Central Bohemian Region

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Central Bohemia Region

Středočeský kraj
Cityscape of Kutna Hora - Saint James church.jpg
Cityscape of Kutná Hora with St James church
Flag of Central Bohemian Region.svg
Flag
Central Bohemian Region CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
Stredocesky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Capital Prague
Districts Benešov District, Beroun District, Kladno District, Kolín District, Kutná Hora District, Mělník District, Mladá Boleslav District, Nymburk District, Prague-East District, Prague-West District, Příbram District, Rakovník District
Government
  Governor Petra Pecková (STAN)
Area
  Total11,014.97 km2 (4,252.90 sq mi)
Highest elevation
865 m (2,838 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total1,369,332
  Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166-2 CZ-ST
Licence plateS
NUTS codeCZ02
GDP per capita (PPS) (2018)€ 24,900
HDI (2019)0.856 [2]
very high · 7th
Website www.kr-stredocesky.cz

The Central Bohemian Region (Czech : Středočeský kraj, German : Mittelböhmische Region) is an administrative unit (Czech : kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is in the Czech capital Prague (Czech : Praha), which lies in the centre of the region. However, the city is not part of it but is a region of its own.

Contents

The Central Bohemian Region is in the centre of Bohemia. In terms of area, it is the largest region in the Czech Republic, with 11,014 km2, almost 14% of the total area of the country. It surrounds the country's capital, Prague, and borders Liberec Region (in the north), Hradec Králové Region (northeast), Pardubice Region (east), Vysočina Region (southeast), South Bohemian Region (south), Plzeň Region (west) and Ústí nad Labem Region (northwest).

Administrative divisions

The Central Bohemian Region is divided into 12 districts:

Central Bohemia districts.png
Districts of the Central Bohemian Region
   Benešov
   Beroun
   Kladno
   Kolín
   Kutná Hora
   Mělník
   Mladá Boleslav
   Nymburk
   Praha-Východ (Prague-East)
   Praha-Západ (Prague-West)
   Příbram
   Rakovník

Příbram District is the region's largest district in terms of area (15% of the total region's area), while Prague-West District is the smallest one (5%). In 2019, the region counted in total 1,144 municipalities where of 26 were municipalities with a delegated municipal office. 1,028 municipalities had less than 2,000 inhabitants and they accounted for 41% of the total population of the region. 82 municipalities had a status of town.

Geography

The Sazava River at the Kliment's View Sazava River (CZE) at Kliment's View.jpg
The Sázava River at the Kliment's View

With an area of 11,014 km2, the Central Bohemian Region is the largest region of the Czech Republic, occupying 14% of its total area. The region has relatively diversified terrain. The highest point of the region is located on Tok hill (865 m [3] ) in Brdy Highlands in the southwestern part of the region. The lowest point of the region is situated on the water surface of the Elbe River (Czech: Labe) near Dolní Beřkovice.

The region is divided into two landscape types. The northeastern part is formed by the Polabí lowlands with a high share of land being used for agricultural purposes and deciduous forests. The south-western part of the region is hilly with coniferous and mixed forests.

Important rivers in the region are Elbe, Vltava, Berounka, Jizera and Sázava. On the Vltava river, a series of nine dams (Czech: Vltavská kaskáda) was constructed throughout the 20th century.

The agricultural land accounts for 83.5% of all land in the region, which 11p.p. more than the national average. The highest share of the agricultural land can be found in Polabí, especially in Kolín and Nymburk districts.

There are a number of landscape parks located in the region. Křivoklátsko is the largest and most important landscape park in the region, being at the same time a UNESCO Biosphere Reservation. Another remarkable area is the Bohemian Karst, the largest karst area in the Czech republic, where the Koněprusy Caves (Czech: Koněpruské jeskyně) are located. Finally, a large part of Kokořínsko Landscape Park is situated in the Central Bohemian Region.

Population

As of January 1, 2019 the Central Bohemian Region had 1,369,332 inhabitants and was the most populous region in the country. About 53% of the inhabitants lived in towns or cities. This is the lowest proportion among the regions of the Czech Republic.

Since the second half of the 1990s the areas surrounding Prague have been significantly influenced by suburbanization. High numbers of young people have moved to the region and since 2006 the region has been experiencing a natural population growth. In 2019, the average age in the region was 41.2 years, the lowest number among the regions in the Czech Republic. [1]

The table shows cities and towns in the region that had more than 10,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019): [4]

NamePopulationArea (km2) District
Kladno prapor.gif Kladno 69,05437 Kladno District
Flag of Mlada Boleslav.svg Mladá Boleslav 44,48929 Mladá Boleslav District
Flag of Pribram.svg Příbram 32,64233 Příbram District
Flag of Kolin.svg Kolín 31,69035 Kolín District
Kutna Hora CZ flag.gif Kutná Hora 20,58033 Kutná Hora District
Vlajka mesta Beroun.svg Beroun 19,51031 Beroun District
Flag of Melnik.svg Mělník 19,48625 Mělník District
Brandys nad Labem-Stara Boleslav CoA.jpg Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav 19,13623 Prague-East District
Flag of Kralupy nad Vltavou.svg Kralupy nad Vltavou 18,19422 Mělník District
Flag of Benesov.svg Benešov 16,65647 Benešov District
Neratovice znak.png Neratovice 16,16320 Mělník District
Rakovnik prapor.gif Rakovník 15,84619 Rakovník District
Flag of Slany.svg Slaný 15,83435 Kladno District
Flag of Ricany.svg Říčany 15,61926 Prague-East District
Nymburk vl podelne.jpg Nymburk 15,06321 Nymburk District
Flag of Podebrady.svg Poděbrady 14,18634 Nymburk District
Vlajka Celakovice.jpg Čelákovice 12,26016 Prague-East District
Milovice NB CZ flag.svg Milovice 11,83431 Nymburk District
Flag of Vlasim.svg Vlašim 11,59841 Benešov District
Flag of Caslav.svg Čáslav 10,32626 Kutná Hora District
Silver mining in Kutna Hora in the 15th century Silver mining in Kutna Hora 1490s.jpg
Silver mining in Kutná Hora in the 15th century
Skoda Superb produced in Mlada Boleslav Skoda Superb Silber.jpg
Škoda Superb produced in Mladá Boleslav

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 24.1 billion € in 2018, accounting for 11.6% of Czech economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 25,300 € or 82% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 84% of the EU average, which makes Central Bohemia one of the wealthiest regions in the Czech Republic. [5] Six out of ten employees in the region work in the tertiary sector and the share of this sector on the total employment has been increasing over time. On the other hand, the share of primary and secondary sector has been decreasing. The unemployment rate in the region is in the long-term lower than the national average. As of December 31, 2012 the registered unemployment rate was 7.07%. However, there were considerable differences in the unemployment rate within the region. The lowest unemployment rate was in Prague-East District (3.35%) while the highest in Příbram District (10.10%). The average wage in the region in 2012 was CZK 24,749 (approximately EUR 965).

Industry

The most important branches of industry in the region are mechanical engineering, chemical industry and food industry. Other significant industries are glass production, ceramics and printing. On the other hand, some traditional industries such as steel industry, leather manufacturing and coal mining have been declining in the recent period.

In 2006, 237 industrial companies with 100 or more employees were active in the region. A car manufacturer ŠKODA AUTO a.s. Mladá Boleslav became a company of nationwide importance. Another car manufacturer which is active in the region is TPCA Czech, s.r.o. in Kolín.

Agriculture

The north-eastern part of the region has very favourable conditions for agriculture. The agriculture in the region is oriented especially in crop farming, namely the production of wheat, barley, sugar beet and in suburban areas also fruit farming, vegetable growing and floriculture. Since the beginning of the 1990s the employment in agriculture, forestry and fishing has been decreasing.

Transport

The region has an advantageous position thanks to its proximity to the capital. A significant proportion of region's population commutes daily to Prague for work or to schools. Compared to other regions, the Central Bohemian region has the densest (and the most overloaded) transport network. The roads and railways connecting the capital with other regions all cross the Central Bohemian region.

Tourism

Central Bohemia official tourist board is based in Husova street 156/21 Prague 1 Old Town. The official website of Central bohemia is www.centralbohemia.eu (Currently under reconstruction). There are also social pages on Faceboook and Instagram.

Castles

Related Research Articles

Geography of the Czech Republic Geographical features of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a land-locked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the north. It consists mostly of low hills and plateaus surrounded along the borders by low mountains. Two areas of lowlands follow the Elbe river and the Morava river. About a third of the area of the Czech Republic is covered by forests.

South Bohemian Region Region of the Czech Republic

South Bohemian Region is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mostly in the southern part of its historical land of Bohemia, with a small part in southwestern Moravia. The western part of the South Bohemian Region is former Prachens (Prácheňsko), a huge archaic region with distinctive features with its capital, Písek. In 2011, there were 624 municipalities in the region, whereof 54 had a status of a town.

Plzeň Region Region of the Czech Republic

Plzeň Region is an administrative unit (kraj) in the western part of Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is named after its capital Plzeň. In terms of area, Plzeň Region is 7,561 km2, the third largest region in the Czech Republic. However, the population of about 585,000 inhabitants it is the ninth most populous region. After the South Bohemian Region it is the second least densely populated region. The region can be roughly divided into two parts: a highly industrialized north-eastern part with a strong engineering tradition around Pilsen and a more hilly and rural south-western part with smaller-sized manufacturing companies processing natural resources.

South Moravian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The South Moravian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. The region's capital is Brno, the nation's 2nd largest city. South Moravia is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region, Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia and Lower Austria, Austria (south).

Hradec Králové Region Region of the Czech Republic

Hradec Králové Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic located in the north-eastern part of the historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Hradec Králové. The region neighbours the Pardubice Region in the south, the Central Bohemian Region in the south-west, and the Liberec Region in the west. It also shares a 208 km long international border with Polish Lower Silesian Voivodship in the north and the east.

Olomouc Region Region of the Czech Republic

Olomouc Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western and central part of its historical region of Moravia (Morava) and in a small part of the historical region of Czech Silesia. It is named for its capital Olomouc.

Pardubice Region Region of the Czech Republic

Pardubice Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. It is named after its capital Pardubice. As an administrative unit, Pardubice Region has existed three times in the course of history. It was established for the first time in 1850, and extended from Český Brod to the Bohemian-Moravian border. In its second existence, it was one of 19 regions as they were set between 1949 and 1960. After 1960, Pardubice became the capital of Pardubice district, which was part of the Eastern Bohemian Region. The Pardubice Region, as it is now, was reestablished in 2000.

Zlín Region Region of the Czech Republic

Zlín Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-eastern part of the historical region of Moravia. It is named after its capital Zlín. Together with the Olomouc Region it forms a cohesion area of Central Moravia. It is located in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, where the borders with Slovakia are formed by its eastern edge. It borders the South Moravian Region in the southwest, the Olomouc Region in the northwest and the Moravian-Silesian Region in the north. Culturally, the region is composed of parts of three traditional Moravian regions: Hanakia, the Moravian Slovakia and the Moravian Wallachia, as the city of Zlín lies roughly at their tripoint.

Ústí nad Labem Region Region of the Czech Republic

Ústí nad Labem Region or Ústecký Region, is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of the historical land of Bohemia, and named after the capital, Ústí nad Labem. It covers the majority of the former North Bohemia province and is part of the broader area of North Bohemia.

Kolín Town in the Czech Republic

Kolín is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 32,000 inhabitants. It lies some 55 kilometers (34 mi) east from Prague, on the Elbe River. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument reservation.

Benešov Town in the Czech Republic

Benešov is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 17,000 inhabitants. It lies about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Prague. The town is known for the Konopiště Castle.

Jizera (river)

The Jizera is a river that begins on the border between Poland and the Czech Republic and ends in Central Bohemian Region. It is 167.0 km long, and its basin area is about 2,200 km2, of which 2,145 km2 in the Czech Republic.

Kingdom of Bohemia Monarchy in Central Europe, predecessor of modern Czech Republic

The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes later in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom, was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic. It was an Imperial State in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Bohemian king was a prince-elector of the empire. The kings of Bohemia, besides the region of Bohemia proper itself, also ruled other lands belonging to the Bohemian Crown, which at various times included Moravia, Silesia, Lusatia, and parts of Saxony, Brandenburg, and Bavaria.

Svitavy District District in Pardubice, Czech Republic

Svitavy District is a district (okres) within Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. Its capital is the town of Svitavy. As a part of Pardubice Region the district has borders with Ústí nad Orlicí District to the north and Chrudim District to the west. The district was administratively formed in 1960, when the former districts of Litomyšl, Moravská Třebová, Polička and Svitavy were merged.

Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav Town in Central Bohemian, Czech Republic

Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav is an administratively united pair of towns in Prague-East District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 19,000 inhabitants and it is the second largest Czech united pair of towns after Frýdek-Místek. Historic centres of both Brandýs nad Labem and Stará Boleslav are well preserved and are protected by law as urban monument zones.

Sedlčany Town in Central Bohemian, Czech Republic

Sedlčany is a town in Příbram District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,900 inhabitants.

Polabí

Polabí is the traditional and informal name for a lowlands region located mainly in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, just north from Prague. The name comes from Czech po Labi, meaning "along the Elbe". The same linguistic construction gave its name to the extinct Polabian Slavs in today's Germany.

Dymokury Municipality in Central Bohemian, Czech Republic

Dymokury is a municipality and village in Nymburk District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 900 inhabitants.

References

  1. 1 2 "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2018-02-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  5. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.

Coordinates: 50°0′N14°32′E / 50.000°N 14.533°E / 50.000; 14.533