Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore

Last updated

  1. Hoffman, Ronald, p.79, Princes of Ireland, Planters of Maryland: A Carroll Saga, 1500-1782 Retrieved 9 August 2010
  2. Yentsch, Anne E, p.76, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology, Cambridge University Press (1994) Retrieved 30 Jan 2010
  3. Kiplin Hall (2012). "The Calverts – Kiplin in the 17th century". Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  4. 1 2 Yentsch, Anne E, p.61, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology, Cambridge University Press (1994) Retrieved Jan 2010
  5. 1 2 3 Warfield, Joshua Dorsey (July 1905). The Founders of Anne Arundel And Howard Counties, Maryland. Baltimore, Maryland: Kohn & Pollock. pp.  208. ISBN   0-8063-7971-5. Samuel Ogle.
  6. Andrews, p.229
  7. Andrews, p.230
  8. 1 2 3 Andrews, p.232
  9. London and Country Journal, London, 29 May 1739
  10. Algarotti, Count (1769). Letters from Count Algarotti to Lord Harvey and the Marquis Scipio Maffei, containing the state of the Trade, Marine, Revenues, and Forces of the Russian Empire. London: Johnson and Payne. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  11. 1 2 Charles Calvert at the Maryland State Archives Retrieved October 2010
  12. Fiske, John, p. 201, Old Virginia and Her Neighbors Part Two Retrieved 26 Jan 2010
  13. Washington, S. H. L., The Royal Stuarts in America, New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July 1950, pp. 173–75
  14. Callcott, p. 270 suggests that this connection is not reliable, stating that "the connection between Benedict Calvert and the Countess of Walsingham in this article rests on 'family letters' whose location is not given."
  15. Webpage exploring possible maternity of Benedict Swingate Calvert Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 23 Jan 2010
  16. Discussion at of Benedict Swingate Calvert's ancestry G. S. H. Lee Washington also published Two scions of the Royal Stuarts in Colonial America, in Notes and Queries, vol. 198, no. 2 (December 1953), pp. 527–529, in which he withdrew the claim of descent from the Countess of Walsingham and identified a different mother for Benedict Swingate Calvert. In a later article, Family knowledge in genealogy, in Notes and Queries, vol. 210, no. 2 (February 1965), pp. 43–47, Washington withdrew both previous claims and identified a different mother entirely. Retrieved September 2010
  17. Benedict Swingate Calvert at retrieved 23 Jan 2010
  18. Callcott, p. 268
  19. Yentsch, Anne E, p. 260, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology, Cambridge University Press (1994) Retrieved Jan 2010
  20. Eby, Jerrilynn, p. 76, Laying the Hoe: a Century of Iron Manufacturing in Stafford County, Virginia, Vol 1, Heritage Books (2007). Retrieved 19 Jan 2010
  21. Byrne, Maurice (2013) Peter Bressan: some further research findings on Bressan as an art dealer, and on his daughters, The Galpin Society for the Study of Musical Instruments, Newsletter 35, pp. 10–11. Archived 14 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 17 Jun 2013
  22. 1 2 Epsom and Ewell History Explorer Retrieved 31 August 2010
  23. Calvert family history at Archived 18 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved October 2010

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore</span> English peer (1605–1675)

Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore was an English politician, peer and lawyer who was the first proprietor of Maryland. Born in Kent in 1605, he inherited the proprietorship after the death of his father, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, for whom it had been intended. Calvert proceeded to establish and manage the Province of Maryland as a proprietary colony for English Catholics from his English country house of Kiplin Hall in North Yorkshire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baron Baltimore</span> Noble rank held by the Calvert family (1625–1771)

Baron Baltimore, of Baltimore, County Longford, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1625 and ended in 1771, upon the death of its sixth-generation male heir, aged 40. Holders of the title were usually known as Lord Baltimore for short.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland</span> American colonial governor (1741–1784)

Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet was a British colonial administrator who was the last colonial Governor of Maryland. Although a popular governor and an able administrator, Eden's authority was overthrown by the events of the American Revolution, and in June 1776 he was invited by the Maryland Convention to leave for England. Eden was well-regarded at home and in the same year, 1776, he was made a baronet. He eventually returned to Maryland where he died in 1784 at the age of 42. He was buried in Annapolis and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son, Frederick, a noted author.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Province of Maryland</span> British colony in North America (1634–1776)

The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America from 1634 until 1776, when the province was one of the Thirteen Colonies that joined in supporting the American Revolution against Great Britain. In 1781, Maryland was the 13th signatory to the Articles of Confederation. The province's first settlement and capital was in St. Mary's City, located at the southern end of St. Mary's County, a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay bordered by four tidal rivers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore</span> English peer and colonial administrator (1637–1715)

Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore was an English peer and colonial administrator. He inherited the province of Maryland in 1675 upon the death of his father, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. He had been his father's Deputy Governor since 1661 when he arrived in the colony at the age of 24. However, Charles left Maryland for England in 1684 and would never return. The events following the Glorious Revolution in England in 1688 would cost Calvert his title to Maryland; in 1689 the royal charter to the colony was withdrawn, leading to direct rule by the British Crown. Calvert's political problems were largely caused by his Roman Catholic faith which was at odds with the established Church of England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore</span> English peer and politician

Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore was an English peer and politician. He was the second son of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore (1637–1715) by Jane Lowe, and became his father's heir upon the death of his elder brother Cecil in 1681. The 3rd Lord Baltimore was a devout Roman Catholic, and had lost his title to the Province of Maryland shortly after the events of the Glorious Revolution in 1688, when the Protestant monarchs William III and Mary II acceded to the British throne. Benedict Calvert made strenuous attempts to have his family's title to Maryland restored by renouncing Roman Catholicism and joining the Church of England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore</span> English nobleman and socialite, colonial proprietor of Maryland

Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, styled The Hon. Frederick Calvert until 1751, was an English nobleman and last in line of the Barons Baltimore. Although he exercised almost feudal power in the Province of Maryland, he never once set foot in the colony, and unlike his father, he took little interest in politics, treating his estates, including Maryland, largely as sources of revenue to support his extravagant, often scandalous lifestyle. In 1768 he was accused of abduction and rape by Sarah Woodcock, a noted beauty who kept a milliner's shop at Tower Hill. The jury acquitted Calvert, but he left England soon afterwards, and never recovered from the public scandal that surrounded the trial. Dogged by the criticism and poor health, he contracted a fever and died in Naples at the age of 40.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Benedict Leonard Calvert</span>

Benedict Leonard Calvert was the 15th Proprietary Governor of Maryland from 1727 through 1731, appointed by his older brother, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore (1699–1751). He was named after his father, Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (1679–1715). Calvert had tuberculosis and died from it on board the family ship, The Charles, on 1 June 1732, while returning to his home in England, aged 31.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rosaryville State Park</span> Historic site in Rosaryville, Maryland, U.S.

Rosaryville State Park is a public recreation area with historical features located three miles southeast of Joint Base Andrews in Rosaryville, Prince George's County, Maryland. The state park includes the restored Mount Airy Mansion, which was formerly operated as an event facility, as well as hiking, biking and equestrian trails for day-use.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore</span> English noblewoman (1678–1721)

Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore (23 March 1678, – 1 February 1721,, was an English noblewoman, and granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers. She married in 1699, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore, from whom she separated in 1705; she later married Christopher Crowe. She was the mother of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, and of Benedict Leonard Calvert, who was Governor of Maryland from 1727 to 1731.

George Hume Steuart, (1700–1784) was a Scottish physician, tobacco planter, and Loyalist politician in colonial Maryland. Born in Perthshire, Steuart emigrated to Maryland in around 1721, where he benefited from proprietarial patronage and was appointed to a number of colonial offices, eventually becoming a wealthy landowner with estates in both Maryland and Scotland, and serving two terms as mayor of Annapolis. However, he was forced by the outbreak of the American Revolution to decide whether to remain loyal to the Crown or to throw in his lot with the American rebels. In 1775 Steuart sailed to Scotland, deciding at age 75 that "he could not turn rebel in his old age". He remained there until his death in 1784.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Benedict Swingate Calvert</span> American politician and judge (1722-1788)

Benedict Swingate Calvert was a planter, politician and a Loyalist in Maryland during the American Revolution. He was the son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, the third Proprietor Governor of Maryland (1699–1751). His mother's identity is not known, though one source speculates that she was Melusina von der Schulenburg, Countess of Walsingham. As he was illegitimate, he was not able to inherit his father's title or estates, which passed instead to his half brother Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore (1731–1771). Benedict Calvert spent most of his life as a politician, judge and planter in Maryland, though Frederick, by contrast, never visited the colony. Calvert became wealthy through proprietarial patronage and became an important colonial official, but he would lose his offices and his political power, though not his land and wealth, during the American Revolution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maryland in the American Revolution</span>

Then Province of Maryland had been a British / English colony since 1632, when Sir George Calvert, first Baron of Baltimore and Lord Baltimore (1579-1632), received a charter and grant from King Charles I of England and first created a haven for English Roman Catholics in the New World, with his son, Cecilius Calvert (1605-1675), the second Lord Baltimore equipping and sending over the first colonists to the Chesapeake Bay region in March 1634. The first signs of rebellion against the mother country occurred in 1765, when the tax collector Zachariah Hood was injured while landing at the second provincial capital of Annapolis docks, arguably the first violent resistance to British taxation in the colonies. After a decade of bitter argument and internal discord, Maryland declared itself a sovereign state in 1776. The province was one of the Thirteen Colonies of British America to declare independence from Great Britain and joined the others in signing a collective Declaration of Independence that summer in the Second Continental Congress in nearby Philadelphia. Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, and Charles Carroll of Carrollton signed on Maryland's behalf.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Calvert (governor)</span>

Captain Charles Calvert was the 14th Proprietary Governor of Maryland in 1720, at a time when the Calvert family had recently regained control of their proprietary colony. He was appointed governor by his cousin Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, who in 1721 came into his inheritance. Calvert worked to reassert the Proprietary interest against the privileges of the colonists as set out in the Maryland Charter, and to ease tensions between the Lords Baltimore and their subjects. Religious tension, which had been a source of great division in the colony, was much reduced under his governorship. Captain Calvert was replaced as governor in 1727 by his cousin Benedict Leonard Calvert, though he continued to occupy other colonial offices. He suffered from early senility and died in 1734.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Steuart family</span>

The Steuart family of Maryland was a prominent political family in the early history of Maryland. The Steuarts, of Scottish descent, have their origins in Perthshire, Scotland. The family grew wealthy in the early 18th century under the patronage of the Calvert family, proprietors of the colony of Maryland, but their wealth and status was much reduced during the American Revolution, and the American Civil War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth Calvert</span> Heiress in colonial Maryland (1730–1798)

Elizabeth Calvert was the daughter of Maryland Governor Captain Charles Calvert and Rebecca Gerard, and a wealthy heiress in colonial Maryland. Her parents died when she was young, leaving her their substantial fortune. In 1748, aged 17, she married her cousin Benedict Swingate Calvert, a Loyalist politician and planter and the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore. Benedict's connections to the ruling Calvert family allowed him to benefit from considerable proprietarial patronage, until the American Revolution saw the overthrow of British rule and the end of Calvert power in Maryland. Benedict and Elizabeth had to pay triple taxes after the war's end but, unlike many loyalists, their lands and fortune remained unconfiscated.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Steuart (planter)</span> American planter (1754–1839)

William Steuart was a wealthy planter in colonial Maryland. He inherited the estate of Dodon in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, from his father, planter and politician George H. Steuart.

Onorio Razzolini (1699-1769) was an Italian immigrant to colonial Maryland. He is thought to be the first immigrant of Italian descent to hold public office in the North American colonies. He enjoyed the patronage of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, proprietary governor of the Province of Maryland, serving as tutor to his illegitimate son, Benedict Swingate Calvert. After enjoying a successful career in Maryland, including serving as Armourer and Keeper of the Stores of Maryland, Razzolini returned to his native town of Asolo, where he married and had three daughters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mount Airy Mansion</span> Historic house in Maryland

The Mount Airy Mansion is a historic building near Upper Marlboro in Prince George's County, Maryland. Expanded c. 1751 on the site of the 17th century hunting lodge of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore by his great-grandson Benedict Swingate Calvert, the mansion today is managed by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources within the Rosaryville State Park.


The Lord Baltimore
Portrait by Allan Ramsay, c.1740.
Lord of the Admiralty
In office
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for St Germans
With: Charles Montagu
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Surrey
With: Arthur Onslow
Succeeded by
Government offices
Royal control
Title last held by
The 3rd Lord Baltimore
Proprietor of Maryland
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Baron Baltimore
Succeeded by