Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg

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Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
900-231 Herzog Carl Alexander.jpg
Charles Alexander of Württemberg
Born(1684-05-24)24 May 1684
Stuttgart
Died12 March 1737(1737-03-12) (aged 52)
Ludwigsburg
Noble family House of Württemberg
Spouse(s) Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis
Father Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
Mother Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Religion Roman Catholicism (previously Lutheranism)

Charles Alexander of Württemberg (24 May 1684 – 12 March 1737) was a Württemberg noble from 1698 who governed the Kingdom of Serbia as regent from 1720 until 1733, when he assumed the position of Duke of Württemberg, which he held until his death.

Contents

Biography

Born in Stuttgart, he was the eldest son of Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental, and Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach. [1]

He succeeded his father as Duke of Württemberg-Winnental in 1698. As a successful army-commander in service of the Holy Roman Emperor, he had converted to Roman Catholicism in 1712. He was militarily successful under Prince Eugene of Savoy in the Spanish War of Succession as well as in the war against the Turks. In 1719 he was appointed imperial governor of Belgrade.

In 1720 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI appointed him governor of the Kingdom of Serbia in Belgrade. While in this post he married Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis (1706-56) in 1727; they had 4 children.

After 13 years of autocratically ruling over Serbia, in 1733 Charles Alexander inherited the Duchy of Württemberg from his cousin, Eberhard Louis. As Duke of Württemberg he moved the court back from Ludwigsburg to the nearby capital of Stuttgart. He ruled over the Duchy until his sudden death in 1737, and was succeeded by his nine-year-old son, Charles Eugene.

During his reign, he employed as his financier the ill-fated Joseph Süss Oppenheimer, who was executed in 1738 for abuse of office during the reign of the duke.

The Spiegelkabinett in the Old Haupbtbau of Ludwigsburg Palace, where Charles Alexander died in 1737. RSLB Spiegelkabinett.jpg
The Spiegelkabinett in the Old Haupbtbau of Ludwigsburg Palace, where Charles Alexander died in 1737.

Family

He married Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis (1706-56) in 1727; they had 6 children:

Queen Elizabeth II is his great-great-great-great-great granddaughter through her grandmother Mary of Teck

In literature and film

Although the story of Duke Karl Alexander and Joseph Süß Oppenheimer constituted a relatively obscure episode in German history, it became the subject of a number of literary and dramatic treatments over the course of more than a century; the earliest of these having been Wilhelm Hauff's 1827 novella, titled Jud Süß . [2] The most successful literary adaptation was Lion Feuchtwanger's 1925 novel titled Jud Süß based on a play that he had written in 1916 but subsequently withdrew.

Ashley Dukes and Paul Kornfeld also wrote dramatic adaptations of the Feuchtwanger novel. In 1934, Lothar Mendes directed "Jew Süss", a film adaptation of the novel. [3]

Charles Alexander and his relationship with Oppenheimer is fictionally portrayed in Veit Harlan's 1940 Nazi propaganda film titled Jud Süß . He is portrayed by Heinrich George.

Although inspired by the historical details of Süß's life, Hauff's novella, Feuchtwanger's novel, and Harlan's film only loosely correspond to the historical sources available at the Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg.

Ancestors

See also

Notes

  1. "Encyclopædia Britannica (mentioned as "Charles Alexander")". Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  2. Magill, Frank Northen (1985). Magill's survey of cinema, foreign language films. Salem Press. ISBN   978-0-89356-247-2 . Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  3. Haines, B.; Parker, S. (17 March 2010). AESTHETICS AND POLITICS IN MODERN GERMAN CULTURE. Peter Lang. pp. 42–44. ISBN   978-3-03911-355-2 . Retrieved 27 October 2011.
Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
Born: 24 May 1684 Died: 12 March 1737
Regnal titles
Preceded by
post established
territory governed by General Joseph O'Dwuyer
imperial regent of Kingdom of Serbia
1720–1733
Succeeded by
Charles Christoph of Schmettau
Preceded by
Eberhard Louis
Duke of Württemberg-Stuttgart
1733–1737
Succeeded by
Charles II Eugene

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