Centre Pompidou

Last updated
Centre Georges Pompidou
Pompidou center.jpg
Centre Pompidou
General information
TypeCulture and leisure
Architectural style Postmodern / high-tech
LocationParis, France
Technical details
Structural systemSteel superstructure with reinforced concrete floors
Design and construction
Architect Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Gianfranco Franchini
Structural engineer Arup
Services engineer Arup

The Centre Pompidou (French pronunciation:  [sɑ̃tʁ pɔ̃pidu] ), also known as the Pompidou Centre in English, is a complex building in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil, and the Marais. It was designed in the style of high-tech architecture by the architectural team of Richard Rogers, Su Rogers, Renzo Piano, along with Gianfranco Franchini. [1]


It houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information (Public Information Library), a vast public library; the Musée National d'Art Moderne, which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe; and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg (IPA:  [bobuʁ] ). [2] [3] [4] It is named after Georges Pompidou, the President of France from 1969 to 1974 who commissioned the building, and was officially opened on 31 January 1977 by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. As of 2006, the Centre Pompidou has had over 180 million visitors since 1977 [5] and more than 5,209,678 visitors in 2013, [6] including 3,746,899 for the museum. [7]

The sculpture Horizontal by Alexander Calder, a free-standing mobile that is 7.6 m (25 ft) tall, was placed in front of the Centre Pompidou in 2012.


The idea for a multicultural complex, bringing together in one place different forms of art and literature, developed, in part, from the ideas of France's first Minister of Cultural Affairs, André Malraux, a proponent of the decentralisation of art and culture by impulse of the political power.[ citation needed ] In the 1960s, city planners decided to move the foodmarkets of Les Halles, historically significant structures long prized by Parisians, with the idea that some of the cultural institutes be built in the former market area. Hoping to renew the idea of Paris as a leading city of culture and art, it was proposed to move the Musée d'Art Moderne to this new location. Paris also needed a large, free public library, as one did not exist at this time. At first the debate concerned Les Halles, but as the controversy settled, in 1968, President Charles de Gaulle announced the Plateau Beaubourg as the new site for the library. A year later in 1969, the new president adopted the Beaubourg project and decided it to be the location of both the new library and a centre for the contemporary arts. In the process of developing the project, the IRCAM (Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique) was also housed in the complex.

The Rogers and Piano design was chosen among 681 competition entries. World-renowned architects Oscar Niemeyer, Jean Prouvé and Philip Johnson made up the jury. [8] It was the first time in France that international architects were allowed to participate. The selection was announced in 1971 at a "memorable press conference" where the contrast between the sharply-dressed Pompidou and "hairy young crew" of architects represented a "grand bargain between radical architecture and establishment politics." [9]



It was the first major example of an 'inside-out' building with its structural system, mechanical systems, and circulation exposed on the exterior of the building. Initially, all of the functional structural elements of the building were colour-coded: green pipes are plumbing, blue ducts are for climate control, electrical wires are encased in yellow, and circulation elements and devices for safety (e.g., fire extinguishers) are red. [10] According to Piano, the design was meant to be “not a building but a town where you find everything – lunch, great art, a library, great music”. [9]

Building technology Pompidou Centre building technology.jpg
Building technology

National Geographic described the reaction to the design as "love at second sight." [11] An article in Le Figaro declared "Paris has its own monster, just like the one in Loch Ness." But two decades later, while reporting on Rogers' winning the Pritzker Prize in 2007, The New York Times noted that the design of the Centre "turned the architecture world upside down" and that "Mr. Rogers earned a reputation as a high-tech iconoclast with the completion of the 1977 Pompidou Centre, with its exposed skeleton of brightly coloured tubes for mechanical systems". The Pritzker jury said the Pompidou "revolutionised museums, transforming what had once been elite monuments into popular places of social and cultural exchange, woven into the heart of the city." [12]


The Centre was built by GTM and completed in 1977. [13] The building cost 993 million French francs. Renovation work conducted from October 1996 to January 2000 was completed on a budget of 576 million francs. [14] The principal engineer was the renowned Peter Rice, responsible for amongst other things the Gerberette. During the renovation, the Centre was closed to the public for 27 months, re-opening on 1 January 2000. [15]

In September of 2020, it was announced that the Centre Pompidou would begin renovations in 2023 which will require either a partial closure for seven years, or a full closure for three years. The projected cost for the upcoming renovations is $235 million. [16] In January 2021 Roselyne Bachelot, France’s culture minister, announced that the Centre would close completely in 2023 for four years. [17]

Building specifications [14]
Land area2 hectares (5 acres)
Floor area103,305 m2
Superstructure7 levels
Height42 m (Rue Beaubourg side), 45.5 m (Piazza side)
Length166 m
Width60 m
Infrastructure3 levels
DimensionsDepth: 18 m; Length: 180 m; Width: 110 m
Materials used [14]
Earthworks300,000 m3
Reinforced concrete50,000 m3
Metal framework15,000 tonnes of steel
Façades, glass surfaces11,000 m2
Opaque surfaces7,000 m2

Stravinsky Fountain

The nearby Stravinsky Fountain (also called the Fontaine des automates), on Place Stravinsky, features 16 whimsical moving and water-spraying sculptures by Jean Tinguely and Niki de Saint-Phalle, which represent themes and works by composer Igor Stravinsky. The black-painted mechanical sculptures are by Tinguely, the coloured works by de Saint-Phalle. The fountain opened in 1983. [18]

Video footage of the fountain appeared frequently throughout the French language telecourse, French in Action .

Place Georges Pompidou

The Place Georges Pompidou in front of the museum is noted for the presence of street performers, such as mimes and jugglers. In the spring, miniature carnivals are installed temporarily into the place in front with a wide variety of attractions: bands, caricature and sketch artists, tables set up for evening dining, and even skateboarding competitions.


By the mid-1980s, the Centre Pompidou was becoming the victim of its huge and unexpected popularity, its many activities, and a complex administrative structure. When Dominique Bozo returned to the Centre in 1981 as Director of the Musée National d'Art Moderne, he re-installed the museum, bringing out the full range of its collections and displayed the many major acquisitions that had been made. [19] By 1992, the Centre de Création Industrielle was incorporated into the Centre Pompidou.

Pablo Picasso's works in the Centre Picasso-in-Pompidou-Centre.jpg
Pablo Picasso's works in the Centre

The Centre Pompidou was intended to handle 8,000 visitors a day. [20] In its first two decades it attracted more than 145 million visitors, more than five times the number first predicted. [21] As of 2006, more than 180 million people have visited the centre since its opening in 1977. [5] However, until the 1997-2000 renovation, 20 percent of the centre's eight million annual visitors—predominantly foreign tourists—rode the escalators up the outside of the building to the platform for the sights. [22]

Since re-opening in 2000 after a three-year renovation, the Centre Pompidou has improved accessibility for visitors. Now they can only access the escalators if they pay to enter the museum. [23]

Since 2006, the global attendance of the centre is no longer calculated at the main entrance, but only the one of the Musée National d'Art Moderne and of the public library (5,209,678 visitors for both in 2013), [7] but without the other visitors of the building (929,431 in 2004 or 928,380 in 2006, for only the panorama tickets or cinemas, festivals, lectures, bookshops, workshops, restaurants, etc.). [5] In 2017, the museum had 3.37 million visitors. The public library had 1.37 million. [24]

The Musée National d'Art Moderne itself saw an increase in attendance from 3.1 million (2010) to 3.6 million visitors in 2011 [25] and 3.75 million in 2013. [7]

The 2013 retrospective "Dalí" broke the museum's daily attendance record: 7,364 people a day went to see the artist's work (790,000 in total). [26]


Several major exhibitions are organised each year on either the first or sixth floors. Among them, many monographs: [27]

Group Exhibitions

Expansion [ needs update ]

Regional branches

The Centre Pompidou-Metz. Metz (F) - Centre Pompidou - Aussenansicht.jpg
The Centre Pompidou-Metz.

In 2010, the Centre Georges Pompidou opened a regional branch, the Centre Pompidou-Metz, in Metz a city 250 kilometres east of Paris. The new museum is part of an effort to expand the display of contemporary arts beyond Paris's large museums. The new museum's building was designed by the architect Shigeru Ban with a curving and asymmetrical pagoda-like roof topped by a spire and punctured by upper galleries. The 77 metre central spire is a nod to the year the Centre Georges Pompidou of Paris was built – 1977. The Centre Pompidou-Metz displays unique, temporary exhibitions from the collection of the Musée National d'Art Moderne, which is not on display at the main Parisian museum. Since its inauguration, the institution has become the most visited cultural venue in France outside Paris, accommodating 550,000 visitors/year. [37] [38]

Launched in 2011 in Chaumont, the museum for the first time went on the road to the French regions with a selection of works from the permanent collection. To do this, it designed and constructed a mobile gallery, which, in the spirit of a circus, will make camp for a few months at a time in towns throughout the country. [39] However, in 2013, the Centre Pompidou halted its mobile-museum project because of the cost. [40]

In 2014, plans were released for a temporary satellite of the Centre Pompidou in the northern French town of Maubeuge close to the Belgian border. The 3,000 square metre outpost, to be designed by the architects Pierre Hebbelinck and Pierre de Wit, is said to be located at the 17th-century Maubeuge Arsenal for four years. The cost of the project is €5.8 million. [41]

In 2015, the city authorities in Libourne, a town in south-western France, proposed a Pompidou branch housed in a former military base called Esog. [42]

In 2019, the Centre Pompidou announced plans to open a 22,000 m2 (240,000 sq ft) conservation, exhibition and storage space in Massy (Essonne) by 2025. Project backers include the Région Ile-de-France and the French state. [43]

International expansion


Branch in Malaga (Spain) Malaga Centre Pompidou.20150418.jpg
Branch in Málaga (Spain)


In 2015, approximately 70 works from the Centre Pompidou's collection went on show in a temporary glass-and-steel structure called The Cube (El Cubo) in Málaga. According to the Spanish newspaper El País , the annual €1 million cost of the five-year project will be funded by the city council. [44] The partnership with Málaga was announced by the city's mayor but was not confirmed by Pompidou Centre president Alain Seban until 24 April 2014. [45] Approximately 100 works from the Pompidou's 20th and 21st century collection will be installed in the 2,000 square metres (22,000 square feet) space for two years, while a smaller area will be used for temporary exhibitions. Portraiture and the influence of Picasso will be among the subjects explored in the permanent display, organised by the Pompidou's deputy director Brigitte Leal. Highlights will include works by Alberto Giacometti, René Magritte, Alexander Calder and Constantin Brancusi, and contemporary works by Sophie Calle, Bruce Nauman and Orlan. The city of Málaga also commissioned Daniel Buren to create a large-scale installation within El Cubo. [46]

The city of Málaga will pay the Centre Pompidou €1 million a year for the brand and the use of the collection. [46]

Kanal-Centre Pompidou Museum Kanal.jpg
Kanal-Centre Pompidou


In March 2018, the Centre Pompidou announced plans to open an offshoot branch in Brussels, under the name Kanal-Centre Pompidou. Housed in a former Citroën garage which was transformed by a team comprising ces noAarchitecten (Brussels), EM2N (Zurich) and Sergison Bates architects (London), the new centre brings together the 12,200 sq ft (1,130 m2) Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, an architecture centre (CIVA Foundation) and public spaces devoted to culture, education and leisure. [47] The Brussels-Capital region — which acquired the 16,000 sq ft (1,500 m2) Art Deco-style building in October 2015 — is the main funder project, with the conversion costing €122 million.


In a joint proposal with the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum presented in 2005, the Centre Pompidou planned to build a museum of modern and contemporary art, design and the media arts in Hong Kong's West Kowloon Cultural District. [48]

In 2007, the then president Bruno Racine announced plans to open a museum carrying the Pompidou's name in Shanghai, with its programming to be determined by the Pompidou. The location chosen for the new museum was a former fire station in the Luwan district's Huaihai Park. However, the scheme did not materialize for several years, reportedly due to the lack of a legal framework for a non-profit foreign institution to operate in China. [49] In 2019, the Centre Pompidou x West Bund Museum opened to the public, based in a wing of the 25,000 sq ft (2,300 m2) West Bund Art Museum designed by David Chipperfield. [50] The inaugural exhibitions The Shape of Time, Highlights of the Centre Pompidou Collection and Observations, Highlights of the New Media Collection were curated by Marcella Lista. [51] [52]

Other projects include the Pompidou's joint venture with the King Abdulaziz Centre for World Culture, an arts complex incorporating a museum in Dhahran, the building of which has stalled. [40]

North America

In April 2014, Pompidou president Alain Seban confirmed that after Malaga (Spain), Mexico will be the next site for a pop-up Pompidou Centre. [45] A satellite museum Centre Pompidou x Jersey City in Jersey City, New Jersey, will open in 2024, being the Pompidou's first satellite museum in North America. [53]

South America

There have been rumours of a pop-up Pompidou satellite museum in Brazil since Alain Seban announced the plan for these temporary locations back in 2012. [49] At a talk on satellite museums at the Guggenheim on 24 April 2014, Alain Seban suggested that Brazil may be the third country to host a temporary satellite museum, after Spain and Mexico. [45]




Part of the expositions in the Centre Pompidou-centre-interior.jpg
Part of the expositions in the Centre

As a national museum, the Centre Pompidou is government-owned and subsidised by the Ministry of Culture (64.2% of its budget in 2012 : 82.8 on 129 million €), essentially for its staff. The Culture Ministry appoints its directors and controls its gestion, which is nevertheless independent, as Etablissement public à caractère administratif since its creation. In 2011, the museum earned $1.9 million from travelling exhibitions. [54]

Established in 1977 as the institution's US philanthropic arm, the Georges Pompidou Art and Culture Foundation acquires and encourages major gifts of art and design for exhibition at the museum. [55] [56] Since 2006, the non-profit support group has brought in donations of 28 works, collectively valued at more than $14 million, and purchased many others. [57] In 2013, New York-based art collectors Thea Westreich Wagner and Ethan Wagner announced their intention to donate about 300 works by 27 European and international artists to the Centre Pompidou, thereby making one of the largest gifts in the institution's history. [58]

Use in film and television

Touche pas à la Femme Blanche Catherine Deneuve (Actor), Marcello Mastroianni (Actor), Marco Ferreri (Director)

Public transport

See also

Related Research Articles

Musée National dArt Moderne Art museum in Human Rights square, Metz.

The Musée National d'Art Moderne is the national museum for modern art of France. It is located in Paris and is housed in the Centre Pompidou in the 4th arrondissement of the city. It was 12th in the List of most visited art museums in the world in 2020, with 912,803 visitors, a decline of 72 percent from 2019 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is one of the largest museums for modern and contemporary art.

Musée Picasso

The Musée Picasso is an art gallery located in the Hôtel Salé in rue de Thorigny, in the Marais district of Paris, France, dedicated to the work of the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881–1973). The museum collection includes more than 5,000 works of art and tens of thousands of archived pieces from Picasso’s personal repository, including the artist's photographic archive, personal papers, correspondence, and author manuscripts. A large portion of items were donated by Picasso’s family after his death, in accord with the wishes of the artist, who lived in France from 1905 to 1973.

Palais de Tokyo Building in Paris

The Palais de Tokyo is a building dedicated to modern and contemporary art, located at 13 avenue du Président-Wilson, facing the Trocadéro, in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. The eastern wing of the building belongs to the City of Paris, and hosts the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. The western wing belongs to the French state and since 2002 has hosted the Palais de Tokyo / Site de création contemporaine, the largest museum in France dedicated to temporary exhibitions of contemporary art.

Jean-Marc Bustamante is a French artist, painter, sculptor and photographer. He is a noted conceptual and installation artist and has incorporated ornamental design and architectural space in his works.

Jean-Michel Othoniel

Jean-Michel Othoniel is a contemporary artist born in 1964 in Saint-Etienne (France). He lives and works in Paris.

Adel Abdessemed Algerian artist (born 1971)

Adel Abdessemed is an Algerian contemporary artist. He has worked in a variety of media, including animation, installation, performance, sculpture and video. Some of his work relates to the topic of violence in the world.

Tourism in Paris

Tourism in Paris is a major income source. In 2018, 17.95 million international, overnighting tourists visited the city, mainly for sightseeing and shopping. Top sights include Notre Dame, Disneyland Paris (11), Sacre Cœur (10), the Versailles Palace (7.7), the Louvre Museum (6.9), the Eiffel Tower (5.9), Centre Pompidou (3.33), and the Musée d'Orsay. The largest numbers of foreign tourists who come to the Paris region are British, American, German, Italian, Chinese, and Canadian.

Tetsumi Kudo

Tetsumi Kudo, was a Japanese artist associated with the Neo-Dada tradition.

The culture of Paris concerns the arts, music, museums, festivals and other entertainment in Paris, the capital city of France. The city is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centers; entertainment, music, media, fashion, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Dado (painter)

Miodrag Đurić (1933–2010), known as Dado, was a Montenegrin-born artist who spent most of his life and creative career in France. He is particularly known as a painter but was also active as an engraver, draftsman, book illustrator and sculptor.

Melik Ohanian is a French contemporary artist of Armenian origin. He lives and works in Paris and New York City. His work has been shown in many solo exhibitions including Galerie Chantal Crousel, Centre Pompidou and Palais de Tokyo in Paris, South London Gallery in London, De Appel in Amsterdam, IAC in Villeurbanne, Yvon Lambert in New York, Museum in Progress in Vienna, and Matucana 100 in Santiago de Chile...

Alain Seban

Alain Pierre Seban is a French cultural institution head and senior official. He was the president of the Pompidou Centre in Paris until February 2015. As such, he also heads three organisations linked to the Pompidou Centre: the Centre Pompidou-Metz, the Bibliothèque publique d’information and the IRCAM.

Kossi Aguessy was a Togolese and Brazilian industrial designer and artist.

Didier Ottinger, born in Nancy in 1957, is a French museum curator, art critic and author. He is known for organizing exhibitions and publishing books on modern and contemporary painting. He is now assistant director of the Centre Pompidou at the Musée national d'art moderne in Paris.

Catherine David French art historian and curator

Catherine David is a French art historian, curator and museum director. David was the first woman and the first non-German speaker to curate documenta X in Kassel, Germany. David is currently deputy director of the National Museum of Modern Art at the Centre Georges Pompidou. She was born and lives in Paris.

Hessie Cuban textile artist

Carmen Lydia Đurić, known by her artist name Hessie, was a Cuban textile artist who lived in France from 1962 until her death. Her creative work was mainly focused on embroidery using fabrics, although she also used the technique of collage with waste materials.

Jacques Hérold

Jacques Hérold was a prominent surrealist painter born in Piatra Neamț, Romania.

Museums in Paris

The 136 museums in the city of Paris display many historical, scientific, and archeological artifacts from around the world, covering diverse and unique topics including fashion, theater, sports, cosmetics, and the culinary arts.

Marcella Lista is a French curator and art historian. She is chief curator at the Centre Pompidou.

Martine Aballéa is a French-American artist born in 1950.


  1. Hall, Jane (Writer on architecture) (16 October 2019). Breaking ground : architecture by women. London. p. 161. ISBN   978-0-7148-7927-7. OCLC   1099690151.
  2. Gignoux, Sabine. Serge Lasvignes, un nouvel énarque à la tête de Beaubourg, La Croix , 4 March 15
  3. Bommealer, Claire. Pompidou: Serge Lasvignes s'explique, Fleur Pellerin assume, Le Figaro . 5 March 2015
  4. Rossellini, Roberto. Beaubourg, centre d'art et de culture, 1977 au cinéma
  5. 1 2 3 "La fréquentation du Centre Pompidou (Global attendance of Pompidou Centre), 2006". Mediation. Centre Pompidou. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
  6. Since 2006, the calculated attendance of the centre includes only those of the Musée National d'Art Moderne and of the public library but no more those of the panorama tickets or cinemas, festivals, lectures, bookshops, workshops, restaurants, etc: 929,431 visitors in 2004 or 928,380 in 2006, which should bring the actual total attendance of the centre to more than 6 million
  7. 1 2 3 "Annual report 2013". Annexes. Centre Pompidou. p. 205. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
  8. Richard Copans, Director (2007). Le Centres Georges Pompidou (Film). France. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  9. 1 2 Moore, Rowan (January 8, 2017). "Pompidou Centre: a 70s French radical that's never gone out of fashion". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  10. Sisson, Patrick (January 23, 2017). "Centre Pompidou, a monument to modernity: 8 things you didn't know". Curbed . Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  11. Newman, Cathy (October 1980). "The Pompidou Center Captivates Paris". National Geographic. p. 469.
  12. Pogrebin, Robin (2007-03-28). "British Architect Wins 2007 Pritzker Prize". The New York Times . Retrieved 2011-05-03.
  13. "Centre Georges Pompidou". Vinci. Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2011-05-03.
  14. 1 2 3 "Architecture of the Building". Practical Information. Centre Pompidou. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  15. "Pompidou Centre reopens for 2000". BBC News. 1 January 2000. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  16. "Centre Pompidou faces three- to seven-year renovation closure". Artforum . Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  17. Bommelaer, Claire (2021-01-25). "Trois ans de fermeture pour le Centre Pompidou". LEFIGARO (in French). Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  18. Hortense Lyon, La Fontaine Stravinsky, Collection Baccalaureat arts plastiques 2004, Centre national de documentation pedagogique
  19. Russell, John (April 29, 1993), Dominique Bozo, 58, Expert on Picasso, Is Dead The New York Times
  20. Rockwell, John (March 9, 1994), Success Takes Toll on the Pompidou Center The New York Times
  21. Pompidou Centre reopens for 2000 BBC News , January 1, 2000
  22. Riding, Alan (December 22, 1999), Pompidou Unearths the Museum Within The New York Times
  23. Nayeri, Farah (November 2, 2006), Paris's Pompidou, 30 Next Year, Courts the Young, Branches Out Bloomberg
  24. "Paris facts". Paris Digest. 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  25. Pes, Javier and Emily Sharpe (March 23, 2012), Attendance survey 2011: Brazil’s exhibition boom puts Rio on top The Art Newspaper
  26. Pes, Javier and Emily Sharpe. (March 24, 2014), Visitor figures 2013: Taipei takes top spot with loans from China Archived March 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  27. "Centre Pompidou - Art culture musée expositions cinémas conférences débats spectacles concerts". Centre Pompidou. 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-01-14. Retrieved 2011-05-03.
  28. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  29. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  30. https://cdn.filepicker.io/api/file/G2ZkVjRimcNgXnI39SqQ?
  31. https://www.clotmag.com/biomedia/exhibition-la-fabrique-du-vivant-at-centre-pompidou-paris
  32. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  33. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  34. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  35. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  36. https://artfacts.net/institution/centre-pompidou/2219/shows
  37. "Official website of France tourism survey, 2011 Museum frequentation" (in French). Archived from the original on 9 March 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  38. "Official website of Moselle tourism office, 2011 key numbers" (PDF) (in French). p. 12. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  39. Morrison, Lennox.(October 14, 2011), Ladies and Gentlemen... Cirque Pompidou The Wall Street Journal
  40. 1 2 Harris, Gareth (July 9, 2013), Pompidou camps out in Dhahran Archived July 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  41. Harris, Gareth (August 6, 2014), Will Pompidou extend its northern expansion? Archived August 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  42. Harris, Gareth (February 12, 2015), Pompidou to pop up all over France Archived February 12, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  43. Gareth Harris (October 17, 2018), Centre Pompidou to expand and move collections to new satellite venue in southern Paris The Art Newspaper .
  44. Harris, Gareth (December 31, 2013), Málaga’s mayor says the Pompidou is coming Archived January 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  45. 1 2 3 Deimling, Kate, "Pompidou Centre Will Launch Short-Term Satellites in Spain, Mexico, and Possibly Brazil, 2014" Archived 2014-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
  46. 1 2 Rojas, Laurie (March 26, 2015), Málaga’s mayor wins race to open Russian museum and pop-up Pompidou Archived 2015-03-30 at the Wayback Machine
  47. Harris, Gareth (March 26, 2018), Centre Pompidou's Brussels satellite takes shape with announcement of winning architects The Art Newspaper.
  48. Vogel, Carol (October 28, 2005), From 'Not Interested' to a Collaboration The New York Times
  49. 1 2 Harris, Gareth (April 30, 2012), Pompidou plans to go global: focus is Brazil, India, China Archived 2012-05-13 at the Wayback Machine The Art Newspaper
  50. Gareth Harris (September 30, 2019), Centre Pompidou’s satellite space in Shanghai to open early November
  51. Moss, Alison. "The Centre Pompidou Takes Shanghai". Le Quotidien de l'Art. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  52. Harris, Gareth. "Our picks from the opening show at Centre Pompidou's new Shanghai satellite". www.theartnewspaper.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  53. Marsg, Shawn. "Paris' Centre Pompidou may open its first North American museum in Jersey City". North Jersey Media Group. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  54. Carvaja, Doreen (January 23, 2011), ‘This Space for Rent’: In Europe, Arts Now Must Woo Commerce The New York Times
  55. Centre Pompidou Archived August 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  56. Harris, Gareth (May 3, 2012), Pompidou at war with its US friends The Art Newspaper
  57. Muchnic, Suzanne (May 3, 2009), Centre Pompidou Foundation: L.A.'s French connection Los Angeles Times
  58. Vogel, Carol (March 15, 2012), New York Couple’s Gift to Enrich Two Museums The New York Times
  59. Gordon Matta-Clark, Conical Intersect The Guggenheim Collection
  60. Rosselini, Robert. Filming Beaubourg, Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona accessed 18 September 2019.
  61. "Moonraker (1979)". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2011-05-03.

Coordinates: 48°51′38″N2°21′09″E / 48.860653°N 2.352411°E / 48.860653; 2.352411