Charles-Amédée Kohler

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Charles-Amédée Kohler
Charles-Amedee Kohler.jpg
Born15 June 1790
Died15 September 1874(1874-09-15) (aged 84)
Lausanne, Switzerland
NationalitySwiss
OccupationChocolatier
Known forCreator of hazelnut chocolate

Charles-Amédée Kohler (born Charles-Gottlieb Kohler; 15 June 1790 – 15 September 1874) was a Swiss chocolatier and entrepreneur who invented hazelnut chocolate, [1] in his factory founded in 1830 [lower-alpha 1] in Lausanne. [3] [4] After his death the Kohler company continued in the Swiss chocolate industry, merged in 1911 with the Cailler and Peter chocolate brands and was later purchased by Nestlé in 1929. [4]

Contents

Biography

Kohler was born on 15 June 1790 in Lausanne, to Gottlieb (later known by the French version of his name, Amédée) Kohler, a merchant of colonial goods and wine from Büren an der Aare, and Anne Ernst. [2] While still young he joined his father's business that operated in the city since 1793, and in 1817 formed a partnership with his brother, Frédéric, and father to form the wholesale firm Amédée Kohler et Fils (Amédée Kohler & Sons). [2]

In 1830 he bought a mill in downtown Lausanne and established a chocolate factory, [5] [4] where he eventually created the recipe for chocolate mixed with hazelnut. After his father's death in 1833, Kohler became fully dedicated to the chocolate making business, and Frédéric left the firm the following year. [2] In 1849 he acquired a sawmill in Sauvabelin, a neighbourhood in the suburbs of Lausanne, which he converted into a factory and to where he transferred the production. [5]

View of Le Flon Valley and Sauvabelin in 1860, with Kohler's second chocolate factory in the background, by Daniel David Burgdorfer Sauvabelin.jpg
View of Le Flon Valley and Sauvabelin in 1860, with Kohler's second chocolate factory in the background, by Daniel David Burgdorfer

In 1865, Kohler retired from the company and passed the administration to his sons Charles-Amédée and Adolphe. [5] He died in Lausanne on 15 September 1874. [2]

Notes

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References

  1. Thomas Stephens (13 December 2017). "The pioneers of Switzerland's 'Chocolate Revolution'". Swissinfo . Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Polla, Louis. "Kohler, Charles-Amédée". Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (in French). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  3. "History". Chocosuisse. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  4. 1 2 3 "About Cailler". Cailler. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  5. 1 2 3 "chocolaterie Kohler". Les musées de Lausanne et de sa région (in French). Retrieved 9 April 2021.