Charles Dupuy

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Charles Dupuy
Dupuy.jpg
Prime Minister of France
In office
4 April 1893 3 December 1893
President Marie François Sadi Carnot
Preceded by Alexandre Ribot
Succeeded by Jean Casimir-Perier
In office
30 May 1894 26 January 1895
President Marie François Sadi Carnot
Himself (acting)
Jean Casimir-Perier
Himself (acting)
Félix Faure
Preceded by Jean Casimir-Perier
Succeeded by Alexandre Ribot
In office
1 November 1898 22 June 1899
President Félix Faure
Himself (acting)
Émile Loubet
Preceded by Henri Brisson
Succeeded by Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
Acting President of the French Republic
In office
25 June 27 June 1894
Preceded by Marie François Sadi Carnot
Succeeded by Jean Casimir-Perier
In office
16 January 17 January 1895
Preceded by Jean Casimir-Perier
Succeeded by Félix Faure
In office
16 February 18 February 1899
Preceded by Félix Faure
Succeeded by Émile Loubet
Personal details
Born(1851-11-05)5 November 1851
Le Puy-en-Velay
Died23 July 1923(1923-07-23) (aged 71)
Ille-sur-Têt
Political partyNone

Charles Alexandre Dupuy (French:  [ʃaʁl dypɥi] ; 5 November 1851 – 23 July 1923) was a French statesman, three times prime minister.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Le Puy-en-Velay, Haute-Loire, Auvergne, where his father was a minor official. After a period as a professor of philosophy in the provinces, he was appointed a school inspector, thus obtaining a practical acquaintance with the needs of French education. In 1885 he was elected to the chamber as an Opportunist Republican. After acting as "reporter" of the budget for public instruction, he became minister for the department, in Alexandre Ribot's cabinet, in 1892. In April 1893 he formed a ministry himself, taking as his office that of minister of the interior, but resigned at the end of November, and on 5 December was elected president of the chamber. During his first week of office an anarchist, Vaillant, who had managed to gain admission to the chamber, threw a bomb at the president, and Dupuy's calm response --"Messieurs, la séance continue" – gained him much credit.

Le Puy-en-Velay Prefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Le Puy-en-Velay is a commune in the Haute-Loire department in south-central France near the Loire river. Its inhabitants are called Ponots. The city is famous for its cathedral, for a kind of lentil, and for its lace-making.

Alexandre Ribot politician from France

Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot was a French politician, four times Prime Minister.

In May 1894 he again became premier and minister of the interior; and he was at President Carnot's side when Carnot was stabbed to death at Lyons in June. He then stood for the presidency, but was defeated, and his cabinet remained in office till January 1895; under this government, Alfred Dreyfus was arrested and condemned (23 December 1894). The progress of the Dreyfus Affair cast its shadow over Dupuy, along with other French "ministrables," but in November 1898, after Henri Brisson had at last remitted the case to the judgment of the court of cassation, he formed a cabinet of Republican concentration.

Marie François Sadi Carnot French statesman and the fifth president of the Third Republic

Marie François Sadi Carnot was a French statesman, who served as the President of France from 1887 until his assassination in 1894.

Lyon Prefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Lyon or Lyons is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located in the country's east-central part at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about 470 km (292 mi) south from Paris, 320 km (199 mi) north from Marseille and 56 km (35 mi) northeast from Saint-Étienne. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais.

Alfred Dreyfus French artillery officer

Alfred Dreyfus was a French artillery officer of Jewish faith and ancestry whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most controversial and polarizing political dramas in modern French history. The incident has gone down in history as the Dreyfus affair, the reverberations from which were felt throughout Europe. It ultimately ended with Dreyfus's complete exoneration.

During Dupuy's time as prime minister, a number of progressive reforms were carried out. A law implemented in June 1894 introduced a form of social insurance through a mutual fund for miners’ welfare and retirement, while a law passed in November 1894 introduced the Credit Agricole mutualist savings bank for farmers. In addition, a law passed that same month set out the role of the state-owned Caisse des depots “in the construction and management of subsidised housing.” [1]

In view of the apparent likelihood that the judges of the criminal division of the court of cassation—who formed the ordinary tribunal for such an appeal—would decide in favour of Dreyfus, it was thought that Dupuy's new cabinet would be strong enough to reconcile public opinion to such a result; but, to the surprise of outside observers, Dupuy proposed a law in the chamber transferring the decision to a full court of all the divisions of the court of cassation. This arbitrary act, though adopted by the chamber, was construed as a fresh attempt to maintain the judgment of the first court-martial. In the interim, President Félix Faure (an anti-Dreyfusard) died, and the accession of Émile Loubet helped placate the public. The whole court of cassation decided that there must be a new court-martial, and Dupuy at once resigned (June 1899). Although none of Dupuy's Presidential bids were successful, he served, due to his position as Prime Minister, as an Acting President of the French Republic for three separate occasions during vacancies.

A court-martial or court martial is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court. A court-martial is empowered to determine the guilt of members of the armed forces subject to military law, and, if the defendant is found guilty, to decide upon punishment. In addition, courts-martial may be used to try prisoners of war for war crimes. The Geneva Convention requires that POWs who are on trial for war crimes be subject to the same procedures as would be the holding military's own forces. Finally, courts-martial can be convened for other purposes, such as dealing with violations of martial law, and can involve civilian defendants.

Félix Faure 7th President of the French Republic

Félix François Faure was President of France from 1895 until his death in 1899. Faure was Parisian-born and after working as a tanner in his younger years he became a member of the National Assembly. He became more prominent in French politics up until unexpectedly becoming President, during which time France's relations with Russia improved.

Émile Loubet 8° President of the French Republic

Émile François Loubet was the 45th Prime Minister of France and later President of France.

In June 1900 Dupuy was elected senator for the Haute-Loire department. He was reelected on 7 January 1906 and 11 January 1920, holding office until his death on 23 Juoly 1923. [2]

Haute-Loire Department of France

Haute-Loire is a department in south-central France named after the Loire River. Haute-Loire is part of the current region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and is surrounded by the departments of Loire, Ardèche, Lozère, Cantal, and Puy-de-Dôme. The inhabitants of the department are called Altiligériens.

Dupuy's first ministry, 4 April 1893 – 3 December 1893

Dupuy's second ministry, 30 May 1894 – 26 January 1895

Dupuy's third ministry, 1 November 1898 – 22 June 1899

Changes

Political offices
Preceded by
Alexandre Ribot
Prime Minister of France
1893
Succeeded by
Jean Casimir-Perier
Preceded by
Jean Casimir-Perier
Prime Minister of France
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Alexandre Ribot
Preceded by
Henri Brisson
Prime Minister of France
1898–1899
Succeeded by
Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau

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References

  1. Keiger, J. F. V. (4 April 2002). Raymond Poincaré. ISBN   9780521892162.
  2. DUPUY Charles dit CHARLES-DUPUY, Senat de France, retrieved 11 January 2018

Sources

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dupuy, Charles Alexandre". Encyclopædia Britannica . 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 690.