Charles Manners-Sutton

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Charles Manners-Sutton

Archbishop of Canterbury
Charles Manners-Sutton (1755-1828), Archbishop of Canterbury.jpeg
Portrait by John Hoppner
Church Church of England
Province Canterbury
Diocese Canterbury
Elected21 February 1805 (election confirmed), St Mary-le-Bow [1]
Installed1805
Term ended21 July 1828 (death)
Predecessor John Moore
Successor William Howley
Other post(s) Dean of Peterborough
1791–1792
Bishop of Norwich
1792–1805
Dean of Windsor
in commendam , 1794–1805
Personal details
Born
Charles Manners

(1755-02-17)17 February 1755
Died21 July 1828(1828-07-21) (aged 73)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried29 July 1828, St Mary the Blessed Virgin Church, Addington, London
Denomination Anglican
Parents Lord George Manners-Sutton & Diana Chaplin
Spouse
Mary Thoroton
(m. 1778)
Children2 sons, 10 daughters; incl. Charles, 1st Viscount Canterbury
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Ordination history of
Charles Manners-Sutton
History
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecrator John Moore (Canterbury)
Co-consecrators John Hinchliffe (Peterbro'), Jas. Cornwallis (Lich & C.), Richard Beadon (Glo'ster)
Date8 April 1792
Source(s): [2]

Charles Manners-Sutton (17 February 1755 – 21 July 1828; called Charles Manners before 1762) was a bishop in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828.

Contents

Life

Manners-Sutton was the fourth son of Lord George Manners-Sutton (third son of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland) and his wife Diana Chaplin, daughter of Thomas Chaplin. His younger brother was Thomas Manners-Sutton, 1st Baron Manners, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. His father, Lord George, had assumed the additional surname of Sutton in 1762 on inheriting – from his elder brother Lord Robert – the estates of their maternal grandfather Robert Sutton, 2nd Baron Lexinton.

Manners-Sutton was educated at Charterhouse School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge (matriculated 1773, graduated B.A. as 15th wrangler 1777, M.A. 1780, D.D. 1792 [3] ).

He married at age 23, and probably eloped with, his cousin Mary Thoroton, daughter of Thomas Thoroton and his wife Mary (Levett) Thoroton [4] of Screveton Hall, Nottinghamshire, in 1778. [5] (Col. Thomas Blackborne Thoroton later moved to Flintham Hall, Flintham, near Screveton, Nottinghamshire. He was later known as Thomas Thoroton Hildyard. Both Thoroton and his stepbrother Levett Blackborne, Esq., a Lincoln's Inn barrister, had long acted as advisers to John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland, and Col. Thoroton was often resided at Belvoir Castle, the ancestral seat of the Dukes of Rutland. [6] )

In 1785, Manners-Sutton was appointed to the family living at Averham with Kelham, in Nottinghamshire, and in 1791, became Dean of Peterborough. He was consecrated Bishop of Norwich in 1792, and two years later received the appointment of Dean of Windsor in commendam . [7]

Archbishop of Canterbury

He had long been the favourite candidate for Canturbury. In late January 1805 in a standup furore at Windsor Castle the King was furious to find out that the Prime Minister was trying to interfere. Pitt's cronyism would eventually cause his downfall, and Manners Sutton was duly chosen to succeed John Moore as Archbishop of Canterbury. During his primacy the old archiepiscopal palace at Croydon was sold and the country palace of Addington bought with the proceeds. He presided over the first meeting which issued in the foundation of the National Society, and subsequently lent the scheme his strong support. He also exerted himself to promote the establishment of the Indian episcopate. [7] As Archbishop of Canterbury, Manners-Sutton appointed his cousin, Evelyn Levett Sutton, a chaplain to Lord Manners, as one of six preachers of Canterbury Cathedral in 1811. [8]

In 1819, he presided over the christening of the future Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace.

He died at Lambeth on 21 July 1828, and was buried 29 July at Addington, in a family vault. [9]

Works

His only published works are two sermons, one preached before the Lords (London, 1794), the other before the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London, 1797). [9] [7]

Family

Mary Manners-Sutton nee Thoroton (1783-1829) (Henry Bone, 1829) Mary Manners-Sutton nee Thoroton (1783-1829), by Henry Bone.jpg
Mary Manners-Sutton née Thoroton (1783-1829) (Henry Bone, 1829)

In 1778 he married Mary, daughter of Thomas Thoroton of Screveton, Nottinghamshire, by whom he had a family of two sons and ten daughters.

His son Charles Manners-Sutton served as Speaker of the House of Commons and was created Viscount Canterbury in 1835. [9] His grandson Henry Manners Chichester by his daughter Isabella was a prolific contributor to the Dictionary of National Biography.

Addington Palace was the archbishop's home from 1805 until his death. Addington Palace.JPG
Addington Palace was the archbishop's home from 1805 until his death.

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References

  1. Lambeth Palace Library Research Guide – Places of Confirmation of Election of Archbishops of Canterbury Archived 8 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine (Accessed 29 July 2013)
  2. Perceval, A.P. An Apology for the Doctrine of Apostolical Succession: with an Appendix on the English Orders p. 241 (Google Books)
  3. "Manners-Sutton, Charles (MNRS773C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. Mary (Levett) Blackborne Sutton was the widow of London merchant Abraham Blackborne and the daughter of Sir Richard Levett, Lord Mayor of London.
  5. The Primates of the Four Georges, Aldred William Rowden, E.P. Dutton & Co., London, 1916
  6. Some Account of the Military, Social and Political Life of Right Hon. John Manners, Walter Evelyn Manners, Macmillan and Co., Limited, London, 1899
  7. 1 2 3 Chisholm 1911.
  8. Scott Robertson, William Archibald (1895), "Rectors and Vicars of Preston-by-Faversham", Archaeologia Cantiana, 21: 135–156 Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  9. 1 2 3 Overton 1893.

Attribution

Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Norwich
1792–1805
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Canterbury
1805–1828
Succeeded by