Central Falls, Rhode Island

Last updated
City of Central Falls
Central Falls Mills District 2013.jpg
Arms of Central Falls, Rhode Island.svg
Motto: 
"A City With A Bright Future"
Providence County Rhode Island incorporated and unincorporated areas Central Falls highlighted.svg
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°53′30″N71°23′28″W / 41.89167°N 71.39111°W / 41.89167; -71.39111 Coordinates: 41°53′30″N71°23′28″W / 41.89167°N 71.39111°W / 41.89167; -71.39111
CountryUnited States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Settled1675
IncorporatedFebruary 25, 1895
Government
  Type Mayor-council
  MayorMaria Rivera
Area
[1]
  Total1.27 sq mi (3.30 km2)
  Land1.19 sq mi (3.09 km2)
  Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation
[2]
85 ft (26 m)
Population
 (2020) [3]
  Total22,583
  Density18,913.74/sq mi (7,302.64/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
02863
Area code 401
FIPS code 44-14140 [4]
GNIS feature ID1218931 [2]
Website www.centralfallsri.us

Central Falls is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 22,583 at the 2020 census. With an area of only 1.29 square miles (3.3 km2), it is the smallest [5] and most densely populated city in the smallest state, and the 27th most densely populated incorporated place in the United States. It is also one of only four incorporated places in New England that have a higher population density than the city of Boston (ranking fourth, behind the Massachusetts cities of Somerville, Chelsea and Cambridge, all inner suburbs of Boston). The city takes its name from a waterfall on the Blackstone River.

Contents

In May 2010, Central Falls went into receivership, [6] then filed for bankruptcy August 1, 2011. [7] [8] After cutting jobs and services, Central Falls came out of bankruptcy in September 2012. [9]

History

Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area was home to Nipmuc, Wampanoag and Narragansett peoples.

Broad Street c. 1908 Broad Street (Central Falls) postcard.jpg
Broad Street c.1908
U.S. Cotton Co. c. 1910 U.S. Cotton Co., Central Falls, RI.jpg
U.S. Cotton Co. c.1910

Central Falls has historic significance as being the site of a major battle during King Philip's War. It was here on March 26, 1676, that Narragansett Indians ambushed Captain Michael Pierce and his Plymouth Colony troops who (with 20 Christian Wampanoag Indians) were pursuing them. Nearly all those ambushed were killed, including nine taken prisoner and later tortured to death at nearby Cumberland, Rhode Island. A stone memorial marks the mass grave at the site known as "Nine Men's Misery". [10]

In the 18th century, Captain Stephen Jenks built a trip hammer and blacksmith shop along the Blackstone River, forming the nucleus of what would eventually become Central Falls. Other manufacturers, including a chocolate maker, set up shop in the building, and the new village became known as Chocolateville.

In 1824, Stephen Jenks suggested the name Central Falls, thus giving the village its permanent name. Central Falls was incorporated as a town in 1730.

Originally, Central Falls was one of the many villages within the town of Smithfield, but in 1871, having experienced a growth spurt, it split into three smaller towns: Smithfield, North Smithfield and Lincoln. Central Falls then became part of the town of Lincoln. Lincoln experienced its own growth spurt, so in 1895 Lincoln split into two towns, giving rise to the city of Central Falls.

While Quakers made up the majority of the first European settlers in the area, they were soon followed by a diverse mix of immigrants from Ireland, Scotland and French Canada. By the 20th century, Central Falls had experienced its own population explosion and for a while was the most densely populated city in the United States. In recent decades, a large number of Hispanic immigrants have resided in Central Falls. Central Falls has historically been an extremely diverse city, so much so that when the city celebrated its 100th anniversary with a parade in 1995, more than 100 countries were represented.

Geography

Central Falls is located at 41°53′24″N71°23′33″W / 41.89000°N 71.39250°W / 41.89000; -71.39250 (41.889863, −71.392606). [5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (6.20%) is water. It is drained by the Blackstone River.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 18,167
1910 22,75425.2%
1920 24,1746.2%
1930 25,8086.8%
1940 25,248−2.2%
1950 23,550−6.7%
1960 19,858−15.7%
1970 18,716−5.8%
1980 16,995−9.2%
1990 17,6373.8%
2000 18,9287.3%
2010 19,3762.4%
2020 22,58316.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [3]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 18,928 people, 6,696 households, and 4,359 families residing in the city. The population density was 15,652.0 inhabitants per square mile (6,043.3/km2). There were 7,270 housing units at an average density of 6,011.7 per square mile (2,321.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 57.16% White, 5.82% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 28.35% from other races, and 7.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.77% of the population.

There were 6,696 households, out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 21.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.2% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,628, and the median income for a family was $26,844. Males had a median income of $23,854 versus $18,544 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,825. About 25.9% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 29.3% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, Central Falls was the only majority-minority municipality in Rhode Island with 60.31 percent of its residents identifying as Hispanic/Latino with Puerto Ricans, Guatemalans, and Colombians making up the largest share among the ethnicity. [11]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey, Central Falls had a median household income of $28,901 during the 2012-2016 estimates, making it the poorest municipality in Rhode Island. [12]

Education

Central Falls High School Central Falls High School, Central Falls RI.jpg
Central Falls High School

Residents are served by the Central Falls School District. This school district is funded and appointed by the State of Rhode Island Department of Education.

In February 2010, the entire faculty and administrative staff of Central Falls High School was fired after the teachers' union refused to accept one of the "No Child Left Behind" options for restructuring failing schools. In accordance with NCLB legislation, schools deemed failing have four options to follow for restructuring. The superintendent proceeded and chose the "turnaround model", which requires a district to fire the entire staff (teachers and administrators). They may rehire up to 50% of the teachers for the beginning of the next school year. The school has a graduation rate of around 50%, and 7% of 11th-graders were proficient in mathematics in 2009. [13] This school had been identified as one of the worst in the state. The teachers union sued the school district, challenging the requirement that teachers must reapply for their jobs. [14] The Obama administration sided with the school board. In May 2010, the teachers were rehired when they agreed to work the extra time required. [15]

As of the year 2000 US census, 5.9% of Central Falls residents age 25 and older have a bachelor's or advanced college degree. [16]

There has been at least one Catholic school present in Central Falls since 1895. By 1908, there were three: St. Matthew's, Holy Trinity, and Notre Dame. In 1995, these three schools were combined to create St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Academy, which is located in the building originally serving St. Matthew's. Currently, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Academy is the only non-public school in Central Falls.

Government

Central Falls City Hall Central Falls Rhode Island City Hall.jpg
Central Falls City Hall

In the Rhode Island Senate, Central Falls is included in the 16th District and is currently represented by Democrat Jonathan Acosta. At the federal level, Central Falls is a part of Rhode Island's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat David N. Cicilline.

The city is governed by a Mayor-Council type government led by Mayor Maria Rivera. The City Council consists of five wards and is represented by Jonathan Acosta, Robert Ferri, Hugo Figueroa, Franklin Solano, and Jessica Vega. [17]

The Pawtucket Water Supply Board owns and operates the water system. [18]

Issues

On April 25, 2010, the Providence Journal Bulletin ran an article detailing rampant fraud and corruption by Mayor Charles D. Moreau, outlining no-bid contracts and kickbacks from a high school friend, who was granted almost $2 million in overpriced property boarding fees. The article further states that the same friend gave him a $6,875 furnace for his own home for only $6,000, which Moreau said he paid 'in cash'. The friend in question, Michael G. Bouthillette, was a campaign contributor to Moreau's multiple re-election campaigns. These allegations and others are currently being investigated by the Rhode Island State Police. [19]

Financial straits of the city government of Central Falls have worsened in the 2000s as the state cut money to cities and towns, and pensions and pensioner health insurance for city employees accumulated to the extent that the city government declared insolvency in May 2010 and went into receivership. [20] On August 1, 2011 Central Falls filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 9, Title 11 of the United States Code. It made the filing as it grappled with an $80 million unfunded pension and retiree health benefit liability that is over five times its annual budget of $17 million.[ needs update ]

Presidential Election Voting

Like most other majority-minority urban municipalities, Central Falls is overwhelmingly Democratic in presidential elections. No Republican has come remotely close to winning the city in over three decades, during which time voters have consistently backed Democratic nominees with lopsided majorities.

Central Falls city vote
by party in presidential elections
[21]
Year GOP DEM Others
2020 26.05% 1,11371.93%3,0732.02% 86
2016 15.51% 65780.12%3,3944.37% 185
2012 12.89% 51285.87%3,4101.23% 49
2008 16.97% 66181.95%3,1911.08% 42
2004 23.05% 80775.61%2,6471.34% 47
2000 17.57% 61179.07%2,7503.36% 117
1996 13.68% 48676.75%2,7279.57% 340
1992 23.39% 95555.57%2,26921.04% 859
1988 33.36% 1,49366.24%2,9640.40% 18

National historic places in Central Falls

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. 1 2 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Central Falls, Rhode Island
  3. 1 2 "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 12, 2022.
  4. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Tucker, Eric (2010-05-20). "R.I. court names receiver for struggling Central Falls". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  7. "Central Falls, Rhode Island Chapter 9 Voluntary Petition" (PDF). PacerMonitor. PacerMonitor. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  8. "Central Falls, Rhode Island Files Chapter 9 Petition". Chapter11Cases.com. 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  9. "Bankruptcy saves tiny Rhode Island city, but leaves scars". Reuters. 4 September 2012.
  10. "History - City of Central Falls". www.centralfallsri.gov. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  11. "American FactFinder - Results" . Retrieved 2020-03-29.[ dead link ]
  12. "Rhode Island City & Town Income".
  13. The Washington Post https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/24/AR2010022402092.html.{{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)[ dead link ]
  14. "RI teachers union sues after mass firings". Fox News. April 28, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  15. Tucker, Eric (May 18, 2010). "Fired teachers OK deal to get jobs back". Newspaper Archive. Heritage Microfilm, Inc. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  16. "ePodunk". www.epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
  17. "Elected Officials". City of Central Falls. Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  18. "System Overview". The Pawtucket Water Supply Board. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  19. Stanton, Mike; Malinowski, W. Zachary (25 April 2010). "Boarding up Central Falls: Mayor Awards Lucrative Work to Friend". Providence Journal Bulletin . Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  20. "providencejournal.com: Local & World News, Sports & Entertainment in Providence, RI". providencejournal.com.
  21. "Rhode Island Board of Elections: Previous Election Results". Archived from the original on 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-08-15.