Charles Malo François Lameth

Last updated
Charles Malo François Lameth
Charles Lameth - gravure de Bonneville.jpg
Charles de Lameth by François Bonneville, 1796
Born5 October 1757
Died28 December 1832 (1832-12-29) (aged 75)
Residence Château d'Hénencourt
Spouse(s)Marie Anne Picot
Parent(s)Louis Charles de Lameth
Marie Thérèse de Broglie
Relatives Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth (brother)
Théodore de Lameth (brother)

Charles Malo François Lameth (5 October 1757 – 28 December 1832) was a French politician and soldier.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Contents

Early life

Charles Malo François Lameth was born on 5 October 1757 in Paris. [1] His father was Louise Charles de Lameth and his mother, Marie Thérèse de Broglie. [2] His mother was the sister of the Marshall de Broglie and a favourite of Marie Antoinette. [3]

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie Marshal of France

Victor François de Broglie, 2nd duc de Broglie was a French aristocrat and soldier and a marshal of France. He served with his father, François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, at Parma and Guastalla, and in 1734 obtained a colonelcy.

Marie Antoinette Last Queen of France prior to the French Revolution

Marie Antoinette was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an Archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She became Dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI and she assumed the title Queen of France and Navarre, which she held until September 1791, when she became Queen of the French as the French Revolution proceeded, a title that she held until 21 September 1792.

Career

He was in the retinue of the comte d'Artois (future King Charles X), and became an officer in a cuirassier regiment. [3] He served in the American War of Independence, [4] and was a hero of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781. [3] He was a Knight of the Order of Malta and a Knight of the Order of Saint Louis. [5]

Retinue

A retinue is a body of persons "retained" in the service of a noble, royal personage, or dignitary, a suite of "retainers".

County of Artois countship

The County of Artois was an historic province of the Kingdom of France, held by the Dukes of Burgundy from 1384 until 1477/82, and a state of the Holy Roman Empire from 1493 until 1659.

Charles X of France King of France and of Navarre

Charles X was King of France from 16 September 1824 until 2 August 1830. For most of his life he was known as the Count of Artois. An uncle of the uncrowned Louis XVII and younger brother to reigning kings Louis XVI and Louis XVIII, he supported the latter in exile. After the Bourbon Restoration in 1814, Charles became the leader of the ultra-royalists, a radical monarchist faction within the French court that affirmed rule by divine right and opposed the concessions towards liberals and guarantees of civil liberties granted by the Charter of 1814. Charles gained influence within the French court after the assassination of his son Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, in 1820 and eventually succeeded his brother in 1824.

Although he married a rich heiress from Saint Domingue, he was a founding member of the Society of the Friends of the Blacks in 1788. [1]

Hispaniola island in the Caribbean

Hispaniola is an island in the Caribbean island group known as the Greater Antilles. It is the second largest island in the Caribbean after Cuba, and the most populous island in the Caribbean; it is also the eleventh most populous island in the world.

Society of the Friends of the Blacks 18th-century French abolitionist society

The Society of the Friends of the Blacks was a group of French men and women, mostly white, who were abolitionists. They opposed slavery, which was institutionalized in the French colonies of the Caribbean and North America, and the African slave trade. The Society was created in Paris in 1788, and operated until 1793, during years of the French Revolution. It was led by Jacques Pierre Brissot, with advice from British Thomas Clarkson, who led the abolitionist movement in the Kingdom of Great Britain. At the beginning of 1789, the Society had 141 members.

He was deputy to the Estates-General of 1789, [4] for the nobility, and was one of the first aristocrats to renounce his privileges on the night of 4 August 1789. [6] He continued to serve in the National Assembly and National Constituent Assembly and in January 1791 repaid to the Treasury the 60,000 francs it had cost Louis XVI to provide him and his brothers with an education at the École Militaire. [7] In November 1790 he fought a duel with the Duc de Castries. The duke wounded him and it was briefly feared that he had tipped his sword with poison. Lameth was so popular that a mob stormed Castries' house in revenge. [8] As the Assembly began to divide into factions, Lameth, a constitutional monarchist, was identified with the Feuillants [1] and he was arrested in Rouen on 12 August 1792 for protesting against the Attack on the Tuileries. [9] Since the French Revolution moved toward a Republic, he emigrated to Hamburg. [1]

National Assembly (French Revolution) assembly during the French Revolution

During the French Revolution, the National Assembly, which existed from 14 June 1789 to 9 July 1789, was a revolutionary assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate of the Estates-General; thereafter it was known as the National Constituent Assembly, though popularly the shorter form persisted.

National Constituent Assembly (France) former political body formed from the National Assembly on 9 July 1789 during the first stages of the French Revolution

The National Constituent Assembly was formed from the National Assembly on 9 July 1789 during the first stages of the French Revolution. It dissolved on 30 September 1791 and was succeeded by the Legislative Assembly.

École Militaire

Founded in 1750 by King Louis XV, the École Militaire is a vast complex of buildings housing various military training facilities. It is located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, southeast of the Champ de Mars.

He returned to France under the Consulate, was appointed Brigadier General in 1809 and fought in the Spanish War, [10] and was appointed governor of Würzburg (in the Duchy of Würzburg) under the First Empire. In 1814, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant General. Like his brother Alexandre Lameth (but unlike his other one, Théodore de Lameth), Charles joined the Bourbon camp after the Restoration, succeeding Alexandre as deputy in 1829. [1] In the final years of his life, he was nonetheless a noted supporter of the July Monarchy. [1] [10]

French Consulate former government of France

The Consulate was the top-level Government of France from the fall of the Directory in the coup of Brumaire on 10 November 1799 until the start of the Napoleonic Empire on 18 May 1804. By extension, the term The Consulate also refers to this period of French history.

Würzburg Place in Bavaria, Germany

Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany. Located on the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia. The regional dialect is East Franconian.

First French Empire Empire of Napoleon I of France between 1804–1815

The First French Empire, officially the French Empire, was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. Although France had already established an overseas colonial empire beginning in the 17th century, the French state had remained a kingdom under the Bourbons and a republic after the Revolution. Historians refer to Napoleon's regime as the First Empire to distinguish it from the restorationist Second Empire (1852–1870) ruled by his nephew as Napoleon III.

Personal life

Chateau d'Henencourt. Henencourt chateau 6.jpg
Château d'Hénencourt.

He married Marie Anne Picot. [2] They had two children. [2] They resided at the Château d'Hénencourt in Hénencourt, Somme. [11]

He died on 28 December 1832. [1]

Related Research Articles

Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth French soldier and politician

Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth was a French soldier and politician.

Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai French politician

Philippe-Antoine Merlin, known as Merlin de Douai was a French politician and lawyer.

House of Broglie noble family

The House of Broglie is a French noble family, originally Piedmontese, who migrated to France in the year 1643.

Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec General and diplomat

Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, was a French soldier and diplomat from the House of Broglie.

Storming of the Bastille part of the French Revolution

The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of 14 July 1789.

Thérésa Tallien French courtesans

Thérésa Cabarrus, Madame Tallien, was a Spanish-born French noble, salon holder and social figure during the Revolution. Later she became Princess of Chimay.

Henri de la Rochejaquelein French officer

Henri du Vergier, comte de la Rochejaquelein, was the youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection during the French Revolution.

Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles French judge and politician

Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles was a French judge and politician who took part in the French Revolution.

Jean-Pierre-André Amar French politician

Jean-Pierre-André Amar or Jean-Baptiste-André Amar was a French political figure of the Revolution and Freemason.

Adrien-Louis de Bonnières, duc de Guînes French noble

Adrien-Louis de Bonnières, comtelaterduc de Guînes was an aristocrat of the Ancien Régime, who served as a French Army general and diplomat; he was also a favourite of Queen Marie-Antoinette.

Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix French politician and noble

Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix de Castries, marquis de Castries, baron des États de Languedoc, comte de Charlus, baron de Castelnau et de Montjouvent, seigneur de Puylaurens et de Lézignan was a French marshal. He was the son of Joseph François de La Croix de Castries, marquis de Castries, and his second wife, Marie-Françoise de Lévis de Charlus.

House of Castries

The house of la Croix de Castries is a French noble family from Languedoc. The city of Castries in the Caribbean island of Saint Lucia was named after one of its members.

Bourbon-Penthièvre

The House of Bourbon-Penthièvre was an illegitimate branch of the House of Bourbon, thus descending from the Capetian dynasty. It was founded by the duc de Penthièvre (1725–1793), the only child and heir of the comte de Toulouse, the youngest illegitimate son of Louis XIV of France and the marquise de Montespan, and his wife, Marie Victoire de Noailles, the daughter of Anne Jules de Noailles, duc de Noailles.

Marie-Charles-César de Faÿ, comte de la Tour-Maubourg was a French soldier and politician during the French Revolution and the First French Empire. His father was Claude Florimond de Faÿ (1712–1790); his mother was Vacheron Bermont Marie Françoise.

Duc de La Rochefoucauld noble family

The title of Duke de La Rochefoucauld was a French peerage belonging to one of the most famous families of the French nobility, whose origins go back to lord Rochefoucauld in Charente in the 10th and 11th centuries. It became Rochefoucauld in the 13th century.

Lameth may refer to:

Château dHénencourt

The Château d'Hénencourt is an historic country house in Hénencourt, Somme, Hauts-de-France, France.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Lameth (Charles Malo François, comte de), Histoire de France, Paris: Larousse, 2005.
  2. 1 2 3 , GeneaNet
  3. 1 2 3 Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman 1989 p.35
  4. 1 2 Scott, Samuel; Rothaus, Barry (1985). Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution 1789-1799 . 2. Westport: Greenwood Press. Retrieved 6 April 2015 via Questia.
  5. Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman 1989 p.36
  6. Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman 1989 p.193
  7. Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman, 1989 p.193
  8. Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman 1989 p.179
  9. Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman, 1989 p.282
  10. 1 2 Chronicle of the French Revolution, Longman 1989 p.668
  11. French Ministry of Culture: Château d'Hénencourt

Sovereign Military Order of Malta