Charles Lewis Tiffany
|Born||February 15, 1812|
Killingly, Connecticut, United States
|Died||February 18, 1902 90) (aged|
Yonkers, New York, United States
|Resting place||Green-Wood Cemetery|
|Net worth||USD $35 million at the time of his death (approximately 1/616th of US GNP)|
|Spouse(s)||Harriet Olivia Avery Young (1817-1897)|
|Children||6, including Louis Comfort Tiffany|
Charles Lewis Tiffany (February 15, 1812 – February 18, 1902) was a leader in the nineteenth-century American jewelry trade and founded New York City's Tiffany & Co. in 1837. Known for his jewelry expertise, Tiffany created the country's first retail catalog and introduced the English standard of sterling silver in imported jewelry in 1851.
Tiffany was born on February 15, 1812, in Killingly, Connecticut, the son of Chloe (Draper) and Comfort Tiffany.Tiffany was educated in a district school and in an academy in Plainfield, Connecticut. Starting at the age of 15, he helped manage a small general store started by his father, the owner of a cotton-manufacturing company. He later worked at the office of his father's mill. The Tiffany family descended from the immigrant Squire Humphrey Tiffany (England, 1630-Swansea, Massachusetts, 1685), who had lived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1660.
In 1837, with $1,000 borrowed from his father, Tiffany and a school friend, John B. Young, set up a small stationery and gift shop in New York City. Their first three days in business brought them only $4.38 in total sales, but two years later they were still in business, selling glassware, porcelain, cutlery, clocks and jewelry.
The store expanded in 1841 and changed its name to Tiffany, Young and Ellis. It established a reputation for selling only the finest goods and specialized in Bohemian glass and porcelain. It also began manufacturing its own jewelry. In the early 1850s, the company was reorganized under the name Tiffany and Company and opened branches in Paris (1850) and London (1868). The store also relocated uptown to a Fifth Avenue location in that decade.
Tiffany was terribly embarrassed in an 1872 diamond and gemstone hoax perpetrated by Philip Arnold that cost investors more than half a million dollars.
In cooperation with Thomas Edison, Tiffany created footlights and other methods of theater lighting.As a result of this, Broadway and other shows became more popular during that time.
The firm acquired and sold some of the French Crown Jewels in 1887, firmly establishing its reputation.
Charles Tiffany died at his home in Manhattan, New York, on February 18, 1902, at age 90.At the time of his death his company was capitalized at more than $2 million and acknowledged as the most prominent jewelry company in North America.
On November 30, 1839, Tiffany married John B. Young's sister, Harriet Olivia Avery Young (1817–1897), with whom he had six children: Charles Lewis Tiffany Jr. (1842-1847), Annie Olivia Tiffany Mitchell (1844-1937; grandmother of Hiram Bingham IV through her daughter Alfreda Mitchell and she, at the same time, is the first wife of Hiram Bingham III, one of the first explorers to Machu Picchu, Peru),Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933), Louise Harriet Tiffany (1856-1937), Henry Charles Tiffany (1858-1859) and Burnett Young Tiffany (1860-1945).
In addition to his business, Tiffany was a patron of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and one of the founders of the New York Society of Fine Arts.
Tiffany was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1878.
Louis Comfort Tiffany was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass. He is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements. He was affiliated with a prestigious collaborative of designers known as the Associated Artists, which included Lockwood de Forest, Candace Wheeler, and Samuel Colman. Tiffany designed stained glass windows and lamps, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels, and metalwork. He was the first design director at his family company, Tiffany & Co., founded by his father Charles Lewis Tiffany.
Salem is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 4,151 at the 2010 census.
Killingly is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 17,370 at the 2010 census. It consists of the borough of Danielson and the villages of Attawaugan, Ballouville, Dayville, East Killingly, Rogers, and South Killingly.
Tiffany may refer to:
Hiram "Harry" Bingham IV was an American diplomat. He served as a Vice Consul in Marseilles, France, during World War II, and, along with Varian Fry, helped over 2,500 Jews to flee from France as Nazi forces advanced.
Hiram Bingham III was an American academic, explorer and politician. He made public the existence of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu in 1911 with the guidance of local indigenous farmers. Later, Bingham served as Governor of Connecticut for a single day, and then as a member of the United States Senate.
Tiffany & Co. is an American luxury jewelry and specialty retailer headquartered in New York City. It sells jewelry, sterling silver, china, crystal, stationery, fragrances, water bottles, watches, personal accessories, and leather goods. Tiffany is known for its luxury goods, particularly its diamond and sterling silver jewelry. It markets itself as an arbiter of taste and style. These goods are sold at Tiffany stores, and through direct-mail and corporate merchandising.
The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art, a museum noted for its art nouveau collection, houses the most comprehensive collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany found anywhere, a major collection of American art pottery, and fine collections of late-19th- and early-20th-century American paintings, graphics and the decorative arts. It is located in Winter Park, Florida, USA.
Charles Comfort Tiffany (1829–1907) was an American Episcopal clergyman, born in Baltimore. He served as chaplain for the 6th Connecticut Infantry during the Civil War from October 1864 to May 1865. He studied at Dickinson College, Andover Theological Seminary, and at Halle, Heidelberg, and Berlin; and was ordained priest in 1866. He was Archdeacon of New York (1893–1902).
Charles Tiffany may refer to:
Tiffany Blue is the colloquial name for the light medium robin egg blue color associated with Tiffany & Co., the New York City jewelry company created by Charles Tiffany and John Young in 1837. The color was used on the cover of Tiffany's Blue Book, first published in 1845. Since then, Tiffany & Co. has used the color extensively on promotional materials like boxes and bags.
Olivia Egleston Phelps was an American philanthropist who was the wife of businessman Anson Greene Phelps, co-founder of the Phelps Dodge Company.
Olivia Langdon Clemens was the wife of the American author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain.
The Tiffany and Company Building is a historic commercial building at 401 Fifth Avenue, in Manhattan, New York City. Completed in 1905, it was built for Tiffany and Company, whose headquarters it served as until 1940. Designed by Stanford White of McKim, Mead, and White, its design is inspired by the Palazzo Grimani di San Luca in Venice, Italy. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1978 for its association with Tiffany, one of the world's leading jewelry firms.
Tiffany jewelry was the jewelry created and supervised by Louis Comfort Tiffany at Tiffany & Co., during the Art Nouveau movement.
Events from the year 1902 in the United States.
Tiffany is a surname of English origin.
Sybil Moseley Bingham was an American teacher in the Hawaiian Islands, a member of the first company of missionaries sent by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM).
Hiram Alden was an American physician and politician. He served two terms in the Michigan House of Representatives just after Michigan gained statehood, and was speaker pro tempore.
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