Charles D'Arcy

Last updated


Charles D'Arcy
Archbishop of Armagh
Primate of All Ireland
CF D'Arcy by John Lavery.jpg
Charles D'Arcy by Sir John Lavery
Church Church of Ireland
Diocese Armagh
Elected17 June 1920
In office1920–1938
Predecessor John Baptist Crozier
Successor Godfrey Day
Orders
Ordination1884
Consecration24 February 1903
by  William Alexander
Personal details
Born(1859-01-02)2 January 1859
Dublin, Ireland
Died1 February 1938(1938-02-01) (aged 79)
Armagh, County Armagh, Northern Ireland
Buried St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh
Nationality Irish
Denomination Anglican
ParentsJohn Charles D'Arcy & Henrietta Anna Brierly
SpouseHarriet le Byrtt
Previous post Bishop of Clogher
Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin
Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore
Archbishop of Dublin
Education The High School, Dublin
Alma mater Trinity College, Dublin

Charles Frederick D'Arcy (2 January 1859 1 February 1938) was a Church of Ireland bishop. He was the Bishop of Clogher from 1903 to 1907 when he was translated to become Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin before then becoming the Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore. He was then briefly the Archbishop of Dublin and finally, from 1920 until his death, Archbishop of Armagh. He was also a theologian, author and botanist.

Contents

Early life

Born in Dublin in 1859, D'Arcy was the son of John Charles D'Arcy of Mount Tallant, County Dublin, and of Henrietta Anna, a daughter of Thomas Brierly of Rehoboth House, Dublin. He was a grandson of John D'Arcy of Hydepark, County Westmeath, and a descendant of The 1st Baron Darcy de Knayth, one of the knights who had fought at the Battle of Crecy (1346). [1] [2]

Charles D'Arcy was educated at The High School, Dublin, and Trinity College, Dublin, where he was elected a Scholar in mathematics and won a gold medal in Moral Philosophy. He graduated BA in 1882, with a first-class Divinity Testimonium, and MA in 1892. He was later awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Divinity, 1898, and Doctor of Divinity, 1900. [1]

Career

D'Arcy was ordained and became curate of Saint Thomas's, Belfast, in 1884. He became Rector of Billy, County Antrim, in 1890, and of the united parishes of Ballymena and Ballyclug in 1893. From 1895 to 1903, he was chaplain to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, successively The 5th Earl Cadogan and The 2nd Earl of Dudley. In addition, he was Prebendary of Connor in Lisburn Cathedral, from 1898 to 1900. His next living was as Vicar of Belfast, from 1900 to 1903, and while there he was also appointed Dean of St Anne's Cathedral, Belfast, and examining chaplain to Bishop Welland. [1] [2]

In 1903 D'Arcy was elected Bishop of Clogher, in 1907 was translated to become Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, and in 1911 Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore, succeeding Dr John Baptist Crozier in both. [1]

He corresponded with Shane Leslie in 1907 about Leslie's decision to convert to Roman Catholicism. [3]

In 1907 he became a member of the Royal Irish Academy and was a Select Preacher at the University of Cambridge, 1907–1908 and 1925, and Hulsean Preacher at Cambridge, from 1929 to 1930; as well as a Select Preacher at the University of Oxford, 1908–1910, at the University of Glasgow, 1912, and at the University of Durham, 1923. [2]

In August 1919 D'Arcy was appointed Archbishop of Dublin, Bishop of Glendalough and Kildare and Primate of Ireland Metropolitan. Less than a year later, in June 1920, he was elected as Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, again succeeding Crozier. [1] [2] [4]

He was opposed to Irish Home Rule, and in 1912 signed the Ulster Covenant. [5] In 1921 he was appointed a member of the Senate of Southern Ireland, which was abolished with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, but did not attend. [6]

He was a lifelong friend of James Craig, Lord Craigavon, the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, [7] and a member of the Athenaeum Club, London, and the University Club, Dublin. [2] He was also a supporter of the Eugenics movement and chaired the Belfast branch of the Eugenics Education Society. [8]

In 1934 he published his autobiography, The Adventures of a Bishop: a Phase in Irish Life, and in June 1937 announced that he intended to retire, because of poor health. However, in the event he continued as Archbishop until he died on 1 February 1938. [1] He was buried at St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh. [9]

Marriage and family

In 1889, D'Arcy married Harriet Le Byrtt Lewis, daughter of Richard Lewis of Comrie, County Down, and they had one son and three daughters. [2] Mrs D'Arcy died of a heart attack during a cruise to the West Indies in the summer of 1932. [1] Of their three daughters, one married Charles Mulholland, 3rd Baron Dunleath, and became Lady Dunleath. [1] [10] Their son, John Conyers D'Arcy, Royal Artillery, fought in both World Wars and ended his career as the Commander of British forces in Palestine and Transjordan. [1] [11] In May 1920, D'Arcy gave his son a Special licence to marry Noël Patricia Wakefield. [11]

Between 1900 and 1903, D'Arcy corresponded with his uncle George James Norman D'Arcy about his uncle's petition to the Crown for the abeyant peerage of Darcy de Knayth. However, in 1903 the House of Lords awarded the title to Violet Herbert, Countess of Powis. [11]

Honours

Selected publications

Related Research Articles

Robin Eames Anglican Primate of All Ireland, 1986 to 2006

Robert "Robin" Henry Alexander Eames, Baron Eames,, is an Anglican bishop who served as Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh from 1986 to 2006.

Narcissus Marsh Irish Anglican bishop

Narcissus Marsh was an English clergyman who was successively Church of Ireland Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, Archbishop of Cashel, Archbishop of Dublin and Archbishop of Armagh.

Dean of St Patricks Cathedral, Dublin

The Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral is the senior cleric of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, elected by the chapter of the cathedral. The office was created in 1219 or 1220, by one of several charters granted to the cathedral by Archbishop Henry de Loundres between 1218 and 1220.

John DAlton Irish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Armagh

John Francis Cardinal D'Alton was an Irish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Armagh and thus Primate of All Ireland from 1946 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1953.

Diocese of Connor (Church of Ireland)

The Bishop of Connor is an episcopal title which takes its name after the village of Connor in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The title is currently used by the Church of Ireland, but in the Roman Catholic Church it has been united with another bishopric.

John Crozier (archbishop of Armagh) Irish bishop

John Baptist Crozier,, was a Church of Ireland clergyman who served as Lord Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin (1897–1907); Lord Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore (1907–1911); and Lord Primate of All Ireland and Lord Archbishop of Armagh (1911–1920).

Diocese of Down and Dromore

The Diocese of Down and Dromore is a diocese of the Church of Ireland in the south east of Northern Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Armagh. The geographical remit of the diocese covers half of the City of Belfast to the east of the River Lagan and the part of County Armagh east of the River Bann and all of County Down.

William Reeves was an Irish antiquarian and the Church of Ireland Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore from 1886 until his death. He was the last private keeper of the Book of Armagh and at the time of his death was President of the Royal Irish Academy.

Robert Knox (bishop) Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh

Robert Bent Knox was the Church of Ireland Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore from 1849 to 1886, and then Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from 1886 until his death.

John Gregg (Archbishop of Armagh) Irish bishop, theologian, and historian

John Allen Fitzgerald Gregg CH (1873–1961) was a Church of Ireland clergyman, from 1915 Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, in 1920 translated to become Archbishop of Dublin, and finally from 1939 until 1959 Archbishop of Armagh. He was also a theologian and historian.

Dean of Belfast ecclastical office

The Dean of Belfast is the senior official of St Anne's Cathedral in the city of Belfast, Northern Ireland and head of the Chapter, its governing body.

Charles King Irwin was an eminent Irish clergyman in the middle third of the 20th century.

Thomas Lindsay, D.D., B.D., M.A (1656–1724) was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Church of Ireland as the Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, Bishop of Killaloe, Bishop of Raphoe and finally Archbishop of Armagh.

John Hind (bishop in Fukien) Bishop in Fukien; Irish Anglican missionary bishop

John Hind was a missionary bishop of the Anglican Church in Fukien.

John Godfrey Fitzmaurice Day was a 20th-century Church of Ireland Archbishop.

Ford Tichborne (1862–1940) was a 20th-century Anglican priest.

Joseph Bourke, 3rd Earl of Mayo Irish peer and Church of Ireland bishop

Joseph Deane Bourke, 3rd Earl of Mayo was an Irish peer and bishop who held high offices in the Church of Ireland.

Charles Richard Elrington (1787–1850) was a Church of Ireland cleric and academic, regius professor of divinity in the University of Dublin.

Frederick MacSorley or McSorley was a Belfast-based Irish surgeon and independent member of the House of Commons of Northern Ireland.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Charles Frederick d'Arcy Archived 2008-12-12 at the Wayback Machine at belfastcathedral.org
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 'D'ARCY, Most Rev. Charles Frederick', in Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008, online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2007
  3. SIR SHANE LESLIE PAPERS FOLDER LISTING Archived 2010-07-03 at the Wayback Machine at library.georgetown.edu
  4. Desmond, Ray, & Christine Ellwood, Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists, p. 193 at books.google.com
  5. 'D'Arcy, Charles Frederick 1859–1938' in Dictionary of Ulster Biography, D surnames Archived 2012-02-06 at the Wayback Machine online at ulsterbiography.co.uk
  6. The Senate of Southern Ireland, 1921 , at ark.ac.uk
  7. Charles Frederick D’Arcy at Ricorso
  8. Morris, David, Bishop Boyd-Carpenter: Sheep or Shepherd in the Eugenics Movement? Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine at galtoninstitute.org.uk: "Two other prominent supporters of the Eugenics movement were Charles D'Arcy, Archbishop of Armagh and William Inge, Professor of Divinity at Cambridge and later Dean of St Paul's." Inge was a member of the Council of the Society from the early days; D'Arcy and Welldon were respectively chairmen of the Belfast and Manchester branches of the Society."
  9. Grave of Charles Frederick D'Arcy at findagrave.com
  10. Henrietta Grace D'Arcy at thepeerage.com
  11. 1 2 3 D'Arcy of Hyde Park Papers at nli.ie, the National Library of Ireland web site (pdf file)
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Charles Frederick D'Arcy at openlibrary.org
Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by
Charles Stack
Bishop of Clogher
1903–1907
Succeeded by
Maurice Day
Preceded by
John Baptist Crozier
Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin
1907–1911
Succeeded by
John Henry Bernard
Preceded by
John Baptist Crozier
Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore
1911–1919
Succeeded by
Charles Thornton Primrose Grierson
Preceded by
John Henry Bernard
Archbishop of Dublin (Church of Ireland)
1919–1920
Succeeded by
John Allen Fitzgerald Gregg
Preceded by
John Baptist Crozier
Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland)
1920–1938
Succeeded by
John Godfrey FitzMaurice Day