Centrist Democrat International

Last updated
Centrist Democrat International
Formation30 July 1961 (1961-07-30) [1]
Purpose Christian democracy
Integral humanism
Social conservatism
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Region served
Official languages
  • French
  • English
  • Spanish
Andrés Pastrana Arango
Subsidiaries Youth of the Centrist Democrat International
Affiliations Christian Democrat Organization of America (ODCA)
European People's Party (EPP)
National Democratic Institute (NDI)
Website idc-cdi.com

The Centrist Democrat International (Spanish : Internacional Demócrata de Centro) is a Christian-democratic political international. Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI); before 1999, it was known as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International. This earlier name is still sometimes used colloquially.


It is the primary international political group dedicated to the promotion of Christian democracy. Although it gathers parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some of them are also members of the conservative International Democrat Union (IDU), although the CDI is closer to the continental European style conservative political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.


The organization was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile, as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian democrat internationals alternative to the socialist internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way. In 1982, it was renamed for the first time as the Christian Democrat International. The name was officially changed due to the participation of groups of various faiths such as the Islamic PAN of Indonesia.

In September 2001, the Leaders' Conference in Mexico City changed the organization's name to Centrist Democrat International, which kept the original abbreviation (CDI). In many Asian and African countries reference to religion was not allowed, and absent a name change, the CDI would not have been able to extend itself into Asia and Africa. [2]

The CDI's European division is the European People's Party, currently the largest European political party. It is Latin American equivalent is the Christian Democrat Organization of America. The Democratic Party of the United States of America maintains links with CDI through the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs.

A youth organization of the CDI is currently being established, under the name of Youth of the Centrist Democrat International (YCDI).

Establishment history

Member-parties of the CDI today also tend to be members of either the ODCA or the European People's Party (EPP; successor to NEI), although it is not required. Conversely, there may also be member-parties of either the ODCA and the EPP that are not member-parties of the CDI. The CDI also maintains a relationship with the United States through the National Democratic Institute.

Executive committee

The CDI Executive Committee is the highest body of the organization. It consists of the president, the executive secretary, and the vice-presidents.

The current president of the CDI is Andrés Pastrana Arango of Colombia. Its Executive Secretary is MEP Antonio López-Istúriz, from Spain, who is also Secretary-General of the EPP. [3]

The members of the executive committee are:

Member parties

CountryPartyAbbrGovernmentPeriod of membership
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Democratic Party of Albania PDin opposition
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria National Rally for Democracy RNDjunior party in coalition
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra New Centre NCextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola National Union for the Total Independence of Angola UNITAin opposition
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Justicialist Party PJin government
Christian Democratic Party PDCextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Rule of Law OEKextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba Aruban People's Party AVP/PPAin opposition
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish CD&Vjunior party in coalition
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Botswana National Front BNFin opposition
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Democrats DEMin government
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria GERB GERBin government
Union of Democratic Forces SDSextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Union for the Republic URin opposition
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia FUNCINPECin opposition
Cambodian People's Party CPPin government
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde Movement for Democracy MPDin government
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Christian Democratic Party PDCin opposition
National Renewal RNin governmentSince 2018
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Chinese Nationalist Party KMTin opposition
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCCin government
Democratic Center CDin government
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo Movement for the Liberation of the Congo MLCin opposition
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Social Christian Unity Party PUSCin opposition
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZin government
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Christian Liberation Movement MCLin opposition
Christian Democratic Party of Cuba PDCCin opposition
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao National People's Party NVP/PNPin opposition
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Democratic Rally DISYin government
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party KDU–ČSLin opposition
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Christian Democrats KDextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Social Christian Reformist Party PRSCin opposition
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Christian Democratic Union UDCin opposition
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Christian Democratic Party PDCin opposition
Flag of France.svg  France The Republicans LRin opposition
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon Gabonese Democratic Party PDGin government
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia European Georgia EGin opposition
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christian Democratic Union CDUsenior party in coalition
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece New Democracy NDin government
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau Party for Social Renewal PRSin opposition
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea APGEin opposition
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance FIDESZin government
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia National Awakening Party [4] PKBin government
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Fine Gael FGin government
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Union of the Centre UdCin opposition
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Rally of the Republicans [5] RDRin government
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya WDM-Kin opposition
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Lebanese Forces LF - Chrisitan Resistancein opposition
Kataeb Phalangein opposition
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi Malawi Congress Party MCPin government
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Nationalist Party PNin opposition
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania Union for Democracy and Progress UDPjunior party in coalition
Union for the Republic URin government
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico National Action Party PANin opposition
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique Democratic Movement of Mozambique MDMin opposition
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal CDA junior party in coalition
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Christian People's Party KrFjunior party in coalition
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama People's Party PPextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Christian Democratic Party PDCin opposition
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Christian People's Party PPCextraparliamentary opposition
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Struggle of Democratic Filipinos LDPjunior party in coalition
Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakasjunior party in coalition
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Social Democratic Party PSDin opposition
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party PNȚ-CDextraparliamentary opposition
National Liberal Party PNLsenior party in coalition
People's Movement Party PMPextraparliamentary support
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania RMDSZjunior party in coalitionSince 2018 [6]
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party PDCSin opposition
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe Independent Democratic Action ADIin government
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Centrist Union of SenegalUCSjunior party in government
Bloc des centristes Gaïndé BCGin opposition
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia New Slovenia NSijunior party in coalition
Slovenian Democratic Party SDSsenior party in coalition
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain People's Party PPin opposition
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Christian Democrats KDin opposition
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Christian Democratic Union KhDSin opposition
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay National Party PNin government
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Christian Social Party 'Copei' COPEIin opposition

Observer parties

See also


  1. Durand, Jean-Dominique, ed. (2015-01-01). Christian Democrat Internationalism. Peter Lang. p. 71. doi:10.3726/978-3-0352-6492-0. ISBN   978-3-0352-9924-3.
  2. Wilfried Martens (2008). Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome. Springer / Centre for European Studies. p. 220.
  3. "Organization page on the official CDI website". Archived from the original on Mar 27, 2012.
  4. Safitri, Eva. "PKB Resmi Jadi Anggota Koalisi Partai Demokratis Internasional". detiknews.
  5. Parties, Centrist Democrat International, idc-cdi.com, retrieved 31 August 2016.
  6. "Conference of Centrist Democrat International held in Budapest". Daily News Hungary. 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  7. "The Heritage Party Has Become an Observer Member of Centrist Democrat International". www.heritage.am.
  8. "parties". IDC-CDI. Retrieved 15 August 2020.


Related Research Articles

Christian democracy European political ideology

Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well as neo-Calvinism. It was conceived as a combination of modern democratic ideas and traditional Christian values of social justice, incorporating the social teachings espoused by the Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, and Pentecostal traditions in various parts of the world. After World War II, Catholic and Protestant movements of neo-scholasticism and the Social Gospel, respectively, played a role in shaping Christian democracy.

Christian Democratic Movement Slovakian political party

The Christian Democratic Movement is a Christian democratic political party in Slovakia that is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and an observer of the Centrist Democrat International.

Pro-Europeanism Favouring European integration

Pro-Europeanism, sometimes called European Unionism, is a political position that favours European integration and membership of the European Union (EU).

European Peoples Party European political party

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with Christian-democratic, conservative, and liberal-conservative member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties. Founded by primarily Christian-democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives. On 20 November 2019, the party elected as its president the former Prime Minister of Poland and President of the European Council, Donald Tusk.

CDS – Peoples Party Conservative political party in Portugal

The CDS – People's Party is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Portugal. It is characterized as being between the centre-right and right-wing of the political spectrum. In voting ballots, the party's name appears only as the People's Party, with the acronym CDS–PP unchanged.

European Democratic Party Political party

The European Democratic Party (EDP), also known as the European Democrats, is a centrist European political party in favour of European integration. François Bayrou is the President of the party.

This article gives information on liberalism worldwide. It is an overview of parties that adhere to some form of liberalism and is therefore a list of liberal parties around the world.

Political groups of the European Parliament Coalitions in the transnational legislative body

The political groups of the European Parliament are the parliamentary groups of the European Parliament. The European Parliament is unique among supranational assemblies in that its members (MEPs) organise themselves into ideological groups as in traditional national legislatures. The members of other supranational assemblies form national groups. The political groups of the European Parliament are usually the formal representation of a European political party in the Parliament. In other cases, they are political coalitions of a number of European parties, national parties, and independent politicians.

Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania Romanian political party

The Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania is a political party in Romania representing the Hungarian minority of Romania.

Antonio López-Istúriz White Spanish politician

Antonio López-Istúriz White is a Spanish politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Spain. He is a member of the People's Party, member party of the European People's Party. He has served as the Secretary General of the European People's Party since March 2002.

Party of Democratic Progress Bosnian Serb political party

The Party of Democratic Progress is a centre-right Serb political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina founded on 26 September 1999. It is the third-largest party in Republika Srpska entity.

European Democrat Students

European Democrat Students (EDS) is a pan-European centre-right student and youth political association, and the official student organisation of the European People's Party. Founded in Vienna by Scandinavian, German and Austrian students in 1961, it represents over 1.600.000 students and young people in 40 member organisations from 35 countries in Europe, and is the largest youth organisation in Europe.

The European Democrat Union (EDU) is one of the three European wings of the International Democrat Union, along with the European People's Party (EPP) and the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE). Its members include Christian democratic, liberal conservative, and conservative political parties. It is only a nominal sub-entity of the IDU, since it ceased its activities in 2002.

Pan-European liberalism has been a political force since the establishment of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party in 1976.

Youth of the European Peoples Party Political party in the European Union

Youth of the European People's Party (YEPP) is an umbrella organization of European political youth organisations and is the official youth wing of the European People's Party. YEPP brings together 64 Centre-Right youth political organisations from 40 countries all over Europe. Founded in 1997 by the 2006–2014 Prime Minister of Sweden Fredrik Reinfeldt, YEPP has developed into the largest political youth organisation in Europe.

The Christian Democrat Organization of America is an international organization made up of political parties, groups, and associations in North America and South America that promote the principles of Christian humanism. Affiliated with the Center Democratic International, it is a regional partner of the European People's Party and regional organizations of Christian Democratic parties in Asia and Africa.

The Democrats is a centre-right political party in Brazil. It was founded in 1985 under the name of Liberal Front Party from a dissidence of the defunct Democratic Social Party (PDS), successor to the National Renewal Alliance (ARENA), the official party during the military dictatorship of 1964–1985. It changed to its current name in 2007. The original name reflected the party's support of free market policies, rather than the identification with international liberal parties. Instead, the party affiliated itself to the international federations of Christian-democratic (CDI) and conservative parties (IDU). The Democrats' identification number is 25 and its colors are green, blue, and white.

Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats Political group in the European Parliament

The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) is the political group in the European Parliament of the Party of European Socialists (PES). The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats was officially founded as a Socialist Group on 29 June 1953 which makes it the second oldest political group in the European Parliament after the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group (ALDE). It adopted its present-day name on 23 June 2009. Centre-left in orientation, the group mostly comprises social-democratic parties and is affiliated with the Progressive Alliance and Socialist International.