This article needs to be updated.(May 2016)
|Chamber of Deputies|
Câmara dos Deputados
|55th Legislature of the National Congress|
|Founded||May 6, 1826|
New session started
|February 1, 2018|
José Guimarães, PT
Weverton Rocha, PDT
| Government (315)|
Length of term
|Open list proportional representation|
|October 7, 2018|
|October 2, 2022|
|Ulysses Guimarães plenary chamber |
National Congress building
Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Chamber of Deputies (Portuguese : Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current president of the Chamber is the deputy Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), who was elected in July 14, 2016 to serve for the remainder of the 2015–2016 term.
The legislatures are counted from the first meeting of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate, on 6 May 1826, in the imperial era (the Chamber of Deputies met for preparatory sessions from 29 April 1826 to elect its officers and conduct other preliminary business, but the Legislature was formally opened on 6 May). The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate were created by Brazil's first Constitution, the Constitution of the Empire of Brazil, adopted in 1824. The numbering of the legislatures is continuous and counts all bicameral legislatures elected since the adoption of the 1824 Constitution including the imperial General Assembly and the republican National Congress. The previous constituent and legislative assembly of the Empire of Brazil, a unicameral national assembly convened in 1823 and dissolved by Emperor Pedro I before the Constitution was adopted, is not counted. The inauguration of a new composition of Chamber of Deputies for a four-year term of office marks the start of a new Legislature.
In the imperial era the national legislature was named General Assembly. It was made up of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Senators were elected for life and the Senate was a permanent institution, whereas the Chamber of Deputies, unless dissolved earlier, was elected every four years. When Brazil became a republic and a federal state the model of a bicameral Legislature was retained at the federal level, but the parliament was renamed National Congress. The National Congress is made up of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. Both houses have fixed terms and cannot be dissolved earlier. Under Brazil's present Constitution, adopted in 1988, senators are elected to eight-year terms and deputies are elected every four years.
Each Brazilian state (and the Federal District) is represented in the Senate by three senators.
Elections to the Senate are held every four years, with either a third or two thirds of the seats up for election.
The number of deputies elected is proportional to the size of the population of the respective state (or of the Federal District). However, no delegation can be made up of less than eight or more than seventy seats. Thus the least populous state elects eight Federal Deputies and the most populous elects seventy. These restrictions favour the smaller states at the expense of the more populous states and so the size of the delegations is not exactly proportional to population.
Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held every four years, with all seats up for election.
Empire of Brazil
Legislatures elected under the Republic of 46
Legislatures elected under the Military Regime
Legislatures elected after the restoration of civilian government ("New Republic")
The number of seats per state is distributed according to the number of inhabitants per state, according to the official measurement taken by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics through a census held each 10 years. The Brazilian population is represented by one deputy for each 362,013 inhabitants on average, but this proportionality is limited by having a minimum of eight members and a maximum of seventy members per state, these criteria being subject to an apportionment paradox.
Therefore, states with 3,258,117 inhabitants upwards have 9 to 70 deputies. Following this scenario for example the city of São Paulo with its 11,253,503 inhabitantsis represented by 31 deputies of the total members of the state and the rest of the state with its 28,670,588 inhabitants are represented by 39 MPs (Member of Parliament).
There is a distorted representation of the Brazilian states in congress, having some groups of deputies representing on average more than the proportion of the population of the state, and others representing less. That proportionality means that Roraima is represented by a representative for every 51,000 inhabitants and, at the other extreme, São Paulo is represented by one representative for every 585,000 inhabitants. This difference is reflected in the representation of the states in the Brazilian Congress with deputations for states as Roraima with 681% of the population represented by their deputies in the Congress, and less proportionality for the population of the state of São Paulo with 63% of the population represented by their deputies in the Congress, where proportionality is the percentage of representatives in the chamber divided by the percentage of the population. The population of the state of São Paulo, because of the maximum limits of 70 MPs for any one state, give up having 40 more seats in congress compared to the other states.
|Federal state||Number of members||% Of total members||Population (on the census also called Censo 2010)||% Of the population (Censo 2010)||Representativeness (Inhabitants / Mr)||Representatives of national average||% Representative distortion||% Of the population represented by MPs||Deputies required ignoring the limits|
|Rio de Janeiro||46||9%||15,180,636||8.2%||330,014||42||0.80%||110%||-4|
|Rio Grande do Sul||31||6%||10,576,758||5.7%||341,186||29||0.30%||106%||-2|
|Mato Grosso do Sul||8||1.6%||2,404,256||1.3%||300,532||7||0.30%||120%||-1|
|Rio Grande do Norte||8||1.6%||3,121,451||1.7%||390,181||9||-0.10%||93%||1|
|Total||513||100%||185,712,713||100%||362,013 (representative national average)||514(Population / representative national average)||0.30% accumulated (% of total members -% of the population)||156%average (number of members / Representatives of national average)||1|
|PV||5||Leandre Dal Ponte||Independent|
|Government||±300||Aguinaldo Ribeiro (PP)|
|Majority||±50||Lelo Coimbra (MDB)|
|Opposition||±120||José Guimarães (PT)|
|Minority||±60||Weverton Guimarães (PDT)|
|PP, AVANTE Bloc||75||Arthur Lira (PP)|
|PTB, PROS, PSL, PRP Bloc||36||Jovair Arantes (PTB)|
The House of Representatives is composed of the Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil by College Leaders and the Commissions, which can be permanent, temporary, or special inquiry.
The current composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following:
President: Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ) (elected in July 14, 2016 to serve for the remainder of the 2015-2016 term, after Eduardo Cunha was suspended by the Supreme Court in May 5, 2016. Reelect for the 2017-2018 term in February 2, 2017. )
1st Vice President: Fábio Ramalho (MDB-MG)
2nd Vice President: André Fufuca (PP-MA)
1st Secretary: Fernando Giacobo (PR-PR)
2nd Secretary: Mariana Carvalho (PSDB-RO)
3rd Secretary: João Henrique Caldas (PSB-AL)
4th Secretary: Rômulo Gouveia (PSD-PB)
1st Alternate Registrar: Dagoberto Nogueira (PDT-MS)
2nd Alternate Registrar: César Halum (PRB-TO)
3rd Alternate Registrar: Pedro Uczai (PT-SC)
4th Alternate Registrar: Carlos Manato (SD-ES)
This section needs to be updated.(March 2017)
On March 6 of 2012, was defined division of committees between parties. The President's House, Marco Maia, believes that the proportionality between the parties / blocs must take into account the data of the last election. Thus, PT and PMDB, with the highest benches, were three committees (the PT made the choice first). DEM and PSDB, the two largest opposition, were two commissions each.On the other hand, PSD, most harmed by this decision, filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court (STF) trying to reverse this decision.
The chair of the committee, was defined as follows:
|Committee on Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development and Supply||Sérgio Souza (MDB)||Paraná||Link||Contato|
|Commission of the Amazon, National Integration and Regional Development||Valadares Filho (PSB)||Sergipe||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Science and Technology, Communication and Information||Paulo Magalhães (PSD)||Bahia||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Constitution, Justice and Citizenship||Rodrigo Pacheco (MDB)||Minas Gerais||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Consumer Protection||Rodrigo Martins (PSB)||Piauí||Link||Contato|
|Committee for Economic Development, Industry and Commerce||Lucas Vergilio (SD)||Goiás||Link||Contato|
|Urban Development Commission||Givaldo Vieira (PT)||Espírito Santo||Link||Contato|
|Commission on Human Rights and Minorities||Paulão (PT)||Alagoas||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Education||Caio Nárcio (PSDB)||Minas Gerais||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Culture||Thiago Peixoto (PSD)||Goiás||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Finance and Taxation||Covatti Filho (PP)||Rio Grande do Sul||Link||Contato|
|Commission of Financial Supervision and Control||Wilson Filho (PTB)||Paraíba||Link||Contato|
|Participative Legislation Committee||Fávia Morais (PDT)||Goiás||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development||Nilto Tatto (PT)||São Paulo||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Mines and Energy||Jhonatan de Jesus (PRB)||Roraima||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Foreign Relations and National Defense||Bruna Furlan (PSDB)||São Paulo||Link||Contato|
|Public Safety Commission and Combating Organized Crime||Capitão Augusto (PR)||São Paulo||Link||Contato|
|Commission on Social Security and Family||Hiran Gonçalves (PP)||Roraima||Link||Contato|
|Committee on Labor, Public Service and Administration||Orlando Silva (PCdoB)||São Paulo||Link||Contato|
|Commission for Tourism||Paulo Azi (DEM)||Bahia||Link||Contato|
|Commission for Sports||Ezequiel Teixeira (PODE)||Rio de Janeiro||Link||Contato|
|Commission of Roads and Transport||Altineu Côrtes (MDB)||Rio de Janeiro||Link||Contato|
|Commission of Defense of Women's Rights||Shéridan (PSDB)||Roraima||Link||Link|
|Commission of Defense of Elderly's Rights||Gilberto Nascimento (PSC)||São Paulo||Link||Link|
|Commission of Defense of Disabled People||Cabo Sabino (PR)||Ceará||Link||Link|
defines the distribution of the standing committeesMissing or empty
going to have the Supreme Command of committees in the HouseMissing or empty