Charles Durning

Last updated

Charles Durning
Durning in 2008
Charles Edward Durning

(1923-02-28)February 28, 1923
DiedDecember 24, 2012(2012-12-24) (aged 89)
New York City, U.S.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
38°52′25″N77°03′51″W / 38.8737°N 77.0641°W / 38.8737; -77.0641
Years active1951–2012
  • Carole Doughty
    (m. 1959;div. 1972)
  • Mary Ann Amelio
    (m. 1974; sep.  2010)
Children3, including Jeanine [1]
Military career
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Service/branchFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
Years of service1943–1946
Rank US Army WWII PFC.svg Private First Class
UnitU.S. First Infantry Division, U.S. 100th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War II

Charles Edward Durning (February 28, 1923 – December 24, 2012) was an American actor who appeared in over 200 movies, television shows and plays. [2] Durning's best-known films include The Sting (1973), Dog Day Afternoon (1975), The Muppet Movie (1979), True Confessions (1981), Tootsie (1982), Dick Tracy (1990), and O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000). He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for both The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (1982) and To Be or Not to Be (1983). Prior to his acting career, Durning served in World War II and was decorated for valor in combat.


Early life

Durning was born in Highland Falls, New York. He was the son of Louise (née Leonard; 1894–1982), a laundress at West Point, and James E. Durning (1883 – c. 1935). [3] His father was an Irish immigrant, [4] and his mother was also of Irish descent. [5] Durning was raised Catholic. [6] [7] Durning was the ninth of ten children. His three brothers – James (known as Roger, 1915–2000), Clifford (1916–1994), and Gerald (1926–2000) – and his sister Frances (1918–2006) survived to adulthood, but five sisters died from scarlet fever and smallpox as children. [3]

Military service

Durning served in the U.S. Army during World War II. He was drafted at age 20. On June 6, 1944, Durning was assigned to the 1st Infantry Division and was in one of the first waves of American troops that landed on Omaha Beach during the D-Day invasion of Normandy. [8] After being wounded by a German anti-personnel mine in the Bocage, he spent six months recovering. Durning was reassigned to the 398th Infantry Regiment with the 100th Infantry Division, and participated in the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944. He was discharged with the rank of private first class on January 30, 1946. [9]

For his valor and the wounds he received during the war, Durning was awarded the Silver Star, Bronze Star, and three Purple Hearts. [10] Additional awards included the Army Good Conduct Medal, the American Campaign Medal and the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with Arrowhead device and two bronze service stars, and the World War II Victory Medal. [11] His badges included the Combat Infantryman Badge, Expert Badge with Rifle Bar, and Honorable Service Lapel Pin. [9]

Durning received the French National Order of the Legion of Honor from the French Consul in Los Angeles in April 2008.

Badges and pins
Combat Infantry Badge.svg ArmyQualExpertBadgeHi.jpg
Ruptured duck pin.gif
Combat Infantryman Badge Expert Badge with Rifle Bar Honorable Service Lapel Button
  Silver Star ribbon.svg   Bronze Star ribbon.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Purple Heart BAR.svg
Army Good Conduct Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg
Arrowhead device.svg
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon.svg
Silver Star Bronze Star
Purple Heart with 2 Oak leaf clusters Good Conduct Medal American Campaign Medal
EAME Campaign Medal (2x) World War II Victory Medal Legion of Honour  – Chevalier

Veteran groups and spokesman

Durning participated in various functions to honor American veterans, including serving as Chairman of the U.S. National Salute to Hospitalized Veterans. [12] He was an honored guest speaker for 17 years at the National Memorial Day Concert televised by PBS every year on the Sunday evening of Memorial Day weekend.

Durning was paid a special tribute at the May 26, 2013, National Memorial Day Concert when "Taps" was sounded in his honor.

Acting career

With Maureen Stapleton in the 1975 made-for-television film Queen of the Stardust Ballroom (each was nominated for an Emmy Award) Maureen Stapleton Charles Durning Queen of the Stardust Ballroom.jpg
With Maureen Stapleton in the 1975 made-for-television film Queen of the Stardust Ballroom (each was nominated for an Emmy Award)

While pursuing an acting career, Durning, a professional ballroom dancer, taught at Fred Astaire Dance Studio in New York City.

Durning began his career in 1951. While working as an usher in a burlesque theatre, he was hired to replace a drunken actor on stage. Subsequently, he performed in roughly 50 stock company productions and in various off-Broadway plays, eventually attracting the attention of Joseph Papp, founder of The Public Theater and the New York Shakespeare Festival. Beginning in 1961, he appeared in 35 plays as part of the Shakespeare Festival. "That time in my life was my best time," Durning told Pittsburgh's Post Gazette in 2001. "I had no money at all, and he [Joseph Papp] didn't pay much. You were getting a salary for performance plus a rehearsal salary. We would do three plays in Central Park for the summer. And then you'd do three to six plays every year down on Lafayette Street – new plays by new writers: Sam Shepard, David Mamet, David Rabe, John Ford Noonan, Jason Miller."

During this period, he segued into television and movies. He made his film debut in 1965, appearing in Harvey Middleman, Fireman . He appeared in John Frankenheimer's I Walk the Line (1970) starring Gregory Peck, and three Brian De Palma movies: Hi, Mom! (1970, as Charles Durnham), Sisters (1973), and The Fury (1978). He also appeared in Dealing: or the Berkeley-to-Boston Forty-Brick Lost-Bag Blues (1972) with Barbara Hershey and John Lithgow.

Durning's performances in Broadway productions include Drat! The Cat! (1965), Pousse-Café (1966), The Happy Time (1968), Indians (1969), That Championship Season (1972), In the Boom Boom Room (1973), The Au Pair Man (1973), Knock Knock (1976), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1990), Inherit the Wind (1996), The Gin Game (1997), and The Best Man (2000).

In 2002, he performed in Bertolt Brecht's The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui with Al Pacino, produced by Tony Randall. He played the role of Jack Jameson in Wendy Wasserstein's final play, Third (2005), with Dianne Wiest at Lincoln Center's Mitzi E. Newhouse Theatre.

Durning won the Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Award for his powerful performance in The Westwood Playhouse's 1977 production of David Rabe's Streamers. In 1980, he won critical acclaim for his performance as Norman Thayer, Jr. in Los Angeles's Ahmanson Theater's production of On Golden Pond opposite Julie Harris.

In 1972, director George Roy Hill, impressed by Durning's performance in the Tony Award- and Pulitzer Prize-winning play That Championship Season , offered him a role in The Sting (1973). In the Best Picture-winner, starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford, Durning won distinction as a crooked cop, Lt. Wm. Snyder, who polices and hustles professional con artists. He doggedly pursues the young grifter, Johnny Hooker (Redford), only to become the griftee in the end. Other film credits include Dog Day Afternoon with Al Pacino; When A Stranger Calls ; The Final Countdown ; The Hindenburg ; Twilight's Last Gleaming with Burt Lancaster; True Confessions with Robert De Niro and Robert Duvall. Some television credits include The Connection; Queen of the Stardust Ballroom , the made-for-television musical in which he played the mailman who reaches out to Maureen Stapleton's lonely widow on the dance floor; Attica ; PBS's Dancing Bear with Tyne Daly; the PBS production I Would Be Called John as Pope John XXIII; Hallmark Hall of Fame: Casey Stengel , in which Durning played the legendary baseball manager Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel; NBC's mini-series Studs Lonigan with Harry Hamlin and Colleen Dewhurst; The Best Little Girl in the World with Jennifer Jason Leigh. In 1976, he received both an Emmy and a Golden Globe nomination for his performance in the television mini-series Captains and the Kings .

In 1979, he played Doc Hopper, a man who owns a frog leg restaurant and the main antagonist in The Muppet Movie . In Tootsie , he played a suitor to Dustin Hoffman's cross-dressing lead character. The two actors worked together again in a 1985 TV production of Death of a Salesman .

In 1993, he guest-starred in the Sean Penn-directed music video "Dance with the One That Brought You" by Shania Twain.

Other film roles include Henry Larson, the benevolent father of Holly Hunter's character in Home for the Holidays (1995) and Waring Hudsucker in The Hudsucker Proxy (1994). He worked with the Coen Brothers again playing "Pappy" O'Daniel, a cynical governor of Mississippi (a character loosely based on the Texas politician and showman W. Lee O'Daniel) in the Coen Brothers' O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000).

Prior to appearing in the Burt Reynolds's TV series, Evening Shade , as the town doctor Harlan Eldridge (1990–1994), Durning appeared with Reynolds in five films, beginning with 1979's Starting Over , followed by 1981's Sharky's Machine , 1982's Best Little Whorehouse in Texas , 1985's Stick and 1999's Hostage Hotel.

On TV, Durning had a recurring role on Everybody Loves Raymond as the Barone family's long-suffering parish priest, Father Hubley. He also played the voice of recurring character Francis Griffin, the religious zealot father of Peter in the animated series Family Guy . He appeared on the FX television series Rescue Me , playing Mike Gavin, the retired firefighter father of Denis Leary's character.

In 2005, he was nominated for an Emmy Award for his portrayal of a Marine veteran in "Call of Silence," an episode in the television series NCIS , first broadcast November 23, 2004. Durning's character turns himself in to authorities, insisting that he must be prosecuted for having murdered his buddy during ferocious combat on Iwo Jima six decades earlier. [13] The real truth of the incident only becomes known for certain when the guilt-stricken veteran goes through a cathartic reliving of the battlefield events.

For his numerous roles on television, he earned nine Emmy Award nominations. He also received Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor nominations for The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas in 1982 and To Be or Not to Be in 1983. He won a Golden Globe in 1990 for his supporting role in the television miniseries The Kennedys of Massachusetts , having had three previous nominations. That same year, he won a Tony Award for his performance as Big Daddy in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. He received two Drama Desk Awards for his performances in That Championship Season and Third.

In 1999, Durning was inducted into the Theater Hall of Fame on Broadway. He was honored with the Life Achievement Award at the 14th Annual Screen Actors Guild Award Ceremony on January 27, 2008. On July 31, 2008, he was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame adjacent to one of his idols, James Cagney.

"There are many secrets in us, in the depths of our souls, that we don't want anyone to know about," he told Parade. "There's terror and repulsion in us, the terrible spot that we don't talk about. That place that no one knows about — horrifying things we keep secret. A lot of that is released through acting."

The Charles Durning Collection is held at the Academy Film Archive. Along with films he appeared in, his collection consists mainly of films he admired as well as a small collection of family home movies. [14]


Grave at Arlington National Cemetery ANCExplorer Charles Durning grave.jpg
Grave at Arlington National Cemetery

Durning died of natural causes at his home in Manhattan on Christmas Eve December 24, 2012, aged 89. [15] [16] He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. [3] [17]

On December 27, 2012, Broadway theaters dimmed their lights to honor him. The New York Times, which commented on Durning's more than 200 credited roles, referred to him and actor Jack Klugman, who died the same day, as "extraordinary actors ennobling the ordinary". [18] The Huffington Post compared the two men, calling them "character actor titans". [19]

Personal life

Durning married his first wife, Carole Doughty, in 1959. They had three children together before divorcing in 1972. Durning married his second wife, Mary Ann Amelio, in 1974. In 2010, the two filed an official Declaration of Separation.


1962 The Password Is Courage American G.I.Uncredited
1965 Harvey Middleman, Fireman Dooley
1967 Las Vegas Free-for-All Las Vegas Mafia Boss
1969 Stiletto CopUncredited
1970 Hi, Mom! Superintendent(as Charles Durnham)
I Walk the Line Hunnicutt
1971 The Pursuit of Happiness 2nd Guard
1972 Doomsday Voyage Jason's First Mate
Dealing: Or the Berkeley-to-Boston
Forty-Brick Lost-Bag Blues
Sisters Joseph Larch
1973 Deadhead Miles Red Ball Rider
The Sting Lieutenant Snyder
1974 The Front Page Murphy
1975 Queen of the Stardust Ballroom Alvin 'Al' GreenTV movie
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
Dog Day Afternoon Sergeant Eugene Moretti National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Breakheart Pass O'Brien
The Hindenburg Captain Max Pruss
1976 Harry and Walter Go to New York Rufus T. Crisp
1977 Twilight's Last Gleaming President David Stevens
The Choirboys Spermwhale Whalen
1978 The Fury Dr. Jim McKeever
An Enemy of the People Peter Stockmann
The Greek Tycoon Michael Russell
1979 Tilt Harold 'The Whale' Remmens
The Muppet Movie 'Doc' Hopper
North Dallas Forty Coach Johnson
Starting Over Michael Potter
When a Stranger Calls John Clifford
1980 Attica Russell OswaldTV movie
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
Die Laughing Arnold
The Final Countdown Senator Samuel Chapman
1981 Crisis at Central High Principal Jess MatthewsTV movie
True Confessions Jack Amsterdam
Dark Night of the Scarecrow Otis P. HazelriggTV movie
Sharky's Machine Lieutenant Friscoe
1982 The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas GovernorNominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Tootsie Leslie 'Les' Nichols
1983 Scarface Immigration OfficerVoice, Uncredited
Two of a Kind Charlie
To Be or Not to Be Colonel ErhardtNominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1984 Mister Roberts The Captain
Mass Appeal Monsignor Thomas Burke
1985 Stick Chucky
The Man with One Red Shoe Ross
Death of a Salesman CharleyTV movie
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
Stand Alone Louis Thibadeau
1986 Big Trouble O'Mara
Where the River Runs Black Father O'Reilly
Tough Guys Sergeant Deke Yablonski
Meatballs III: Summer Job PeteUncredited
Solarbabies The Warden
1987 The Rosary Murders Father Ted Nabors
Happy New Year Charlie
A Tiger's Tale Charlie Drumm
Hadley's Rebellion Sam Crawford
The Man Who Broke 1,000 Chains Warden HardyTV movie
Nominated—CableACE Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
1988 Cop Detective Arthur 'Dutch' Peltz
Far North Bertrum
Case Closed Detective Les
1989It Nearly Wasn't ChristmasSanta
Etoile Uncle Joshua
Brenda Starr Editor Francis I. Livright
Cat Chaser 'Jiggs' Scully
Dinner at Eight Dan PackardTV movie
1990 Dick Tracy Chief Brandon
Fatal Sky Colonel Clancy
1991 V.I. Warshawski Lieutenant Bobby Mallory
1993 The Music of Chance Bill Flower
When A Stranger Calls Back John Clifford
1994 The Hudsucker Proxy Waring Hudsucker
I.Q. Louis Bamberger
1995 The Last Supper Reverend Gerald Hutchens
The Grass Harp Reverend Buster
Home for the Holidays Henry Larson
1996 Spy Hard The Director
The Land Before Time IV:
Journey Through the Mists
Archie The ArchelonVoice
Mrs. Santa Claus Santa Claus
One Fine Day Lew
1997 The Secret Life of Algernon Norbie Hess
1998ShelterCaptain Robert Landis
Jerry and Tom Vic
Hi-Life 'Fatty'
Hard Time Detective Charlie Duffy
2000 Lakeboat 'Skippy'
O Brother, Where Art Thou? Pappy O'Daniel
Very Mean Men Paddy Mulroney
The Last Producer Syd Wolf
State and Main Mayor George Bailey Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Cast
National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Never Look BackUnknown
2001L.A.P.D.: To Protect and to ServeStuart Steele
2002 Turn of Faith Philly Russo
Mother GhostGeorge
Mr. St. Nick King Nicholas XX
The Naked RunCongressman DavenportShort
The Last Man ClubJohn 'Eagle Eye' Pennell
Pride & LoyaltyDylan Frier
2003Dead CanariesJimmy Kerrigan
2004 Death and Texas Marshall Ledger
One Last Ride Mr. Orlick
A Boyfriend for Christmas Santa Claus
2005River's EndMurray Blythe
Resurrection: The J.R. Richard Story Frank McNally
The L.A. Riot Spectacular The Lawyer
Dirty Deeds Victor Rasdale
Detective Max ErnstTV movie
Jesus, Mary and JoeyTeddy, The Bartender
2006DescansosInnkeeper #2
Desperation Tom Billingsley
Miracle Dogs TooCaptain Pete Weaver
Unbeatable Harold Mr. Clark
Local Color Yammi
Forget About It Eddie O'Brien
2007PolycarpAlexander Hathawayaka Kinky Killers
2008 Good Dick Charlie
Deal Charlie Adler
The Drum Beats Twice Satan
BreakThe Wise Man
iMurders Dr. Seamus St. Martin
The Golden Boys John Bartlett
A Bunch of Amateurs Charlie Rosenberg
2009 Shannon's Rainbow Floyd
2010Three Chris'sKris Kringle
Chronicle of Purgatory: The WaiterFrank 'The Handler' Maro
An Affirmative ActMan In The White Suit
2011Naked RunCongressman Davenport
The Great FightJudge Frier
The Life Zone James Wise
2012Rogue AssassinFrank 'The Handler' Maro
2014Scavenger KillersDylan FrierPosthumous release
2015Bleeding HeartsSanta ClausPosthumous release, (final film role)

Stage credits

1962 King Lear Ensemble, Messenger from Cornwall
1963 Antony and Cleopatra Clown
The Winter's Tale Clown
1964Poor BitosUnderstudyBroadway debut
1965 Drat! The Cat! Pincer
1966 All's Well That Ends Well Lavatch
1966 Measure for Measure Pompey
Richard III 1st Murderer
Pousse-CaféMaurice / Dean Stewart
understudy: Artie
1967 The Comedy of Errors Dromio of Ephesus
King John James Gurney
Titus Andronicus Narrator
1968 The Happy Time Louis Bonnard
1969 Twelfth Night Feste
Indians Ned Buntline
1970 The Wars of the Roses Part 1: Mayor of London
Part 2: Jack Cade
1972 That Championship Season George Sikowski Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Performance
1973 Boom Boom Room Harold
1976 Knock Knock Cohn
1990 Cat on a Hot Tin Roof 'Big Daddy' Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play
Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play
1996 Inherit the Wind Matthew Harrison Brady
1997 The Gin Game Weller Martin Drama League Award for Distinguished Performance
2000 Gore Vidal's The Best Man Ex-President Arthur Hockstader Outer Critics Circle Award for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play
2001 Brigadoon Mr. Lundie
2002 The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Old Dogsborough / Ted Ragg / Ignatius Dullfeet
2003 Harvey Elwood P. Dowd
2004Golf With Alan ShepardNed
2005 Third Jack Jameson Lortel Award for Outstanding Featured Actor


1970 The High Chaparral HewittEpisode: "The Reluctant Deputy"
1972 Another World Gil McGowan (#1)Unknown episodes
1973 All in the Family DetectiveEpisode: "Gloria the Victim"
1975–1976The Cop and The KidOfficer Frank Murphy13 episodes
1975 Barnaby Jones Don CorcoranEpisode: "The Deadly Conspiracy: Part 2"
1976 Captains and the Kings Ed Healey3 episodes
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
1981 Great Performances McMahonEpisode: "The Girls in Their Summer Dresses and Other Stories"
1982 American Playhouse Retired ManEpisode: "Working"
1985 Amazing Stories Assistant to The BossEpisode: "Guilt Trip"
1985 Tall Tales & Legends Uncle DoffueEpisode: "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
1986 Amazing Stories EarlEpisode: "You Gotta Believe Me"
1987‘’Dolly’’Musical numbers and skitEpisode 13
1990–1994 Evening Shade Dr. Harlan Elldridge98 episodes
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series (1991–92)
1990 The Kennedys of Massachusetts John "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald 3 episodes
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
1992 The Water Engine Tour GuideTelevision movie
1994 Roommates BarneyTelevision movie
1996 Elmo Saves Christmas Santa ClausTelevision special
1997 Orleans Frank Vitelli3 episodes
1997 Early Edition PsychiatristEpisode: "A Regular Joe"
1998 Homicide: Life on the Street Thomas FinneganEpisode: "Finnegan's Wake"
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series
1998 Cybil A.J. Sheridan2 episodes
1998–2002 Everybody Loves Raymond Father Hubley6 episodes
1998–2000 The Practice Stephen Donnell2 episodes
1999–2009 Family Guy Francis Griffin 5 episodes
1999–2000 Now and Again Narrator20 episodes
2000 The Hoop Life Wes ConnellyEpisode: "The Second Chance"
2000 Early Edition Judge Steven RomickEpisode: "Time"
2001 Arli$$ UnknownEpisode: "Fielding Offers"
2001 Citizen Baines Clifford ConnellyEpisode: "Three Days in November"
2002 First Monday Justice Henry Hoskins13 episodes
2003 Touched by an Angel Father MaddenEpisode: "The Root of All Evil"
2004–2011 Rescue Me Michael Gavin27 episodes
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series
2004 NCIS Corporal Ernie YostEpisode: "Call of Silence"
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series
2006 Everwood Eugene Brown2 episodes
2007 Monk Hank JohansenEpisode: "Mr. Monk Goes to the Hospital"
2010No Clean BreakThe Wise ManUnsold TV pilot


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  1. LeFevre, Camille (December 17, 2012). "Jeanine Durning: What Are Words For?" . Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  2. Schudel, Matt (December 26, 2012) "In real life and on the screen, he played countless roles" The Washington Post, p. B4
  3. 1 2 3 Thomas, Bob (December 24, 2012). "Charles Durning Obituary". Los Angeles: AP via Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  4. Brennan, Patricia (May 29, 1994). "Charles Durning". The Washington Post . Retrieved June 9, 2019. His father, an Irish immigrant who had joined the Army to gain U.S. citizenship, lost a leg during World War I and died when Charles was 12.
  5. Liz Smith (1984). The Mother Book. Crown Publishers. p. 180. Retrieved June 9, 2019. he describes her, his maternal parent, Mrs. Louis Leonard Durning, is the quintessential Irish mother...
  6. "Los Angeles Times: Archives – No Bleeps for Durning's Role" . Los Angeles Times. March 2, 1981. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  7. Michaelson, Judith (September 15, 1987). "Durning Takes On The 'Peasant Pope' For Pbs". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  8. Leipold, J.D. (May 1, 2014). "WWII Soldier, character actor Charles Durning to be interred at Arlington". United States Army.
  9. 1 2 National Personnel Records Center (April 18, 2008). "Letter from NPRC to Charles Durning" (Press release). St. Louis, MO. p. 2.
  10. Staff Sgt. Jon Cupp, MND-B PAO, "Military urban legends versus true tales: real life stories prove more interesting",, retrieved 16-Sep-2011
  11. "Speech by Consul General of France Philippe Larrieu". Los Angeles: French Diplomatic Mission to the United States. April 22, 2008. Retrieved December 26, 2012.[ dead link ] Alt URL
  12. "VA Voluntary Service – National Salute to Hospitalized Veterans". Archived from the original on August 19, 2006. Retrieved August 27, 2006.
  13. O'Hare, Kate. 'NCIS' Has Durning Hearing Echoes of War Archived December 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine .
  14. "Charles Durning Collection". Academy Film Archive.
  15. "Charles Durning" . The Daily Telegraph. London. December 26, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022.
  16. "Charles Durning, Oscar-nominated king of the character actors, dies at 89 in NYC". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 26, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  17. "WWII Soldier, character actor Charles Durning to be interred at Arlington". United States Army. January 17, 2013.
  18. Genzlinger, Neil (December 26, 2012). "An Appraisal– Remembering Jack Klugman and Charles Durning". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
  19. "Charles Durning, Jack Klugman Deaths Bring New Appreciation For Character Actor Titans". The Huffington Post . December 25, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2012.