|Charles Henry Arnison|
|Born||13 January 1893|
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England
|Died|| 4 September 1974 81) (aged|
|Service/|| Royal Flying Corps|
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1917–1920|
|Unit||No. 62 Squadron RAF|
|Battles/wars|| World War I |
World War II
Lieutenant Charles Henry Arnison MC (13 January 1893 – 4 September 1974) was a British World War I flying ace credited with nine aerial victories. He won the Military Cross for valour in World War I, and returned to the RAF to serve in World War II.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The actual number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an ace has varied, but is usually considered to be five or more.
Charles Henry Arnison was born in Newcastle-on-Tyne on 13 January 1893.
On 26 May 1917 Sergeant C. H. Arnison of the Territorial Force was commissioned as a second lieutenant and transferred to the General List of the Royal Flying Corps.On 28 June 1917 he was confirmed as a second lieutenant and appointed a Flying Officer.
Sergeant is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces. The alternate spelling, "serjeant", is used in The Rifles and other units that draw their heritage from the British Light Infantry. Its origin is the Latin "serviens", "one who serves", through the French term "sergent".
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer component of the British Army, created in 1908 to augment British land forces without resorting to conscription. The new organisation consolidated the 19th-century Volunteer Force and yeomanry into a unified auxiliary, commanded by the War Office and administered by local County Territorial Associations. The Territorial Force was designed to reinforce the regular army in expeditionary operations abroad, but because of political opposition it was assigned to home defence. Members were liable for service anywhere in the UK and could not be compelled to serve overseas. In the first two months of the First World War, territorials volunteered for foreign service in significant numbers, allowing territorial units to be deployed abroad. They saw their first action on the Western Front during the initial German offensive of 1914, and the force filled the gap between the near destruction of the regular army that year and the arrival of the New Army in 1915. Territorial units were deployed to Gallipoli in 1915 and, following the failure of that campaign, provided the bulk of the British contribution to allied forces in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. By the war's end, the Territorial Force had fielded twenty-three infantry divisions and two mounted divisions on foreign soil. It was demobilised after the war and reconstituted in 1921 as the Territorial Army.
Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1a rank.
By early 1918, he was assigned to 62 Squadron as a Bristol F.2 Fighter pilot; he began his victories with them with a win on 12 April 1918, and ran his string out at nine with his last victory on 15 May 1918.On both 6 and 20 June 1918 he was reported wounded in Flight magazine, although it is uncertain if this is a reference to two separate woundings. His exploits won him the Military Cross, gazetted 16 September 1918:
The Bristol F.2 Fighter was a British two-seat biplane fighter and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War developed by Frank Barnwell at the Bristol Aeroplane Company. It is often simply called the Bristol Fighter, other popular names include the "Brisfit" or "Biff".
....He has destroyed four enemy aircraft and driven down four others completely out of control. He has always shown the greatest skill, keenness and gallantry, and has been largely instrumental in the fine achievements of his squadron.
He also won a Distinguished Flying Cross.
Arnison remained in the Royal Air Force after the war. On 28 October 1919 he was appointed as a Flight Lieutenant in the reorganized RAF.However, less than a year later, on 6 October 1920, he retired due to injuries, retaining his rank.
On 25 January 1941, Arnison was commissioned as a probationary Flying Officer in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, and assigned to the Administrative and Special Duties Branch.
The Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR) consists of a number of groupings of Royal Air Force reservists for the management and operation of the RAF's Volunteer Gliding Squadrons and Air Experience Flights of the Royal Air Force Air Cadets. It also forms the working elements of the University Air Squadrons and the Defence Technical Undergraduate Scheme. Unlike the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, the RAF Volunteer Reserve is not an active reserve from which members may be drawn to supplement the regular air force.
On 17 July 1941 he was reported wounded or injured in action in Flight magazine.
Post-war Arnison remained on the RAF List of Reserve Officers until relinquishing his commission on 11 May 1954.
|1||12 April 1918 @ 1420 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter serial number C4859||Albatros D.V fighter||Driven down out of control||East of Estaires||Observer/gunner: Samuel Parry|
|2||21 April 1918 @ 1000 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Pfalz D.III fighter||Driven down out of control||Estaires-Lille||Observer/gunner: Samuel Parry|
|3||21 April 1918 @ 1000 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Pfalz D.III fighter||Driven down out of control||Estaires-Lille||Observer/gunner: Samuel Parry|
|4||3 May 1918 @ 1115 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Albatros D.V fighter||Driven down out of control||East of Armentières||Observer/gunner: Samuel Parry|
|5||3 May 1918 @ 1116 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Albatros D.V fighter||Driven down out of control||East of Armentières||Observer/gunner: Samuel Parry|
|6||3 May 1918 @ 1117 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Albatros D.V fighter||Destroyed by fire||East of Armentières||Observer/gunner: Samuel Parry killed in action|
|7||9 May 1918||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Pfalz D.III fighter||Destroyed||South of Herlies||Observer/gunner: Horace Ernest Merritt|
|8||9 May 1918||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||Pfalz D.III fighter||Driven down out of control||Northeast of La Bassée||Observer/gunner: Horace Ernest Merritt|
|9||15 May 1918 @ 1745 hours||Bristol F.2 Fighter s/n C4859||German reconnaissance plane||Destroyed||Albert-Ayette||Observer/gunner: C. D. Wells|
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