Cercles of Mali

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Cercles of Mali Mali cercles.png
Cercles of Mali

A cercle is the second-level administrative unit in Mali. Mali is divided into eight régions and one capital district (Bamako); the régions are subdivided into 49 cercles. These subdivisions bear the name of their principal city.

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During French colonial rule in Mali, a cercle was the smallest unit of French political administration that was headed by a European officer. A cercle consisted of several cantons, each of which in turn consisted of several villages. In 1887 the Cercle of Bafoulabé was the first cercle to be created in Mali. In most of former French West Africa, the term cercle was changed to Prefecture or Department after independence, but this was not done in Mali.

Some cercles (and the district) were, prior to the 1999 local government reorganisation, further divided into Arrondissements, especially in urban areas or the vast northern regions (such as Kidal), which consisted of a collection of Communes. Since these reforms, cercles are now directly subdivided into rural and urban communes, which in turn are divided in Quartiers (Quarters, or Villages and encampments in rural areas) which have elected councils at each level. [1] There are 703 communes, 36 urban communes (including 6 in Bamako District) and 667 rural communes. [2] The cercles are listed below.

Bamako Capital District

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Bamako district

Gao Region

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Cercles of Gao Region

Kayes Region

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Cercles of Kayes Region

Kidal Region

Cercles of Kidal Region Kidal cercles.png
Cercles of Kidal Region

Koulikoro Region

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Cercles of Koulikoro Region

Mopti Region

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Cercles of Mopti Region

Ségou Region

Cercles of Segou Region Segou cercles.png
Cercles of Segou Region

Sikasso Region

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Cercles of Sikasso Region

Tombouctou Region

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Cercles of Tombouctou Region

See also

Related Research Articles

Since 2016, Mali has been divided into ten regions and one capital district. A reorganization of the country from eight to nineteen regions was passed into law in 2012, but of the new regions, only Taoudénit and Ménaka have begun to be implemented. Each of the regions bears the name of its capital. The regions are divided into 56 cercles. The cercles and the capital district are divided into 703 communes.

Tombouctou Region Region of Mali

Tombouctou Region is one of the administrative regions of Mali. It is the largest of Mali's eight regions and includes a large section of the Sahara Desert. For administrative purposes, the region is subdivided into five cercles.

Sikasso Region Region of Mali

Sikasso Region is the southernmost region of Mali. The region's capital city, Sikasso, is the country's second-largest city and is growing rapidly due to people fleeing the violence in Côte d'Ivoire to the south. Major ethnic groups include the Senoufo, known for masks and reverence for animals, the Samago, known for being Mali's best farmers, and the main ethnic group in Mali, the Bambara people. The local economy is based on farming and the Sikasso, which receives more rain than any other Malian region, is known for its fruits and vegetables.

Bafoulabé Cercle Cercle in Kayes Region, Mali

Bafoulabé Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Kayes Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Bafoulabé. In the 2009 census the population of the cercle was 233,926.

Communes of Mali

A Commune is the third-level administrative unit in Mali. Mali is divided into eight regions and one capital district (Bamako). These subdivisions bear the name of their principal city. The regions are divided into 49 Cercles. The Cercles and the district are divided into 703 Communes, with 36 Urban Communes and 667 Rural Communes, while some larger Cercles still contain Arrondissements above the Commune level, these are organisational areas with no independent power or office. Rural Communes are subdivided in Villages, while Urban Communes are subdivided into Quartier. Communes usually bear the name of their principal town. The capital, Bamako, consists of six Urban Communes. There were initially 701 communes until the Law No. 01-043 of 7 June 2001 created two new Rural Communes in the desert region in the north east of the country: Alata, Ménaka Cercle in the Gao Region and Intadjedite, Tin-Essako Cercle in the Kidal Region.

Kita Cercle Cercle in Kayes Region, Mali

Kita Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Kayes Region of Mali. The administrative centre (chef-lieu) is the town of Kita. In the 2009 census the population of the cercle was 434,379.

Kéniéba Cercle Cercle in Kayes Region, Mali

Kéniéba Cercle is a subdivision of the Kayes Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Kéniéba.

Dioïla Cercle Cercle in Koulikoro Region, Mali

Dioïla Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Koulikoro Region of Mali. Its seat is the town of Dioïla. It lies at the southeast corner of the region, and prior to 1977, it was combined with what is now Kati Cercle and the District of Bamako in the "Bamako Cercle", with the capital city as its seat.

Bougouni Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Bougouni Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Bougouni.

Kolondieba Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Kolondiéba Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Kolondiéba.

Kadiolo Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Kadiolo Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Kadiolo.

Sikasso Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Sikasso Cercle is one of seven administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The capital is the town of Sikasso.

Yanfolila Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Yanfolila Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Yanfolila.

Yorosso Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Yorosso Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The main town (chef-lieu) is Yorosso.

Barouéli Cercle Cercle in Ségou Region, Mali

Barouéli Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Ségou Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Barouéli.

Niono Cercle Cercle in Ségou Region, Mali

Niono Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Ségou Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Niono.

Tominian Cercle Cercle in Ségou Region, Mali

Tominian Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Ségou Region of Mali. The administrative center of the local government is in the town of Tominian. The Cercle is divided into Communes, and below this, quarters/villages. In the 2009 census the cercle had a population of 219,853 people.

Youwarou Cercle Cercle in Mopti Region, Mali

Youwarou Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Mopti Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Youwarou.

Niafunké Cercle Cercle in Tombouctou Region, Mali

Niafunké Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Tombouctou Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Niafunké. In the 2009 census the cercle had a population of 184,285. The Niger River runs for 100 km through the cercle.

Timbuktu Cercle Cercle in Tombouctou Region, Mali

Timbuktu Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Tombouctou Region of Mali. It is the largest cercle by area in the whole of Mali. The capital lies at the city of Timbuktu. The cercle is divided into Rural and Urban Communes, and below this, quarters/villages. In the 2009 census the cercle had a population of 124,546.

References

  1. La Délégation Générale aux Elections, Government of Mali: Archived September 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine database of all registered electors in Mali (2007), includes a hierarchical list of every cercle, commune, and quarter in the nation.
  2. Loi N°99-035/ Du 10 Aout 1999 Portant Creation des Collectivites Territoriales de Cercles et de Regions (PDF) (in French), Ministère de l'Administration Territoriales et des Collectivités Locales, République du Mali, 1999, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-09, retrieved 2012-05-04.

Colonial usage