Central Province, Sri Lanka

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Central Province
මධ්‍යම පළාත
மத்திய மாகாணம்
Summer in Kandy.jpg
Kandy (capital city of the province)
Sri Lanka Central Province locator map.svg
Location within Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°20′N80°45′E / 7.333°N 80.750°E / 7.333; 80.750 Coordinates: 7°20′N80°45′E / 7.333°N 80.750°E / 7.333; 80.750
Country Sri Lanka
Admitted 14 November 1987
Capital Kandy
Largest City Kandy
  Type Provincial council
  Body Central Provincial Council
   Governor Lalith U Gamage
  Total5,674 km2 (2,191 sq mi)
Area rank6th (8.63% of total area)
 (2011 census)
  Rank2nd (12.97% of total pop.)
  Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
 (2010) [1]
  Total Rs 465 billion
  Rank4th (9.6% of total)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 code LK-2
Vehicle registration CP
Official languages Sinhalese, Tamil
Rhododendron arboreum zeylanicum flower.jpg
Rhododendron arboreum [2]
Website www.cp.gov.lk

The Central Province (Sinhala : මධ්‍යම පළාතMadhyama Paḷāta, Tamil : மத்திய மாகாணம்Madhdhiya Mākāṇam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. (The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. [3] [4] ) The Central Province is primarily in the central mountainous terrain of Sri Lanka. It is the 6th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people. It is bordered by North Central Province to the north, Uva Province to the east, North Western Province to the west and Sabaragamuwa Province to the south and west. The province's capital is Kandy.


The cities of Matale and Nuwara Eliya are in the Central Province. The province is famous for its production of Ceylon tea, planted by the British in the 1860s after a devastating disease killed all the coffee plantations in the province. The Central Province attracts many tourists, with hill station towns such as Gampola, Hatton and Nuwara Eliya.


Though three successive European powers invaded Sri Lanka during the 16th to the 19th century, the Central Province maintained its independence until the early 19th century when the British conquered Kandy. The British then established a colonial headman ranking system in 1824, which came into effect in 1832.

Colonial head mudaliyars

The Mudaliyar Office was abolished in 1924 and the last of the colonial headman retired from their positions and gave up the rule to the British officers in 1926. All headman positions were then passed down to the newly elected governor-general of Central Province. This was established in 1929 as a way for the British to directly rule the provinces.

The historic Matale city, Temple of the Tooth, Dambulla cave temple, Aluwihare temple and the Sigiriya rock are in the Central Province.


The province has an area of 5,674 km2 and a population of 2,421,148. Major towns include Kandy (119,186), Matale (39,869), Dambulla (75,290), Gampola (26,481), Nuwara Eliya (27,449) and Hatton (16,790).

Mountain ranges

Knuckles Mountain Range, Adam's Peak and Horton Plains are UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Central Province.


The climate is cool, and many areas above 1,500 metres often have chilly nights. The western slopes are very wet, some places have almost 7,000 mm of rain per year. The eastern slopes are parts of the mid-dry zone as it is receiving rain only from North-Eastern monsoon. The temperatures range from 24 °C at Kandy to just 16 °C in Nuwara Eliya, which is 1,889 m above sea level. The highest mountains in Sri Lanka are in the Central Province. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with deep valleys cutting into it. The two main mountain regions are the central massif and the Knuckles range to the east of Kandy.


The population is a mixture of Sinhalese, Tamil and the Moors. Many tea plantation workers are Indian Tamils, brought over to Sri Lanka by the British in the 19th century.


Ethnic groupPopulation %
Sinhalese 1,584,10065.35%
Indian Tamils 482,94519.92%
Sri Lankan Moors 223,0769.2%
Sri Lankan Tamils 122,4385.05%
Burghers 3,5890.15%

Administrative divisions

Central Province is divided into three districts and 36 divisional secretariats.


Administrative Divisions of Central Province
district CapitalArea (km2)Population
Kandy District Kandy 1,9401,279,028
Matale District Matale 1,993441,328
Nuwara Eliya District Nuwara Eliya 1,741703,610

Divisional secretariats

The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary' and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'.

There are 36 divisional secretariats in Central Province, which are listed below, by district. There are 20 in Kandy District, 11 in Matale District and 5 in Nuwara Eliya District.

Major population centres

Largest cities or towns in Central Province,Sri Lanka
As per the 2012 Census [5] [6]
Rank District Pop.
Kandy Lake (8).jpg
City of Matale.jpg
1 Kandy Kandy 125,182 Gampola Town - Sri Lanka.jpg
NuwaraEliya from top.jpg
Nuwara Eliya
2 Matale Matale 48,225
3 Gampola Kandy 37,871
4 Nuwara Eliya Nuwara Eliya 35,081
5 Dambulla Matale 26,000
6 Hatton Nuwara Eliya 14,585
7 Nawalapitiya Kandy 13,338
8 Kadugannawa kandy 12,654
9 Wattegama Kandy 8,157
10 Talawakele Nuwara Eliya 4,691

See also

Related Research Articles

Kandy City in Central Province, Sri Lanka

Kandy is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province. It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka. The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy is both an administrative and religious city and is also the capital of the Central Province. Kandy is the home of the Temple of the Tooth Relic, one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988. Historically the local Buddhist rulers resisted Portuguese, Dutch, and British colonial expansion and occupation.

Dambulla Town in Sri Lanka

Dambulla is a town situated in the north of Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka. It is the second largest populated and urbanised centre after Matale in the Matale District. It is situated 148 km (92 mi) north-east of Colombo, 43 km (27 mi) north of Matale and 72 km (45 mi) north of Kandy. Due to its location at a major junction, it is the centre of major vegetable distribution in the country.

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Matale District Administrative District in Central Province, Sri Lanka

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Nuwara Eliya District Administrative District in Central Province, Sri Lanka

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Church of Ceylon

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Maha Dissava

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Talawakelle Place in Central Province, Sri Lanka

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  1. :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate Archived 2012-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Provincial Flower - Central Provincial Council - Sri Lanka".
  3. "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
  4. "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009.
  5. "Area, Population, Registered voters and Employees of Municipalities, 2011 - 2012" (PDF). Statistics Statistical Abstract 2013. Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  6. http://www.statistics.gov.lk/abstract2019/CHAP2/2.4