Cerna (Danube)

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Cerna
Indiguire Cerna (2).JPG
Location
Country Romania
Counties Gorj, Caraș-Severin, Mehedinți
Towns Băile Herculane, Orșova
Physical characteristics
Source Godeanu Mountains
Mouth Danube
  location
Orșova
  coordinates
44°44′22″N22°24′44″E / 44.73944°N 22.41222°E / 44.73944; 22.41222 Coordinates: 44°44′22″N22°24′44″E / 44.73944°N 22.41222°E / 44.73944; 22.41222
Length79 km (49 mi)
Basin size1,380 km2 (530 sq mi)
Basin features
Progression DanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
  right Belareca

The Cerna (Hungarian : Cserna) is a river in Romania, a left tributary of the river Danube. [1] [2] The Cerna has its source on the south-east side of the Godeanu Mountains and flows into the Danube near the town Orșova. The upper reach of the river is sometimes called Cernișoara. With a length of 79 km (49 mi) and its basin of 1,380 km2 (530 sq mi), [2] it carves an erosive tectonic valley with numerous gorges, quite deep sometimes. There is a man-made lake on it (Tierna), just before it crosses the Băile Herculane spa, to perpetuate the old toponimic od Dierna.[ clarification needed ] The upper course of the Cerna is part of the Domogled-Valea Cernei National Park. The Cerna flows through the villages and towns Cerna-Sat, Țațu, Băile Herculane, Pecinișca, Bârza, Topleț, Coramnic and Orșova.

Contents

Tributaries

The following rivers are tributaries of the river Cerna (from source to mouth): [2]

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Olt (river)

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Prahova (river)

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Buzău (river)

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Cerna (Mureș)

The Cerna is a left tributary of the river Mureș in Transylvania, Romania. Its name both in Romanian and Hungarian languages originates from a Slav language, meaning "black (water)". Its source is in the Poiana Ruscă Mountains. It flows through the town Hunedoara and the villages Gura Bordului, Lunca Cernii de Sus, Lunca Cernii de Jos, Hășdău, Dăbâca, Toplița, Cinciș-Cerna, Teliucu Superior, Teliucu Inferior, Peștișu Mare and Sântandrei. It discharges into the Mureș near Deva. Its length is 73 km (45 mi) and its basin size is 727 km2 (281 sq mi).

Cerna (Olteț)

The Cerna is a left tributary of the river Olteț in Romania. It discharges into the Olteț in Bălcești. It flows through the communes Vaideeni, Slătioara, Stroești, Copăceni, Lăpușata, Lădești, Stănești, Fârtățești, Măciuca, Valea Mare and Bălcești. Its length is 164 km (102 mi) and its basin size is 618 km2 (239 sq mi).

The Olanul is a right tributary of the river Cerna in Romania. It discharges into the Cerna near Cerna-Sat. Its source is in the Godeanu Mountains. Its length is 13 km (8.1 mi) and its basin size is 47 km2 (18 sq mi).

Ampoi

The Ampoi is a river in the Apuseni Mountains, Alba County, western Romania. It is a right tributary of the river Mureș. It flows through the town Zlatna, and joins the Mureș near Alba Iulia. Its length is 43 km (27 mi) and its basin size is 250 km2 (97 sq mi).

Gilort

The Gilort is a river in southern Romania, a left tributary of the river Jiu. The Gilort flows through the villages and towns Novaci, Bălcești, Bengești, Târgu Cărbunești, Jupânești, Turburea and Capu Dealului. Its length is 116 km (72 mi) and its basin size is 1,358 km2 (524 sq mi).

Olteț

The Olteț is a right tributary of the river Olt in Romania. It discharges into the Olt in Fălcoiu. Its total length is 185 km (115 mi), and its drainage basin area is 2,663 km2 (1,028 sq mi).

Strei

The Strei is a left tributary of the river Mureș in Transylvania, Romania. The upper reach of the river, upstream of the village of Baru, is also known as Râul Petros. It flows through the town Călan and the villages Petros, Baru, Livadia, Pui, Galați, Băiești, Ohaba de sub Piatră, Ciopeia, Subcetate, Covragiu, Bretea Română, Bretea Streiului, Ruși, Strei, Streisângeorgiu, Batiz, Băcia and Simeria Veche. It discharges into the Mureș near Simeria. Its length is 93 km (58 mi) and its basin size is 1,983 km2 (766 sq mi).

The Șușița is a right tributary of the river Jiu in Romania. It discharges into the Jiu near the city Târgu Jiu. Its length is 37 km (23 mi) and its basin size is 234 km2 (90 sq mi).

Motru (river)

The Motru is a right tributary of the river Jiu in Southwestern Romania. It discharges into the Jiu in Gura Motrului, near the town Filiași. Its length is 134 km (83 mi) and its hydrological basin size is 1,895 km2 (732 sq mi).

The Belareca or Bela Reca is a right tributary of the river Cerna in Romania. It discharges into the Cerna near the town Băile Herculane. Its length is 36 km (22 mi) and its basin size is 713 km2 (275 sq mi).

Mostiștea

The Mostiștea is a left tributary of the river Danube in Romania. It flows through the artificial Lake Mostiștea. Its source is near the village Dascălu, northeast of Bucharest. It flows into the Danube near Mânăstirea. Its length is 98 km (61 mi) and its basin size is 1,758 km2 (679 sq mi).

Târnava Mare

The Târnava Mare is a river in Romania. Its total length is 223 km (139 mi) and its basin size is 3,666 km2 (1,415 sq mi). Its source is in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, near the sources of the Mureș and Olt in Harghita County. It flows through the Romanian counties of Harghita, Mureș, Sibiu, and Alba. The cities of Odorheiu Secuiesc, Sighișoara, and Mediaș lie on the Târnava Mare. It joins the Târnava Mică in Blaj, forming the Târnava.

References

  1. "Planul național de management. Sinteza planurilor de management la nivel de bazine/spații hidrografice, anexa 7.1" (PDF, 5.1 MB). Administrația Națională Apele Române. 2010. p. 483.
  2. 1 2 3 Atlasul cadastrului apelor din România. Partea 1 (in Romanian). Bucharest: Ministerul Mediului. 1992. pp. 230–232. OCLC   895459847. River code: VI.2