Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions

Last updated
SAK
Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjarjesto SAK wordmark.svg
Full nameCentral Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions
Native nameSuomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö
Finlands Fackförbunds Centralorganisation
Founded1969
Members1 million+
Affiliation ITUC, NFS, ETUC
Key people Jarkko Eloranta, president
Office location Helsinki, Finland
Country Finland
Website www.sak.fi/en OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions, usually referred to by the acronym SAK (Finnish : Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö; Swedish : Finlands Fackförbunds Centralorganisation, FFC) is the largest trade union confederation in Finland. Its member organisations have a total of more than one million members, which makes up about one fifth of the country's population.

Contents

Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions, Hakaniemi, Helsinki Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjarjesto SAK.jpg
Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions, Hakaniemi, Helsinki

History

The other two Finnish trade unions confederations are the Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK) and the Confederation of Unions for Academic Professionals in Finland (AKAVA). The most important negotiating partner of SAK is the Elinkeinoelämän keskusliitto/Finlands Näringsliv (the Confederation of Finnish Industries, EK), which represents the majority of Finnish employers.

The current SAK was founded in 1969 as the Finnish Federation of Trade Unions (SAK 1930–1969), controlled by SKDL and TPSL, and the Finnish Trade Union Federation (SAJ 1960–1969), controlled by SDP, settled their disputes and merged. The SAK, however, considers itself the continuation of the first Finnish central organisation, the Finnish Trade Union Federation (SAJ 1907–1930).

The SAK is generally supportive of the Social Democratic Party, and has spent money on advertisements backing the party. In 2007, advertisements it placed on behalf of the SDP were found to be defaming, leading the SAK to withdraw them. [1] [2]

Member unions

Current

UnionAbbreviationFoundedAffiliatedMembership (2020) [3]
Aviation UnionIAU196919693,939
Non Commissioned Officers Union*Aliupseeriliitto19663,282
Border Security Union*RTU201020102,540
Construction Trade Union Rakennusliitto1924196969,060
Customs Union*Tulliliitto1906882
Finnish Electrical Workers' Union Sähköliitto1955196934,663
Finnish Elite Athletes' Union SHU200220121,625
Finnish Food Workers' Union SEL1932196930,047
Finnish Musicians' Union Muusikkojenliitto191719743,605
Finnish Seamen's Union SM-U191619699,056
Finnish Social Democratic Journalists' Union SSSL19071969271
Finnish Transport Workers' Union AKT1970197043,509
General Union of JournalistsYLL1947173
Industrial Union Teollisuusliitto20182018211,801
Paperworkers' Union Paperiliitto1906196933,826
Post and Logistics Union PAU2005200525,004
Prison Officers' Union*VVL189519691,354
Public and Welfare Services Union JHL20052005181,881
Railway Union RAU201820183,853
Service Union United PAM20002000207,334
Trade Union for Theatre and Media TeMe197320075,007
Union of Foremen in Commerce*KEY7,901

Former

UnionAbbreviationFoundedAffiliatedReason not affiliatedYear
Air Transport Union 19571969Merged into IAU1969
Automobile and Machinery Union AKU?Merged into Metalli2003
Automobile and Transport Workers' Union ?1969Merged into AKT1970
Business Union 19871987Merged into PAM2000
Caretakers' Union KL19481969Merged into PAM2000
Chemical Union Kemia19931993Merged into TEAM2009
Chemical Workers' Union KTL19701970Merged into Kemia1993
Commercial Workers' Union 19171969Merged into Business Union1987
Finnish Air Transport Union 1969Merged into IAU1969
Finnish Automobile Workers' Union 19601969Merged into AKT1970
Finnish Bricklayers' Union 19051969Merged into Construction Trade Union1971
Finnish Cabin Crew Union SLSY2002Merged into AKT2015
Finnish Divers' Union 19061969Merged into Construction Trade Union1969
Finnish Glass and Porcelain Workers' Union 19071969Merged into Kemia1994
Finnish Media Union VA18941969Merged into TEAM2009
Finnish Miners' Union 1969Merged into Metalli1969
Finnish Police Union SPJL19231969Resigned1984
Finnish Port Workers' Union 1969Merged into AKT1970
Finnish Ships' Officers' Union SLPL19051972Transferred to STTK1989
Finnish Textile Mechanics' Union 1969Merged into Teva1989
Finnish General Workers' Union 19301969Merged into Kemia1970
General and Speciality Workers' Union YEA19601969Merged into Kemia and SEL1970
Hotel and Restaurant Workers' Union HRHL19331969Merged into PAM2000
Industrial Union TEAM TEAM20102010Merged into Industrial Union2017
Joint Organisation of State Employees VTY19211969Merged into JHL2005
Journalist Union 19471969??
Mental Health and Disability Union 1969Merged into KTV1981
Metalworkers' Union Metalli19301969Merged into Industrial Union2017
Municipal and Hospital Workers' Union 19631969Merged into KTV1971
Municipal Workers' Union KTV19311969Merged into JHL2005
Organisation of State Employees 1969??
Postal Officers' Union 18942003Merged into PAU2005
Postal Union 19061969Merged into PAU2005
Precious Metal Workers' Union 19061969Merged into Metalli1974
Railway Salaried Staff's Union Merged into RAU2018
Railway Workers' Union RAUTL19301996Merged into JHL2011
Rubber and Leather Workers' Union KNL19301969Merged into Kemia1993
Rural Workers' Union SML19451969Merged into PEL1993
Technical and Special Trades Union Tekeri19701970Merged into PAM2000
Textile and Clothing Workers' Union Teva19711971Merged into Kemia2004
Textile Workers' Union 19601969Merged into Teva1970
Union of Locomotive Drivers VML18971995Merged into RAU2018
Union of Organising Officers JTL1996
Wood and Allied Workers' Union PEL19931993Merged into Industrial Union2017
Wood Workers' Federation PTTL19601969Merged into SPL1973
Wood Workers' Union SPL19301969Merged into PEL1993

Presidents

1969: Niilo Hämäläinen
1974: Pekka Oivio
1981: Pertti Viinanen
1990: Lauri Ihalainen
2009: Lauri Lyly
2016: Jarkko Eloranta

Related Research Articles

The Finnish Confederation of Professionals (STTK) is a trade union confederation in Finland. It has a membership of 650,000 and represents salaried employees in Finland.

Left Group of Finnish Workers was a socialist political party in Finland. The party was active in the late 1920s and early 1930s. The group was founded by activists who had previously cooperated with the Communist Party of Finland (SKP). Niilo Wälläri, Eino Pekkala, Erkki Härmä and Kusti Kulo were some of the well-known leaders of the group. The group had supporters mainly in the southern industrial cities of Finland.

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References

  1. SAK luopuu kohutuista televisiomainoksistaan. Helsingin Sanomat
  2. SAK:n kohumainos toimi niin kuin pitikin. Taloussanomat
  3. "Jäsenmäärät". SAK. Retrieved 16 March 2020.