Chadian Air Force

Last updated
Chadian Air Force
Force Aérienne Tchadienne
Roundel of Chad.svg
Chadian Air Force roundel
Founded1961
Country Chad
Branch Air Force
Role Aerial warfare
Insignia
Fin flash Flag of Chad.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack Su-25
Fighter MiG-29
Helicopter Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-8/-17
SA330 Puma
Transport C-130 Hercules

The Chadian Air Force, in French Force Aérienne Tchadienne, was formed in 1961 as the Escadrille Nationale Tchadienne (Chadian National Flight/Squadron), and was given its current name in 1973. It continues to be part of the Chadian Army.

Contents

The force shares a base with French forces at N'Djamena International Airport.

History

Beginnings

In the 1960s the Chadian Air Force consisted of one hundred men, one DC-3 cargo aircraft, three light observation aircraft, and two helicopters.

Enhancement

A Chadian MiG-29 landing at Lviv International Airport with drogue parachute deployed Chadian Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 (9-13) at Lviv International Airport.jpeg
A Chadian MiG-29 landing at Lviv International Airport with drogue parachute deployed

In 1973, when its strength was increased to 200 men, the air force possessed three C-47 medium transport aircraft (increased to 13 in the mid-1970s), three light transport planes, and one helicopter, all serviced at the local French air base in N'Djamena. Nearly all of the pilots at the time were French. C-47 tail numbers included 100509, 10307 and 10409.

In 1976, the Air Force obtained 7 Douglas AD Skyraiders from France, which were used in anti-guerrilla campaigns in the north until 1987 when they were deemed inoperable. (Tail numbers included Skyraider 126959). Skyraiders first saw service in Chad with the Armée de l'Air, and later with the nominally independent Chadian Air Force, staffed by French mercenaries. [1]

Successful action in air combats (1980 - 1990)

During the 1983 conflict with Libya, the Chad Air Force reported destroying eight Libyan Aermacchi SF-260s. Three were captured and served from 1987. One crashed in 1989 and another was sold to the US. Chad also acquired 24 Stinger shoulder-launched SAMs in late 1987.

According to several news reports, the Chad Air Force was heavily involved in beating back a rebel invasion from neighboring Sudan in 2009. [2] Sudanese officials also claimed that Chad aircraft made several cross-border raids into Sudan during the conflict. [3] However, media reports are unclear as to exactly what types of aircraft were used by Chad to fend off the rebels and to conduct the cross-border strikes. As of 1987, the Air Force was commanded by Lt. Mornadji Mbaissanabe.

Incidents & Media

Safety Incidents

The Aviation Safety Network listed four incidents between 1976 and 1987, one involving a Douglas DC-3, a Douglas DC-4 that was shot down by a Surface-to-air missile and the remaining two with the C-130 Hercules transports, one crashing during a routine takeoff, the other during a landing. [4]

In 2004, while transporting journalists and UN officials to a tarmac meeting with Kofi Annan, one of the Chadian helicopters malfunctioned and made a rough landing in the desert. [5] Chad lost at least one helicopter during the Battle of Adre, on December 18, 2005.

Alleged human rights violations

On November 15, 2000, an unidentified Chadian Air Force Chief of Operations applied for refugee status in Canada, claiming he had accused the Chadian government of human rights violations. [6]

2017 storm

Several aircraft and helicopters were damaged in a storm on 1 July 2017 that struck the air force's main base at N'Djamena International Airport. The severity of the storm was amplified by the use of fabric hangar coverings. Losses or damaged equipment included three helicopters, a PC-12, a MiG-29 fighter, and two Su-25 attack planes. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

Aircraft

A Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot at N'djamena Airport Chad Air Force Sukhoi Su-25 at N'djamena Airport (2).jpeg
A Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot at N'djamena Airport
An Antonov An-26 Curl on the tarmac Chad Air Force Antonov An-26 Lofting-1.jpg
An Antonov An-26 Curl on the tarmac

Current inventory

AircraftOriginTypeVariantIn serviceNotes
Combat Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-25 Russia attack6 [12]
Transport
Cessna 208 United States transport / ISR 2 [12]
C-27J Spartan Italy utility transport2 [12]
Antonov An-26 Russia transport3 [12]
C-130 Hercules United States transport C-130H 1 [12]
Helicopters
Mil Mi-17 Russia utility Mi-17/171 7 [12]
Mil Mi-24 Russia attack Mi-35 3 [12]
Alouette III France light utility1 [12]
Eurocopter AS550 France light utility6 [12]
Trainer Aircraft
Pilatus PC-9 Switzerland advanced trainer1 [12]
Pilatus PC-7 Switzerland trainer2 [12]
SIAI-Marchetti SF.260 Italy basic trainer1 [12]


Operational aircraft of the force may be far less than official figures represent. According to a report in Le Figaro in April, 2006, the Chad Air Force consisted only of two Lockheed C-130 Hercules transports, one working Mil Mi-17 Hip-H helicopter, and two non-working Mil Mi-24 "Hind" helicopters. [13] Later C-130 TT-PAF was lost in a landing accident at Abéché, Chad, on 11 June 2006. [14]

Related Research Articles

The military of Chad consists of the National Army, Republican Guard, Rapid Intervention Force, Police, and National and Nomadic Guard (GNNT). Currently the main task of the Chadian military is to combat the various rebel forces inside the country.

Douglas A-1 Skyraider American single engine attack aircraft

The Douglas A-1 Skyraider is an American single-seat attack aircraft that saw service between the late 1940s and early 1980s. The Skyraider had a remarkably long and successful career; it became a piston-powered, propeller-driven anachronism in the jet age, and was nicknamed "Spad", after the French World War I fighter.

Mil Mi-24 Family of assault and attack helicopters

The Mil Mi-24 is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers. It is produced by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and has been operated since 1972 by the Soviet Air Force and its successors, along with 48 other nations.

French Air Force Air warfare branch of Frances armed forces

The French Air Force is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, and then made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on the source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 225 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 117 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve.

Hamid Karzai International Airport international airport serving Kabul, Afghanistan

Hamid Karzai International Airport is located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from the city center of Kabul in Afghanistan. It serves as one of the nation's main international airports and as one of the largest military bases, capable of housing over one hundred aircraft. It was previously named Kabul International Airport and locally as Khwaja Rawash Airport, though it continues to be officially known by some airlines by the latter name. The airport was given its new name in 2014 in honor of former President Hamid Karzai. The decision was made by the National Assembly of Afghanistan and the Cabinet of President Ashraf Ghani.

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1950:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1951:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1953:

Istres-Le Tubé Air Base French Air Force base near Istres, Bouches-du-Rhone, France

Istres-Le Tubé Air Base is a large multi-role tasked French Air Force base located near Istres, northwest of Marseille, France. The airport facilities are also known as Istres - Le Tubé.

Opération Épervier was the codename, from 1986 until 2014, for the French military presence in Chad.

NDjamena International Airport airport

N'Djamena International Airport is an international airport serving N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad. It is the country's only international airport. The airport is dual use, with civilian and military installations on opposite sides of the single runway.

Libyan Air Force Air warfare branch of Libyas armed forces

The Libyan Air Force is the branch of the Libyan military responsible for aerial warfare. In 2010, before the Libyan Civil War, the Libyan Air Force personnel strength was estimated at 18,000, with an inventory of 374 combat capable aircraft operating from 13 military airbases in Libya. Since the 2011 civil war and the ongoing conflict, multiple factions fighting in Libya are in possession of military aircraft. As of 2019 the Libyan Air Force is nominally under the control of the internationally recognised Government of National Accord in Tripoli, though the rival Libyan National Army of Marshal Khalifa Haftar also has a significant air force.

Goma International Airport airport serving Goma, the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Goma International Airport is an airport serving Goma, a city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa.

European Union Military Operation in Chad and the Central African Republic

European Union Force Chad/CAR, also EUFOR Tchad/RCA after the French, was the European Union mission in Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR), authorised in late 2007. EUFOR Chad/CAR was authorised under the same United Nations Security Council resolution that mandated MINURCAT, a UN force tasked with training police and improving judicial infrastructure.

Faya-Largeau Airport airport in Chad

Faya-Largeau Airport is an airport serving Faya-Largeau, the largest city in northern Chad. It is located in Chad's Borkou Region.

Douglas DC-2 Two engined airliner

The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-seat, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. It competed with the Boeing 247. In 1935, Douglas produced a larger version called the DC-3, which became one of the most successful aircraft in history.

The Benin Air Force is the aerial service branch of the Benin Armed Forces. It was formed in 1958 when Benin gained independence from France as the Dahomey Air Force. The Air Force provides support to the army, primarily through transport and liaison, and presidential transportation. It has relied heavily on donations, initially from France and more recently from Belgium. During the short lived People's Republic of Benin, when it was known as the Benin People's Air Force, Soviet aircraft were acquired to demonstrate the change of political allegiance. The current operational fleet consists of two aircraft.

References

  1. Francillon 1979, pp. 403–404.
  2. https://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gt7gbrcGa0Xojw0Igs050k4RFhcA
  3. "Chad carries out air strikes in Sudan's Darfur - official - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  4. Ranter, Harro. "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Operator index > Chad > Force Aérienne Tchadienne". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2005-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) After its repair, it transported US Marines into Niger.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2005-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. Ekene, Lionel (July 8, 2017). "Chadian Military loses half of it's[sic] Air Force". Military Africa. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  8. "Chad's Air Force badly damaged by storm | defenceWeb". www.defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  9. "635th MMS Assists Chadian Air Force to overcome windstorm damage to ai". U.S. Air Forces in Europe & Air Forces Africa. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  10. "Chadian aircraft suffer severe storm damage". Jane's 360. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  11. "A Storm out of the Norm in Chad". Offiziere.ch. 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "World Air Forces 2020" . Flightglobal Insight. 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  13. Le Figaro – Actualité en direct et informations en continu
  14. Aircraft Safety Network

Bibliography