Charles Abraham (bishop of Wellington)

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Charles John Abraham (1814–4 February 1903) was the first Anglican Bishop of Wellington. He married Caroline Palmer who became a noted artist. [1]

Caroline Abraham New Zealand artist

Caroline Harriet Abraham was born in Wanlip near Leicester. She became a New Zealand artist who created a useful record of that country in the nineteenth century. She was the influential wife of a bishop and the mother of another. She put together a book, with others, supporting Maori rights.

Engraving of a portrait of Charles Abraham Charles John Abraham.jpg
Engraving of a portrait of Charles Abraham

Life

Born in 1814, [2] the son of the late Royal Navy captain Abraham, of Farnborough, Hampshire, he was educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge and was later a Fellow. [3] He was admitted to the degree of BA in 1837, MA (Cantab) in 1840, BD in 1849, and received the degree of DD in 1859. He was ordained deacon in 1838, and priest in the following year. He was Assistant Master at Eton until 1850, when he went out to New Zealand to become Master of the English department of St John's College, Auckland. [4]

Royal Navy Maritime warfare branch of the United Kingdoms military

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

Farnborough, Hampshire town in Hampshire, England

Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area. Farnborough was founded in Saxon times and is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is formed from Ferneberga which means "fern hill".

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is a 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

In 1853 he was appointed Archdeacon of Waitemata by George Selwyn, Bishop of New Zealand. [5] Selwyn had for two or three years been offering to members of the Church of England a Church Constitution, under which they were to govern themselves; and during the two years which followed, while absent in England, he left Abraham to set out its principles. In 1857 a convention of churchmen was held in Auckland, which resulted in the framing of the Constitution now in force. In the following year Abraham, who had also been acting as chaplain to the bishop, was appointed first Anglican Bishop of Wellington [6] by John Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury and William Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford and John Lonsdale, Bishop of Lichfield. When the Maori War broke out by reason of the purchase by the Government of the Waitara block, Abraham presented a protest to the Governor, claiming for the Maoris as British subjects the right to be heard in the Supreme Court. [4]

Church of England Anglican state church of England

The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.

Archbishop of Canterbury senior bishop of the Church of England

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby, who was enthroned at Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. Welby is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", sent from Rome in the year 597. Welby succeeded Rowan Williams.

William Wilberforce English politician

William Wilberforce was a British politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780, eventually becoming an independent Member of Parliament (MP) for Yorkshire (1784–1812). In 1785, he became an Evangelical Christian, which resulted in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for reform.

In 1870 he resigned his see, and, returning to England, was made an assistant bishop (described as a coadjutor bishop) to Selwyn as Bishop of Lichfield. This office he held until Selwyn's death in 1878. From 1872 to 1876 he was Prebendary of Bubbenhall in Lichfield Cathedral, and in 1875-6 was rector of Tatenhill, Staffordshire. From 1876 he was Canon and Precentor at the cathedral. [4]

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

An assistant bishop in the Anglican Communion is a bishop appointed to assist a diocesan bishop.

Coadjutor bishop position

A coadjutor bishop is a bishop in the Catholic, Anglican, and (historically) Eastern Orthodox churches whose main role is to assist the diocesan bishop in the administration of the diocese. The coadjutor is a bishop himself, although he is also appointed as vicar general. The coadjutor bishop is, however, given authority beyond that ordinarily given to the vicar general, making him co-head of the diocese in all but ceremonial precedence. In modern times, the coadjutor automatically succeeds the diocesan bishop upon the latter's retirement, removal, or death.

He married in 1850 Caroline Harriet, daughter of Charles Palmer, 2nd Baronet, of Wanlip Hall, Leicestershire, a talented artist [1] and cousin of the wife of George Selwyn. She died in 1877. Abraham is the author of "Festival and Lenten Lectures in St. George's Chapel, Windsor," 1848-9 (Parker), and other works. [4] He died on 4 February 1903. [7] His son [8] and grandson [9] were also bishops.

Sir Charles Thomas Hudson Palmer, 2nd Baronet. His family seat was in Wanlip Hall in Leicestershire.

Wanlip village in the United Kingdom

Wanlip is a small village and civil parish in the Charnwood district of Leicestershire, with a population measured at 305 at the 2011 census. It is a countryside village, north of Birstall, and west of Watermead Country Park and the River Soar. The A46 road runs directly past the village. Wanlip won the 2008 Leicester and Rutland Best Village Competition for villages with a population under 500.

Charles Thomas Abraham (1857–1945) was the second Bishop of Derby from 1909 until 1927.

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References

  1. 1 2 Caroline Harriet Palmer, NZ encyclopedia, retrieved 28 June 2014
  2. “Who was Who” 1897-1990 London, A & C Black, 1991 ISBN   0-7136-3457-X
  3. "Abraham, Charles John (ABRN833CJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Mennell, Philip (1892). "Abraham, Charles John"  . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co via Wikisource.
  5. 'ECCLESIASTICAL INTELLIGENCE' The Morning Post (London, England), Monday, April 18, 1853; pg. 6; Issue 24749
  6. From the London Gazette, Tuesday, Oct. 5. The Times (London, England), Wednesday, Oct 06, 1858; pg. 4; Issue 23117
  7. Bishop Abraham Memorial The Times Tuesday, Mar 31, 1903; pg. 15; Issue 37042; col B.
  8. Family tree
  9. Obituary-The Bishop Of Newfoundland ( P. S. Abraham) The Times Saturday, Dec 24, 1955; pg. 9; Issue 53412; col A
Church of England titles
New title Bishop of Wellington
1858–1870
Succeeded by
Octavius Hadfield