Château d'Hérouville

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Chateau d'Herouville Chateau d'Herouville.jpg
Château d'Hérouville

The Château d'Hérouville is a French 18th century château located in the village of Hérouville, in the Val d'Oise département of France, near Paris. The château was built in 1740 by "Gaudot", an architect of the school of Rome, from the remains of an earlier 16th-century château. [1] In the 19th century, it was used as a courier relay station (between Versailles and Beauvais) and stabled hundreds of horses. [2] [3]

Contents

Several accounts, including one by the BBC, suggest that in the mid-19th century, composer Frédéric Chopin conducted his love affair with the writer George Sand there. [4] The château was painted by Vincent van Gogh, who is buried nearby. [5] The estate also doubled as a recording studio, producing iconic hit records throughout the 1970s.

Architecture

The château comprises two wings, plus a number of outbuildings. [4] It has 30 rooms, a swimming pool and a tennis court and is set in 1.7 hectares of parkland. [5] An octagonal stone drinking trough in the courtyard is a protected historical monument. [4]

History of recording studio

The composer Michel Magne purchased the chateau in 1962. He was best known for having been nominated in 1962 by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for Best Music, Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment for Gigot . [6] He converted the building into a residential recording studio after a fire devastated its left wing in 1969. The musician, director and sound engineer Laurent Thibault took over management of the studio in June 1974. [7]

The studio has been referred to by many names in album credits including Studio Hérouville, Château d'Hérouville, Michel Magne Studios, Strawberry Studios, and by the nickname Honky Chateau. [8]

Rex Foster's Roads of Tomorrow was the first album recorded at Château in 1969–70, and released on Barclay/RCA in 1971. On his website, Foster claims that during the Roads session he gave it the nickname "the Honky Château." [9]

The Grateful Dead were there on 21 June 1971. Jerry Garcia tells the story: [10]

We went over there to do a big festival, a free festival they were gonna have, but the festival was rained out. It flooded. We stayed at this little chateau which is owned by a film score composer who has a 16-track recording studio built into the chateau, and this is a chateau that Chopin once lived in; really old, just delightful, out in the country near the town of Auvers-sur-Oise, which is where Vincent van Gogh is buried.

We were there with nothing to do: France, a 16-track recording studio upstairs, all our gear, ready to play, and nothing to do. So, we decided to play at the chateau itself, out in the back, in the grass, with a swimming pool, just play into the hills. We didn't even play to hippies, we played to a handful of townspeople in Auvers. We played and the people came — the chief of police, the fire department, just everybody. It was an event and everybody just had a hell of a time — got drunk, fell in the pool. It was great.

A recording of the Grateful Dead's performance is available online. [11]

During the first years of the studio, in 1971 and 1972, some important records of political Portuguese folk music (Música de Intervenção) were recorded at Château d'Hérouville. These included the seminal record Cantigas do Maio by singer-songwriter José Afonso in 1971. Also in 1971, José Mário Branco recorded his debut album Mudam-se os tempos mudam-se as vontades and Sérgio Godinho recorded Os Sobreviventes . Sérgio Godinho would also record his second album Pré-Histórias at the chateau in 1972.

Many other artists recorded there, many of whom were British, beginning with Elton John, who recorded his albums Honky Château (the title inspired by the house), Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player (both in 1972) and Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (1973) there.

Jethro Tull attempted to record their sixth studio album there in late 1972, however the band was displeased with the studio and so the sessions were ultimately abandoned, with the band referring to the Château as the "Château d'Isaster". Three tracks from the band's sessions at the Château were later released on their seventh studio album War Child (1974) and several more were released on the compilation album Nightcap (1993).

Chris Bell, of the Memphis-based cult band Big Star, recorded solo tracks with Apple Records engineer Claude Harper at the studio in September and October 1974. The songs, recorded along with drummer Richard Rosebrough, would be released on his now acclaimed I Am the Cosmos LP. The posthumously released record saw its first release in 1992, nearly 13 years after Bell's death in December 1978. [12]

Sweet recorded part of their final album by their classic lineup, Level Headed , there as a four-piece group as Brian Connolly later left. The single "Love Is Like Oxygen" was taken from this recording, a top ten hit around the world and nominated for an Ivor Novello Award.

During David Bowie's time spent at the château whilst recording Low with Tony Visconti and Brian Eno, the three claimed to have felt supernatural, or 'haunting' experiences. [13] Visconti stated:

There was certainly some strange energy in that Château. On the first day David took one look at the master bedroom and said, 'I’m not sleeping in there!' He took the room next door. The master bedroom had a very dark corner, right next to the window, ironically, that seem to just suck light into it. It was colder in that corner too.

Eno also claimed to have been awoken early every morning with someone shaking his shoulder. When he opened his eyes no one was there.[ citation needed ]

Bowie previously recorded here in 1973 for his album Pin Ups .

The Bee Gees recorded there in 1977 to avoid the high tax rate of Britain, where they laid down the tracks for the soundtrack to Saturday Night Fever .

1985 closure

Legal and financial problems surrounded Magne's sale of the château in 1984. The studio closed on 25 July 1985, [7] one year after Magne's suicide, Thibault and his team having been expelled by the liquidator of Michel Magne's estate. The château and its gardens were abandoned to squatters and overgrowth. In 2013, the château was put up for sale with an asking price of €1.29m, needing an estimated €300,000 of renovations.

Reopening of recording studio

In 2015 a group of audio engineers, including Stephane Marchi, [14] rebuilt the recording studios and started the Sup HD audio audio recording master classes. [15] [16] [17]

According to the BBC, the studio was due to re-open in 2016. [4]

Selected discography

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References

  1. Base Mérimée : Château dit d'Hérouville , Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  2. Hope, Adrian (May 1975). "Honky Château". Studio Sound. Archived from the original on 2 October 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008 via Fernould.club.fr.
  3. "Un peu d'histoire". Herouville-en-vexin.net (in French). Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Schofield, Hugh (December 27, 2015). "The return of the Honky Chateau". BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  5. 1 2 Willsher, Kim (4 August 2013). "For sale: 'honky château' where Elton and Bowie recorded classic hits". The Guardian . Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  6. "Michel Magne: Awards". AllMovie. Archived from the original on 13 January 2022. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  7. 1 2 Ernould, Franck (1999). "Michel Magne: Un homme hors du commun". Fernould.club.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  8. "Strawberry Studios, France". Discogs. Archived from the original on 2020-09-27. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  9. "Rex Foster – The Long Story / Lost Recordings". rexfostermusic.com. Archived from the original on 2019-10-21. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  10. Jackson, Blair. "Garcia: An American Life (Additions)". Blair Jackson. p. 217. Archived from the original on 10 September 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  11. Grateful Dead (21 June 1971). "Grateful Dead at Château d'Hérouville – June 21, 1971". archive.org . Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  12. Klein, Joshua (September 29, 2009). "Album Reviews: Chris Bell: I Am the Cosmos [Deluxe Edition]". Pitchfork . Archived from the original on November 27, 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  13. "The 'Honky Château' where Bowie, Bolan, Elton, and Iggy recorded is up for sale". Dangerousminds.net. 13 June 2013. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  14. "Stephane Marchi , Co-Founder and Owner at LE CHATEAU D'HEROUVILLE".
  15. "Les mythiques studios d'Hérouville vont enfin revivre". Le Parisien, édition du Val-d'Oise (in French). 26 April 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  16. "Le centre de formation du son s'installe au château d'Hérouville". Le Parisien, édition du Val-d'Oise (in French). 25 June 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  17. Boucher, Alexandre (5 July 2015). "Le parc du château d'Hérouville retrouve son éclat d'antan". Le Parisien, édition du Val-d'Oise (in French). Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  18. Pegg, Nicholas (2016). The Complete David Bowie (Revised and Updated ed.). London: Titan Books. pp. 383–388. ISBN   978-1-78565-365-0.
  19. O'Leary, Chris (2019). Ashes to Ashes: The Songs of David Bowie 1976–2016. London: Repeater. pp. 20–27. ISBN   978-1-912248-30-8.

Coordinates: 49°6′5.8″N2°7′59″E / 49.101611°N 2.13306°E / 49.101611; 2.13306