Chamber of Deputies (Brazil)

Chamber of Deputies
Câmara dos Deputados
56th Legislature of the National Congress
Logo of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Founded May 6, 1826 (1826-05-06)
New session started
February 1, 2017 (2017-02-01)
Leadership
Rodrigo Maia, DEM
Since July 14, 2016
Government Leader
Aguinaldo Ribeiro, PP
Majority Leader
Lelo Coimbra, MDB
Opposition Leader
José Guimarães, PT
Minority Leader
Weverton Rocha, PDT
Structure
Seats 513
Political groups

Government (315)

  •      MDB (51)
  •      PP (49)
  •      DEM (43)
  •      PR (40)
  •      PSD (38)
  •      PRB (21)
  •      PTB (16)
  •      SD (11)
  •      PSC (9)
  •      PPS (8)
  •      PATRI (5)

Opposition (125)

Independent (73)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Open list proportional representation
Last election
October 5, 2014
Next election
October 7, 2018
Meeting place
Ulysses Guimarães plenary chamber
National Congress building
Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
Website
www.camara.gov.br
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Brazil
Foreign relations

The Chamber of Deputies (Portuguese : Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current president of the Chamber is the deputy Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), who was elected in July 14, 2016 to serve for the remainder of the 2015–2016 term.

Legislatures

The legislatures are counted from the first meeting of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate, on 6 May 1826, in the imperial era (the Chamber of Deputies met for preparatory sessions from 29 April 1826 to elect its officers and conduct other preliminary business, but the Legislature was formally opened on 6 May). The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate were created by Brazil's first Constitution, the Constitution of the Empire of Brazil, adopted in 1824. The numbering of the legislatures is continuous and counts all bicameral legislatures elected since the adoption of the 1824 Constitution including the imperial General Assembly and the republican National Congress. The previous constituent and legislative assembly of the Empire of Brazil, a unicameral national assembly convened in 1823 and dissolved by Emperor Pedro I before the Constitution was adopted, is not counted. The inauguration of a new composition of Chamber of Deputies for a four-year term of office marks the start of a new Legislature.

In the imperial era the national legislature was named General Assembly. It was made up of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Senators were elected for life and the Senate was a permanent institution, whereas the Chamber of Deputies, unless dissolved earlier, was elected every four years. When Brazil became a republic and a federal state the model of a bicameral Legislature was retained at the federal level, but the parliament was renamed National Congress. The National Congress is made up of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. Both houses have fixed terms and cannot be dissolved earlier. Under Brazil's present Constitution, adopted in 1988, senators are elected to eight-year terms and deputies are elected every four years.

Each Brazilian state (and the Federal District) is represented in the Senate by three senators.

Elections to the Senate are held every four years, with either a third or two thirds of the seats up for election.

The number of deputies elected is proportional to the size of the population of the respective state (or of the Federal District). However, no delegation can be made up of less than eight or more than seventy seats. Thus the least populous state elects eight Federal Deputies and the most populous elects seventy. These restrictions favour the smaller states at the expense of the more populous states and so the size of the delegations is not exactly proportional to population.

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held every four years, with all seats up for election.

Empire of Brazil [1]

Old Republic [2]

Vargas Era [3]

Legislatures elected under the Republic of 46 [4]

Legislatures elected under the Military Regime

Legislatures elected after the restoration of civilian government ("New Republic")

Federal representation

Chamber of Deputies

The number of seats per state is distributed according to the number of inhabitants per state, according to the official measurement taken by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics through a census held each 10 years. The Brazilian population is represented by one deputy for each 362,013 inhabitants on average, but this proportionality is limited by having a minimum of eight members and a maximum of seventy members per state, these criteria being subject to an apportionment paradox.

Therefore, states with 3,258,117 inhabitants upwards have 9 to 70 deputies. Following this scenario for example the city of São Paulo with its 11,253,503 inhabitants [6] is represented by 31 deputies of the total members of the state and the rest of the state with its 28,670,588 inhabitants are represented by 39 MPs (Member of Parliament). [7]

There is a distorted representation of the Brazilian states in congress, having some groups of deputies representing on average more than the proportion of the population of the state, and others representing less. That proportionality means that Roraima is represented by a representative for every 51,000 inhabitants and, at the other extreme, São Paulo is represented by one representative for every 585,000 inhabitants. This difference is reflected in the representation of the states in the Brazilian Congress with deputations for states as Roraima with 681% of the population represented by their deputies in the Congress, and less proportionality for the population of the state of São Paulo with 63% of the population represented by their deputies in the Congress, where proportionality is the percentage of representatives in the chamber divided by the percentage of the population. The population of the state of São Paulo, because of the maximum limits of 70 MPs for any one state, give up having 40 more seats in congress compared to the other states. [8]

Federal stateNumber of members% Of total membersPopulation (on the census also called Censo 2010)% Of the population (Censo 2010)Representativeness (Inhabitants / Mr)Representatives of national average% Representative distortion% Of the population represented by MPsDeputies required ignoring the limits
São Paulo 7013,6%39 924 09121,5%570 344110-7,90%63%40
Minas Gerais 5310,3%19 159 26010,3%361 495530,00%100%0
Rio de Janeiro 469%15 180 6368,2%330 014420,80%110%-4
Bahia 397,6%13 633 9697,3%349 589380,30%104%-1
Rio Grande do Sul 316%10 576 7585,7%341 186290,30%106%-2
Paraná 305,8%10 226 7375,5%340 891280,30%106%-2
Pernambuco 254,9%8 541 2504,6%341 650240,30%106%-1
Ceará 224,3%8 450 5274,4%371 82223-0,10%94%1
Maranhão 183,5%6 424 3403,5%356 908180,00%101%0
Goiás 173,3%5 849 1053,1%344 065160,20%105%-1
Pará 173,3%7 443 9044%437 87721-0,70%83%4
Santa Catarina 163,1%6 178 6033,3%386 16317-0,20%94%1
Paraíba 122,3%3 753 6332%312 803100,30%116%-2
Espírito Santo 101,9%3 392 7751,8%339 27890,10%107%-1
Piauí 101,9%3 086 4481,7%308 64590,20%117%-1
Alagoas 91,7%3 093 9941,7%343 77790,00%105%0
Acre 81,6%707 1250,4%88 39121,20%410%-6
Amazonas 81,6%3 350 7731,8%418 8479-0,20%86%1
Amapá 81,6%648 5530,3%81 06921,30%447%-6
Distrito Federal 81,6%2 469 4891,3%308 68670,30%117%-1
Mato Grosso do Sul 81,6%2 404 2561,3%300 53270,30%120%-1
Mato Grosso 81,6%2 954 6251,6%369 32880,00%98%0
Rio Grande do Norte 81,6%3 121 4511,7%390 1819-0,10%93%1
Rondônia 81,6%1 535 6250,8%191 95340,80%189%-4
Roraima 81,6%425 3980,2%53 17511,40%681%-7
Sergipe 81.6%2 036 2271.1%254 52860.50%142%-2
Tocantins 81.6%1 373 5510.7%171 69440.90%211%-4
Total513100%185 712 713100%362 013 (representative national average)514(Population / representative national average)0,30% accumulated (% of total members -% of the population) 156%average (number of members / Representatives of national average) 1

Present composition

Leaderships

PartyRepresentativesLeaderPosition
PT 61Paulo PimentaOpposition
MDB 51Baleia RossiGovernment
PP 49Arthur LiraGovernment
PSDB 49Nilson LeitãoIndependent
DEM 43Rodrigo GarciaGovernment
PR 40José RochaGovernment
PSD 38Domingos NetoGovernment
PSB 26Júlio DelgadoOpposition
PRB 21 Celso Russomano Government
PDT 19André FigueiredoOpposition
PODE 16Ricardo TeobaldoIndependent
PTB 16 Jovair Arantes Government
PROS 11Felipe BornierIndependent
SD 11Wladimir CostaGovernment
PCdoB 10Orlando SilvaOpposition
AVANTE 8Luis TibéIndependent
PPS 8Arnaldo JordyGovernment
PSL 8Delegado FrancischiniIndependent
PSC 6Gilberto NascimentoGovernment
PSOL 6Chico AlencarOpposition
PATRI 5Júnior MarrecaGovernment
PV 5Leandre Dal PonteIndependent
PHS 4Marcelo AroIndependent
REDE 2 João Derly Opposition
PPL 1Uldurico JuniorOpposition

Partisan blocs composition

BlocRepresentativesLeader
Government±300Aguinaldo Ribeiro (PP)
Majority±50Lelo Coimbra (MDB)
Opposition±120José Guimarães (PT)
Minority±60Weverton Guimarães (PDT)
PP, AVANTE Bloc75Arthur Lira (PP)
PTB, PROS, PSL, PRP Bloc36 Jovair Arantes (PTB)

Bodies

The House of Representatives is composed of the Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil by College Leaders and the Commissions, which can be permanent, temporary, or special inquiry.

Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil

The current composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following:

President: Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ) (elected in July 14, 2016 to serve for the remainder of the 2015-2016 term, [9] after Eduardo Cunha was suspended by the Supreme Court in May 5, 2016. [10] Reelect for the 2017-2018 term in February 2, 2017. [11] )
1st Vice President: Fábio Ramalho (MDB-MG)
2nd Vice President: André Fufuca (PP-MA)
1st Secretary: Fernando Giacobo (PR-PR)
2nd Secretary: Mariana Carvalho (PSDB-RO)
3rd Secretary: João Henrique Caldas  (pt )(PSB-AL)
4th Secretary: Rômulo Gouveia (PSD-PB)
1st Alternate Registrar: Dagoberto Nogueira  (pt )(PDT-MS)
2nd Alternate Registrar: César Halum (PRB-TO)
3rd Alternate Registrar: Pedro Uczai (PT-SC)
4th Alternate Registrar: Carlos Manato (SD-ES)

Standing committees

On March 6 of 2012, was defined division of committees between parties. The President's House, Marco Maia, believes that the proportionality between the parties / blocs must take into account the data of the last election. Thus, PT and PMDB, with the highest benches, were three committees (the PT made the choice first). DEM and PSDB, the two largest opposition, were two commissions each. [12] On the other hand, PSD, most harmed by this decision, filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court (STF) trying to reverse this decision. [13]

The chair of the committee, was defined as follows: [14]

CommissionPresident (party)StateSiteContact
Committee on Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development and Supply [15] Sérgio Souza (MDB) Paraná Link Contato
Commission of the Amazon, National Integration and Regional Development [16] Valadares Filho (PSB) Sergipe Link Contato
Committee on Science and Technology, Communication and Information [17] Paulo Magalhães (PSD) Bahia Link Contato
Committee on Constitution, Justice and Citizenship [18] Rodrigo Pacheco (MDB) Minas Gerais Link Contato
Committee on Consumer Protection [19] Rodrigo Martins (PSB) Piauí Link Contato
Committee for Economic Development, Industry and Commerce [20] Lucas Vergilio (SD) Goiás Link Contato
Urban Development Commission [21] Givaldo Vieira (PT) Espírito Santo Link Contato
Commission on Human Rights and Minorities [22] Paulão (PT) Alagoas Link Contato
Committee on Education [23] Caio Nárcio (PSDB) Minas Gerais Link Contato
Committee on Culture [24] Thiago Peixoto (PSD) Goiás Link Contato
Committee on Finance and Taxation [25] Covatti Filho (PP) Rio Grande do Sul Link Contato
Commission of Financial Supervision and Control [26] Wilson Filho (PTB) Paraíba Link Contato
Participative Legislation Committee [27] Fávia Morais (PDT) Goiás Link Contato
Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development [28] Nilto Tatto (PT) São Paulo Link Contato
Committee on Mines and Energy [29] Jhonatan de Jesus (PRB) Roraima Link Contato
Committee on Foreign Relations and National Defense [30] Bruna Furlan (PSDB) São Paulo Link Contato
Public Safety Commission and Combating Organized Crime [31] Capitão Augusto (PR) São Paulo Link Contato
Commission on Social Security and Family [32] Hiran Gonçalves (PP) Roraima Link Contato
Committee on Labor, Public Service and Administration [33] Orlando Silva (PCdoB) São Paulo Link Contato
Commission for Tourism [34] Paulo Azi (DEM) Bahia Link Contato
Commission for Sports [35] Ezequiel Teixeira (PODE) Rio de Janeiro Link Contato
Commission of Roads and Transport [36] Altineu Côrtes (MDB) Rio de Janeiro Link Contato
Commission of Defense of Women's Rights [37] Shéridan (PSDB) Roraima Link Link
Commission of Defense of Elderly's Rights [38] Gilberto Nascimento (PSC) São Paulo Link Link
Commission of Defense of Disabled People [39] Cabo Sabino (PR) Ceará Link Link

See also

References

  1. "O Império do Brasil". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  2. "A 1ª República". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  3. "A 2a República". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  4. "A 4a República". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  5. Constitutional Amendment 26, of 27 November 1985
  6. "IBGE Censo 2010". www.censo2010.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  7. "MP" . Retrieved 22 March 2018 via The Free Dictionary.
  8. "Gasto com deputados caminha para R$ 1 bilhão". uol.com.br. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  9. "Rodrigo Maia vence Rosso no 2º turno e é eleito presidente da Câmara" (in Portuguese). 2016-07-14. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
  10. Watts, Jonathan (5 May 2016). "Speaker of Brazil's lower house Eduardo Cunha suspended". the Guardian. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  11. Bragon, Ranier; Carvalho, Daniel; Boldrini, Angela (February 2, 2017). "Em vitória folgada, Rodrigo Maia é reeletio presidente da Câmara" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  12. Finch, Nathalia (March 6, 2012), G1, defines the distribution of the standing committeesMissing or empty |title= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  13. Santos, Deborah (February 27, 2012), G1, going to have the Supreme Command of committees in the HouseMissing or empty |title= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  14. "Eleitos os presidentes das 25 comissões da Câmara" (in Portuguese). Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  15. "Comissão de Agricultura, Pecuária, Abastecimento e Desenvolvimento Rural - CAPADR". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  16. "Comissão de Integração Nacional, Desenvolvimento Regional e da Amazônia - CINDRA". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  17. "Comissão de Ciência e Tecnologia, Comunicação e Informática - CCTCI". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  18. "Comissão de Constituição e Justiça e de Cidadania - CCJC". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  19. "Comissão de Defesa do Consumidor - CDC". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  20. "Comissão de Desenvolvimento Econômico, Indústria, Comércio e Serviços - CDEICS". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  21. "Comissão de Desenvolvimento Urbano - CDU". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  22. "Comissão de Direitos Humanos e Minorias - CDHM". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  23. "Comissão de Educação - CE". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  24. "Comissão de Cultura - CCULT". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  25. "Comissão de Finanças e Tributação - CFT". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  26. "Comissão de Fiscalização Financeira e Controle - CFFC". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  27. "Comissão de Legislação Participativa - CLP". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  28. "Comissão de Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentável - CMADS". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  29. "Comissão de Minas e Energia - CME". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  30. "Comissão de Relações Exteriores e de Defesa Nacional - CREDN". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  31. "Comissão de Segurança Pública e Combate ao Crime Organizado - CSPCCO". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  32. "Comissão de Seguridade Social e Família - CSSF". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  33. "Comissão de Trabalho, de Administração e Serviço Público - CTASP". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  34. "Comissão de Turismo – CTUR". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  35. "Comissão do Esporte - CESPO". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  36. "Eleições para mesa diretora da CVT acontecerão na próxima terça". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  37. "Comissão de Defesa dos Direitos da Mulher - Mulher — Portal da Câmara dos Deputados". camara.leg.br. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  38. "Comissão de Defesa dos Direitos da Pessoa Idosa - Idoso — Portal da Câmara dos Deputados". camara.leg.br. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  39. "Comissão de Defesa dos Direitos das Pessoas com Deficiência - CPD". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved 22 March 2018.