Charles Cobbe

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Charles Cobbe

D.D.
Archbishop of Dublin
Primate of Ireland
Charles Cobbe by Francis Bindon.jpg
Archdiocese Dublin
Appointed4 March 1743
In office1743–1765
Predecessor John Hoadly
Successor William Carmichael
Orders
Consecration14 August 1720
by  John Evans
Personal details
Born1687
Died(1765-04-14)14 April 1765
St. Sepulchre's, Dublin
Buried Donabate
Nationality Irish
Denomination Anglican
ParentsThomas Cobbe & Veriana Chaloner
SpouseDorothea Levinge
Previous post(s) Bishop of Killala and Achonry (1720-1727)
Bishop of Dromore (1727-1731)
Bishop of Kildare (1731-1743)
Education Winchester College
Alma mater Trinity College, Oxford

Charles Cobbe (1686 in Swarraton – 1765) was Archbishop of Dublin from 1743 to 1765, and as such was Primate of Ireland.

Contents

Early life

Cobbe was the second son of Thomas Cobbe, of Swarraton, Winchester, Receiver General for County Southampton, by his marriage to Veriana Chaloner. [1] [2] He was educated at Winchester College and Trinity College, Oxford.

Charles Cobbe's maternal grandfather James Chaloner was Governor of the Isle of Man from 1658 to 1660. Following the Restoration of the monarchy, Chaloner committed suicide by taking poison at the approach of English soldiers, knowing they had orders to arrest him and to secure his castle for the king. In some sources, Cobbe’s father Thomas Cobbe is also given the title Governor of the Isle of Man. [3] [4] Cobbe's older brother was Colonel Richard Chaloner Cobbe. [5] [6] [7]

Career

Cobbe arrived in Ireland in August 1717 as chaplain to his cousin Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. By January the following year he was appointed Dean of Ardagh. In 1720, he was appointed to the Bishopric of Killala. By 1726 he was translated to the See of Dromore, and in 1731 he was promoted to the Bishopric of Kildare and the Deanery of Christ Church. He held this position until 10 March 1743 when he was enthroned as Archbishop of Dublin, [8] bringing him to fourth in precedence in the government of Ireland.

Personal life

In 1730, Cobbe married Dorothea ( née Levinge), Lady Rawdon, a daughter of Sir Richard Levinge, 1st Baronet and the former Mary Corbin. His wife was the widow of Sir John Rawdon, of Moira, County Down, and had two sons by Rawdon: John, later Earl of Moira; and Arthur Rawdon. From her marriage to Cobbe, Dorothea bore two more sons before her death while giving birth to their second son: [9]

Cobbe was the founder [10] of the prominent Cobbe family in Ireland and built the ancestral home of Newbridge outside Dublin between 1747 and 1752. [11]

He died at St. Sepulchre's, Dublin, on 14 April 1765, and was buried at Donabate. [8]

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References

  1. Clerics & connoisseurs: the Rev. Matthew Pilkington, the Cobbe ...; Alastair Laing, Nicholas Turner; English Heritage – 2001 "1750 Portrait of Charles Cobbe, as Bishop of Kildare, later Archbishop of Dublin (1686–1765) Oil on canvas, ... 1730 and had two sons, Charles and Thomas, the latter born in 1733, when Dorothea died, presumably in childbirth."
  2. Country Life 2001 "The story begins with Charles Cobbe 1686–1765 ... In 1730, they were married, but only three years later Dorothea died, perhaps as a result of giving birth to her second Cobbe son, Thomas."
  3. Publications of the Manx Society; Volume 24 1877 "James Chaloner was appointed Governor in 1658, and continued so until 1660. Lord Fairfax held the Island until the Restoration, 28th May 1660. The death of Oliver Cromwell, on the 3d September 1658, was a great blow to the Commonwealth ..."
  4. The Concise Encyclopedia of the Revolutions and Wars of England, ... – Page 103; Stephen C. Manganiello – 2004 "In 1652, Parliament granted Lord Fairfax, his wife's cousin, the Isle of Man. On August 17, 1652, Chaloner was appointed one of the three commissioners to settle Fairfax's affairs on the island. Later, he wrote the Short Treatise of the... Wood says that in March or April, 1660, messengers were sent from the Superior Power to take James Chaloner into custody, and to secure his castle for the use of His Majesty; "but he having received timely notice of their coming, dispatched away himself by poison"
  5. Country Life Volume 178 1985 "Thomas Cobbe's father, Charles, was Archbishop of Dublin from 1742 until 1765, and his career is an interesting ... The Cobbes were originally a Hampshire family, with roots traceable back to the mid-15th century, but the first notable one was the archbishop's father, who was governor of the Isle of Man. Charles Cobbe was his fourth son."
  6. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain ...; Volume 1; Sir Bernard Burke, Ashworth Peter Burke – 1894 "Honor, dau. of Sir Richard Norton, of Rotherfield, 2nd bart, and had issue, Thomas Cobbe, Governor of the Isle of Man. m. Veriana, daughter of James Chaloner, MP during the Long Parliament, by his wife Ursula, dau. of Sir Philip Fairfax
  7. Succession of clergy in the parishes of S. Bride, S. Michael le ... William George Carroll – 1884 "... our Incumbent, was son of Colonel Richard Chaloner Cobbe, who was eldest son of Thomas Cobbe, Governor of the Isle of Man, and representative of the family of Cobbe of Swararton, in the county of Southampton. Dr. Cobbe's son, Rev. ..."
  8. 1 2 Cooper 1887.
  9. 1 2 3 Burke, Bernard (1879). A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. London, Harrison. pp. 330–331. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  10. Peadar Bates 2007
  11. Cooper, Thompson (1887). "Cobbe, Charles"  . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . Vol. 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 142.
Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by Archbishop of Dublin
1743–1765
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Kildare
1732–1743
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Ralph Lambert
Bishop of Dromore
1727–1732
Succeeded by
Henry Maule
Preceded by Bishop of Killala and Achonry
1720–1727
Succeeded by