Champagne (province)

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Champagne
Province of Kingdom of France
1314 [1] –1790
Champagne-Ardenne flag.svg
Flag
Arms of the French Region of Champagne-Ardenne.svg
Coat of arms
Champagne in France (1789).svg
History 
 Established
1314 [1]
 Disestablished
1790
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sin escudo.svg County of Champagne
Sin escudo.svg Ecclesiastical Duchy of Reims
Sin escudo.svg Ecclesiastical Duchy of Langres
Sin escudo.svg Ecclesiastical Countship of Châlons
Ardennes (department) Blank.png
Marne (department) Blank.png
Aube Blank.png
Haute-Marne Blank.png
Aisne (department) Blank.png
Seine-et-Marne Blank.png
Yonne Blank.png
Meuse (department) Blank.png

Champagne (French pronunciation:  [ʃɑ̃paɲ] ) was a province in the northeast of the Kingdom of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name in modern-day France. The County of Champagne, descended from the early medieval kingdom of Austrasia, passed to the French crown in 1314. [1]

Contents

Formerly ruled by the counts of Champagne, its western edge is about 160 km (100 miles) east of Paris. The cities of Troyes, Reims, and Épernay are the commercial centers of the area. In 1956, most of Champagne became part of the French administrative region of Champagne-Ardenne, which comprised four departments: Ardennes, Aube, Haute-Marne, and Marne. From 1 January 2016, Champagne-Ardenne merged with the adjoining regions of Alsace and Lorraine to form the new region of Grand Est.

Etymology

The name Champagne, formerly written Champaigne, comes from French meaning "open country" (suited to military maneuvers) and from Latin meaning "level country" which is also the derivation of the name of the Italian region of Campania.

History

In the High Middle Ages, the province was famous for the Champagne fairs, which were very important in the economy of the Western societies. The chivalric romance had its first beginnings in the county of Champagne with the famous writer Chrétien de Troyes who wrote stories of the Round Table from the Arthurian legends.

A few counts of Champagne were French kings with the comital title merging with the French crown in 1314 when Louis I, king of Navarre and count of Champagne, became king of France as Louis X. Counts of Champagne were highly considered by the French aristocracy.

1771 map of Champagne and Brie by Rigobert Bonne 1771 Bonne Map of Brie and Champagne, France - Geographicus - Champagne-bonne-1771.jpg
1771 map of Champagne and Brie by Rigobert Bonne

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Champagne-Ardenne former Region of France

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Champagne is a sparkling wine from the Champagne region of France.

History of Champagne

The history of Champagne has seen the wine evolve from being a pale, pinkish still wine to the sparkling wine now associated with the region. The Romans were the first to plant vineyards in this area of northeast France, with the region being cultivated by at least the 5th century, possibly earlier. When Hugh Capet was crowned King of France in 987 at the cathedral of Reims, located in the heart of the region, he started a tradition that brought successive monarchs to the region—with the local wine being on prominent display at the coronation banquets. The early wine of the Champagne region was a pale, pinkish wine made from Pinot noir.

Grand Est Administrative region of France

Grand Est is an administrative region in Northeastern France. It superseded three former administrative regions, Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine, on 1 January 2016 under the provisional name of Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, as a result of territorial reform which had been passed by the French Parliament in 2014.

Saint-Étienne (Troyes) Church in Aube, France

The Collégiale Saint-Étienne was a church founded in Troyes, France, in 1157 by Henry I, Count of Champagne. He intended that it would become a mausoleum in which the grandeur of the House of Blois would be displayed, but that did not happen. The church was demolished during the French Revolution.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Encyclopædia Britannica. V (eleventh ed.). p. 828.

Coordinates: 49°00′N4°00′E / 49.000°N 4.000°E / 49.000; 4.000