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Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados
|56th National Congress|
Length of term
|Open list proportional representation through the D'Hondt method with no threshold in multi-seat constituencies|
|21 November 2021|
|Chamber of Deputies|
National Congress of Chile
The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados) is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 of Chile's current constitution.
Deputies must: be aged at least 21; not be disqualified from voting; have finished secondary school or its equivalent; and have lived in the corresponding electoral district for at least two years prior to the election.
Since 2017, Chile's congress has been elected through open list proportional representation under the D'Hondt method.
Before 2017, a unique binomial system was used. These system rewards coalition slates. Each coalition could run two candidates for each electoral district's two Chamber seats. Typically, the two largest coalitions in a district divided the seats, one each, among themselves. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second-place coalition by a margin of more than two-to-one did the winning coalition gain both seats. with seats allocated using the simple quotient. The Chamber of Deputies meets in Chile's National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso, some 120 km west of the capital, Santiago. The Congress building in Valparaíso replaced the old National Congress, located in downtown Santiago, in 1990
On 11 March 2022, it was agreed that the Presidency of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies would rotate between Raúl Soto (PPD), Karol Cariola (PC), Miguel Ángel Calisto (DC), Yovana Ahumada (PDG), the Broad Front (FA) and Vlado Mirosevic (PL).Likewise, the first and second vice-presidencies were assigned to people who are members of the PR, FA, PS, PC, DC and PPD.
|Parliamentary Group||Leader||Seats||Seat Share||Political position||Ideology|
|National Renewal||Francisco Chahuán||25||16.13%||Centre-right to Right-wing||Conservatism|
|Independent Democratic Union||Javier Macaya||23||14.84%||Right-wing||Social conservatism, Gremialism, Nationalism|
|Political Evolution||Andrés Molina||4||2.58%||Centre-right||Classical liberalism|
|Democratic Independent Regionalist Party||Rodrigo Caramori||1||0.58%||Centre-right||Regionalism|
|Communist Party of Chile||Guillermo Teillier||12||7.74%||Left-wing to far-left||Communism|
|Social Convergence||Alondra Arellano||10||6.45%||Left-wing||Libertarian socialism, Autonomism|
|Democratic Revolution||Margarita Portuguez||7||4.52%||Centre-left to Left-wing||Social democracy, Democratic Socialism|
|Commons||Jorge Ramírez||6||3.87%||Left-wing||Socialism of the 21st century, Autonomism|
|Social Green Regionalist Federation||Jaime Mulet||2||1.29%||Centre-left to Left-wing||Regionalism, Green politics|
|Socialist Party of Chile||Álvaro Elizalde||13||8.39%||Centre-left||Social democracy|
|Party for Democracy||Natalia Piergentili||9||5.81%||Centre-left||Social democracy, Third Way|
|Radical Party of Chile||Carlos Maldonado||4||2.58%||Centre to Centre-left||Radicalism, Third Way|
|Liberal Party||Patricio Morales||4||2.58%||Centre-left||Social liberalism|
|Christian Social Front||15||9.68%|
|Republican Party||José Antonio Kast||14||9.03%||Far-right||National conservatism|
|Christian Conservative Party||Antaris Varela||1||0.65%||Far-right||National conservatism, Social conservatism, Christian right|
|Christian Democratic Party||Yasna Provoste||8||5.16%||Centre to Centre-left||Christian democracy, Third Way|
|Party of the People||Franco Parisi||7||4.52%||Centre-right to Right-wing||Right-wing populism|
|Humanist Party||Octavio González||3||1.94%||Left-wing||Universal humanism, Libertarian socialism|
|Green Ecologist Party||Félix González Gatica||2||1.29%||Centre-left to Left-wing||Green politics|
Chile's government is a representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Chile is both head of state and head of government, and of a formal multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the president and by their cabinet. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the National Congress. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature of Chile.
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The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.
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