Chadwell Heath

Last updated

Chadwell Heath
Chadwell Heath, St Chad's Church - geograph.org.uk - 625819.jpg
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Chadwell Heath
Location within Greater London
Population24,278 (ward, 2011) [1]
OS grid reference TQ485885
  Charing Cross 12 mi (19 km)  SW
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROMFORD
Postcode district RM6
Post townDAGENHAM
Postcode district RM8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°34′33″N0°08′38″E / 51.5757°N 0.144°E / 51.5757; 0.144

Chadwell Heath is an area in East London, England. It is split between the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and the London Borough of Redbridge, around 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Romford and 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Ilford, and 12 miles (19 km) north-east of Charing Cross.

Contents

Toponymy

The name 'Chadwell' was first recorded in 1254 as Chaudewell and means 'the cold spring'. [2] The name was first applied to a settlement on the Barking (later Ilford) side of the ancient boundary between Dagenham and Barking and it was also known as Chadwell Street, [3] 'Street' having the older meaning of a hamlet. [2] In the 17th century the Blackheath Common in Dagenham parish was renamed Chadwell Heath. [3] As the settlements merged the Chadwell Street name was lost in favour of Chadwell Heath.

Economic Development

The railway was constructed through the area from Romford and Ilford and in 1864 Chadwell Heath Railway Station was opened. [3] It was the end of the line for both the London tram system and later the electric trolley bus service from Aldgate. The trolley buses turned around at Station Road and Wangey Road.

Old Local Government

A map showing the wards of Barking Civil Parish as they appeared in 1871. Barking CP Ward Map 1871.svg
A map showing the wards of Barking Civil Parish as they appeared in 1871.

Chadwell Heath formed a hamlet in the ancient parish of Dagenham, Essex. [3] As Chadwell Heath grew it absorbed the neighbouring hamlet of Chadwell Street in the Chadwell region of the parish of Barking. [4] The Barking section of Chadwell Heath became part of the new parish of Ilford in 1888. This became Ilford Urban District in 1894. The Dagenham section became part of Romford Rural District in 1894. The parish was removed from the rural district and became Dagenham Urban District in 1926. During the 1920s and 1930s the local government arrangements of the area came under review and various proposals would have merged the two sections of Chadwell Heath into a single district, however this was not acted upon. [5]

Ilford was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1926 and Dagenham was incorporated in 1938. The arrangements of the area were reviewed again in the 1950s and 1960s. The whole area was considered to form part of the Greater London conurbation and in 1957 formed part of the review area of the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. Following the review, in 1965 the London Government Act 1963 abolished the municipal boroughs of Dagenham and Ilford, and transferred their former area from Essex to Greater London, to form part of the new London Borough of Barking and the London Borough of Redbridge.

Chadwell Heath During WWI And WWII

The London to Colchester Roman road led to some early development while much of the rest of the area remained rural. Suburban growth commenced in 1900 and proceeded rapidly until World War I, increasing after the war. [3]

The area suffered several bomb hits during World War II. A large parachute mine also exploded causing extensive residential damage in Bennett Road, destroying the school, while a second failed to explode and its parachute became entangled in horse-chestnut trees near Chadwell Heath Station. It did not explode because it was cradled in very soft soil as the result of digging near Hemmings Bakery. It was found by Walter Wiffen, a train guard from Cedar Park Gardens on his way to work at the station early the next morning. He reported it at the police station, which is now the Eva Hart pub, and oversaw the evacuation of Cedar Park Gardens to the bomb shelter at the corner of Wangey Road and the High Road. A V2 rocket landed on Blackbush Avenue killing several people and blowing out windows for half a mile around. Later, the local council replaced the windows with much more modern frames, and the results provided an incongruous look to the older house designs. A heavy anti-aircraft battery was located east of Whalebone Lane North and traces of the concrete emplacements remain today. A V2 Rocket destroyed two houses in Woodlands Avenue and damaged the houses that had been repaired after the landmine that had destroyed the Whalebone Junior school in Bennett Road.

Demographics

In the 2011 census, the combined wards of Chadwell in Redbridge and Chadwell Heath in Barking and Dagenham had a total population of 24,278 people.

The two combined wards had no single ethnic majority, with the largest group being White British people comprising 44.3% of the population. The next largest groups were Indians (9.5%), Black Africans (9.3%), Black Caribbeans (5.7%), Bangladeshis (5.6%), Pakistanis (5.5%) and Other Whites (5.2%). [6] [7]

Geography

Chadwell Heath is split between the London Boroughs of Redbridge and Barking & Dagenham. Most of the major buildings, such as the local school and former police station lie in the London Borough of Redbridge. Royal Mail includes Chadwell Heath as part of the RM6 postcode district and the Post Town of Romford,. [8]

The area has 3 allotments: one adjacent to St Chad's Park on Alexandra Road, the other on Chadwell Heath Lane, and the third in Little Heath next to the Eastern Avenue/A12.

The local school is Chadwell Heath Academy, but there are many other large schools nearby, such as Mayfield School and Chadwell Heath Primary School.

Transport

Chadwell Heath is served by London Buses and the Elizabeth Line at Chadwell Heath Railway Station. London Buses routes that serve Chadwell Heath are the 62 from Marks Gate 'Billet Road' to Barking 'Gascoigne Estate'; 86 from Romford Station to Stratford Station; 173 from King George Hospital 'Goodmayes' to Beckton Station; 362 from King George Hospital 'Goodmayes' to Grange Hill Station; 368 from Chadwell Heath 'Police Station' to Barking 'Harts Lane' and night bus N86 from Stratford Station to Harold Hill 'Dagnam Park Square'. [9]

The Eva Hart Public House

Eva Hart (died 1996) lived in Chadwell Heath for a large part of her life. She was one of the few people who survived the sinking of the Titanic.

The Eva Hart PH The Eva Hart.png
The Eva Hart PH

The former police station at 1128 High Road Chadwell Heath ("Police" can still be seen on the frieze of the building) was renovated and converted into a pub, and named after her.

St Chad's Park

St Chad's Park Chadwell Heath, St Chad's Park - geograph.org.uk - 625004.jpg
St Chad's Park

The local park is St Chad's Park, a 1/4km2 sized field lined with trees. It is the oldest park in Barking and Dagenham, being laid in 1830. It contains an outdoor gym for public use. [ citation needed ]

Embassy Cinema

Embassy Cinema The Embassy Cinema - Facade by Night - 1934.tif
Embassy Cinema

There is an Art Deco former cinema on Chadwell Heath High Road, built in May 1934. It was originally called the Embassy Cinema; later it became part of the Gaumont British Circuit. During the late 1960s, it was converted into a Bingo Hall - known to many locals as the Mecca Bingo Hall. In August 2017, the building was listed as an Asset of Community Value by the 'Chadwell Heath South Residents' Association'. [10] The premises currently [when?] house Mayfair Venue, an events centre.

Religion

The Roman Catholic Church of St Bede is on Bishops Avenue.[ citation needed ] St Chad's Church (Church of England) stands on St Chad's Road. Chadwell Heath has 2 baptist churches.[ citation needed ] Other churches include the United Reformed Church (URC), and the Brethren Assembly in Wangey Road.[ citation needed ]

Sport

West Ham United's training ground was located in the area until late 2015. On 10 December 2015, Slaven Bilic, the then manager of West Ham, announced that from the 14 December the club would be moving from the old training ground (at Saville Road) to the new training ground at nearby Rush Green, London.[ citation needed ] Chadwell Heath is also home to St.Chad's Bowling Club. In 2023 it became the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham's sole surviving outdoor bowling club. Situated in St. Chad's Park the bowling club was founded well over 60 years ago.

Notable Current/Former Residents

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ilford</span> Human settlement in England

Ilford is a large town in east London, England, 9 miles (14 km) north-east of Charing Cross. Part of the London Borough of Redbridge, Ilford is within the ceremonial county of Greater London. It had a population of 168,168 in 2011, compared to 303,858 for the entire borough.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Becontree</span> Human settlement in England

Becontree or is an area of approximately 4 square miles (10 km2) in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. It is located 11 miles (17.7 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross and was constructed in the interwar period as the largest public housing estate in the world. The Housing Act 1919 permitted the London County Council to build housing outside the County of London and Becontree was constructed between 1921 and 1935 to cottage estate principles in the parishes of Barking, Dagenham and Ilford, then in the administrative and ceremonial county of Essex. The official completion of the estate was celebrated in 1935, by which time the estate had a population of around 100,000 people in 26,000 homes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goodmayes</span> Human settlement in England

Goodmayes is a district of Ilford, North East London. It resides within the London Borough of Redbridge, England. It is situated eleven miles north-east of Charing Cross, and forms part of both the Romford and Ilford post towns. Historically part of Essex, it was part of the Municipal Borough of Ilford until 1965 when it was incorporated into Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Redbridge</span> London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Redbridge is a London borough established in 1965.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Barking and Dagenham</span> London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham is a London borough in East London. It lies around 9 miles (14.4 km) east of Central London. It is an Outer London borough and the south is within the London Riverside section of the Thames Gateway; an area designated as a national priority for urban regeneration. At the 2011 census it had a population of 187,000, the majority of which are within the Becontree estate. The borough's three main towns are Barking, Chadwell Heath and Dagenham. The local authority is the Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council. Barking and Dagenham was one of six London boroughs to host the 2012 Summer Olympics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dagenham</span> Town in east London, England

Dagenham is a town in East London, England, within the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Dagenham is centred 11.5 miles (18.5 km) east of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hainault, London</span> Area of east London

Hainault is a large suburban area in northeast London, England, in the London Borough of Redbridge, 12.5 miles (20.1 km) northeast of Charing Cross. Most of the housing in Hainault was built by the London County Council between 1947 and 1953. Originally spanning the parishes of Chigwell, Dagenham, and Ilford, in 1965 the estate was combined in a single London borough and became part of Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barking, London</span> Human settlement in England

Barking is a riverside town in East London, England, within the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. It is 9.3 miles (15 km) east of Charing Cross. The total population of Barking was 59,068 at the 2011 census. In addition to an extensive and fairly low-density residential area, the town centre forms a large retail and commercial district, currently a focus for regeneration. The former industrial lands to the south are being redeveloped as Barking Riverside.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goodmayes railway station</span> National Rail station in London, England

Goodmayes railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line serving the district of Goodmayes in the London Borough of Redbridge, east London. It is 9 miles 23 chains (14.9 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Seven Kings and Chadwell Heath. Its three-letter station code is GMY, and it is in Travelcard Zone 4.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chadwell Heath railway station</span>

Chadwell Heath railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line in Chadwell Heath, which straddles the London Borough of Redbridge and the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham in East London. It is 10 miles (16 km) from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Goodmayes and Romford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beckton</span> Area in East London, England

Beckton is a suburb in east London, England, located 8 miles (12.9 km) east of Charing Cross and part of the London Borough of Newham. Adjacent to the River Thames, the area consisted of unpopulated marshland known as the East Ham Levels in the parishes of Barking, East Ham, West Ham and Woolwich. The development of major industrial infrastructure in the 19th century to support the growing metropolis of London caused an increase in population with housing built in the area for workers of the Beckton Gas Works and Beckton Sewage Treatment Works. The area has a convoluted local government history and has formed part of Greater London since 1965. Between 1981 and 1995 it was within the London Docklands Development Corporation area, which caused the population to increase as new homes were built and the Docklands Light Railway was constructed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ilford South (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1945 onwards

Ilford South is a constituency created in 1945 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Sam Tarry of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East London Transit</span> Bus rapid transit system in Barking, Goodmayes, Ilford and Dagenham

East London Transit (ELT) is a part-segregated bus rapid transit, operated as part of the London Buses network. The East London Transit opened in phases between 2010 and 2013. The scheme for this system was developed by Transport for London to meet the existing and anticipated demand for public transport in East London caused by the Thames Gateway redevelopment, and has been planned to allow for a possible future upgrade to tram operation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Municipal Borough of Barking</span>

Barking was a local government district, and later civil parish and borough, in southwest Essex, England from 1882 to 1965. It was known as Barking Town from 1882 to 1931. The district included the town of Barking, eastern Beckton and the southwestern part of the Becontree estate. The district was within the Metropolitan Police District and experienced a steady increase in population during its existence. It now forms the western part of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and the eastern extremity of the London Borough of Newham in Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Municipal Borough of Dagenham</span>

Dagenham was a local government district in south west Essex, England from 1926 to 1965 covering the parish of Dagenham. Initially created as an urban district, it was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1938. It was established to deal with the increase in population and the change from rural to urban area caused by the building of the Becontree estate by the London County Council and the subsequent movement of people from Inner London. Peripheral to London, the district formed part of the Metropolitan Police District and London Traffic Area. It now forms the eastern sections of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and the London Borough of Redbridge in Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Municipal Borough of Ilford</span> District in Essex, England

Ilford was a civil parish and local government district in south west Essex, England from 1888 to 1965, covering the town Ilford. The district saw a considerable rise in population throughout its life, caused by the expansion of the built-up area of London, and became one of the most populous districts of its type in England. The district now corresponds to the greater part of the London Borough of Redbridge in Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dagenham and Rainham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency since 2010

Dagenham and Rainham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Jon Cruddas of the Labour Party since its 2010 creation.

Marks Gate is an area in London, England and is located in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. It is in East London and is immediately north of Chadwell Heath and to the west of Romford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">King George Hospital, London</span> Hospital in Goodmayes, London

King George Hospital is an NHS hospital located on Barley Lane in the Goodmayes area of Ilford, in the London Borough of Redbridge. The hospital is part of Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Embassy Cinema, Chadwell Heath</span>

The Embassy Cinema is a former cinema in the town of Chadwell Heath, Greater London. It was once known, among locals, as The Gaumont. It was designed in an art deco style, with a streamline moderne interior, by Harry Weston in 1934. The building is situated on the border of Redbridge and Barking & Dagenham, in the Chadwell Heath District Centre. The cinema closed in 1966 and became a Bingo Hall. In 2015, following the closure of the Bingo Hall, it was then used as a wedding hall/banqueting suite. The building was listed as an Asset of Community Value by the 'Chadwell Heath South Residents' Association' in August 2017 and is currently the focus of a major cinema restoration project.

References

  1. "Barking and Dagenham Ward ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. 1 2 Mills, A.D. (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 W.R. Powell (1966). Dagenham: Introduction and manors, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5 . Retrieved 6 January 2018.{{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  4. 'London Gazetteer', Russ Willey, (2006), Harrap Publishers
  5. "The borough of Barking - British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  6. Good Stuff IT Services. "Chadwell Heath - UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  7. Good Stuff IT Services. "Chadwell - UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  8. Royal Mail, Address Management Guide, (2004)
  9. "Buses from Chadwell Heath" (PDF). Transport for London . Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  10. "Redbridge - Community right to bid". Redbridge.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2018.