Chamber of Deputies of
the Parliament of the Czech Republic
Parlamentu České republiky
Lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic
|Founded||1 January 1993|
Markéta Pekarová Adamová, TOP 09
since 10 November 2021
| Government (108)|
Length of term
| Party-list proportional representation |
|8–9 October 2021|
|Thun Palace in Malá Strana, Prague|
|Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies (English)|
The Chamber of Deputies, officially the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech : Poslanecká sněmovna Parlamentu České republiky), is the lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The chamber has 200 seats and deputies are elected for four-year terms using the party-list proportional representation system with the D'Hondt method. Since 2002, there are 14 constituencies, matching the Czech regions. A Cabinet is answerable to the Chamber of Deputies and the Prime Minister stays in office only as long as they retain the support of a majority of its members. The quorum is set by law to one third (67) of elected deputies. Any changes to the constitutional laws must be approved by at least 60 percent of the Chamber of Deputies. The seat of the Chamber of Deputies is the Thun Palace in Malá Strana, Prague.
Every citizen of the Czech Republic over 21 years old with the right to vote is eligible to be elected. The Deputy may not hold the office of Senator, President of the Czech Republic or judge, which also applies to certain positions specified by law. The office of the Deputy expires once:
After a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, new elections must be held within 60 days, and the Chamber cannot be dissolved within three months of regular elections. The Chamber of Deputies can only be dissolved by the president under conditions specified by the constitution. The Chamber of Deputies is most commonly dissolved following two votes of no confidence in the cabinet. During a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate has the authority to take necessary legal measures in its place.
The Chamber of Deputies resides in three building complexes in Malá Strana, Prague. The main building with the plenary chamber is the Thun Palace, built at the end of the 17th century. It was rebuilt at the start of the 19th century to house the Bohemian Diet. The current plenary chamber was built in 1861 for the reinstated Bohemian Diet after it was dissolved by the Austrian-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1849. The second building was the seat of the Governors of the Kingdom of Bohemia appointed by the emperor, located on Malá Strana Square. The last building complex includes the Smiřický Palace and Šternberk Palace at the opposite side of the square.
|8–9 October 2021||200 seats||Fiala||ANO|| ODS |
| Piráti |
72 / 20027.12%
71 / 20027.79%
37 / 20015.62%
20 / 2009.56%
|20–21 October 2017||200 seats|| Babiš I |
| ANO |
|ODS||Piráti||SPD||KSČM|| ČSSD |
78 / 20029.64%
25 / 20011.32%
22 / 20010.79%
22 / 20010.64%
15 / 2007.76%
15 / 2007.27%
10 / 2005.80%
7 / 2005.31%
6 / 2005.18%
|25–26 October 2013||200 seats||Sobotka|| ČSSD |
| ANO |
|KSČM||TOP 09||ODS||Úsvit|| KDU-ČSL |
50 / 20020.46%
47 / 20018.66%
33 / 20014.91%
26 / 20012.00%
16 / 2007.73%
14 / 2006.89%
14 / 2006.78%
|28–29 May 2010||200 seats|| Nečas |
|ČSSD|| ODS |
| TOP 09 |
|KSČM|| VV |
56 / 20022.08%
53 / 20020.22%
41 / 20016.70%
26 / 20011.27%
24 / 20010.88%
|2–3 June 2006||200 seats|| Topolánek I |
| ODS |
|ČSSD||KSČM|| KDU-ČSL |
| SZ |
81 / 20035.38%
74 / 20032.32%
26 / 20012.81%
13 / 2007.23%
6 / 2006.29%
|14–15 June 2002||200 seats|| Špidla |
| ČSSD |
|ODS||KSČM|| KDU-ČSL |
70 / 20030.20%
58 / 20024.47%
41 / 20018.51%
31 / 20014.27%
|19–20 June 1998||200 seats||Zeman|| ČSSD |
74 / 20032.31%
63 / 20027.74%
24 / 20011.03%
20 / 2008.99%
19 / 2008.60%
| 31 May|
1 June 1996
|200 seats|| Klaus II |
| ODS |
|ČSSD||KSČM|| KDU-ČSL |
|SPR-RSČ|| ODA |
68 / 20029.62%
61 / 20026.44%
22 / 20010.33%
18 / 2008.08%
18 / 2008.01%
13 / 2006.36%
During this time the Chamber of Deputies was called the National Council.
|5–6 June 1992||200 seats||Klaus I|| ODS–KDS |
|KSČM||ČSSD||LSU|| KDU–ČSL |
|SPR–RSČ|| ODA |
76 / 20029.73%
35 / 20014.05%
16 / 2006.53%
16 / 2006.52%
15 / 2006.28%
14 / 2005.98%
14 / 2005.93%
14 / 2005.87%
|8–9 June 1990||200 seats||Pithart|| OF |
|KSČ|| HSD-SMS |
| KDU |
124 / 20049.50%
33 / 20013.24%
23 / 20010.03%
20 / 2008.42%
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Coordinates: 50°05′21″N14°24′14″E / 50.08917°N 14.40389°E