Charles Dryden

Last updated

Charles Dryden
Charles Drdyen (1907).png
Charles Dryden in 1907
BornMarch 1860 [1]
DiedFebruary 11, 1931(1931-02-11) (aged 70)
OccupationBaseball writer and humorist
Awards J. G. Taylor Spink Award (1965)

Charles Dryden (March 10, 1860 – February 11, 1931) was an American baseball writer and humorist. He was reported to be the most famous and highly paid baseball writer in the United States during the 1900s. Known for injecting humor into his baseball writing, Dryden was credited with elevating baseball writing from the commonplace. In 1928, The Saturday Evening Post wrote: "The greatest of all the reporters, and the man to whom the game owes more, perhaps, than to any other individual, was Charles Dryden, the Mark Twain of baseball." [2]


In 1965, Dryden posthumously received the J. G. Taylor Spink Award, the highest award bestowed by the Baseball Writers' Association of America; he was the fourth writer to receive that honor. His biography at the National Baseball Hall of Fame notes that he was "often regarded as the master baseball writer of his time." [3]

Early years

Dryden was born in March 1860 in Monmouth, Illinois. [1] His father, William A. Dryden, was an Ohio native who worked as a salesman. [4] [5] Dryden did not attend college and worked as a young man as a moulder in an iron foundry. At the time of the 1880 United States Census, Dryden was living with his father in Monmouth, and his occupation was listed as a "moulder." [4] Several accounts indicate that he wrote humorous sketches while working at the foundry and was urged to pursue a writing career by a friend who read his sketches. [6] [7]

Dryden traveled extensively as a young man, taking jobs as a merchant sailor and fisherman. [8] One colleague noted that there was "a queer gleam, as of the old wanderlust, in the man's eyes when he falls to talking of the sea." [9] In the early 1890s, Dryden visited and wrote about Robert Louis Stevenson at Stevenson's home in Vailima, Samoa. His portrayal of Stevenson's life in Samoa was described as "one of the nearest and most clear-cut pictures yet made on the subject." [9]

Dryden later published an autobiographical account of his years on the road. The book, titled "On and Off the Bread Wagon: Being the Hard Luck Tales, Doings and Adventures of an Amateur Hobo" was published in 1905. [10]

Baseball writer

San Francisco and Tacoma

Dryden wrote his first baseball story in 1889. [8] He had reportedly never seen a regular game of baseball before the assignment. [9] His first baseball story was an account of a game in Chicago written "in imitation of the stilted, archaic phrase of Bible language." [8] The story was "an instant hit." [8] From 1889 to 1896, Dryden worked for newspapers in San Francisco and Tacoma.

New York

View from Coogan's Bluff. Merkles Boner game Polo Grounds Sept23 1908.jpg
View from Coogan's Bluff.

In 1896, William Randolph Hearst hired Dryden as a writer for the New York Journal . [8] While working in New York, Dryden gained national fame as a result of a lengthy public quarrel with Andrew Freedman, the owner of the New York Giants. The feud began during spring training in 1898. Dryden asked Freedman for a comment on a player with whom Freedman was in a salary dispute. Dryden published a story the next day making fun of both Freedman and the player, referring to Freedman as "the spurned magnate." [11] Freedman was angered by the account and had Dryden banned from the hotel where the Giants were staying. The next day, Dryden ran an article noting that he had been informed of the ban while trying to put a tablespoon of soup in his mouth at the hotel restaurant. Freedman escalated the punishment by banning Dryden from the Polo Grounds. [11] The next day, Dryden watched the game from Coogan's Bluff, overlooking the Polo Grounds, and reported that "the Giants don't look any better from here." [12] When Dryden continued to make Freedman the butt of his jokes, calling him "Andy" in a series of articles, Freedman announced publicly that "this here feller Dryden had better look out because he's standing on the brink of an abscess [sic] and the first thing he knows I'll push him in." [11] The next day, Homer Davenport published a cartoon showing Freedman pushing Dryden, with his pencil and scorecard, into a black abyss. [11]

The Freedman articles were a sensation and reportedly "kept not only New York but the entire country convulsed by [Dryden's] clever quips." [8]


In 1900, the publisher of The North American (later merged into The Philadelphia Inquirer ) hired Dryden away from Hearst. Hearst reportedly made "exceptional offers" to persuade Dryden to stay, but the Philadelphia newspaper was the high bidder. [8] The Philadelphia Athletics of the early 1900s, with colorful players like Rube Waddell, Ossee Schreckengost, Chief Bender and Socks Seybold, were ideally suited to Dryden's colorful writing style. One colleague recalled, "This team gave Charley Dryden a chance to exercise his talents to their utmost. Story after story was a classic." [13]

In one of his most famous stories, Dryden wrote about a "bleary-eyed" Rube Waddell leaving a saloon and jumping into the Delaware River to rescue what he believed to be a drowning woman. Dryden wrote: "With strong strokes he swam out to her, shouting words of encouragement the while. But when he tried to put his arms around her he found 'she' was just a big black log." [13]

After Sherry Magee fell from a second-story window, Dryden wrote a comical, fictional account of the events leading up to the incident. He wrote that Magee had enjoyed a midnight dinner of Welsh rarebit which was followed by a vivid dream in which Magee was batting against Mordecai Brown. In the dream, Magee stepped forward to hit Brown's curveball before it broke and woke up on the street in his nightie. [13]

When a mad dog, foaming at the mouth, ran across the field during a game at the Polo Grounds, Dryden quipped that the dog had been bitten by Giants' manager John McGraw, who was known for his fierce competitive spirit. [14]

By the early 1900s, Dryden was the country's most famous baseball writer. In 1903, a newspaper story on Dryden noted: "Nobody writes like him, nobody gets the same infectious twists and turns of merriment, and none of his imitators has succeeded in reproducing the entirely unforced effect. For the last thirteen years Dryden has classed by himself in this particular branch of newspaper writing." [8] His works were so popular that they were frequently printed on front pages across the country. He was reported to be "one of the first sportswriters to earn a byline." [15]

Unlike most sports writers of the day, who worked year-round and covered a full range of sporting events, Dryden limited himself to baseball and spent the winters living in a bungalow on the Gulf of Mexico in Mississippi. [16] A profile of Dryden published in 1905 noted: “He goes down there at the season's close and loafs, with occasional spells of writing, going fishing for the greater part of every day.” [9]


Billboard advertising Dryden's column at Chicago's West Side Park West Side Grounds 1908.jpg
Billboard advertising Dryden's column at Chicago's West Side Park

In October 1906, the Chicago Daily Tribune signed Dryden to cover the Chicago White Sox during the 1907 baseball season. [17] He was the highest paid sports writer in the United States at the Chicago Daily Tribune. [18] [19] He remained in Chicago for several years and worked variously for the Chicago Examiner and the Chicago Herald-Examiner , as well as the Chicago Daily Tribune. [19]


Dryden was fondly remembered by the generation of sports writers and fans who grew up reading his work. When Ring Lardner was praised for his work as a baseball humorist, he replied, "Me, a humorist? Have you guys read any of Charley Dryden's stuff lately? He makes me look like a novice." [3]

Baseball Hall of Fame writer Fred Lieb wrote that Dryden inspired him to become a baseball writer. He recalled that, as a teenager, "I couldn't wait until I could get at his baseball stories in the morning." [13] Lieb called Dryden baseball's greatest interpreter, a man who "towered over the baseball writers of his day and since as Mark Twain towered over contemporary humorists." [13] Stanley Walker, the editor of the New York Herald Tribune wrote that Dryden "probably deserves to be called the father of modern sports writing." [20] In 1928, The Saturday Evening Post wrote: "The greatest of all the reporters, and the man to whom the game owes more, perhaps, than to any other individual, was Charles Dryden, the Mark Twain of baseball." [2]

At the time of Dryden's death, Associated Press writer Charles W. Dunkley called him "the man who originated nearly all the expressions used in writing baseball today." [21] The Sporting News called him "a master of style and color" and noted that "he created a vogue that lifted baseball accounts out of the commonplace and gave the game a distinctive language all its own." [14] Another colleague, Edgar Brands, wrote that baseball writing before Dryden was dull and prosaic and credited Dryden with having "lifted baseball out of the commonplace and made it almost a religion at whose shrine thousands worshiped." [22]

In a book on the history of journalism published in 2002, the authors described Dryden's role in the evolution of sports journalism:

"As the 19th century yielded to the 20th, sports pages acquired a new language and a distinctive flavor. The seminal figure in this transformation was Charley Dryden ... He brought wit and humor to sports news and combined a passion for journalism with a talent for entertainment. He introduced lively, slangy language into his stories." [15]

Dryden's wit

Dryden developed enduring nicknames for the baseball personalities of his era. Among others, he dubbed Chicago Cubs manager Frank Chance as "The Peerless Leader," Chicago White Sox owner Charles Comiskey as "The Old Roman," Cubs pitcher Frank Schulte as "Wildfire" Schulte, heavy-drinking pitcher Phil Douglas as "Shuffling Phil," and Ed Walsh as both "The Big Moose" and "Alibi Ed." [6] [14] [23]

He was also responsible for coining phrases that became a part of baseball's lexicon. According to The New York Times , he was the first person to refer to a baseball park as a "ball yard." [24] After a modification of the baseball rules in 1892 to allow substitutions, Dryden coined the phrase "pinch hit" to describe the practice of bringing a new hitter into the game "as a substitution made in 'a pinch'." [25] He was also the first writer to refer to baseball scouts as "ivory hunters." [14] He also referred to the baseball as the "old horsehide" and the football as the "oblate spheroid." [15] [26]

The 1904 Washington Senators were playing so poorly in the summer of 1904 that Dryden famously wrote, "Washington – first in war, first in peace, and last in the American League," [27] a play on the famous line in Henry Lee III's eulogy for President George Washington as "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen".

When the Chicago White Sox won the 1906 World Series despite having a .230 team batting average (the lowest in the American League), Dryden dubbed the team "The Hitless Wonders." [22]

After a base-running error by Fred Merkle cost the 1908 New York Giants the pennant, Dryden referred to Merkle as a "bonehead." From that point forward, Merkle became known as "Bonehead" Merkle, and the play has gone down in baseball history as "Merkle's Boner."

In 1908, Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh compiled a record of 40 wins and 15 losses. Commenting on Walsh's uninhibited pride in the accomplishment, Dryden described Walsh as "the only man I've ever known who could strut sitting down." [6] Dryden's line was later recycled in other works. In the 1931 Academy Award-winning film, Cimarron , the leading man (played by Richard Dix) says of his adversary, "He is the only man who can strut while sitting down." [23] In the 1955 play Inherit the Wind , the Clarence Darrow character called William Jennings Bryan "the only man I've ever known who could strut sitting down." [28]

After a controversy involving an attempt to bribe a scorekeeper to give Nap Lajoie the 1910 batting championship (see 1910 Chalmers Award), Dryden wrote that the incident led him to regard fishing as "the only honest sport" and noted that, even there, "the men who engage in that are liars." [29]

Dryden was also known for engaging in a "battle of wits" with editors and proofreaders as he tried to weave double entendres into his work. In his autobiography, Fred Lieb recalled an instance involving a rookie pitcher named Gene Krapp. Dryden wrote a piece describing the pitcher's success in working his way out of a jam: "Krapp squeezed his way out of a tight hole when, with the bases loaded, he induced Rollie Zeider to line to Bill Wambsganss for an inning-ending double play." [30]

He was also known to spice his game coverage with fanciful yarns. In August 1903, Dryden wrote that, during a game in Boston, Rube Waddell hit a towering foul ball that landed on the roof of an adjacent beanery and became jammed in a valve. According to Dryden's account, a steam cauldron exploded, showering the fans in the right field bleachers with 2,000 pounds of scalding beans. Dryden's account was so vivid that even Harry Davis, who played in the game, recalled the incident 50 years later as the "freakiest thing I ever saw happen at a ballpark." [31] Davis added, "I know that doesn't make much sense, but it actually happened, late in the 1903 season. And I've got a newspaper clipping to prove it." [31]

Later years

In June 1921, Dryden suffered a stroke at age 61 while visiting Chicago to receive treatment from an eye specialist. [32] The stroke left one side of Dryden's body paralyzed, and he was unable to speak for the remainder of his life. [13]

Dryden never married. After the stroke, he was cared for by his sister Louise (Dryden) Davenport. They lived in a cottage on the Gulf of Mexico, near St. Petersburg, Florida, until 1924. [13] He then moved to Ocean Springs, Mississippi. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Dryden was living in Ocean Springs with his sister. [33]

Dryden died in February 1931 at a hospital in Biloxi, Mississippi. [7] [24] According to one account, "he died a broken scrivener, who, for years, sat all day motionless in a chair, helpless, uncomprehending, with only the tick of a clock to remind him of the passing of time." [22] His body was brought to Monmouth, Illinois for burial. [6]

Posthumous honors

In November 1965, Dryden became the fourth writer selected by the Baseball Writers' Association of America to receive the J. G. Taylor Spink Award for distinguished baseball writing. [34] Recipients of the Spink Award are recognized at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in what is commonly referred to as the "writers wing" of the Hall of Fame. [35]

Related Research Articles

Ring Lardner American writer

Ringgold Wilmer "Ring" Lardner was an American sports columnist and short story writer best known for his satirical writings on sports, marriage, and the theatre. His contemporaries Ernest Hemingway, Virginia Woolf, and F. Scott Fitzgerald all professed strong admiration for his writing, and author John O'Hara directly attributed his understanding of dialogue to him.

Save (baseball)

In baseball, a save is credited to a pitcher who finishes a game for the winning team under certain prescribed circumstances. Most commonly a pitcher earns a save by entering in the ninth inning of a game in which his team is winning by three or fewer runs and finishing the game by pitching one inning without losing the lead. The number of saves or percentage of save opportunities successfully converted are oft-cited statistics of relief pitchers, particularly those in the closer role. The save statistic was created by journalist Jerome Holtzman in 1959 to "measure the effectiveness of relief pitchers" and was adopted as an official MLB statistic in 1969. The save has been retroactively measured for pitchers before that date. Mariano Rivera is MLB's all-time leader in regular-season saves with 652.

Sporting News is a U.S.-based sports news website owned by DAZN Group.

Billy Pierce American baseball player

Walter William Pierce was an American starting pitcher in Major League Baseball between 1945 and 1964 who played most of his career for the Chicago White Sox. He was the team's star pitcher in the decade from 1952 to 1961, when they posted the third best record in the major leagues, and received the Sporting News Pitcher of the Year Award for the American League (AL) in 1956 and 1957 after being runner-up in both 1953 and 1955. A seven-time All-Star, he led the American League (AL) in complete games three times despite his slight build, and in wins, earned run average (ERA) and strikeouts once each. He pitched four one-hitters and seven two-hitters in his career, and on June 27, 1958 came within one batter of becoming the first left-hander in 78 years to throw a perfect game.

Hank ODay American baseball player, manager, and umpire

Henry Martin Francis O'Day, nicknamed "The Reverend", was an American right-handed pitcher and later an umpire and manager in Major League Baseball. After a seven-year major league playing career, he worked as a National League (NL) umpire for 30 seasons between 1895 and 1927.

Fred Merkle American baseball player

Carl Frederick Rudolf Merkle, also documented as "Frederick Charles Merkle," and nicknamed "Bonehead", was an American first baseman in Major League Baseball from 1907 to 1926. Although he had a lengthy career, he is best remembered for a controversial base-running mistake he made while still a teenager.

BBWAA Career Excellence Award Annual award for baseball writers

The BBWAA Career Excellence Award, formerly the J. G. Taylor Spink Award, is the highest award given by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). It is given "for meritorious contributions to baseball writing" and voted on annually by the BBWAA. Winners are typically announced in December, with the award presented during induction festivities of the Baseball Hall of Fame in July. Winners are not considered to be members of the Hall; they are not "inducted" or "enshrined", but are permanently recognized in an exhibit at the Hall's library.

Fred Lieb American sportswriter

Frederick George Lieb was an American sportswriter and baseball historian. Lieb published his memoirs in 1977, which documented his nearly 70 years as a baseball reporter. He received the J. G. Taylor Spink Award from the Baseball Writers' Association of America in 1972. Born in 1888 in Philadelphia, Lieb died at age 92 in Houston.

Alfred Henry Spink was a Canadian-born American baseball writer and club organizer based mainly in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1886, he established a weekly newspaper, The Sporting News (TSN), that emerged from World War I as the only national baseball newspaper or magazine.

H. G. Salsinger American sportswriter

Harry George Salsinger was an American sportswriter who served as sports editor of The Detroit News for 49 years.

Dan Casey American baseball player

Daniel Maurice Casey was an American professional baseball player whose career spanned from 1884 to 1894 and 1899. He played in Major League Baseball, principally as a pitcher, over parts of seven seasons for four major league clubs. He saw his most extensive playing time with the Philadelphia Quakers, appearing in 142 games for that team from 1886 to 1889. He also appeared in 46 games for the Syracuse Stars in 1890.

Ernest Lanigan

Ernest John Lanigan was an American sportswriter and historian on the subject of baseball. He was considered the premier baseball statistician and historian of his day. He was a pioneer at gathering information about baseball statistics and about the players themselves, and was the author of the first encyclopedia of the subject.

J. G. Taylor Spink

John George Taylor Spink, commonly known as J. G. Taylor Spink or Taylor Spink, was the publisher of The Sporting News from 1914 until his death in 1962. He inherited the weekly American baseball newspaper from his father Charles Spink, younger brother of its founder Alfred H. Spink. In 1962, the Baseball Writers' Association of America established an annual J. G. Taylor Spink Award and named him the first recipient; Spink's name was removed from the award in February 2021 due to his history of supporting segregated baseball.

Jerome Holtzman

Jerome Holtzman was an American sportswriter known for his writings on baseball who served as the official historian for Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1999 until his death.

Hugh Fullerton

Hugh Stuart Fullerton III was an American sportswriter in the first half of the 20th century. He was one of the founders of the Baseball Writers' Association of America. He is best remembered for his role in uncovering the 1919 "Black Sox" Scandal. Studs Terkel played Fullerton in the film Eight Men Out.

Dupee Shaw American baseball player

Frederick Lander "Dupee" Shaw, also sometimes known as "Wizard," was a professional baseball player from 1883 to 1896. He played six seasons of Major League Baseball as a left-handed pitcher for the Detroit Wolverines (1883–1884), Boston Reds (1884), Providence Grays (1885), and Washington Nationals (1886–1888). Shaw won 30 games in 1884 and 23 in 1885, but never won more than 13 games in any other season and lost 33 games in 1884 and 31 in 1886. He compiled a career record of 83–121 with a 3.10 earned run average (ERA).

Dick Young was an American sportswriter best known for his direct and abrasive style, and his 45-year association with the New York Daily News. He was elected to the writers' wing of the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1978, and was a former president of the Baseball Writers' Association of America.

Merkles Boner

Merkle's Boner refers to the notorious base-running mistake committed by rookie Fred Merkle of the New York Giants in a game against the Chicago Cubs on September 23, 1908. Merkle's failure to advance to second base on what should have been a game-winning hit led instead to a forceout at second and a tied game. The Cubs later won the makeup game, which proved decisive as they beat the Giants by one game to win the National League (NL) pennant for 1908. It has been described as "the most controversial game in baseball history".

Earl Lawson was an American sportswriter for newspapers in Cincinnati, Ohio. He covered the Cincinnati Reds from 1949 to 1984 and was inducted into the "writers wing" of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1985.

Wendell Smith (sportswriter) American sportswriter

Wendell Smith was an African American sportswriter who was influential in the choice of Jackie Robinson to become the first African American player in Major League Baseball in the 20th century.


  1. 1 2 Census entry for Chas. Dryden, reporter, born March 1860 in Illinois. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Philadelphia Ward 5, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: T623_1454; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 107.
  2. 1 2 The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 200, 1928.
  3. 1 2 "1964 J. G. Taylor Spink Award Winner Charles Dryden". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.
  4. 1 2 1880 Census entry for W.A. Dryden and family.
  5. Biographical Dictionary of American Sports Writers. 1989–1992.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Dryden's Wit Is Recalled As Body Is Brought Home". The Pittsburgh Press. February 14, 1931.
  7. 1 2 Irving Vaughan (February 12, 1931). "Charles Dryden, Humorist and Baseball Writer, Dies at 74". Chicago Daily Tribune.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Career of C. Dryden, Baseball Humorist: North American's Star Sporting Writer Has Been Describing Game Since 1889; Started in the West; Has Been by Turns Sailor, Angler, Iron Moulder and War Correspondent". The Indiana Democrat, Indiana, Pennsylvania. May 27, 1903.
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Dryden Sick of Baseball: Well-known Humorist Has Had His Share of Experience". The Washington Post. July 16, 1905.
  10. Charles Dryden (1905). On and Off the Bread Wagon: Being the Hard Luck Tales, Doings and Adventures of an Amateur Hobo. Star Publishing Co.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Joe Vila (February 19, 1931). "When Freedman Barred Dryden". The Sporting News.
  12. "Last Rites for Dryden, Sports Writer, Sunday". The Telegraph-Herald and Times-Journal. February 15, 1931.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Frederick G. Lieb (February 19, 1931). "Casual Comment". The Sporting News. p. 4.
  14. 1 2 3 4 "Charles Dryden". The Sporting News. February 19, 1931. p. 4.
  15. 1 2 3 William David Sloan, Lisa Mullikin Parcell (2002). American Journalism: History, Principles, Practices. McFarland. p.  200. ISBN   0-7864-1371-9.
  16. Warren Brown (August 1971). "Down Memory Lane: Writers included their share of 'characters'". Baseball Digest.
  17. "Notes of the Game". The Washington Post. October 15, 1906.
  18. Richard Orodenker (2005). Phillies Reader. Temple University Press. ISBN   1-59213-398-3.
  19. 1 2 "Charles Dryden". The Baseball Library. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
  20. Stanley Walker (1999) [1934]. City Editor. the Johns Hopkins UniversityPress. p. 116. ISBN   0-8018-6292-2.
  21. Charles W. Dunkley (February 12, 1931). "Charles Dryden, Famous Baseball Humorist, Dies; Was Invalid Ten Years". Sarasota Herald-Tribune (AP story).
  22. 1 2 3 Edgar G. Brands (February 19, 1931). "Charles Dryden – Games' Greatest Humorist, Creator of New Baseball Literature – Passes". The Sporting News. p. 7.
  23. 1 2 "Fanning with Lanigan". The Sporting News. May 21, 1931. p. 4.("Alibi Ed")
  24. 1 2 "Charles Dryden Dies; Once Sports Writer; Pioneer in Humorous Reporting of Baseball Had Coined Many Nicknames for Players" (PDF). The New York Times. February 13, 1931.
  25. Paul Dickson (1999). The New Dickson Baseball Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p.  375. ISBN   0-15-600580-8.
  26. The term "lolapalooza" was first used in the early 1900s. Though it is unclear whether his is the first use, Dryden wrote a piece in April 1903, describing a warm spring day in Philadelphia as a "lalapaloosa" with the air "warm and woolly, like grandmother used to knit." See "Diamond Doings," Mansfield News, April 30, 1903.
  27. Dryden, Charles (June 27, 1904). "untitled". Washington Post.
  28. Herbert Simons (May 1965). "Writers Sometimes Aren't All Write". Baseball Digest. pp. 41–42.
  29. "Fishing Is Only Honest Sport". The Daily Review, Decatur, Illinois. October 19, 1910.
  30. Fred Lieb and Lawrence S. Ritter (1996). Baseball As I Have Known It. University of Nebraska Press. p. 20. ISBN   0-8032-7962-0.
  31. 1 2 Rob Neyer (2008). Rob Neyer's Big Book of Baseball Legends. Simon and Schuster. pp.  1–3. ISBN   978-0-7432-8490-5.
  32. "Sport Cores". Lima News, Lima, Ohio. July 3, 1921.
  33. Census entry for Charles Dryden and Louise Davenport. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Ocean Springs, Jackson, Mississippi; Roll: 1150; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 13; Image: 746.0.
  34. "Sports Writer Gains Taylor Spink Award". The Times-Recorder, Zanesvile, Ohio (UPI story). November 5, 1965.
  35. Jim Odenkirk (July 23, 2009). "Henry P. Edwards: Making a Case for His Induction into J.G. Taylor Spink's Writers Wing of the Hall". SABR. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011.