|Central Military District|
|Центральный военный округ|
|Founded||21 October 2010|
|Part of||Russian Armed Forces|
|Decorations||Order of the Red Banner|
|Lieutenant General Andrey Mordvichev|
| Russian Federation|
|Independent troops (rod)|
|Special operations force (sof)|
|History of the Russian military|
The Central Military District (Russian: Центральный военный округ) is a military district of Russia.
It is one of the five military districts of the Russian Armed Forces, with its jurisdiction primarily within the central Volga, Ural and Siberia regions of the country and Russian bases in Central Asian post-Soviet states. The Central Military District was created as part of the 2008 military reforms, and founded by Presidential Decree No.1144 signed on September 20, 2010, as an amalgamation of the Volga–Urals Military District and a majority of the Siberian Military District. The district began operation on October 21, 2010, under the command of Lieutenant-General Vladimir Chirkin.
The Central Military District is the largest military district in Russia by geographic size at 7,060,000 square kilometers (2,730,000 sq mi) (40% of Russian territory) and population at 54.9 million people (39%). The district contains 29 of the 85 federal subjects of Russia: Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Chuvashia, Irkutsk Oblast, Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kirov Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Kurgan Oblast, Mari El, Mordovia, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Penza Oblast, Perm Krai, Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tatarstan, Tomsk Oblast, Tuva, Tyumen Oblast, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk Oblast.
The Central Military District is headquartered in Yekaterinburg, and its current district commander is Lieutenant-General Andrey Mordvichev, who has held the position since 17 February 2023.
It was reported that a new mountain motorised rifle brigade, the 55th, would be formed in Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, in 2015.The brigade was formed in November 2015.
In June 2015, Leslie H. Gelb wrote that the role of the Central Military District is to "orchestrate Russian engagement in local conflicts within Central Asia, to manage Russia’s bases in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, and to supply reinforcements from its two armies either to the east or the west in the event of war" and that their purpose is to "forestall instability that might spill over into Russia and to remind everyone that Russia’s Armed Forces are mightier than China’s".
In February 2019, there were Russian-language reports that the Central Military District (as well as the Western Military District) were to be divided, to leave a military district organisation more like the pre-2010 situation.
After the signing of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement on 9 November 2020, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that Russian peacekeepers would be deployed to Nagorno-Karabakh the following day for monitoring the cease-fire and the cessation of military actions in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone. The contingent will consist of 1,960 servicemen, 90 armored vehicles, 380 units of vehicles and special equipment mainly formed of units of the 15th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade of the Central Military District.
The following list is mostly sourced from milkavkaz, 2017.
The Volga–Ural Military District was a military district of the Russian Ground Forces, formed on 1 September 2001 by the amalgamation of the Volga Military District and the Ural Military District. The headquarters of the Ural Military District, located at Yekaterinburg became the new headquarters of the merged district. In 2010 the District was merged with part of the Siberian Military District to form the new Central Military District.
The Siberian Military District was a Military district of the Russian Ground Forces. The district was originally formed as a military district of the Russian Empire in 1864. In 1924 it was reformed in the Red Army. After the end of World War II the district was split into the Western and Eastern Siberian Military Districts. In 1956 the district was reformed. In 2010 it was divided between the two newly formed Central and Eastern Military Districts.
The 5th Army of VVS and PVO was the Russian Air Force's smallest Air Army, with the headquarters located in Yekaterinburg. Its zone of responsibility was the Volga-Ural Military District, on the border between Europe and Asia.
The 14th Air and Air Defence Forces Army is an air army of the Russian Aerospace Forces, part of the Central Military District and headquartered at Yekaterinburg.
The 78th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army, formed in 1932, in Novosibirsk, in the Siberian Military District. After being used to provide cadres for new divisions, in September 1939 the division was reformed for the second time. In 1940 the division was transferred to Khabarovsk in the Far Eastern Front.
The 41st Combined Arms Army is a field army of the Russian Ground Forces, currently part of the Central Military District. Originally, it was formed in 1942 as part of the Soviet Red Army, during World War II. It was reformed in 1998, when the Transbaikal Military District and Siberian Military District were amalgamated.
The Western Military District is a military district of Russia.
The Southern Military District is a military district of Russia.
The 49th Combined Arms Army is a combined arms (field) army (CAA) of the Russian Ground Forces, formed in 2010 and headquartered in Stavropol.
Russian Signal Troops is the signal corps of the Russian Ground Forces.
The Red Banner Ural Military District was an operational–strategic territorial association of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, which existed in 1918–1922, 1935–1989 and 1992–2001.
The 28th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade was a brigade of the Russian Ground Forces. The brigade was formed in 2009 from the 34th Motor Rifle Division. The brigade, originally based in Yekaterinburg, moved to Klintsy in 2016, where it became the 488th Motor Rifle Regiment of the 144th Guards Motor Rifle Division.
90th Guards Tank Vitebsk-Novgorod Twice Red Banner Division is a Russian armoured division. The division was formed by December 2016 in the Central Military District.
Alexey Gordeyevich Selivanov was a Red Army lieutenant general who held division and corps command during World War II.
Sergey Nikolaevich Stvolov was a Soviet–Russian military officer, and lieutenant colonel of the Russian Armed Forces. He participated in the Soviet–Afghan War, First and Second Chechen Wars, First Nagorno-Karabakh War, Transnistria War, Tajikistani Civil War, and the insurgency in the North Caucasus. Having commanded the 503rd Motor Rifle Regiment of the 19th Motor Rifle Division of the 58th Combined Arms Army of the North Caucasian Military District, he was awarded the Hero of the Russian Federation in 2000.
Rustam Usmanovich Muradov is a Russian military officer, serving as a Colonel General in the Russian Armed Forces. He was the Commander of the Eastern Military District from 5 October 2022 to 6 April 2023. He was the Deputy Commander of the Southern Military District since December 2018 until October 2022. He was awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation in 2017.
The 15th Separate Guards Motorized Rifle Alexandria (Peacekeeping) Brigade (миротворческая), romanized: 15-ya otdel'naya gvardeyskaya motostrelkovaya Aleksandriyskaya brigada (mirotvorcheskaya), Military Unit Number 90600, is a unit in the Russian Ground Forces. It is the only peacekeeping brigade in the Russian Armed Forces. The formation is part of the 2nd Guards Combined Arms Army of the Central Military District. It is based in Roshchinsky in Volzhsky District of Samara Oblast.
Andrey Nikolayevich Mordvichev is a Russian lieutenant general who is the overall commander of the Central Military District.
The 15th Guards Mozyr Red Banner Order of Suvorov Tank Division was a tank division of the Soviet Army during the Cold War that became part of the Russian Ground Forces after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The 50th Separate Operational Brigade is a mobile brigade of the Internal Troops of the National Guard of Russia (Rosgvardiya). Based at Kazachi Lageri, Rostov Oblast, the brigade is part of the Southern National Guard District. It was formed in 2006 from the 100th Operational Division (DON-100) of the Internal Troops that fought in the First and Second Chechen Wars.