|Born||Charles William Chadwick Oman|
12 January 1860
Muzaffarpur district, India
|Died||23 June 1946 86) (aged|
Oxford, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||University of Oxford|
Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman, [ citation needed ] Paddy Griffith, among modern historians, claims that the British infantry's discipline and willingness to attack were equally important.(12 January 1860 – 23 June 1946) was a British military historian. His reconstructions of medieval battles from the fragmentary and distorted accounts left by chroniclers were pioneering. Occasionally his interpretations have been challenged, especially his widely copied thesis that British troops defeated their Napoleonic opponents by firepower alone.
Oman was born in Muzaffarpur district, India,the son of a British planter, and was educated at Winchester College and at the University of Oxford, where he studied under William Stubbs. Here, he was invited to become a founding member of the Stubbs Society, which was under the patronage of Oman's don.
In 1881 he was elected to a Prize Fellowship at All Souls College, where he remained for the rest of his academic career. He was elected the Chichele Professor of Modern History at Oxford in 1905, in succession to Montagu Burrows. He was also elected to the FBA that year, and served as President of the Royal Historical Society (1917–1921), the Numismatic Society and the Royal Archaeological Institute.
Among his teaching activities at Oxford, he taught the special subject in military history with C.T. Atkinson of Exeter College that focused on the Peninsular War.
Oman's academic career was interrupted by the First World War, during which he was employed by the government's Press Bureau and the Foreign Office.
Oman was the Conservative Member of Parliament for the University of Oxford constituency from 1919 to 1935, and was knighted KBE in the 1920 civilian war honours list.
He became an honorary fellow of New College in 1936, and received the honorary degrees of DCL (Oxford, 1926) and LL.D (Edinburgh, 1911 and Cambridge, 1927). He was awarded the Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1928.He died at Oxford aged 86.
Two of Oman's children became authors. His daughter Carola Oman CBE was a writer of history, biography, and fiction for adults and children, including a retelling of the Robin Hood legend and biographies of Admiral Lord Nelson and Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore. His son Charles C. Oman wrote several volumes on British silverware and similar houseware, worked as a Keeper of the Department of Metalwork in the Victoria and Albert Museum,and was active in the Folklore Society (and was in turn father to Julia Trevelyan Oman).
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was the military conflict fought by Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal against the invading and occupying forces of France for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. In Spain, it is considered to overlap with the Spanish War of Independence. The war began when the French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807 by transiting through Spain, and it escalated in 1808 after Napoleonic France had occupied Spain, which had been its ally. Napoleon Bonaparte forced the abdications of Ferdinand VII and his father Charles IV and then installed his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne and promulgated the Bayonne Constitution. Most Spaniards rejected French rule and fought a bloody war to oust them. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814, and it is regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation and is significant for the emergence of large-scale guerrilla warfare.
Percy Gardner, was an English classical archaeologist and numismatist. He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1887. He was Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art at the University of Oxford from 1887 to 1925.
Sir Charles Harding Firth was a British historian. He was one of the founders of the Historical Association in 1906.
The Battle of Corunna, in Spain known as Battle of Elviña, took place on 16 January 1809, when a French corps under Marshal of the Empire Jean de Dieu Soult attacked a British army under Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore. The battle took place amidst the Peninsular War, which was a part of the wider Napoleonic Wars. It was a result of a French campaign, led by Napoleon, which had defeated the Spanish armies and caused the British army to withdraw to the coast following an unsuccessful attempt by Moore to attack Soult's corps and divert the French army.
Sir Frederick Maurice Powicke (1879–1963) was an English medieval historian. He was a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, a professor at Belfast and Manchester, and from 1928 until his retirement Regius Professor at Oxford. He was made a Knight Bachelor in 1946.
Sir John Linton Myres, FBA was a British archaeologist and academic, who conducted excavations in Cyprus in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
John Stephen Morrill is a British historian and academic who specialises in the political, religious, social, and cultural history of early-modern Britain from 1500 to 1750, especially the English Civil War. He is best known for his scholarship on Early Modern Politics and his unique county studies approach which he developed at Cambridge. Morrill was educated at Trinity College, Oxford and became a fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge in 1975.
Sir Richard Carnac Temple, 2nd Baronet, was the British Chief Commissioner of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and an anthropological writer.
The military history of England and Wales deals with the period prior to the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. For the period after 1707 see Military history of the United Kingdom.
Vincent Arthur Smith, CIE, was an Irish Indologist and art historian and an indologist. He is also referred as Vincent Smith
This list of the works of William Crooke (1848–1923) represents much of his literary output in pursuit of his interests in ethnology and folklore, for which he was far many years considered to be a leading authority.
The Battle of Braga or Battle of Póvoa de Lanhoso or Battle of Carvalho d'Este saw an Imperial French corps led by Marshal Nicolas Soult attack a Portuguese army commanded by Baron Christian Adolph Friedrich von Eben. Soult's professional soldiers slaughtered large numbers of their opponents, who were mostly badly disciplined and poorly armed militia. The action occurred during the Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. Braga is situated about 45 kilometres (28 mi) north-northeast of Porto (Oporto).
Richard Bruce Wernham, was an English historian of Elizabethan England. After his death The Times called him "the leading historian of English foreign policy in the 16th century".
"Away with the learning of clerks, away with it!" was a rallying cry of rebellious townspeople during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381 in Cambridge when they sacked the university and official buildings and burnt legal documents and charters en masse. The call is usually ascribed to one Margery Starre. She is generally described as an "old woman", although she has also been characterised as a beldam.
A History of the Peninsular War is a non-fiction scholarly historical work, covering the Peninsular War (1807-1814) in the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars, comprising seven volumes. It was written by Sir Charles Oman. Clarendon Press published the first volume in 1902 and volume seven in 1930.
Roy Judge (1929–2000) was a British folklorist and historian.
Martin Allen FSA is a British numismatist and historian, specialising in medieval English coinage. He is Senior Assistant Keeper of Numismatics at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Lord Hugh Cecil
| Member of Parliament for Oxford University |
1919 – 1935
With: Lord Hugh Cecil
Lord Hugh Cecil
A. P. Herbert
Charles Harding Firth
| President of the Royal Historical Society |
John William Fortescue