Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic

Last updated

Chamber of Deputies of
the Parliament of the Czech Republic

Poslanecká sněmovna
Parlamentu České republiky
9th Legislature
Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Logo.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1 January 1993
Leadership
Radek Vondráček, ANO
since 22 November 2017
Deputy Presidents
List
Structure
Seats200
Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies 2021.svg
Political groups
Incoming legislature:
  •   ANO (72)
  •   SPOLU (71)
  •   PaS (37)
  •   SPD (20)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
8–9 October 2021
Next election
October 2025
Meeting place
Zasedaci sal Poslanecke snemovny.jpg
Thun Palace in Malá Strana, Prague
Rules
Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies (English)

The Chamber of Deputies, officially the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech : Poslanecká sněmovna Parlamentu České republiky), is the lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The chamber has 200 seats and deputies are elected for four-year terms using the party-list proportional representation system with the D'Hondt method. Since 2002, there are 14 constituencies, matching the Czech regions. A Cabinet is answerable to the Chamber of Deputies and the Prime Minister stays in office only as long as they retain the support of a majority of its members. The quorum is set by law to one third (67) of elected deputies. Any changes to the constitutional laws must be approved by at least 60 percent of the Chamber of Deputies. The seat of the Chamber of Deputies is the Thun Palace in Malá Strana, Prague.

Contents

Electability and mandate

Every citizen of the Czech Republic who has the right to vote and if over 21 years old is eligible to be elected. The Deputy may not hold the office of Senator, President of the Czech Republic or judge, which also applies to certain positions specified by law. The office of the Deputy expires once:

Dissolution

After a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, new elections must be held within 60 days, and the Chamber cannot be dissolved within three months of regular elections. The Chamber of Deputies can only be dissolved by the president under conditions specified by the constitution. The Chamber of Deputies is most commonly dissolved following two votes of no confidence in the cabinet. During a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate has the authority to take necessary legal measures in its place.

Seat of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies resides in three building complexes in Malá Strana, Prague. The main building with the plenary chamber is the Thun Palace, built at the end of the 17th century. It was rebuilt at the start of the 19th century to house the Bohemian Diet. The current plenary chamber was built in 1861 for the reinstated Bohemian Diet after it was dissolved by the Austrian-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1849. The second building was the seat of the Governors of the Kingdom of Bohemia appointed by the emperor, located on Malá Strana Square. The last building complex includes the Smiřický Palace and Šternberk Palace at the opposite side of the square.

Past Chamber of Deputies election results

8–9 October 2021 200 seats ANO ODS
KDU-ČSL
TOP 09
Piráti
STAN
SPD  
72 / 200
27.12%
Decrease2.svg6 (-2.52%)
71 / 200
27.79%
Increase2.svg29 (+5.36%)
37 / 200
15.62%
Increase2.svg9 (-0.35%)
20 / 200
9.56%
Decrease2.svg2 (-1.08%)
20–21 October 2017 200 seats Babiš I
Babiš II
ANO
(government)
ODS Piráti SPD KSČM ČSSD
(coalition)
KDU-ČSL TOP 09 STAN
78 / 200
29.64%
Increase2.svg31 (+10.98%)
25 / 200
11.32%
Increase2.svg9 (+3.59%)
22 / 200
10.79%
(new)
22 / 200
10.64%
(new)
15 / 200
7.76%
Decrease2.svg18 (−7.15%)
15 / 200
7.27%
Decrease2.svg35 (−13.09%)
10 / 200
5.80%
Decrease2.svg4 (−0.98%)
7 / 200
5.31%
Decrease2.svg19 (−6.69%)
6 / 200
5.18%
(new)
25–26 October 2013 200 seats Sobotka ČSSD
(government)
ANO
(coalition)
KSČM TOP 09 ODS Úsvit KDU-ČSL
(coalition)
 
50 / 200
20.46%
Decrease2.svg6 (−1.62%)
47 / 200
18.66%
(new)
33 / 200
14.91%
Increase2.svg7 (+3.64%)
26 / 200
12.00%
Decrease2.svg15 (−4.70%)
16 / 200
7.73%
Decrease2.svg37 (−12.50%)
14 / 200
6.89%
(new)
14 / 200
6.78%
(returning)
28–29 May 2010 200 seats Nečas
Rusnok
ČSSD ODS
(government)
TOP 09
(coalition)
KSČM VV
(coalition)
 
56 / 200
22.08%
Decrease2.svg18 (−10.24%)
53 / 200
20.22%
Decrease2.svg28 (−15.16%)
41 / 200
16.70%
(new)
26 / 200
11.27%
Steady2.svg0 (−1.54%)
24 / 200
10.88%
(new)
2–3 June 2006 200 seats Topolánek I
Topolánek II
Fischer
ODS
(government)
ČSSD KSČM KDU-ČSL
(coalition)
SZ
(coalition)
 
81 / 200
35.38%
Increase2.svg23 (+10.91%)
74 / 200
32.32%
Increase2.svg4 (+2.12%)
26 / 200
12.81%
Decrease2.svg15 (−5.7%)
13 / 200
7.23%
Decrease2.svg9 (−7.04%)
6 / 200
6.29%
(new)
14–15 June 2002 200 seats Špidla
Gross
Paroubek
ČSSD
(government)
ODS KSČM KDU-ČSL
US-DEU
(coalition)
 
70 / 200
30.20%
Decrease2.svg4 (−2.11%)
58 / 200
24.47%
Decrease2.svg5 (−3.27%)
41 / 200
18.51%
Increase2.svg17 (+7.48%)
31 / 200
14.27%
Increase2.svg11 (+5.28%)
19–20 June 1998 200 seats Zeman ČSSD
(government)
ODS KSČM KDU-ČSL US-DEU  
74 / 200
32.31%
Increase2.svg13 (+5.87%)
63 / 200
27.74%
Decrease2.svg5 (−1.88%)
24 / 200
11.03%
Increase2.svg2 (+0.7%)
20 / 200
8.99%
Increase2.svg2 (+0.91%)
19 / 200
8.60%
(new)
31 May
and
1 June 1996
200 seats Klaus II
Tošovský
ODS
(government)
ČSSD KSČM KDU-ČSL
(coalition)
SPR-RSČ ODA
(coalition)
 
68 / 200
29.62%
Decrease2.svg8 (−0.11%)
61 / 200
26.44%
Increase2.svg45 (+19.91%)
22 / 200
10.33%
Decrease2.svg13 (−3.72%)
18 / 200
8.08%
Increase2.svg3 (1.8%)
18 / 200
8.01%
Increase2.svg4 (+2.03%)
13 / 200
6.36%
Decrease2.svg1 (+0.43%)

As part of the democratic Czechoslovakia

During this time the Chamber of Deputies was called the National Council.

5–6 June 1992 200 seats Klaus I ODS–KDS
(government)
KSČM ČSSD LSU KDU–ČSL
(coalition)
SPR–RSČ ODA
(coalition)
HSD-SMS
76 / 200
29.73%
(new)
35 / 200
14.05%
Increase2.svg2 (+0.81%)
16 / 200
6.53%
(new)
16 / 200
6.52%
(new)
15 / 200
6.28%
Decrease2.svg5 (−2.14%)
14 / 200
5.98%
(new)
14 / 200
5.93%
(new)
14 / 200
5.87%
Decrease2.svg9
8–9 June 1990 200 seats Pithart OF
(government)
KSČ HSD-SMS
(coalition)
KDU
(coalition)
 
124 / 200
49.50%
33 / 200
13.24%
23 / 200
10.03%
20 / 200
8.42%

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of the Czech Republic Political system of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Executive power is exercised by the Government of the Czech Republic which reports to the Chamber of Deputies. The Legislature is exercised by the Parliament. Czech Parliament is bicameral, the upper house of the Parliament is the Senate, the lower house of the Parliament is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of 81 members who are elected for six years. The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members who are elected for four years. The Judiciary system is topped by the trio of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court.
The highest legal document is the Constitution of the Czech Republic, complemented by constitutional laws and the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. The current constitution went in effect on 1st January 1993, after the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

President of the Czech Republic

The president of the Czech Republic is the elected head of state of the Czech Republic and the commander-in-chief of the military of the Czech Republic.

Czech Social Democratic Party Centre-left Czech political party

The Czech Social Democratic Party is a pro-European social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. It is a member of the Party of European Socialists, the Socialist International, and the Progressive Alliance.

Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic) Czech political party

The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.

Malá Strana Neighborhood of Prague, Czechia

Malá Strana or more formally Menší Město pražské is a district of the city of Prague, Czech Republic, and one of its most historic neighbourhoods.

The dissolution of a legislative assembly is the mandatory simultaneous resignation of all of its members, in anticipation that a new and improved assembly will reconvene later with possibly different members. In a democracy, the new assembly is chosen by a general election. Dissolution is distinct on the one hand from abolition of the assembly, and on the other hand from its adjournment or prorogation, or the ending of a legislative session, any of which begins a period of inactivity after which it is anticipated that the same members will reassemble. For example, the "second session of the fifth parliament" could be followed by the "third session of the fifth parliament" after a prorogation, but the "first session of the sixth parliament" after a dissolution.

Koruna Česká (party) Czech monarchist political party

Czech Crown is a Czech monarchist political party that strives for the restoration of Czech monarchy with House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The party was founded in 1990 and current leader is Radim Špaček. In the 2017 Czech legislative election Koruna Česká ran in a coalition with TOP 09 and the list got 5.35% of the votes. In the 2019 European Parliament election it ran together with KDU-ČSL and the list received 7.24% of the votes.

National Assembly (Bulgaria) legislature of Bulgaria

The National Assembly is the unicameral parliament and legislative body of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Prague 1 Place in Czech Republic

Prague 1, formally the Prague 1 Municipal District, is a second-tier municipality in Prague. It is co-extensive with the national administrative district of the same name.

Hellenic Parliament Unicameral legislative body of Greece

The Hellenic Parliament, also known as the Parliament of the Hellenes or Greek Parliament, is the Parliament of Greece, located in the Old Royal Palace, overlooking Syntagma Square in Athens. The Parliament is the supreme democratic institution that represents the citizens through an elected body of Members of Parliament (MPs).

Green Party (Czech Republic) Czech political party

The Green Party is a green political party in the Czech Republic.

Thun und Hohenstein

The Thun und Hohenstein family, also known as Thun-Hohenstein, belonged to the historical Austrian and Bohemian nobility. There were princely and several comital branches of the family. Princely branch of the family lived at Děčín (Tetschen), Bohemia, for more than 200 years.

Parliament of the Czech Republic legislature of the Czech Republic

The Parliament of the Czech Republic or just Parliament is the legislative body of the Czech Republic, seated in Malá Strana, Prague.

Senate of the Czech Republic Upper House of the Parliament of the Czech Republic

The Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, usually referred to as Senate, is the upper chamber of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The seat of the Senate is Wallenstein Palace in Prague.

Miroslav Sládek

Miroslav Sládek is a Czech politician, and the founder and chairman of the right-wing populist Rally for the Republic – Republican Party of Czechoslovakia (SPR-RSČ). Founded in 1990, the party was disbanded in 2001, and re-established in 2016.

Svobodní Political party in the Czech Republic

Svobodní, until 2019 known as the Party of Free Citizens or the Free Citizens' Party, is a classical liberal and right-libertarian, Eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic founded in 2009 by Petr Mach, an economist and professor of macroeconomics. Before assuming his position as an MEP, Mach taught economics at VŠFS and VŠEM. The party is led by Libor Vondráček.

2013 Czech legislative election

Early legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2013, seven months before the constitutional expiry of the elected parliament's four-year legislative term.

Embassy of the United Kingdom, Prague

The British Embassy in Prague is the chief diplomatic mission of the United Kingdom in the Czech Republic. It is located in the Thun Palace, a historic building in the heart of the Malá Strana. The incumbent ambassador is Nick Archer.

Democratic Party of Greens is a green and Eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It was founded on 10 March 2009 as a split from the Green Party, led by two Green MPs, Olga Zubová and Věra Jakubková, who opposed the party's participation in the centre-right government of Mirek Topolánek.

Bohemian Diet

The Bohemian Diet was the parliament of the Kingdom of Bohemia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire between 1861 and Czechoslovak independence in 1918.

References

  1. "Constitution of the Czech Republic". Office of the President of the Republic. Retrieved 27 June 2010.

Further reading

Coordinates: 50°05′21″N14°24′14″E / 50.08917°N 14.40389°E / 50.08917; 14.40389