Château d'Hénencourt

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Château d'Hénencourt
Henencourt chateau 6.jpg
General information
Coordinates 50°00′17″N2°33′46″E / 50.00464°N 2.56272°E / 50.00464; 2.56272 Coordinates: 50°00′17″N2°33′46″E / 50.00464°N 2.56272°E / 50.00464; 2.56272

The Château d'Hénencourt is an historic country house in Hénencourt, Somme, Hauts-de-France, France.

Hénencourt Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Hénencourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

Somme (department) Department of France

Somme is a department of France, located in the north of the country and named after the Somme river. It is part of the Hauts-de-France region.

Hauts-de-France Administrative region of France

Hauts-de-France is the northernmost region of France, created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy. Its capital is Lille. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015. France's Conseil d'État approved Hauts-de-France as the name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.

Contents

History

Thechâteau was built in the 17th century. [1] It was owned by Count Charles Malo François Lameth. [1]

Château French term for a manor house

A château is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.

Charles Malo François Lameth French general and politician

Charles Malo François Lameth was a French politician and soldier.

During World War I, Sir William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, and Australian soldiers were stationed at the château. [2] It was partly bombed by the German invaders in 1918. [2] The left wing of the château was left in ruins, but the rest of it was made habitable. During World War I, the Comtesse de Hénencourt took care of the estate and all of the soldiers that stayed there. [3]

World War I 1914–1918 global war starting in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, and initially in North America as the European War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Architectural significance

It has been listed as an official historical monument by the French Ministry of Culture since 1984. [1] It is now a private residence belonging to Hénencourt descendants. [4]

<i>Monument historique</i> protected French building as a Historical Monument (use « classified Historical Monument » and « inscribed Historical Monument »)

Monument historique is a designation given to some national heritage sites in France. It may also refer to the state procedure in France by which National Heritage protection is extended to a building, a specific part of a building, a collection of buildings, garden, bridge, or other structure, because of their importance to France's architectural and historical cultural heritage. Both public and privately owned structures may be listed in this way, as well as movable objects. As of 2012 there were 44,236 monuments listed.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 French Ministry of Culture: Château d'Hénencourt
  2. 1 2 Australians on the Western Front, 1914-1918: A nice bed to sleep in - Hénencourt Chateau
  3. Gibbs, Philip (February 15, 2009). Now It Can Be Told. Alan Earls and David Widger.
  4. "Charles Malo Fraincois de Lameth".