

In addition to her own dowry, Katherine brought the wardship of Cecily to her new husband. [14]

By her mother's marriage to Lord Hastings, Cecily would acquire three surviving half-brothers, Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings (26 November 1466 8 November 1506), who married Mary Hungerford, Baroness Botreaux, by whom he had issue, Richard Hastings (born 1468), William Hastings who married Jane Sheffield; and a half-sister, Anne Hastings who married George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom she had issue.

First marriage

Cecily was considered as a possible marriage candidate for William, the eldest son and heir of the Earl of Pembroke, who approached her influential uncle the Earl of Warwick with his proposal in about 1468. Warwick turned his offer down, as he considered the Earl's son to have been lacking in sufficient noble birth and prestige to marry a member of his family. About six years later, another spouse was found for Cecily; however, Warwick, who by then was dead (he was slain at the Battle of Barnet in 1471 by the forces of King Edward having two years earlier switched his loyalties to the Lancastrians), had had nothing to do with the bridegroom that was chosen for her. [15]

She married Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, on 18 July 1474, just over two weeks after her fourteenth birthday. He was the eldest son of King Edward's queen consort, Elizabeth Woodville, by her first husband, Sir John Grey of Groby (a Lancastrian knight who had been killed in combat at the Second Battle of St. Albans, the site of Cecily's great-grandfather's execution). It was Thomas's second marriage. His first wife, whom he had married in October 1466, was Anne Holland, the only daughter and heiress of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, and Anne of York. Anne Holland had died childless sometime between 26 August 1467 and 6 June 1474. [16] Cecily's marriage had been proposed and arranged by Queen Elizabeth Woodville, who, with assistance from King Edward, persuaded Cecily's stepfather and legal guardian, Baron Hastings, to agree to the marriage, despite the latter's dislike of Thomas and the opposition of her mother, Lady Hastings, to the match. [17] [18] The Queen had that same year bought Cecily's wardship from Hastings to facilitate the marriage. [19] The marriage accord stipulated that, were Thomas to die prior to the consummation of the marriage, Cecily would then marry his younger brother Sir Richard Grey. [20] [n 2] This accord was confirmed by an Act of Parliament. [20] The marriage had cost Elizabeth Woodville the sum of £2,500. She in turn, held on to Cecily's inheritance until the latter turned 16 years old. [21] Cecily Bonville and Thomas Grey shared a common ancestor in the person of Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, who married twice; firstly to Margaret de Ros, and secondly to Joan de Astley. At the time of Cecily's marriage to Thomas, the latter held the title of Earl of Huntingdon; he resigned this peerage a year later in 1475, when he was created Marquess of Dorset. Being that women were not permitted to sit in Parliament, Thomas sat in Cecily's place as Baron Harington and Bonville.

Cecily's husband, a notorious womaniser, shared the same mistress, Jane Shore, with his stepfather, King Edward. [18] [22] When the King died in April 1483, Jane then became the mistress of Cecily's stepfather, Baron Hastings. [23] This new situation only deepened the sour relations between Hastings and Thomas. [18] Together with his mother, Thomas attempted to seize power immediately following the King's death, as the new king, Edward V, was a minor of 12. Thomas had stolen part of the royal treasure from the Tower of London, dividing it between his mother and uncle Sir Edward Woodville, who used his portion to equip a fleet of ships at Thomas's instigation; ostensibly to patrol the English coasts against French pirates, but in fact it was a Woodville fleet to be used against their enemies within England. [24] Jane Shore was instrumental in Hastings's defection from the side of King Edward's youngest brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who had been made Lord Protector of the realm by the will of Edward IV. In this position of authority, Richard had gathered a force of friends, local gentry and retainers, headed south in an armed cavalcade from his Yorkshire stronghold of Middleham Castle to take into protective custody and separate the young king from the Woodvilles, putting a prompt end to their ambitions and long dominion at court. Jane persuaded Hastings to join the Woodville family in a conspiracy aimed at removing the Lord Protector; and when Richard was apprised of Hastings's treachery, he ordered his immediate execution on 13 June 1483 at the Tower of London. Hastings was not attainted, however, and Cecily's mother was placed under Richard's protection. [25]

Thomas's maternal uncle Anthony Woodville, Earl Rivers, and his younger full brother Richard Grey were both executed on 25 June 1483 by the orders of the former Lord Protector King Richard III, who had three days earlier claimed the crown of England for himself. Richard's claim was supported by an Act of Parliament known as Titulus Regius which declared Thomas's half-brother the uncrowned King Edward V and his siblings illegitimate. Although Thomas and Cecily attended Richard's coronation, later that year, Thomas joined the rebellion of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham against the king. When this revolt failed and Buckingham subsequently executed, he left Cecily behind in England and escaped to Brittany. There he became an adherent of Henry Tudor, who would ascend the English throne as Henry VII following his success at the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August 1485. During the time Thomas remained abroad in the service of Henry Tudor, King Richard ensured that Cecily and the other rebels' wives were not molested, nor their personal property rights tampered with. [26] King Richard would be slain at Bosworth by the Lancastrian forces of Henry, ushering in the Tudor dynasty. Thomas, however, had played no part in Henry Tudor's invasion of England, or the subsequent battle, having been confined in Paris as security for the repayment of a French loan to Henry. In 1484 Thomas had switched his allegiance back to King Richard after learning his mother had come to terms with him. He had been on his way home to England to make his peace with Richard when he was intercepted at Compiègne by Henry Tudor's emissaries and compelled to remain in France. [27]

Notwithstanding her Yorkist family background and her husband's desertion of the Tudor cause in support of King Richard, she and Thomas (since returned to England) were both guests at King Henry VII's's coronation. The following month, the new king lifted the attainder which had been placed on Thomas in January 1484 by Richard III for his participation in the Duke of Buckingham's unsuccessful rebellion. [28] The Dorsets also attended the wedding of Henry and Elizabeth of York in January 1486. Elizabeth was Thomas's eldest uterine half-sister by his mother's second marriage to King Edward. When she was crowned Queen consort in November 1487, Cecily and Thomas were present inside Westminster Abbey to witness the ceremony. Cecily had been honoured the preceding year on the occasion of Prince Arthur's baptism, when she was chosen to carry the boy's train while her mother-in-law, the dowager queen, stood as the Prince's sponsor. The ceremony had taken place at Winchester Cathedral. [29]

Thomas and Cecily together had a total of fourteen children, eleven of whom survived to adulthood. The birth of her eldest son, Thomas, was noted in a letter from John Paston II to John Paston III in June 1477: Tydyngys, butt that yisterdaye my lady Marqueys off Dorset whyche is my Lady Hastyngys dowtre, hadd chylde a sone. [30]


Lady Jane Grey
was the great-granddaughter of Cecily Bonville and her first husband, Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset Streathamladyjayne.jpg
Lady Jane Grey
was the great-granddaughter of Cecily Bonville and her first husband, Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset

Later years

The "Dorset Aisle"

Fan vaulted ceiling of the north aisle ("Dorset Aisle") of Ottery St Mary Church, built by Cecily Bonville, Marchioness of Dorset. She also built the North Porch which displays sculpted Stafford Knots, a heraldic badge of her second husband Fan vaulting in the north nave aisle, St Mary's Church, Ottery St Mary.jpg
Fan vaulted ceiling of the north aisle ("Dorset Aisle") of Ottery St Mary Church, built by Cecily Bonville, Marchioness of Dorset. She also built the North Porch which displays sculpted Stafford Knots, a heraldic badge of her second husband

In the 1490s Cecily added a magnificent fan vaulted north aisle, which she had personally designed, to the Church of Ottery St Mary in Devon. One of the many estates she had inherited from her father was the nearby manor of Knightstone [32] within the parish. This north aisle is therefore known as the "Dorset Aisle". As Cecily had been present at the inauguration of the St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in 1476, she was inspired by its construction to later design the north aisle at Ottery St Mary in a similar style. [33] Her coat-of-arms, a figure of St. Cecilia, and carved heraldic devices and badges are displayed throughout the aisle representing her own lineage as well as that of her two spouses. She also made several additions to other churches situated within the locality of her vast West Country holdings; however, none were executed as splendidly, and with such meticulous attention to detail as the Dorset Aisle.

Upon the death of Thomas Grey in September 1501, Cecily's eldest son Thomas inherited his title and some of his estates, however Cecily kept the greater portion of his lands and properties. Cecily was also named as one of her mother's executors in the latter's will, which was written shortly before her death in 1504. [34]

Dispute with her son

She married a second time in 1503 on her Feast Day of 22 November, Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire; however, this marriage did not produce any children. As the marriage had required a papal dispensation and the King's licence, Stafford paid Henry VII the sum of £2,000 for the necessary permission to marry Cecily, who at 43 years old was 19 years older than her spouse. Her son Thomas, the 2nd Marquess of Dorset vehemently disapproved of the match, as it is alleged he feared she would use her inheritance to "endow her new husband at his own expense". [35] His fears did have some foundation as Cecily gave Stafford a life estate in holdings valued at £1,000 per year and even vowed to leave him the remainder of her capital should Thomas happen to predecease her. [36] This provoked Thomas to challenge Cecily's right to continue as his father's sole executor, resulting in an acrimonious dispute that necessitated the intervention of King Henry VII and his council to stop it from escalating even further. [37] The settlement the King decreed allowed Cecily to manage her late husband's estate until she had paid off his debts, but prevented her from claiming her dower until she had transferred the remainder of her son's inheritance to him. [37] King Henry's arbitrary decision also severely limited her control over her own inheritance: she was required to bequeath all of it to Thomas upon her death; until then, Cecily was permitted to grant lands worth up to 1,000 marks per annum for a certain number of years. [37] Historian Barbara Jean Harris stated that the Crown's oppressive decree greatly restricted Cecily's personal rights as an heiress in favour of those of her eldest son and the tradition of primogeniture. [37] Nearly two decades later, she and her son quarrelled again; on this occasion it was about their mutual duties towards Thomas's seven surviving siblings. Cardinal Thomas Wolsey arbitrated on behalf of King Henry VIII and ordered both Cecily and Thomas to contribute to the dowries of her four living daughters: the ladies Dorothy, Mary, Elizabeth, and Cecily. She was also forced to create individual annuities drawn from her own funds for her three younger sons. [38] In 1527 she gave her daughter Elizabeth an additional dowry of £1000 although her marriage to the Earl of Kildare had gone against the wishes of both Cecily and her first husband. She added the following explanation for the gift of money despite having had earlier misgivings: "Forasmuch as the said marriage is honourable and I and all her friends have cause to be content with the same". [39] Cecily is recorded as having made her last will on 6 March 1528, [40] signing her name as Cecill Marquess of Dorset, Lady Haryngton and Bonvyll, late wife of Thomas Marquess of Dorset. [41]

Death and legacy

Presumed, partially damaged effigy of Cecily Bonville on her tomb in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire Cecily Bonville.jpg
Presumed, partially damaged effigy of Cecily Bonville on her tomb in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire

During her lifetime, Cecily expanded Shute Manor from a medieval country house into a grand Tudor residence. The late years of her life were spent at Astley Castle in Astley, Warwickshire, the family seat of the Grey family.

Cecily died during an outbreak of the sweating sickness on 12 May 1529 at Shacklewell in Hackney, London. She was buried in the Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire, where her effigy (which has been damaged), can be seen alongside those of her distant cousin, Sir Edward Grey, Viscount Lisle (d. 1492) and his wife Elizabeth, née Talbot (d. 1487). Cecily is on the far left of the group wearing a pedimental head-dress, a high-cut kirtle, cote-hardie, and mantle, at the corners of which are two small dogs. She was not quite sixty-nine years old at the time of her death. Her second husband had died six years earlier, deeply in debt; these debts, Cecily had been legally obliged to repay. [42] In her will, Cecily had expressed her wish to be buried with her first husband, and had made the necessary provisions for the construction of a "goodly tomb". [43] She also requested for a thousand masses to be said for her soul "in as convenient haste as may be". [44]

Cecily Bonville had many notable descendants, including Lady Jane Grey, Lady Catherine Grey, Elizabeth FitzGerald, Countess of Lincoln, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Elizabeth Vernon and Frances Howard, Countess of Somerset.

One of Cecily Bonville's West Country estates, Sock Denny Manor in Somerset was farmed for £22 in 1527–28, and again, ten years after her death, in 1539–40, . [45]

In February 1537, her daughter Cecily Sutton wrote to Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, complaining of the poverty in which she and her husband were forced to live. [46] There is also an extant letter which Cecily Bonville herself had written to Cromwell.

In fiction

Cecily Bonville is the protagonist in The Summer Queen, a historical romance which was written by Alice Walworth Graham and published in 1973. The novel is highly fictitious as it takes many liberties with the known facts of Cecily's life, so it is not to be regarded as a biography.



  1. Cecily's maternal grandfather and Edward IV's mother, Cecily Neville were siblings
  2. Church Law forbade a man to marry the widow of his dead brother, but only if the union had been consummated. Fifty years later, when Henry VIII applied to the Pope seeking an annulment from Catherine of Aragon in order to marry Anne Boleyn, he would use this very law, which was written in the Book of Leviticus, to insist that his marriage to Catherine had been invalid from the beginning.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edward IV of England</span> King from 1461 to 1470 and 1471 to 1483

Edward IV was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, then again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions between 1455 and 1487.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth Woodville</span> 15th-century Queen consort of England

Elizabeth Woodville was Queen of England from her marriage to King Edward IV on 1 May 1464 until Edward was deposed on 3 October 1470, and again from Edward's resumption of the throne on 11 April 1471 until his death on 9 April 1483.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cecily Neville, Duchess of York</span> 15th-century English duchess

Cecily Neville was an English noblewoman, the wife of Richard, Duke of York (1411–1460), and the mother of two kings of England—Edward IV and Richard III. Cecily Neville was known as "the Rose of Raby", because she was born at Raby Castle in Durham, and "Proud Cis", because of her pride and a temper that went with it, although she was also known for her piety. She herself signed her name "Cecylle".

Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, also Wydeville, was the father of Elizabeth Woodville and father-in-law of Edward IV.

Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, 1st Earl of Huntingdon, 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby, was an English nobleman, courtier and the eldest son of Elizabeth Woodville and her first husband Sir John Grey of Groby. Her second marriage to King Edward IV made her Queen of England, thus elevating Grey's status at court and in the realm as the stepson of the King. Through his mother's assiduous endeavours, he made two materially advantageous marriages to wealthy heiresses, the King's niece Anne Holland and Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington. By the latter he had 14 children.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings</span> English nobleman

William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings KG was an English nobleman. A loyal follower of the House of York during the Wars of the Roses, he became a close friend and one of the most important courtiers of King Edward IV, whom he served as Lord Chamberlain. At the time of Edward's death he was one of the most powerful and richest men in England. He was executed following accusations of treason by Edward's brother and ultimate successor, Richard III. The date of his death is disputed; early histories give 13 June, which is the traditional date.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire</span> English peer

Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire was an English peer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cecily of York</span> Viscountess Welles

Cecily of York, was the third daughter of King Edward IV of England and his queen consort Elizabeth Woodville.

Elizabeth Stafford was an English noblewoman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Grey of Groby</span> 15th-century English knight

Sir John Grey, of Groby, Leicestershire was a Lancastrian knight, the first husband of Elizabeth Woodville who later married King Edward IV of England, and great-great-grandfather of Lady Jane Grey.

Events from the 1460s in England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset</span> English peer

Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset was an English peer, courtier, soldier and landowner of the House of Grey.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington</span> English nobleman

William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington was an English nobleman who was a loyal adherent of the House of York during the dynastic conflict in England in the 15th century now known as the Wars of the Roses. He was slain and left dead on the field during the Yorkist defeat at the Battle of Wakefield, leaving his baby daughter, Cecily Bonville heiress to his barony.

Anne Woodville, Viscountess Bourchier was an English noblewoman. She was a younger sister of Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville to whom she served as a lady-in-waiting. Anne was married twice; first to William Bourchier, Viscount Bourchier, and secondly to George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent. Anne was the grandmother of the disinherited adulteress Anne Bourchier, 7th Baroness Bourchier, and an ancestress of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex.

Katherine Neville, Baroness Hastings, was a noblewoman and a member of the powerful Neville family of northern England. She was one of the six daughters of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and the sister of military commander Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, known to history as Warwick the Kingmaker.

Margaret Grey was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman, the daughter of Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, a powerful Welsh Marcher Lord, who was the implacable enemy of Owain Glyndŵr.

Elizabeth Grey, Countess of Kildare, was an English noblewoman, the second wife of Gerald FitzGerald, 9th Earl of Kildare. Her father was Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anne Hastings, Countess of Shrewsbury</span> English noblewoman

Anne Hastings, Countess of Shrewsbury was an English noblewoman who served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of King Henry VIII of England. Anne was the first wife of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom she had 11 children. Her maternal half-sister was Cecily Bonville, Baroness Harington and Bonville, the wealthiest heiress in late 15th-century England, making Anne the half-great-great-aunt of Jane Grey.

Anne Devereux, Countess of Pembroke, was an English noblewoman, who was Countess of Pembroke during the 15th century by virtue of marriage to William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke.

Lady Eleanor Grey, was an English noblewoman, and the first wife of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne in Cornwall, "the most important man in the county", being Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall. Their monumental brass in the church at St Columb Major in Cornwall was described by E. H. W. Dunkin (1882) as "perhaps the most elaborate and interesting brass to be found in Cornwall." Her father was Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset. Lady Eleanor was an ancestor of the later Barons Arundell of Wardour.


  1. Faris. Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists. 2nd ed. (1999): p. 160 [see GREY 5]. (author states, "'Cecill Bonville, Marquess Harrington and Bonvill' died testate (P.C.C., 22 Jankyn) at Shacklewell in Hackney, Middlesex. on 12 May 1529, and was buried with her first husband.").
  2. Source: Burke's General Armory 1884, p. 99
  3. Bye, Arthur Edwin (1956). History of the Bye Family and Some Allied Families. p. 275. Google Books. Retrieved 28 March 2011
  4. Richardson, Douglas; Everingham, Kimball G. (2004). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, pp.109110
  5. Kendall, Paul Murray (1955). Richard the Third. pp.39 40. London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. ISBN   0-04-942048-8
  6. Costain, Thomas B. (1962). The Last Plantagenets. New York: Popular Library (originally published by Doubleday and Company, Inc.). pp. 315316
  7. Britannia: Lympstone From Roman Times to the 17th Century. The Early History of Lympstone in Devon, edited by Rosemary Smith. Archived 2 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 31-10-10
  8. W. H. Hamilton Rogers (2003). The Strife of the Roses and Days of the Tudors in the West. p. 52. Google Books. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  9. Backhouse, Janet (1997). The Hastings Hours. San Francisco: Pomegranate Artbooks. p. 34.Google Books, retrieved 31-10-10
  10. John Burke, A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, Extinct, Dormant and in Abeyance, p. 251, published by Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, London, 1831, Google Books, retrieved on 12 June 2009
  11. Mosley, Charles (2003). Burke's Peerage, Vol.2, p. 1789
  12. Cokayne, G. E. (2000). The Complete Peerage. Vol. II. p. 219. Gloucester, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing
  13. Ross, Charles (1997). Edward IV. Yale English Monarchs (revised ed.). Connecticut:Yale University Press. p. 37 ISBN   0-300-07372-0
  14. Backhouse, p. 34
  15. Hicks, Michael A. (1998, 2002). Warwick the Kingmaker. UK: Blackwell Publisher's, Ltd. p. 270. Google Books. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  16. Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands, Earls of Kent, Holand, sourced from Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. 1, XL, Harleian MS 1074, No. IV, p. 297. retrieved on 28 August 2012
  17. Ross, Charles Derek (1974). Edward IV. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 336. Google Books, retrieved 31-10-10. ISBN   0-520-02781-7
  18. 1 2 3 Corbet, Anthony, Dr. (2015). Edward IV, England's Forgotten Warrior King: His Life, His People And His Legacy. Bloomington:iUniverse. p. 368 ISBN   978-1-4917-4635-6
  19. Richmond, Colin (2000). The Pastons of the Fifteenth Century: Endings. UK: Manchester University Press. p. 151. Google Books. Retrieved 28 March 2011
  20. 1 2 Ross, p. 336
  21. Hicks, Michael A. (1991). Richard III and his rivals: magnates and their motives in the Wars of the Roses. London: Hambledon Press. p. 220. Google Books. Retrieved 9 February 2011 ISBN   1-85285-053-1
  22. Costain, pp. 394395
  23. Kendall, Paul Murray. Richard The Third. p. 204
  24. Kendall, pp.168; 180
  25. Kendall, pp.209210
  26. Kendall, p. 282
  27. Kendall, pp. 287–288
  28. Richardson, Everingham, p. 391
  29. Crawford, Anne (2007). The Yorkists: the History of a Dynasty. London: Hambledon Continuum. p. 156. Google Books. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  30. Richmond, p. 151
  31. Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p. 619
  32. Pevsner, p. 619
  33. The Burlington Magazine, 1918, p. 76, retrieved 29-12-09
  34. Hamilton Rogers, p. 59
  35. Harris, Barbara Jean (2002). English Aristocratic Women, 1450-1550: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp.114115, Google Books. Retrieved on 12 June 2009
  36. Emerson, Kathy Lynn, A Who's Who of Tudor Women, Bo-Brom Archived 5 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 31-10-10
  37. 1 2 3 4 Harris, pp.114115
  38. Harris, Barbara Jean (2002). English Aristocratic Women, 1450-1550:Marriage and Family, Property and Careers. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp.114115
  39. Harris, p. 58
  40. Cecilia Bonville, Baroness Bonville and Harington; the Peerage; accessed 2020-05-13
  41. Nicholas Harris Nicolas (1826). Testamenta Vetusta: Illustrations being from wills, of manners, customs, &c, as well as of the Descents and Possessions of Many Distinguished Families. From the Reign of Henry the Second to the Accession of Queen Elizabeth; Vol. II, p. 631
  42. Emerson, Kathy Lynn. A Who's Who of Women, retrieved 3 October 2010
  43. Emerson, retrieved 3 October 2010
  44. Nicolas. Testamenta Vetusta. p. 632
  45. The History of the County of Somerset: Volume 3, footnote:SC.6/Hen.VIII/6214-15, edited by R.W Dunning, 1974, British History Online, retrieved on 17 February 2009
  46. Emerson, Kathy Lynn. A Who's Who of Tudor Women, retrieved 19 April 2010


  1. thepeerage Accessed 26 July 2008
  2. Bridie, Marion Ferguson (1955). The Story of Shute: the Bonvilles and Poles. Axminster, England: Shute School.
  3. Fraser, Antonia (1975) The Lives of The Kings and Queens of England. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN   0-394-49557-4
  4. Worldroots.com by Leo Van de Pas
  5. Costain, Thomas Bertram (1962). The Last Plantagenets. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
  6. Kendall, Paul Murray (1955). Richard The Third. London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. ISBN   0-04-942048-8
  7. Harris, Barbara Jean (2002). English Aristocratic Women, 1450-1550: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Peerage of England
Preceded by Baroness Bonville
Succeeded by
Preceded by Baroness Harington