Chamber of Deputies of Chile

Last updated
Chamber of Deputies of Chile

Cámara de Diputados de la República de Chile
54th National Congress
Emblema de la Camara de Diputados de Chile.png
Type
Type
Leadership
Maya Fernández Allende, PS
since March 11, 2018
First Vice-President
Jaime Mulet Martínez, FREVS
since March 11, 2018
Second Vice-President
Mario Venegas Cárdenas, PDC
since March 11, 2018
Structure
Seats155
Camara de Diputados de Chile eleccion 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (72)

Opposition (78)

  • New Majority (43)
    •      PS (19)
    •      PPD (8)
    •      PC (8)
    •      PRSD (8)
  • Democratic Covergence
    •      DC (14)
  • Broad Front (19)
    •      RD (7)
    •      PH (3)
    •      PL (2)
    •      Commons (2)
    •      PEV (1)
    •      Broad Front independents (4)

Others (7)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Proportional representation
Last election
November 19, 2017
Meeting place
Camara-diputados-chile.JPG
Chamber of Deputies
National Congress of Chile
Valparaíso
Chile
Website
http://www.camara.cl

The Honourable Chamber of Deputies of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 of Chile's current constitution.

Chile republic in South America

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses. Bicameralism is distinguished from unicameralism, in which all members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from some legislatures that have three or more separate assemblies, chambers, or houses. As of 2015, fewer than half the world's national legislatures are bicameral.

National Congress of Chile legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile

The National Congress of Chile is the legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile.

Contents

Deputies must: be aged at least 21; not be disqualified from voting; have finished secondary school or its equivalent; and have lived in the corresponding electoral district for at least two years prior to the election.

Secondary education education for most teenagers

Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale. Level 2 or lower secondary education is considered the second and final phase of basic education, and level 3 (upper) secondary education is the stage before tertiary education. Every country aims to provide basic education, but the systems and terminology remain unique to them. Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by higher education, vocational education or employment. Like primary education, in most countries secondary education is compulsory, at least until the age of 16. Children typically enter the lower secondary phase around age 11. Compulsory education sometimes extends to age 19.

Since 2017, Chile's congressional elections are governed by an Open list proportional representation.

Open list describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the order in which a party's candidates are elected. This as opposed to closed list, which allows only active members, party officials, or consultants to determine the order of its candidates and gives the general voter no influence at all on the position of the candidates placed on the party list. Additionally, an open list system allows voters to select individuals rather than parties. Different systems give voter different amounts of influence. Voter's choice is usually called preference vote.

Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result - not just a plurality, or a bare majority. The most prevalent forms of proportional representation all require the use of multiple-member voting districts, as it is not possible to fill a single seat in a proportional manner. In fact, the implementations of PR that achieve the highest levels of proportionality tend to include districts with large numbers of seats.

Before 2017, a unique binomial system was used. These system rewards coalition slates. Each coalition could run two candidates for each electoral district's two Chamber seats. Typically, the two largest coalitions in a district divided the seats, one each, among themselves. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second-place coalition by a margin of more than two-to-one did the winning coalition gain both seats. with seats allocated using the simple quotient. The Chamber of Deputies meets in Chile's National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso, some 120 km west of the capital, Santiago. The Congress building in Valparaíso replaced the old National Congress, located in downtown Santiago, in 1990.

Valparaíso Place in Chile

Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile. "Greater Valparaíso" is the third largest metropolitan area in the country. Valparaíso is located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) northwest of Santiago by road and is one of the South Pacific's most important seaports. Valparaíso is the capital of Chile's second most populated administrative region and has been the headquarters for the Chilean National Congress since 1990. Valparaíso has seven universities.

Political composition (2018-2022)

Current party representation in the Chamber of Deputies
Parties [lower-alpha 1] LeadersSeats [lower-alpha 2] Seat Share
Chile Vamos 7246.45%
  National Renewal Mario Desbordes3623.32%
  Independent Democratic Union Jacqueline Van Ryselberghe3019.35%
  Political Evolution Hernán Larraín Matte63.87%
New Majority 4327.74%
  Socialist Party Álvaro Elizalde1912.25%
  Party for Democracy Heraldo Muñoz85.16%
  Communist Party Guillermo Teillier85.16%
  Social Democrat Radical Party Carlos Maldonado85.16%
Broad Front 2012.25%
  Democratic Revolution Catalina Pérez74.52%
  Humanist Party Octavio González31.93%
  Liberal Party Luis Felipe Ramos21.3%
 CommonsJaviera Toro21.3%
  Green Ecologist Party Félix González10.83%
Other political movements [lower-alpha 3] 53.22%
Other parties2012.25%
  Christian Democratic Party Fuad Chahin149.03%
  Social Green Regionalist Federation Jaime Mulet42.58%
 Independents21.3%
Total155100%
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Deputies (2014-2018)

Región Distrito DiputadoPartido
Región de Arica y Parinacota (3)1Vlado Mirosevic Verdugo PL
Nino Baltolu Rasera UDI
Luis Rocafull López PS
Región de Tarapacá (3)2Renzo Trisotti Martínez UDI
Ramón Galleguillos Castillo RN
Hugo Gutiérrez Gálvez PC
Región de Antofagasta (5)3Paulina Núñez Urrutia RN
José Miguel Castro Bascuñán RN
Marcela Hernando Pérez PR
Esteban Velásquez Núñez FREVS
Catalina Pérez Salinas RD
Región de Atacama (5)4Daniella Cicardini Milla PS
Juan Santana Castillo PS
Sofía Cid Versalovic RN
Nicolás Noman Garrido UDI
Jaime Mulet Martínez FREVS
Región de Coquimbo (7)5Sergio Gahona Salazar UDI
Juan Manuel Fuenzalida Cobo UDI
Francisco Eguiguren Correa RN
Pedro Velásquez Seguel Ind-FREVS
Daniel Núñez Arancibia PC
Raúl Saldívar Auger PS
Matías Walker Prieto DC
Región de Valparaíso (16)6Andrés Longton Herrera RN
Luis Pardo Sainz RN
Camila Flores Oporto RN
Pablo Kast Sommerhoff Evopoli
Marcelo Schilling Rodríguez PS
Carolina Marzán Pinto PPD
Daniel Verdessi Belemmi DC
Diego Ibáñez Cotroneo Ind-FA
7María José Hoffmann Opazo UDI
Osvaldo Urrutia Soto UDI
Andrés Celis Montt RN
Rodrigo González Torres PPD
Marcelo Díaz Díaz PS
Víctor Torres Jeldes DC
Camila Rojas ValderramaCommons
Jorge Brito Hasbún RD
Región Metropolitana de Santiago (47)8Joaquín Lavín León UDI
Patricio Melero Abaroa UDI
Mario Desbordes Jiménez RN
Gabriel Silber Romo DC
Pepe Auth Steward Ind-PR
Carmen Hertz Cádiz PC
Claudia Mix JiménezCommons
Pablo Vidal Rojas RD
9 Karol Cariola Oliva PC
Boris Barrera Moreno PC
Érika Olivera de la Fuente Ind-RN
Jorge Durán Espinoza RN
Sebastián Keitel Bianchi Evopoli
Maite Orsini Pascal RD
Cristina Girardi Lavín PPD
10 Giorgio Jackson Drago RD
Natalia Castillo Muñoz RD
Gonzalo Winter Etcheberry Ind-FA
Marcela Sabat Fernández RN
Sebastián Torrealba Alvarado RN
Jorge Alessandri Vergara UDI
Luciano Cruz-Coke Carvallo Evopoli
Maya Fernández Allende PS
11Gonzalo Fuenzalida Figueroa RN
Catalina del Real Mihovilovic RN
Karin Luck Urban RN
Francisco Undurraga Gazitúa Evopoli
Guillermo Ramírez Diez UDI
Tomás Hirsch Goldschmidt PH
12Ximena Ossandón Irarrázabal RN
Leopoldo Pérez Lahsen RN
Álvaro Carter Fernández Ind-UDI
Camila Vallejo Downing PC
Amaro Labra Sepúlveda PC
Pamela Jiles Moreno PH
Miguel Crispi Serrano RD
13Guillermo Teillier del Valle PC
Tucapel Jiménez Fuentes PPD
Eduardo Durán Salinas RN
Cristhian Moreira Barros UDI
Gael Yeomans Araya RD
14Raúl Leiva Carvajal PS
Leonardo Soto Ferrada PS
Marisela Santibáñez NovoaInd. [n 1]
Juan Antonio Coloma Álamos UDI
Jaime Bellolio Avaria UDI
Renato Garín GonzálezInd. [n 2]
Región del Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins (9)15Javier Macaya Danús UDI
Issa Kort Garriga UDI
Diego Schalper Sepúlveda RN
Juan Luis Castro González PS
Raúl Soto Mardones DC
16Alejandra Sepúlveda Orbenes FREVS
Ramón Barros Montero UDI
Virginia Troncoso Hellman UDI
Cosme Mellado Pino PR
Región del Maule (11)17Celso Morales Muñoz UDI
Pedro Pablo Álvarez-Salamanca Ramírez UDI
Hugo Rey Martínez RN
Pablo Prieto Lorca Ind-RN
Pablo Lorenzini Basso DC
Alexis Sepúlveda Soto PR
Florcita Alarcón Rojas PH
18Ignacio Urrutia BonillaInd. [n 3]
Rolando Rentería Moller UDI
Jaime Naranjo Ortiz PS
Manuel Matta Aragay DC
Región de Ñuble (5)19Jorge Sabag Villalobos DC
Frank Sauerbaum Muñoz RN
Gustavo Sanhueza Dueñas UDI
Carlos Abel Jarpa Wevar PR
Loreto Carvajal Ambiado PPD
Región del Biobío (13)20Gastón Saavedra Chandía PS
Jaime Tohá González PS
José Miguel Ortiz Novoa DC
Enrique van Rysselberghe Herrera UDI
Sergio Bobadilla Muñoz UDI
Francesca Muñoz González RN
Leonidas Romero Sáez RN
Félix González Gatica PEV
21Iván Norambuena Farías UDI
Cristóbal Urruticoechea Ríos RN
José Pérez Arriagada Ind-PR
Manuel Monsalve Benavides PS
Joanna Pérez Olea DC
Región de la Araucanía (11)22Diego Paulsen Kehr RN
Jorge Rathgeb Schifferli RN
Mario Venegas Cárdenas DC
Andrea Parra Sauterel PPD
23René Saffirio EspinozaInd.
Andrés Molina Magofke Evopoli
Sebastián Álvarez Ramírez Evopoli
René Manuel García RN
Miguel Mellado Suazo RN
Ricardo Celis Araya PPD
Fernando Meza Moncada Ind-PR
Región de Los Ríos (5)24Bernardo Berger Fett RN
Gastón von Mühlenbrock Zamora UDI
Marcos Ilabaca Cerda PS
Patricio Rosas Barrientos PS
Iván Flores García DC
Región de Los Lagos (9)25Fidel Espinoza Sandoval PS
Emilia Nuyado Ancapichún PS
Harry Jürgensen Rundshagen RN
Javier Hernández Hernández UDI
26Alejandro Santana Tirachini RN
Carlos Kuschel Silva RN
Jenny Álvarez Vera PS
Gabriel Ascencio Mansilla DC
Alejandro Bernales Maldonado PL
Región de Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (3)27Miguel Ángel Calisto Águila DC
Aracely Leuquén Uribe RN
René Alinco Bustos Ind-PPD
Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena (3)28 Gabriel Boric Font Ind-FA
Sandra Amar Mancilla Ind-UDI
Karim Bianchi Retamales Ind-PR

See also

Senate of Chile

The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.

Notes

  1. Party name and leaders current as of 25 March 2019
  2. Seat numbers current as of 25 March 2019
  3. The Broad Front is integrated also by few political movements and minor non-officially registered parties with parliamentary representation

Related Research Articles

Politics of Chile

Chile's government is a representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Chile is both head of state and head of government, and of a formal multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the president and his or her cabinet. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the National Congress. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature of Chile. The Constitution of Chile was approved in a national plebiscite in September 1980, under the military government of Augusto Pinochet. It entered into force in March 1981. After Pinochet left power in 1988, saying this country was ready to keep going along with a plebiscite, the Constitution was amended to ease provisions for future amendments to the Constitution. In September 2005, President Ricardo Lagos signed into law several constitutional amendments passed by Congress. These include eliminating the positions of appointed senators and senators for life, granting the President authority to remove the commanders-in-chief of the armed forces, and reducing the presidential term from six to four years while also disabling immediate re-election. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Chile as "flawed democracy" in 2016.

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Chile has two distinct electoral division systems:

Valencia (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Valencia is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects 16 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Valencia. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Madrid (Congress of Deputies constituency) Spanish Congress Electoral District

Madrid is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects 36 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Madrid. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Asturias (Congress of Deputies constituency) electoral district of the Spanish Congress

AsturiasOviedo until 1986—is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects eight deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Asturias. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Biscay (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Biscay is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects eight deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Biscay. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Barcelona (Congress of Deputies constituency) Spanish Congress electoral district

Barcelona is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects 31 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Barcelona. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Badajoz (Congress of Deputies constituency) electoral district, Spain

Badajoz is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects six deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Badajoz. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

León (Congress of Deputies constituency) electoral district of Spain

León is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of León. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Málaga (Congress of Deputies constituency) Spanish Congress constituency

Málaga is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects 11 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Málaga. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Álava (Congress of Deputies constituency) electoral district of the Spanish Congress

Álava is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Álava. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Ávila (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Ávila is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects three deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Ávila. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Navarre (Congress of Deputies constituency) electoral district of the Spanish Congress

Navarre is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects five deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Navarre. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Castellón (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Castellón is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects five deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Castellón. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Valladolid (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Valladolid is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Valladolid. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Huesca (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Huesca is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects three deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Huesca. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Zamora (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Zamora is one of the 52 constituencies represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Zamora. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

References

  1. Elected as deputy for PRO, resigned her party on 19 de march 2019.
  2. Elected as deputy for RD, resigned his party on 5 january 2019.
  3. Elected as deputy for UDI, resigned his party on 17 december 2018.