Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield

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Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield (c. 1659 5 November 1701) was an English peer, soldier and MP.

Contents

Biography

He was born in France, the eldest son of Charles Gerard, Baron Brandon (later 1st Earl of Macclesfield), and Jeanne, the daughter of Pierre de Civelle, equerry to Queen Henrietta Maria. He became an English national by Act of Parliament in 1677. [1]

By 1678 he was a lieutenant-colonel in Lord Gerard's Horse and a full colonel in 1679. That year he entered politics, being elected knight of the shire for Lancashire in both March and October, and again in 1681. [2]

Like his father Charles, the 1st Earl, he was involved in the intrigues of the Duke of Monmouth. In 1685 he was sentenced to death for being a party to the Rye House Plot, but was pardoned by Charles II. In 1689 he was re-elected Member of Parliament for Lancashire, which he represented till 1694, when he succeeded to his father's peerage. [1] He was Custos Rotulorum for Lancashire from 1689 until his death in 1701. [2] As Lord Lieutenant of Denbighshire he was also Colonel of the Denbighshire Militia in 1697. [3]

Having become a major-general in 1694, Macclesfield saw some service abroad, and in 1701 he was selected first commissioner for the investiture of the elector of Hanover (afterwards King George I) with the order of the Garter, on which occasion he also was charged to present a copy of the Act of Settlement to the dowager electress Sophia.

He died suddenly on 5 November 1701 at about 40 years old, leaving no legitimate children. [1]

Family

In March 1698, Macclesfield was divorced from his wife Anna, daughter of Sir Richard Mason of Sutton, by Act of Parliament; [4] the first occasion on which a divorce was so granted without a previous decree of an ecclesiastical court. The countess was the mother of two children who were known by the name of Savage, and whose reputed father was Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers. The poet Richard Savage claimed that he was the younger of these children. The divorced countess married Colonel Henry Brett about the year 1700, and died at the age of eighty-five in 1753. Her daughter, Anna Margaretta Brett, was a mistress of George I. The 2nd earl of Macclesfield was succeeded by his brother Fitton Gerard, 3rd Earl (c. 1665–1702), on whose death without heirs the title became extinct in December 1702. [1]

On his death Macclesfield left most of his estate to Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun. In 1691 Mohun had married Charlotte Orby, a granddaughter of Charles, 1st Earl of Macclesfield. Although they were soon separated, in 1694 Mohun had accompanied Macclesfield on the Brest expedition. James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton also had a claim on the estate through his second wife Elizabeth Gerard, who was also a granddaughter the 1st Earl. It seems that Macclesfield preferred Mohun, a former captain of horse in his regiment, over Hamilton whom he disliked because of his Tory sympathies. Hamilton challenged Mohun through the courts. After over a decade of legal dispute the pair fought their famous duel in Hyde Park, which resulted in the deaths of both men. [5]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Chisholm 1911, p. 203.
  2. 1 2 "GERARD, Hon. Charles (c. 1659-1701), of Halsall, Lancs". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  3. Bryn Owen, History of the Welsh Militia and Volunteer Corps 1757–1908: Denbighshire and Flintshire (Part 1): Regiments of Militia, Wrexham: Bridge Books, 1997, ISBN 1-872424-57-0, p. 12.
  4. "Brett [née Mason], Anne [other married name Anne Gerard, countess of Macclesfield] (1667/8–1753), courtier | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/70843 . Retrieved 3 March 2019.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. Kiernan 2005.

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References

Attribution:

Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Lancashire
1679
With: Peter Bold
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Lancashire
1689–1694
With: Charles Hoghton 1689–1690
James Stanley 1690–1694
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire
1689–1701
Succeeded by
Vice-Admiral of Cheshire and Lancashire
1691–1701
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of North Wales
(Anglesey, Caernarvonshire, Denbighshire,
Flintshire, Merionethshire and Montgomeryshire)

1696–1701
Succeeded by
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Montgomeryshire
1700–1701
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl of Macclesfield
1694–1701
Succeeded by