Charles Cox (brewer)

Last updated

Sir Charles Cox (16601729) was an English brewer and Whig Member of Parliament for Southwark from 1695 to 1712. For many years afterwards the MP for Southwark would generally be a brewer.

Brewing production of beer

Brewing is the production of beer by steeping a starch source in water and fermenting the resulting sweet liquid with yeast. It may be done in a brewery by a commercial brewer, at home by a homebrewer, or by a variety of traditional methods such as communally by the indigenous peoples in Brazil when making cauim. Brewing has taken place since around the 6th millennium BC, and archaeological evidence suggests that emerging civilizations including ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia brewed beer. Since the nineteenth century the brewing industry has been part of most western economies.

Southwark (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Southwark was a constituency centred on the Southwark district of South London. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the English Parliament from 1295 to 1707, to the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and to the UK Parliament until its first abolition for the 1885 general election. A seat of the same name, covering a smaller area than the last form of the earlier seat in the west of the original and beyond its boundaries to the southwest, was created in 1950 and abolished in 1974.

In 1709 he began to offer German Protestant refugees from the Palatinate ("Palatines") living space in his warehouses. Soon there were nearly fourteen hundred, and the residents of Southwark gave a petition to Parliament to have them removed. [1]

Palatinate (region) geographic region

The Palatinate, historically also Rhenish Palatinate, is a region in southwestern Germany. It occupies roughly the southernmost quarter of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), covering an area of 5,451 square kilometres (2,105 sq mi) with about 1.4 million inhabitants. Its residents are known as Palatines.

When the Duke of Marlborough returned to the United Kingdom shortly after the death of Queen Anne in 1714, Sir Charles led the procession into London on 16 August [ O.S. 5 August] 1714, earning him a place in a satire by Ned Ward. [2] Not long afterwards a fire in his warehouses lost him thousands of pounds. [3] He was appointed High Sheriff of Surrey for 1717–18. [4] He was ruined in the South Sea Bubble of 1720.

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough English soldier and statesman

General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs. From a gentry family, he served first as a page at the court of the House of Stuart under James, Duke of York, through the 1670s and early 1680s, earning military and political advancement through his courage and diplomatic skill.

Anne, Queen of Great Britain Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1702–07); queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–14)

Anne was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union, two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, united as a single sovereign state known as Great Britain. She continued to reign as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1714.

Old Style and New Style dates 16th-century changes in calendar conventions

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first was to change the start of the year from Lady Day to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar. Closely related is the custom of dual dating, where writers gave two consecutive years to reflect differences in the starting date of the year, or to include both the Julian and Gregorian dates.

In 1734 the case of Lady Cox was heard and it was put on record that he had been a bigamist. [5]

Bigamy illegal second or further marriage

In cultures that practice marital monogamy, bigamy is the act of entering into a marriage with one person while still legally married to another. Bigamy is a crime in most Western countries, and when it occurs in this context often neither the first nor second spouse is aware of the other. In countries that have bigamy laws, consent from a prior spouse makes no difference to the legality of the second marriage, which is usually considered void.

Related Research Articles

Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax English politician and noble

Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax was an English poet and statesman.

Winchester Palace Twelfth-century palace in London

Winchester Palace was a 12th-century palace which served as the London townhouse of the Bishops of Winchester. It was located in the parish of Southwark in Surrey, on the south bank of the River Thames on what is now Clink Street in the London Borough of Southwark, near St Saviour's Church which later became Southwark Cathedral. Grade II listed remains of the demolished palace survive on the site today, designated a Scheduled Ancient Monument, under the care of English Heritage.

Charles Calvert was a wealthy English brewer and Member of Parliament in the early 19th century.

Ned Ward English writer

Ned Ward, also known as Edward Ward, was a satirical writer and publican in the late 17th and early 18th century, based in London. His most famous work is The London Spy. Published in 18 monthly instalments starting in November 1698, it was described by its author as a "complete survey" of the London scene. It was first published in book form in 1703.

John Bennet, 1st Baron Ossulston was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1663 to 1679. He was created Baron Ossulston in 1682. Ossulston is the name of a hundred of the ceremonial county of Middlesex.

John Dodson (judge) British politician

Sir John Dodson was an English judge, aka Dean of Arches, and member of parliament.

Samuel Kent was an MP for Ipswich in the 8th, 9th, and 10th Parliament of Great Britain, sitting from 23 January 1735 to his death in 1759.

Sir William Thompson or Thomson was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1709 and 1729.

Sir Robert Atkyns KB KS (1621–1710) was an English Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Member of parliament, and Speaker of the House of Lords.

Sir James Montagu SL KC was an English barrister, and judge. As a politician, he sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1695 and 1713 and served as Solicitor General and Attorney General.

Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet of Warham, Norfolk was a British lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons for 43 years from 1695 to 1738.

Arthur Moore M.P. was an Irish businessman, economist and politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1695 and 1722.

John Arnold, widely known as John Arnold of Monmouthshire, was a Welsh Protestant politician and Whig MP. He was one of the most prominent people in Monmouthshire in the late 17th century. A stark anti-Papist, he was a notable figure during the Popish plot and the suppression of Catholicism in the country. Arnold represented the constituencies around Monmouth and Southwark in Parliament in the 1680s and 1690s. His strong anti-Papist beliefs and insurgences against Catholic priests made him an unpopular and controversial figure amongst his peers and in his native Monmouthshire. In his later his behaviour became increasingly eccentric. Amongst his associates were Titus Oates and Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury.

Sir John Lade, 1st Baronet (1662–1740) was an English brewer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1713 and 1727.

Sir James Worsley, 5th Baronet English Member of Parliament (died 1756)

Sir James Worsley 5th Baronet (1672–1756) of Pylewell Park, Hampshire was a British landowner and politician who sat in the English House of Commons between 1696 and 1707 and in the British House of Commons between 1708 and 1741.

Colonel Thomas Moore was an officer of the British Army who served as Paymaster of the Forces Abroad.

William Betts of Epsom, Surrey was a British merchant, financier and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1710 and 1730

Sir William Chapple of Waybay House, Upwey, Dorset and Wonersh, Surrey, was a British lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1723 to 1737. He became a High Court Judge in 1737 and presided over the trial of highwayman Dick Turpin.

Edmund Halsey, of St. Saviour’s, Southwark, Surrey and Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, was a British brewer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1712 and 1729. He enjoyed a rags-to-riches career, from working as a ‘miller’s boy’ at St. Albans to becoming the owner of one of the largest breweries in the London area.


  1. Thomas Allen, Nathaniel Whittock. History of the County of Surrey. Hinton, 1831. Page 137.
  2. Howard William Troyer. Ned Ward of Grub Street: a study of sub-literary London in the eighteenth century. Routledge, 1968. Page 104.
  3. Petition by Sir Charles Cox to Parliament
  4. "COX, Charles (d. 1729), of Hay's Wharf, Mill Lane, St. Olave's, Southwark, Surr". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  5. Reports of cases argued and determined in the High Court of Chancery: and of some special cases adjudged in the Court of King's Bench [1695-1735], Volume 3. Edited by W. P. Williams et al. J. Butterworth and Son, 1826. Page 339.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Arnold
Anthony Bowyer
Member of Parliament for Southwark
With: Anthony Bowyer
John Cholmley
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Southwark
With: John Cholmley
Edmund Halsey
Sir George Matthews
Succeeded by
John Lade
Fisher Tench